UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
 
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 8-K
 
CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of
the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported) May 31, 2019
 
Turtle Beach Corporation
 (Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
         
Nevada
 
001-35465
 
27-2767540
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation)
 
(Commission
File Number)
 
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
11011 Via Frontera, Suite A/B
San Diego, California 92127
 (Address of principal executive offices)
 
 (888) 496-8001
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001
HEAR
Nasdaq Stock Market

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
 
[   ]
Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
 
[   ]
Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
 
[   ]
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
 
[   ]
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).
Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Item 1.01.                 Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement.

On May 31, 2019, in connection with the consummation (the “Closing”) of the transactions contemplated by the previously announced asset purchase agreement relating to the acquisition of certain assets of the PC peripherals business of ROCCAT GmbH and its affiliates (the “Purchase Agreement”), Turtle Beach Corporation, a Nevada corporation (the “Company”), entered into a Second Amendment and Joinder to Amended and Restated Loan, Guaranty and Security Agreement (as amended, the “Amended Loan Agreement”), by and among the Company, Voyetra Turtle Beach, Inc., TBC Holding Company LLC (the “US Buyer”), Turtle Beach Europe Limited (“TB EU”), VTB Holdings, Inc., as guarantor, the financial institutions party thereto from time to time as lenders and Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent, collateral agent and security trustee for the lenders thereunder.

The Amended Loan Agreement provides for, among other things: (i) the joinder of the US Buyer as an obligor under the Amended Loan Agreement, (ii) the ability to make investments in TB Germany GmbH, a wholly owned subsidiary of TB EU, of up to $4 million in connection with the Closing and up to an additional $4 million annually, and (iii) an increase to the total earn-out payments allowed by the €3,000,000 potentially payable under the Purchase Agreement.

The foregoing summary of the material terms of the Amended Loan Agreement is qualified in its entirety by reference to the Amended Loan Agreement, which is attached hereto as Exhibit 10.1 and incorporated by reference herein.

Item 2.03.                 Creation of a Direct Financial Obligation or an Obligation under an Off-Balance Sheet Arrangement of a Registrant.

The disclosure required by this item is included in Item 1.01 above and incorporated by reference herein.

Item 8.01.                 Other Events.

On March 11, 2019, as previously reported under Item 1.01 on the Form 8-K filed by the Company with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on March 14, 2019, the Company and the US Buyer entered into the Purchase Agreement and on May 31, 2019, the Closing occurred, with the Company acquiring certain assets of ROCCAT GmbH and its subsidiaries for approximately $15.6 million in cash plus the potential earn-out payments referenced in Item 1.01 above.

On June 3, 2019, the Company issued a press release announcing the Closing, a copy of which is attached hereto as Exhibit 99.1.

Item 9.01.                 Financial Statements and Exhibits.

(d) Exhibits

Exhibit No. 
Exhibit Description
10.1
Second Amendment and Joinder to Amended and Restated Loan, Guaranty and Security Agreement
99.1 Press Release dated June 3, 2019
                                                  
                               
                                


SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

 
     
 Date: June 6, 2019
 
TURTLE BEACH CORPORATION
 
 
(Registrant)
 
   
/s/ John T. Hanson
 
 
John T. Hanson
Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer and Secretary
 
 
 
     



Exhibit 10.1

SECOND AMENDMENT AND JOINDER TO
AMENDED AND RESTATED LOAN, GUARANTY AND SECURITY AGREEMENT

This SECOND AMENDMENT AND JOINDER TO AMENDED AND RESTATED LOAN, GUARANTY AND SECURITY AGREEMENT (this “Amendment”) is dated as of May 31, 2019, and is entered into by and among TURTLE BEACH CORPORATION, a Nevada corporation, formerly known as Parametric Sound Corporation (“TBC”), VOYETRA TURTLE BEACH, INC., a Delaware corporation (“Voyetra”; and together with TBC, individually as an, “Existing US Borrower,” and individually and collectively, jointly and severally, the “Existing US Borrowers”), TBC HOLDING COMPANY LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“TBC Holding” or “Additional US Borrower”; and together with the Existing US Borrowers, individually, as a “US Borrower” and individually and collectively, jointly and severally, the “US Borrowers”), TURTLE BEACH EUROPE LIMITED, a company limited by shares and incorporated in England and Wales with company number 03819186 (“Turtle Beach,” also referred to hereinafter as “UK Borrower”; and together with US Borrowers, individually, “Borrower,” and individually and collectively, “Borrowers”), VTB HOLDINGS, INC., a Delaware corporation (“VTB” or “Existing US Guarantor”; and together with Existing US Borrowers, individually, a “Existing UK Guarantor,” and individually and collectively, jointly and severally, “Existing UK Guarantors”; and together with Additional US Borrower, individually, a “UK Guarantor” and individually and collectively, jointly and severally, the “UK Guarantors”; UK Guarantors and Existing US Guarantor, individually, a “Guarantor,” and individually and collectively, “Guarantors”), the financial institutions party hereto as lenders (collectively, “Lenders”), and BANK OF AMERICA, N.A., a national banking association, as administrative agent, collateral agent and security trustee for Lenders (in such capacities, together with its successors and assigns in such capacities, “Agent”).
 
RECITALS
 
A. WHEREAS, Existing Borrowers, Existing US Guarantor, Agent, and Lenders have entered into that certain Amended and Restated Loan, Guaranty and Security Agreement (as amended, restated, amended and restated, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time, the “Existing Loan Agreement” and as amended by this Amendment and as further amended, restated, amended and restated, supplemented, or otherwise modified from time to time, the “Loan Agreement”), dated as of March 5, 2018; and
 
B. WHEREAS, the US Obligors have informed Agent that Voyetra formed a Delaware limited liability company, TBC Holding, and the Obligors desire to join TBC Holding as a US Borrower and UK Guarantor under the Loan Agreement;
 
C. WHEREAS, the Obligors have requested to (a) join TBC Holding as a US Borrower and UK Guarantor under the Loan Agreement and (b) that the Loan Agreement be amended in certain respects and for ease of reference, be restated as set forth in Exhibit A hereto; and
 
NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual conditions and agreements set forth in the Loan Agreement and this Amendment, and other valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged, the parties hereby agree as follows:
 
ARTICLE I
AGREEMENTS
 
1.1      Definitions.  Initially capitalized terms used but not otherwise defined in this Agreement shall have the respective meanings given thereto in the Loan Agreement, as amended hereby.
 

1.2      Recitals. The Recitals above are incorporated herein as though set forth in full and the Obligors stipulate to the accuracy of each of the Recitals.
 
1.3      Amendments to the Loan Agreement.  The Loan Agreement is, as of the date hereof, and subject to the satisfaction of the applicable conditions precedent set forth in Section IV of this Amendment, hereby amended as set forth in Exhibit A, with all revisions to the Loan Agreement reflected in Exhibit A in redlined format (i.e. to delete the stricken text (indicated textually in the same manner as the following example:  stricken text) and (b) to add the double-underlined text (indicated textually in the same manner as the following example: double-underlined text).  The amendments to the Loan Agreement are limited to the extent specifically set forth herein and no other terms, covenants or provisions of the Loan Agreement, as applicable, are intended to be affected hereby.
 
1.4      Amendments to Exhibits to the Loan Agreement. The following Exhibits to the Loan Agreement are hereby amended as follows: (1) Exhibit A (Form of Assignment and Acceptance) shall be amended as set forth on Exhibit A with all revisions to the Exhibit reflected in Exhibit A in redlined format (i.e. to delete the stricken text (indicated textually in the same manner as the following example:  stricken text) and to add the double-underlined text (indicated textually in the same manner as the following example: double-underlined text) and (2) Exhibit B (Form of Assignment) shall be amended as set forth on Exhibit A with all revisions to the Exhibit reflected in Exhibit A in redlined format (i.e. to delete the stricken text (indicated textually in the same manner as the following example:  stricken text) and to add the double-underlined text (indicated textually in the same manner as the following example: double-underlined text). The amendments to the Exhibits to the Loan Agreement are limited to the extent specifically set forth herein and no other terms, covenants or provisions of the Exhibits to the Loan Agreement, as applicable, are intended to be affected hereby.
 
1.5      Amendments to Schedules of the Loan Agreement.  The Schedules of the Loan Agreement are hereby amended and restated in their entireties as attached in Exhibit B hereto.
 
ARTICLE II
JOINDER OF TBC HOLDING AS US BORROWER AND AS UK GUARANTOR
 
2.1      Joinder of TBC Holding as US Borrower and Borrower to the Loan Agreement.  TBC Holding hereby agrees to assume all of the obligations of a “Borrower” and a “US Borrower” under the Loan Agreement and the other Loan Documents and TBC Holding, Agent and Lenders hereby agree that TBC Holding shall be a “Borrower” and a “US Borrower” and be bound as “Borrower” and “US Borrower” under the terms of the Loan Agreement and the other Loan Documents as if TBC Holding had been an original signatory thereto and agrees to be bound by all of the provisions of the Loan Agreement and the other Loan Documents.  Each party hereto acknowledges and agrees that each reference in the Loan Agreement and the other Loan Documents to “Borrowers” and “US Borrower” shall mean all Borrowers and all US Borrowers, as the context applies, including TBC Holding, and a reference to a “Borrower” and “US Borrower” in any Loan Document shall mean any one of such Borrowers or US Borrowers as the context requires.
 
2.2      Joinder of TBC Holding as UK Guarantor and Guarantor to the Loan Agreement.  TBC Holding hereby agrees to assume all of the obligations of a “Guarantor” and a “UK Guarantor” under the Loan Agreement and the other Loan Documents and TBC Holding, Agent and Lenders hereby agree that TBC Holding shall be a “Guarantor” and a “UK Guarantor” and be bound as “Guarantor” and a “UK Guarantor” under the terms of the Loan Agreement and the other Loan
 

Documents as if TBC Holding had been an original signatory thereto and agrees to be bound by all of the provisions of the Loan Agreement and the other Loan Documents.
 
2.3     Security Interests.  In furtherance of the foregoing, and to secure the prompt payment and performance of its Obligations (as a US Borrower and as a UK Guarantor), TBC Holding hereby assigns, pledges, and grants to Agent, for the benefit of Secured Parties, a continuing security interest in and Lien upon all of its right, title and interest in, to and under the Collateral, whether now owned or hereafter acquired and wherever located. TBC Holding hereby authorizes Agent to file any financing statement that describes the Collateral as “all assets” or “all personal property” of TBC Holding, or words to similar effect. TBC Holding hereby agrees to be bound by all of the provisions of the Loan Agreement and the other Loan Documents. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no security interest is granted in or Lien granted upon any Excluded Assets of TBC Holding.
 
2.4     Loan Documents.  TBC Holding acknowledges and confirms that it has received a copy of the Loan Agreement and the schedules and exhibits thereto and each Loan Document and the schedules and exhibits thereto.
 
2.5    Continuance of Obligations. Each Obligor confirms that the Loan Agreement is, and upon TBC Holding becoming a Borrower, US Borrower, Guarantor and UK Guarantor, shall continue to be, in full force and effect. The parties hereto confirm and agree that immediately upon TBC Holding becoming a Borrower, US Borrower, Guarantor and UK Guarantor, the terms “Obligations,” and “US Guaranteed Obligations” and “US Guaranteed Obligation,” as used in the Loan Agreement, shall include all obligations of TBC Holding under the Loan Agreement and under each other Loan Document.
 
2.6    Further Assurances. Promptly following request, each of the Obligors, including TBC Holding, shall deliver such instruments and agreements, and shall take such commercially reasonable further actions, as Agent in its Permitted Discretion reasonably deems necessary and appropriate under Applicable Law to evidence or perfect its Lien on any Collateral, or otherwise to give effect to the intent of this Article II.
 
ARTICLE III
REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES
 
Each Obligor hereby represents and warrants to Agent and each Lender, as of the date hereof, as follows:
 
3.1    Representations and Warranties. After giving effect to this Amendment, the representations and warranties set forth in Section 9 of the Loan Agreement and in each other Loan Document are true and correct in all material respects on and as of the date hereof with the same effect as if made on and as of the date hereof, except to the extent such representations and warranties expressly relate solely to an earlier date.
 
3.2    No Defaults. After giving effect to this Amendment, each Obligor is in compliance with all terms and conditions of the Loan Agreement and the other Loan Documents on its part to be observed and performed and no Default or Event of Default has occurred and is continuing.
 
3.3    Authority and Pending Actions. The execution, delivery, and performance by each Obligor of this Amendment has been duly authorized by each such Obligor (as applicable) and there is no action pending or any judgment, order, or decree in effect which is likely to restrain, prevent, or impose materially adverse conditions upon the performance by any Obligor of its obligations under the Loan Agreement or the other Loan Documents.
 

3.4    Enforceability. This Amendment constitutes the legal, valid, and binding obligation of each Obligor, enforceable against each such Obligor in accordance with its terms, except to the extent that enforceability may be limited by applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, moratorium, reorganization, or other similar laws affecting the enforcement of creditors’ rights or by the effect of general equitable principles.
 
ARTICLE IV
CONDITIONS PRECEDENT AND FURTHER ACTIONS
 
4.1      Conditions Precedent. This Amendment shall not be binding upon Agent, Lenders or any Obligor until each of the following conditions precedent have been satisfied in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Agent, unless otherwise agreed to by the Agent:
 
(a)      Each Obligor shall have delivered to Agent duly executed counterparts of this Amendment which, when taken together, bear the authorized signatures of Obligors, Agent and Lenders;
 
(b)      Borrowers shall have delivered to Agent duly executed counterparts of the Second Amendment Fee Letter;
 
(c)      Agent shall have received good standing certificates (to the extent such concept exists and is applicable under the requirements of Applicable Law of the relevant jurisdiction) for each Obligor other than UK Borrower, issued by the Secretary of State or other appropriate official of such Obligor’s jurisdiction of organization;
 
(d)      Agent shall have received a certificate of a duly authorized officer of each Obligor (or a director in the case of a UK Borrower), certifying (i) that the Organic Documents of such Obligor most recently certified and delivered to the Agent prior to the Second Amendment Effective Date remain in full force and effect on the Second Amendment Effective Date without modification or amendment since such prior delivery; (ii) that an attached copy of resolutions (of, in the case of a UK Borrower, its board of directors and all the holders of its Equity Interests) authorizing execution and delivery of the Amendment and other Loan Documents to which it is a party is true and complete, and that such resolutions are in full force and effect, were duly adopted, and have not been amended, modified or revoked; and (iii) to the title, name and signature of each Person authorized to sign the applicable Loan Documents;
 
(e)      Agent shall have received a written opinion in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Agent from (i) Morgan, Lewis & Bockius LLP, legal counsel to TBC Holding and (ii) Norton Rose Fulbright LLP, legal counsel to the Agent and Lenders as to English law; and
 
(f)      Agent shall have received the final executed Roccat Acquisition Agreement and all material agreements related thereto and evidence that all conditions precedent to the Roccat Transaction have been satisfied (other than any consents required under this Amendment), each in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Agent.
 
4.2      Further Actions. Each of the parties to this Amendment agrees that at any time and from time to time upon the written request of any other party, it will execute and deliver such further documents and do such further acts and things as such other party may reasonably request in order to affect the purposes of this Amendment.
 
ARTICLE V
COSTS AND EXPENSES
 

Without limiting the terms and conditions of the Loan Documents, notwithstanding anything in the Loan Documents to the contrary, Obligors jointly and severally agree to pay immediately following demand: (a) all reasonable and documented out-of-pocket costs and expenses incurred by Agent in connection with the preparation, negotiation, and execution of this Amendment and the other Loan Documents executed pursuant to this Amendment (including, without limitation, the Second Amendment Fee as set forth under that certain Second Amendment Fee Letter) and any and all subsequent amendments, modifications, and supplements to this Amendment, including, without limitation, the reasonable and documented out-of-pocket costs and fees of Agent’s legal counsel; and (b) all reasonable and documented out-of-pocket costs and expenses reasonably incurred by Agent in connection with the enforcement or preservation of any rights under the Loan Agreement, this Amendment, and/or the other Loan Documents, including, without limitation, the reasonable and documented out-of-pocket costs and fees of Agent’s legal counsel.
 
ARTICLE VI
MISCELLANEOUS
 
6.1     No Course of Dealing. The amendments and consents set forth herein are a one-time accommodation only and relate only to the matters set forth in Article II herein. The amendments and consents are not amendments or consents to any other deviation of the terms and conditions of the Loan Agreement or any other Loan Document unless otherwise expressly agreed to by Agent and Lenders in writing.
 
6.2      Cross-References. References in this Amendment to any Section are, unless otherwise specified, to such Section of this Amendment.
 
6.3     Instrument Pursuant to Loan Agreement. This Amendment is a Loan Document executed pursuant to the Loan Agreement and shall (unless otherwise expressly indicated herein) be construed, administered, and applied in accordance with the terms and provisions of the Loan Agreement.  Any failure by Obligors to comply with any of the terms and conditions of this Amendment shall constitute an immediate Event of Default.
 
6.4     Acknowledgment of the Obligors. Each Obligor hereby represents and warrants that the execution and delivery of this Amendment and compliance by such Obligor with all of the provisions of this Amendment: (a) are within the powers and purposes of such Obligor; (b) have been duly authorized or approved by the board of directors (or other equivalent governing body) of such Obligor; and (c) when executed and delivered by or on behalf of such Obligor will constitute valid and binding obligations of such Obligor, enforceable in accordance with its terms. Each Obligor reaffirms its obligations to perform and pay all amounts due to Agent or Lenders under the Loan Documents (including, without limitation, its obligations under any promissory note evidencing any of the Loans) in accordance with the terms thereof, as amended and modified hereby.
 
6.5      Loan Documents Unmodified. Each of the amendments provided herein shall apply and be effective only with respect to the provisions of the Loan Document specifically referred to by such amendments. Except as otherwise specifically modified by this Amendment, all terms and provisions of the Loan Agreement and all other Loan Documents, as modified hereby, shall remain in full force and effect and are hereby ratified and confirmed in all respects. Nothing contained in this Amendment shall in any way impair the validity or enforceability of the Loan Documents, as modified hereby, or alter, waive, annul, vary, affect, or impair any provisions, conditions, or covenants contained therein or any rights, powers, or remedies granted therein, except as otherwise specifically provided in this Amendment. Subject to the terms of this Amendment, any lien and/or security interest granted to Agent, for the benefit of Lenders, in the Collateral set forth in the Loan Documents shall remain unchanged and in full force and
 

effect and the Loan Agreement and the other Loan Documents shall continue to secure the payment and performance of all of the Obligations.
 
6.6      Parties, Successors and Assigns. This Amendment represents the agreement of Obligors, Agent and each Lender signatory hereto with respect to the subject matter hereof, and there are no promises, undertakings, representations, or warranties relative to the subject matter hereof not expressly set forth or referred to herein or in the other Loan Documents. This Amendment shall be binding upon and inure to the benefit of Obligors, Agent, Lenders, and their respective successors and assigns, except that (a) no Borrower shall have the right to assign its rights or delegate its obligations under any Loan Documents; and (b) any assignment by a Lender must be made in compliance with Section 14.3 of the Loan Agreement.
 
6.7      Counterparts. This Amendment may be executed in counterparts, each of which shall constitute an original, but all of which when taken together shall constitute a single contract. Delivery of a signature page of this Amendment by telecopy or electronic mail shall be effective as delivery of a manually executed counterpart of this Amendment. This Amendment may be executed and delivered by facsimile or electronic mail, and will have the same force and effect as manually signed originals.
 
6.8      Headings. The headings, captions, and arrangements used in this Amendment are for convenience only, are not a part of this Amendment, and shall not affect the interpretation hereof.
 
6.9      Miscellaneous. This Amendment is subject to the general provisions set forth in the Loan Agreement, including, but not limited to, Sections 15.14, 15.15, and 15.16.
 
6.10    Severability. Wherever possible, each provision of the Loan Documents shall be interpreted in such manner as to be valid under Applicable Law. If any provision is found to be invalid under Applicable Law, it shall be ineffective only to the extent of such invalidity and the remaining provisions of the Loan Documents shall remain in full force and effect.
 
6.11    Release.
 
(a)      EACH OBLIGOR HEREBY IRREVOCABLY RELEASES AND FOREVER DISCHARGES AGENT, LENDERS AND THEIR AFFILIATES, AND EACH SUCH PERSON’S RESPECTIVE DIRECTORS, OFFICERS, EMPLOYEES, AGENTS, MEMBERS, ATTORNEYS AND REPRESENTATIVES (EACH, A “RELEASED PERSON”) OF AND FROM ALL DAMAGES, LOSSES, CLAIMS, DEMANDS, LIABILITIES, OBLIGATIONS, ACTIONS OR CAUSES OF ACTION WHATSOEVER (EACH, A “CLAIM”) THAT SUCH OBLIGOR MAY NOW HAVE OR CLAIM TO HAVE AGAINST ANY RELEASED PERSON ON THE DATE OF THIS AMENDMENT, WHETHER KNOWN OR UNKNOWN, OF EVERY NATURE AND EXTENT WHATSOEVER, FOR OR BECAUSE OF ANY MATTER OR THING DONE, OMITTED OR SUFFERED TO BE DONE OR OMITTED BY ANY OF THE RELEASED PERSONS THAT BOTH (1) OCCURRED PRIOR TO OR ON THE DATE OF THIS AMENDMENT AND (2) IS ON ACCOUNT OF OR IN ANY WAY CONCERNING, ARISING OUT OF OR FOUNDED UPON THE LOAN AGREEMENT OR ANY OTHER LOAN DOCUMENT.
 
(b)      EACH OBLIGOR INTENDS THE ABOVE RELEASE TO COVER, ENCOMPASS, RELEASE, AND EXTINGUISH, INTER ALIA, ALL CLAIMS, DEMANDS, AND CAUSES OF ACTION THAT MIGHT OTHERWISE BE RESERVED BY THE CALIFORNIA CIVIL CODE SECTION 1542, WHICH PROVIDES AS FOLLOWS:

 
A GENERAL RELEASE DOES NOT EXTEND TO CLAIMS WHICH THE CREDITOR DOES NOT KNOW OR SUSPECT TO EXIST IN HIS OR HER FAVOR AT THE TIME OF EXECUTING THE RELEASE, WHICH IF KNOWN BY HIM OR HER MUST HAVE MATERIALLY AFFECTED HIS OR HER SETTLEMENT WITH THE DEBTOR.
 
(c)      EACH OBLIGOR ACKNOWLEDGES THAT IT MAY HEREAFTER DISCOVER FACTS DIFFERENT FROM OR IN ADDITION TO THOSE NOW KNOWN OR BELIEVED TO BE TRUE WITH RESPECT TO SUCH CLAIMS, DEMANDS, OR CAUSES OF ACTION, AND AGREES THAT THIS AMENDMENT AND THE ABOVE RELEASE ARE AND WILL REMAIN EFFECTIVE IN ALL RESPECTS NOTWITHSTANDING ANY SUCH DIFFERENCES OR ADDITIONAL FACTS.

6.12     Total Agreement. This Amendment, the Loan Agreement, and all other Loan Documents constitute the entire agreement, and supersede all prior understandings and agreements, among the parties relating to the subject matter hereof.
 

 
 [Remainder of Page Intentionally Left Blank]








 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties have executed and delivered this Amendment as of the day and year first written above.
 
BORROWERS:

TURTLE BEACH CORPORATION, a Nevada
corporation, formerly known as Parametric Sound
Corporation

By:   _____________________________________________________________
Name:
Title:


VOYETRA TURTLE BEACH, INC.,
a Delaware corporation

By:   _____________________________________________________________
Name:
Title:



TURTLE BEACH EUROPE LIMITED,
a company limited by shares and incorporated in
England and Wales with company number 03819186

By:   _____________________________________________________________
Name:
Title:


TBC HOLDING COMPANY LLC,
a Delaware limited liability company

By:   _____________________________________________________________
Name:
Title:




BANK OF AMERICA, N.A.,
as Agent and Lender
 

By:   _____________________________________________________________
Name:
Title:

GUARANTOR CONSENT
 
The undersigned hereby consents to the foregoing Amendment and hereby (a) confirms and agrees that notwithstanding the effectiveness of the foregoing Amendment, each Loan Document to which it is a party is, and shall continue to be, in full force and effect and is hereby ratified and confirmed in all respects, except that, on and after the effectiveness of the foregoing Amendment, each reference in any Loan Document to the “Loan Agreement,” “thereunder,” “thereof” or words of like import shall mean and be a reference to the Loan Agreement, as amended by the foregoing Amendment, (b) confirms and agrees that the pledge and security interest in the Collateral granted by it pursuant to any Security Documents to which it is a party shall continue in full force and effect, (c) acknowledges and agrees that such pledge and security interest in the Collateral granted by it pursuant to such Security Documents shall continue to secure the Obligations purported to be secured thereby, as amended or otherwise affected hereby, and (d) agrees to be bound by the release set forth in Section 6.11 of the Amendment.
 
[Signature Page Follows]
 

VTB HOLDINGS, INC.,
a Delaware corporation
 

By:   _____________________________________________________________
Name:
Title:



TBC HOLDING COMPANY LLC,
a Delaware limited liability company

By:   _____________________________________________________________
Name:
Title:

Exhibit A
 
Attached hereto
 

 












Execution VersionExhibit A to Second Amendment and Joinder to
EXHIBIT A

TO

FIRST AMENDMENT TO AMENDED AND RESTATED
LOAN, GUARANTY AND SECURITY AGREEMENT
 Amended and Restated Loan, Guaranty and Security Agreement


 
EXHIBIT A
TO
SECOND AMENDMENT AND JOINDER TO AMENDED AND RESTATED
LOAN, GUARANTY AND SECURITY AGREEMENT
 
_____________________________________________________________________________
 
AMENDED AND RESTATED LOAN, GUARANTY AND SECURITY AGREEMENT
 
Dated as of March 5, 2018
 
_____________________________________________________________________________
 
TURTLE BEACH CORPORATION
(FORMERLY KNOWN AS PARAMETRIC SOUND CORPORATION),
as a US Borrower and a UK Guarantor


VOYETRA TURTLE BEACH, INC.,
as a US Borrower and a UK Guarantor


TURTLE BEACH EUROPE LIMITED,
as UK Borrower
 

and,


TBC HOLDING COMPANY LLC,
as a US Borrower and a UK Guarantor,


and


VTB HOLDINGS, INC.,
as a US Guarantor and a UK Guarantor,
 




BANK OF AMERICA, N.A.,
as Agent, Sole Lead Arranger and Sole Bookrunner
 
______________________________________________________________________________
 


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page
 
Table of Contents
 
 
PageARTICLE 1                DEFINITIONS; RULES OF CONSTRUCTION
1
1.1
Definitions
1
1.2
Accounting Terms
40
1.3
Uniform Commercial Code
40
1.4
Certain Matters of Construction
40
1.5
Currency Equivalents.
41
ARTICLE 2
CREDIT FACILITIES
41
2.1
Revolver Commitment.
41
2.2
[Reserved].
44
2.3
Letter of Credit Facility.
44
ARTICLE 3
INTEREST, FEES AND CHARGES
46
3.1
Interest.
46
3.2
Fees.
50
3.3
Computation of Interest, Fees, Yield Protection
50
3.4
Reimbursement Obligations
50
3.5
Illegality
51
3.6
Inability to Determine Rates
51
3.7
Increased Costs; Capital Adequacy.
51
3.8
Mitigation
53
3.9
Funding Losses
53
3.10
Maximum Interest
53
ARTICLE 4
REVOLVER LOAN ADMINISTRATION
53
4.1
Manner of Borrowing and Funding Revolver Loans.
53
4.2
Defaulting Lender
55
4.3
Number and Amount of Interest Period Loans; Determination of Rate.
55
4.4
Borrower Agent
56
4.5
One Obligation.
56
4.6
Effect of Termination
56
ARTICLE 5
PAYMENTS
57
5.1
General Payment Provisions
57
5.2
Repayment of Revolver Loans
57


       (i)
-i-

TABLE OF CONTENTS
(continued)
Page
 
5.3
Mandatory Prepayments5.3.1
57
5.4
Payment of Other Obligations
57
5.5
Marshaling; Payments Set Aside
57
5.6
Application and Allocation of Payments.
57
5.7
Dominion Account
60
5.8
Account Stated
60
5.9
Taxes
60
5.10
Lender Tax Information.
61
5.11
Nature and Extent of Each US Borrower’s Liability.
63
5.12
United Kingdom Tax Matters.
65
ARTICLE 6
CONDITIONS PRECEDENT
70
6.1
Conditions Precedent to Initial Revolver Loans
70
6.2
Conditions Precedent to All Credit Extensions
72
6.3
Post-Second Amendment Effective Date Conditions
72
ARTICLE 7
COLLATERAL
72
7.1
Grant of Security Interest in US Collateral
72
7.2
Lien on Deposit Accounts; Cash Collateral.
73
7.3
Real Estate Collateral
73
7.4
Other Collateral.
74
7.5
Limitations
74
7.6
Further Assurances
74
7.7
Foreign Subsidiary Stock1.1
74
ARTICLE 8
COLLATERAL ADMINISTRATION
74
8.1
Borrowing Base Reports.
74
8.2
Accounts.
75
8.3
Inventory.
76
8.4
Equipment.
76
8.5
Deposit Accounts
77
8.6
Administration of Equity Interests and Instruments.
77
8.7
Administration of Investment Property.
78
8.8
Administration of Letter of Credit Rights
79

       (ii)
-ii-

TABLE OF CONTENTS
(continued)
Page
 
8.9
General Provisions.
79
8.10
Power of Attorney
80
8.11
Intellectual Property.
81
ARTICLE 9
REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES
83
9.1
General Representations and Warranties
83
9.2
Complete Disclosure
89
ARTICLE 10
COVENANTS AND CONTINUING AGREEMENTS
89
10.1
Affirmative Covenants
89
10.2
Negative Covenants
93
10.3
Financial Covenants
99
ARTICLE 11
GUARANTY
99
11.1
Guaranty by US Guarantors
99
11.2
Guaranty by UK Guarantors.
99
11.3
Evidence of Debt
100
11.4
No Setoff or Deductions; Taxes; Payments
101
11.5
Rights of Lender
101
11.6
Certain Waivers
101
11.7
Obligations Independent
102
11.8
Subrogation
102
11.9
Termination; Reinstatement
102
11.10
Subordination
102
11.11
Stay of Acceleration
102
11.12
Miscellaneous
102
11.13
Condition of Borrowers
103
11.14
Setoff
103
11.15
Representations and Warranties
103
11.16
Additional Guarantor Waivers and Agreements.
103
ARTICLE 12
EVENTS OF DEFAULT; REMEDIES ON DEFAULT
104
12.1
Events of Default
104
12.2
Remedies upon Default
106
12.3
License
106

       (iii)
-iii-

TABLE OF CONTENTS
(continued)
Page
 
12.4
Setoff
107
12.5
Remedies Cumulative; No Waiver.
107
ARTICLE 13
AGENT
107
13.1
Appointment, Authority and Duties of Agent.
107
13.2
Agreements Regarding Collateral and Borrower Materials.
109
13.3
Reliance By Agent
110
13.4
Action Upon Default
110
13.5
Ratable Sharing
110
13.6
Indemnification
110
13.7
Limitation on Responsibilities of Agent
110
13.8
Successor Agent and Co-Agents.
111
13.9
Due Diligence and Non-Reliance
111
13.10
Remittance of Payments and Collections.
111
13.11
Individual Capacities
112
13.12
Titles
112
13.13
Bank Product Providers
112
13.14
No Third Party Beneficiaries
112
ARTICLE 14
BENEFIT OF AGREEMENT; ASSIGNMENTS
112
14.1
Successors and Assigns
112
14.2
Participations.
113
14.3
Assignments.
113
14.4
Replacement of Certain Lenders
114
14.5
Register
114
ARTICLE 15
MISCELLANEOUS
115
15.1
Consents, Amendments and Waivers.
115
15.2
Indemnity
116
15.3
Notices and Communications.
116
15.4
Performance of Obligors’ Obligations
117
15.5
Credit Inquiries
117
15.6
Severability
117
15.7
Cumulative Effect; Conflict of Terms
117

       (iv)
-iv-

TABLE OF CONTENTS
(continued)
Page
 
15.8
Counterparts; Execution
117
15.9
Entire Agreement
118
15.10
Relationship with Lenders
118
15.11
No Advisory or Fiduciary Responsibility
118
15.12
Confidentiality
118
15.13
Reserved.
118
15.14
GOVERNING LAW
119
15.15
Consent to Forum; Bail-In of EEA Financial Institutions.
119
15.16
Waivers by Obligors
120
15.17
Patriot Act Notice
120
15.18
NO ORAL AGREEMENT
120
15.19
Amendment and Restatement of Existing ABL Revolver Loan Agreement
120







       (v)
-v-

LIST OF EXHIBITS AND SCHEDULES
 
Exhibit A
Assignment and Acceptance
Exhibit B
Assignment Notice
   
Schedule 1.1
Commitments of Lenders
Schedule 1.1C
Eligible Inventory
Schedule 1.1S
Specified Closing Date Holders
Schedule 6.3
Post-RestatementSecond Amendment Effective Date Conditions
Schedule 8.5
Deposit Accounts
Schedule 8.6.1
Equity Interests
Schedule 8.6.2
Debt Securities Instruments
Schedule 8.8
Letters of Credit
Schedule 8.9.1
Location of Collateral
Schedule 9.1.4
Names and Capital Structure
Schedule 9.1.5
              Real Property in Special Flood Hazard Zone
Schedule 9.1.11
Patents, Trademarks, Copyrights and Licenses
Schedule 9.1.14
Environmental Matters
Schedule 9.1.15
Restrictive Agreements
Schedule 9.1.16
Litigation
Schedule 9.1.18
Pension Plans
Schedule 9.1.20
Labor Contracts
Schedule 10.2.1
Permitted Debt; Borrowed Money
Schedule 10.2.2
Existing Liens
Schedule 10.2.17
Existing Affiliate Transactions

 

 

 
-vi-

AMENDED AND RESTATED LOAN, GUARANTY AND SECURITY AGREEMENT
 
THIS AMENDED AND RESTATED LOAN, GUARANTY AND SECURITY AGREEMENT (this “Agreement”), is dated as of March 5, 2018, among TURTLE BEACH CORPORATION, a Nevada corporation, formerly known as Parametric Sound Corporation (“Parent”), VOYETRA TURTLE BEACH, INC., a Delaware corporation (“Voyetra), TBC HOLDING COMPANY LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“TBC Holding”); and together with Parent and Voyetra, individually “US Borrower,” and individually and collectively, jointly and severally, “US Borrowers), TURTLE BEACH EUROPE LIMITED, a company limited by shares and incorporated in England and Wales with company number 03819186 (“Turtle Beach,” also referred to hereinafter as UK Borrower”; and together with US Borrowers, individually “Borrower” and individually and collectively, “Borrowers”), VTB HOLDINGS, INC., a Delaware corporation (“VTB” or “US Guarantor”; and together with US Borrowers, individually a “UK Guarantor” and individually and collectively, jointly and severally, “UK Guarantors”; UK Guarantors and US Guarantors, individually a “Guarantor,” and individually and collectively, “Guarantors”); the financial institutions party to this Agreement from time to time as lenders (collectively, “Lenders”), and BANK OF AMERICA, N.A., a national banking association (“Bank of America”), as agent collateral agent and security trustee for Lenders (in such capacity, together with its successors and assigns in such capacity, “Agent”), and Bank of America as sole lead arranger and sole book runner for the Lenders.
 
R E C I T A L S:
 
WHEREAS, BorrowersParent, Voyetra, Turtle Beach and GuarantorsVTB have previously entered into that certain Loan, Guaranty and Security Agreement dated March 31, 2014 with various lenders party thereto and Bank of America as agent, pursuant to which Borrowers have obtained revolving lines of credit (as amended, restated, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time, the “ExistingOriginal ABL Revolver Loan Agreement”).
 
WHEREAS, Parent, Voyetra, Turtle Beach and VTB have previously entered into that certain First Amendment to Loan, Guaranty and Security Agreement dated December 17, 2018 with various lenders party thereto and Bank of America as agent, pursuant to which the parties thereto amended the Original ABL Revolver Loan Agreement (as amended, restated, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time, the “Existing ABL Revolver Loan Agreement”).
 
WHEREAS, Borrowers and Guarantors have requested that Agent and Lenders continue to provide credit facilities to Borrowers to finance their business enterprise and to amend and restate, in its entirety, the Existing ABL Revolver Loan Agreement and all loan documents executed in connection therewith.  Lenders are willing to provide the credit facility and amend and restate the Existing ABL Revolver Loan Agreement on the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement.
 
NOW, THEREFORE, for valuable consideration hereby acknowledged, the parties agree as follows:
 
ARTICLE 1        DEFINITIONS; RULES OF CONSTRUCTION
 
1.1         Definitions.  As used herein, the following terms have the meanings set forth below:
Acquisition: a transaction or series of transactions resulting in (a) acquisition of a business, division or substantially all assets of a Person; (b) record or beneficial ownership of 50% or more of the Equity Interests of a Person; or (c) merger, amalgamation, consolidation or combination of a Borrower or Subsidiary with another Person.
 
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Affiliate: with respect to a specified Person, any other Person that directly, or indirectly through intermediaries, Controls, is Controlled by or is under common Control with the specified Person.
 
Agent: as defined in the preamble to this Agreement.
 
Agent Indemnitees: Agent and its officers, directors, employees, Affiliates, branches, agents and attorneys.
 
Agent Professionals: attorneys, accountants, appraisers, auditors, business valuation experts, environmental engineers or consultants, turnaround consultants, and other professionals and experts retained by Agent.
 
Agreement Currency: as defined in Section 1.5.
 
Allocable Amount: as defined in Section 5.11.3(b).
 
Anti-Terrorism Law: any law relating to terrorism or money laundering, including the Patriot Act.
 
Applicable Law: all laws, rules, regulations and governmental guidelines applicable to the Person or matter in question, including all applicable statutory law, common law and equitable principles, as well as provisions of constitutions, treaties, statutes, rules, regulations, orders and decrees of Governmental Authorities.
 
Applicable Margin: the margin set forth below, as determined by the average daily Availability for the last Fiscal Quarter:
 
Level
 
Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio
US Base Rate Loans
US LIBOR Loans
UK Base Rate Loans
UK LIBOR Loans
US FILO Loans
I
< 1.10:1.00
1.25%
2.00%
1.25%
2.00%
2.75%
II
> 1.10:1.00 ≤
1.20:1.00
1.00%
1.75%
1.00%
1.75%
2.50%
III
> 1.20:1.00 ≤
1.25:1.00
0.75%
1.50%
0.75%
1.50%
2.25%
IV
> 1.25:1.00
0.50%
1.25%
0.50%
1.25%
2.00%

             
The above margins shall be subject to increase or decrease on the first day of the calendar month following each Fiscal Quarter end based on the most recent financial statements required to be delivered to Agent as set forth hereunder.  If Agent is unable to calculate the Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio for a Fiscal Quarter due to Borrowers’ failure to deliver any financial statement when required hereunder, then, at the option of Agent or Required Lenders, margins shall be determined as if Level I were applicable until the first day of the calendar month following its receipt.
 
Applicable Time Zone:  for borrowings under, and payments due by Borrowers or Lenders on (a) US Revolver Loans, Pacific time, and (b) UK Revolver Loans, London time.
 
Approved Fund: any entity that is owned or Controlled by a Lender or Affiliate of a Lender, and is engaged in making or investing in commercial loans in its ordinary course of activities.
 
Asset Disposition: a sale, lease, license, consignment, transfer or other disposition of Property of an Obligor, including any disposition in connection with a sale-leaseback transaction or synthetic lease.
 
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Assignment and Acceptance: an assignment agreement between a Lender and Eligible Assignee, in the form of Exhibit A or otherwise satisfactory to Agent.
 
Attributable Indebtedness:  on any date, (a) in respect of any capital lease of any Person, the capitalized amount thereof that would appear on a balance sheet of such Person prepared as of such date in accordance with GAAP (or IFRS as it relates to UK Obligors), and (b) in respect of any Synthetic Lease Obligation, the capitalized amount of the remaining lease payments under the relevant lease that would appear on a balance sheet of such Person prepared as of such date in accordance with GAAP (or, as the context may require, IFRS) if such lease were accounted for as a capital lease.
 
Available Currency: (i) in the case of a US Borrower, Dollars, and (ii) in the case of UK Borrower, Sterling, Euro and Dollars.
 
Availability: the sum of US Availability and UK Availability.
 
Bail-In Action: the exercise of any Write-Down and Conversion Powers by the applicable EEA Resolution Authority in respect of any liability of an EEA Financial Institution.
 
Bail-In Legislation: with respect to any EEA Member Country implementing Article 55 of Directive 2014/59/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of the European Union, the implementing law for such EEA Member Country from time to time which is described in the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule.
 
Bank of America Indemnitees: Bank of America and its officers, directors, employees, Affiliates, branches, agents and attorneys.
 
Bank Product: US Bank Product or UK Bank Product, as the context requires.
 
Bank Product Reserve: US Bank Product Reserve or UK Bank Product Reserve, as the context requires.
 
Bankruptcy Code: Title 11 of the United States Code.
 
Board of Governors: the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.
 
Borrowed Money: with respect to any Obligor, without duplication, its (a) Debt that (i) arises from the lending of money by any Person to such Obligor, (ii) is evidenced by notes, drafts, bonds, debentures, credit documents or similar instruments, (iii) accrues interest or is a type upon which interest charges are customarily paid (excluding trade payables owing in the Ordinary Course of Business), or (iv) was issued or assumed as full or partial payment for Property; (b) Capital Leases; (c) letter of credit reimbursement obligations; and (d) guaranties of any of the foregoing owing by another Person.
 
Borrower or Borrowers: as defined in the preamble to this Agreement.
 
Borrower Materials: Borrowing Base Reports, Compliance Certificates and other information, reports, financial statements and other materials delivered by Borrowers hereunder, as well as other Reports and information provided by Agent to Lenders.
 
Borrowing: a group of Revolver Loans that are made or converted together on the same day and have the same interest option and, if applicable, Interest Period.
 
Borrowing Base: the sum of the US Borrowing Base and the UK Borrowing Base.
 
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Borrowing Base Report: a US Borrowing Base Report or a UK Borrowing Base Report, as the context requires.
 
Business Day: any day other than a Saturday, Sunday or other day on which commercial banks are authorized to close under the laws of, or are in fact closed in, North Carolina and California (or, if such day relates to (a) any UK Revolver Loan or, UK Lender or the determination of LIBOR, any day on which commercial banks are authorized to close under the laws of, or are in fact closed in, London, or (b) any Revolver Loan denominated in Euro, any day which is not a TARGET Day.
 
Capital Expenditures: all liabilities incurred or expenditures made by a Borrower or Subsidiary for the acquisition of fixed assets, or any improvements, replacements, substitutions or additions thereto with a useful life of more than one year; provided, however, that Capital Expenditures shall not include any such expenditures that are:  (a) made with the proceeds of any contribution of capital to Parent or sale or issuance by Parent of Equity Interests which are substantially contemporaneously used for the making of such Capital Expenditure; (b) Permitted Acquisitions or incurred by any Person acquired in any Permitted Acquisition prior to (but not in anticipation of) the closing of such Permitted Acquisition; (c) made with net proceeds of the sale or other disposition (including by casualty or condemnation) or a capital asset reinvested in assets to the extent such reinvestment is commenced within 180 days and completed within 270 days of the date of such sale or disposition; or (d) financed with Debt permitted pursuant to Section 10.2.1.
 
Capital Lease: any lease required to be capitalized for financial reporting purposes in accordance with GAAP (or IFRSLocal GAAP as it relates to UK Obligorsany non-US Obligor, any branch thereof or any Foreign Subsidiary which is not an Obligor, individually (and not on a consolidated basis)).
 
Cash Collateral: cash delivered to Agent to Cash Collateralize any Obligations, and all interest, dividends, earnings and other proceeds relating thereto.
 
Cash Collateral Account: a demand deposit, money market or other account established by Agent at such financial institution as Agent may select in its discretion, which account shall be subject to a Lien in favor of Agent.
 
Cash Collateralize: the delivery of cash to Agent, as security for the payment of Obligations, in an amount equal to (a) with respect to LC Obligations, 105% of the aggregate LC Obligations, and (b) with respect to any inchoate, contingent or other Obligations (including Secured Bank Product Obligations), Agent’s good faith estimate of the amount due or to become due, including fees, expenses and indemnification hereunder.  “Cash Collateralization” has a correlative meaning.
 
Cash Equivalents: (a) marketable obligations issued or unconditionally guaranteed by, and backed by the full faith and credit of, the U.S. government, maturing within 12 months of the date of acquisition; (b) certificates of deposit, time deposits and bankers’ acceptances maturing within 12 months of the date of acquisition, and overnight bank deposits, in each case which are issued by Bank of America or a commercial bank organized under the laws of the United States or any state or district thereof, rated A-1 (or better) by S&P or P-1 (or better) by Moody’s at the time of acquisition, and (unless issued by a Lender) not subject to offset rights; (c) repurchase obligations with a term of not more than 30 days for underlying investments of the types described in clauses (a) and (b) entered into with any bank described in clause (b); (d) commercial paper issued by Bank of America or rated A-1 (or better) by S&P or P-1 (or better) by Moody’s, and maturing within nine months of the date of acquisition; (e) shares of any money market fund that has substantially all of its assets invested continuously in the types of investments referred to above, has net assets of at least $500,000,000 and has the highest rating obtainable from either Moody’s or S&P.
 
-4-

Cash Management Services: services relating to operating, collections, payroll, trust, or other depository or disbursement accounts, including automated clearinghouse, e-payable, electronic funds transfer, wire transfer, controlled disbursement, overdraft, depository, information reporting, lockbox and stop payment services.
 
CERCLA: the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (42 U.S.C. § 9601 et seq.).
 
Change in Law: the occurrence, after the date hereof, of (a) the adoption, taking effect or phasing in of any law, rule, regulation or treaty; (b) any change in any law, rule, regulation or treaty or in the administration, interpretation or application thereof; or (c) the making, issuance or application of any request, guideline, requirement or directive (whether or not having the force of law) by any Governmental Authority; provided, that “Change in Law” shall include, regardless of the date enacted, adopted or issued, all requests, rules, guidelines, requirements or directives (i) under or relating to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, or (ii) promulgated pursuant to Basel III by the Bank for International Settlements, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (or any similar authority) or any other Governmental Authority.
 
Change of Control: (a)  any Person other than the Specified Closing Date Holders owns or control 20% or more of the Voting Equity Interests of Parent; (b) Parent ceases to own and control, beneficially and of record, directly or indirectly, (x) 100% of the outstanding Voting Equity Interests (other than the Series B Preferred Stock as in effect on the Restatement Effective Date) of Voyetra and (y) 100% of the Voting Equity Interests of its other direct or indirect Subsidiaries; (c) a change in the majority of directors of Parent during any 24 month period, unless approved by the majority of directors serving at the beginning of such period; or (d) the sale or transfer of all or substantially all assets of a Borrower, except to another Borrower.
 
Claims: all claims, liabilities, obligations, losses, damages, penalties, judgments, proceedings, interest, costs and expenses of any kind (including remedial response costs, reasonable attorneys’ fees and Extraordinary Expenses) at any time (including after Full Payment of the Obligations or replacement of Agent or any Lender) incurred by any Indemnitee or asserted against any Indemnitee by any Obligor or other Person, in any way relating to (a) any Revolver Loans, Letters of Credit, Loan Documents, Borrower Materials, or the use thereof or transactions relating thereto, (b) any action taken or omitted in connection with any Loan Documents, (c) the existence or perfection of any Liens, or realization upon any Collateral, (d) exercise of any rights or remedies under any Loan Documents or Applicable Law, or (e) failure by any Obligor to perform or observe any terms of any Loan Document, in each case including all costs and expenses relating to any investigation, litigation, arbitration or other proceeding (including an Insolvency Proceeding or appellate proceedings), whether or not the applicable Indemnitee is a party thereto.
 
Code: the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
 
Collateral: the US Collateral and the UK Collateral, as the context requires.
 
Commodity Exchange Act: the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. § 1 et seq.).
 
Compliance Certificate: a certificate, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Agent, by which Borrowers certify compliance with Section 10.3.
 
Connection Income Taxes: Other Connection Taxes that are imposed on or measured by net income (however denominated) or that are franchise Taxes or branch profits Taxes.
 
-5-

Contingent Obligation: any obligation of a Person arising from a guaranty, indemnity or other assurance of payment or performance of any Debt, lease, dividend or other obligation (“primary obligations”) of another obligor (“primary obligor”) in any manner, whether directly or indirectly, including any obligation of such Person under any (a) guaranty, endorsement, co-making or sale with recourse of an obligation of a primary obligor; (b) obligation to make take-or-pay or similar payments regardless of nonperformance by any other party to an agreement; and (c) arrangement (i) to purchase any primary obligation or security therefor, (ii) to supply funds for the purchase or payment of any primary obligation, (iii) to maintain or assure working capital, equity capital, net worth or solvency of the primary obligor, (iv) to purchase Property or services for the purpose of assuring the ability of the primary obligor to perform a primary obligation, or (v) otherwise to assure or hold harmless the holder of any primary obligation against loss in respect thereof.  The amount of any Contingent Obligation shall be deemed to be the stated or determinable amount of the primary obligation (or, if less, the maximum amount for which such Person may be liable under the instrument evidencing the Contingent Obligation) or, if not stated or determinable, the maximum reasonably anticipated liability with respect thereto.
 
Contribution Notice: a contribution notice issued by the Pensions Regulator under Section 38 or Section 47 of the Pensions Act 2004 (UK).
 
Control: possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or cause direction of a Person’s management or policies, whether through the ability to exercise voting power, by contract or otherwise.  “Controlling” and “Controlled” have correlative meanings.
 
CWA: the Clean Water Act (33 U.S.C. §§ 1251 et seq.).
 
Debt: as applied to any Person, without duplication, (a) all items that would be included as liabilities on a balance sheet in accordance with GAAP (or IFRSLocal GAAP as it relates to UK Obligorsany non-US Obligor, any branch thereof or any Foreign Subsidiary which is not an Obligor, individually (and not on a consolidated basis)), including Capital Leases, but excluding trade payables incurred and being paid in the Ordinary Course of Business; (b) all Contingent Obligations (including the Guaranteed Obligations); (c) all reimbursement obligations in connection with letters of credit issued for the account of such Person; and (d) in the case of a Borrower, the applicable Obligations.  The Debt of a Person shall include any recourse Debt of any partnership in which such Person is a general partner or joint venturer.
 
Default: an event or condition that, with the lapse of time or giving of notice, would constitute an Event of Default.
 
Default Rate: for any Obligation (including, to the extent permitted by law, interest not paid when due), 2% per annum plus the interest rate otherwise applicable thereto.
 
Defaulting Lender: any Lender that (a) has failed to comply with its funding obligations hereunder, and such failure is not cured within two Business Days; (b) has notified Agent or any Borrower that such Lender does not intend to comply with its funding obligations hereunder or under any other credit facility, or has made a public statement to that effect; (c) has failed, within three Business Days following request by Agent or any Borrower, to confirm in a manner satisfactory to Agent and Borrowers that such Lender will comply with its funding obligations hereunder; or (d) has, or has a direct or indirect parent company that has, become the subject of an Insolvency Proceeding (including reorganization, liquidation, or appointment of a receiver, custodian, administrator or similar Person by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other regulatory authority) or Bail-In Action; provided, that a Lender shall not be a Defaulting Lender solely by virtue of a Governmental Authority’s ownership of an equity interest in such Lender or parent company unless the ownership provides immunity for such Lender from jurisdiction of courts within the United States or from enforcement of judgments or writs of attachment on its assets, or
 
-6-

permits such Lender or Governmental Authority to repudiate or otherwise to reject such Lender’s agreements.
 
Deposit Account Control Agreement:  a control agreement reasonably satisfactory to Agent executed by an institution maintaining a Deposit Account or a Securities Account for an Obligor, to perfect Agent’s Lien on such account or its equivalent in any applicable jurisdiction (including, without limitation, any notice and acknowledgment of any Lien granted over such account pursuant to a UK Security Agreement).
 
Designated Jurisdiction: a country or territory that is the target of a Sanction.
 
Dilution Percent: with respect to any Borrower, the percent, determined for such Borrower’s most recent Fiscal Quarter, equal to (a) bad debt write-downs or write-offs, discounts, returns, promotions, credits, credit memos and other dilutive items with respect to Accounts of such Borrower, divided by (b) gross sales of such Borrower.
 
Distribution: any declaration or payment of a distribution, interest or dividend on any Equity Interest (other than payment-in-kind); distribution, advance or repayment of Debt to a holder of Equity Interests; or purchase, redemption, or other acquisition or retirement for value of any Equity Interest.
 
Disqualified Equity Interests:  any Equity Interest that, by its terms (or by the terms of any security or other Equity Interests into which it is convertible or for which it is exchangeable), or upon the happening of any event or condition (a) matures or is mandatorily redeemable, pursuant to a sinking fund obligation or otherwise (except as a result of a change of control or asset sale so long as any rights of the holders thereof upon the occurrence of a change of control or asset sale event shall be subject to the prior repayment in full of the Obligations), (b) is redeemable at the option of the holder thereof, in whole or in part, (c) provides for the scheduled payments of dividends or any other amounts in cash, or (d) is or becomes convertible into or exchangeable for Debt or any other Equity Interests that would constitute Disqualified Equity Interests, in each case, prior to the repayment in full of the Obligations.
 
Dollar Equivalent: at any time, (i) with respect to any amount denominated in Dollars, such amount, and (ii) with respect to any amount denominated in any other currency, the amount of Dollars that Agent determines (which determination shall be conclusive and binding absent manifest error) would be necessary to be sold on such date at the applicable Exchange Rate to obtain the stated amount of the other currency.
 
Dollars or $: lawful money of the US.
 
Dominion Account: a separate special account established by each Borrower at Bank of America (including its London branch, as regards UK Borrower) or another bank acceptable to Agent, over which Agent has exclusive control for withdrawal purposes.
 
Dutch Pledge:   the pledge agreement or other document whereby the UK Borrower delivered to Agent duly executed Dutch law pledge of its Inventory.
 
Dutch Security Agreements:  the Dutch Pledge and each pledge agreement or other similar agreement, instrument or document governed by the laws of the Netherlands now or hereafter securing (or given with the intent to secure) any Obligations.
 
EBITDA: for any period, the sum, for Parent and its Subsidiaries (determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP) of the following (for such period):
 
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(a) (a) consolidated net income, excluding (i) earnings or losses of any Person in which such Person has an ownership interest (other than Subsidiaries of such Person), except to the extent received by such Person in a cash distribution, (ii) unrealized non-cash gains and unrealized non-cash losses with respect to obligations under Hedging Agreements for such period and (iii) non-cash gains and non-cash losses due solely to fluctuations in currency values and the related tax effects determined in accordance with GAAP for such period; plus
 
(b) (b) to the extent deducted in determining consolidated net income, the sum of:  (i) any provision for cash income tax expense and cash interest expense; (ii) depreciation and amortization, including, without duplication, to the extent not included in interest expense, cash amortization of transaction and financing fees and expenses; (iii) non-cash deferred compensation, stock option or employee benefits-based and other equity-based compensation expenses; (iv) reasonable and customary documented third-party fees, costs and expenses in connection with any Permitted Acquisition to the extent permitted by this Agreement and not exceeding $3,000,000 during any 12 month period or $5,000,000 in the aggregate; (v) non-cash charges or amounts recorded in connection with purchase accounting under Statement of Financial Accounting Standards 14l(r) (including any applicable to future Permitted Acquisitions); (vi) non-cash purchase accounting adjustments relating to the writedown of deferred revenue (whether billed or unbilled) that are the result of accounting for any acquisition; (vii) reasonable and customary debt discounts and debt issuance costs, fees, charges and commissions, in each case incurred in connection with Debt permitted to be incurred hereunder, (viii) the Permitted Earnout Payment to the extent paid (to the extent applicable for such period), (ix) fees, charges and expenses incurred in connection with the consummation of the merger of Paris Acquisition Corp. with and into VTB, (x) one-time, non-recurring severance restructuring costs and expenses not exceeding the aggregate amount of $2,000,000, (xi) the amount of reasonable consulting and advisory fees (incurred to third party consultants and advisors other than Sponsor or its Affiliates) and related reasonable expenses, in each case, incurred in such period and not to exceed $1,250,000 in any trailing twelve-month period and, (xii) one-time, non-recurring payments made with respect to warrants issued to the Term Loan Lenders and prepayment premiums paid to the Term Loan Lenders, in each case, on or about the First Amendment Effectiveness Date, in an aggregate amount not exceeding $1,500,000, (xiii) non-cash changes in the fair market value of any Permitted Earnout Payments and other contingent consideration obligations in connection with any Permitted Acquisition, and (xiv) (A) reasonable fees, costs, expenses and charges related to restructuring, integration, business optimization, consolidation, rationalization and similar initiatives, in connection with the Roccat Transaction and (B) reasonable fees, charges and expenses incurred in connection with the consummation of the Roccat Transaction, whether incurred on or prior to the date of such consummation or within 90 days thereafter, in an aggregate amount together with the amount specified in clause (A) not to exceed $4,000,000 plus such additional amounts otherwise acceptable to the Agent, plus or minus
 
(c) (c) to the extent used in determining consolidated net income (i) other non-cash losses (or gains) (to the extent not relating to or resulting in any cash expense or charge in any future period), (ii) losses (or gains) from Asset Dispositions (excluding sales, expenses or losses related to current assets), (iii) costs and expenses in connection with the preparation, negotiation and execution of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, (iv) any extraordinary, one-time, unusual or non-recurring items approved by the Agent in its reasonable discretion, and (v) any non-cash charges (including reserves) relating to the reduction or discontinuation of operations of or the sale of all or any portion of the business of the Hypersound Division including the reclassification of the Hypersound Division as a discontinued operation, in each case as required under GAAP provided, that (i) the EBITDA of any Subsidiary acquired pursuant to a Permitted Acquisition during such period shall be, so long as such EBITDA is either validated by audited financial statements or a third party due diligence report, in either case, in a manner acceptable to the Agent, included on a pro forma basis for such period (assuming the consummation of such acquisition and the incurrence or assumption of any Debt in connection therewith occurred as of the first day of such period, and giving effect to pro forma adjustments acceptable to the Agent (which may include cost savings
 
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and synergies that are, in each case, factually supportable, expected to be realized within the twelve months following the applicable Permitted Acquisition, and are expected to have a continuing impact) which are directly attributable to such proposed Permitted Acquisition) and (ii) the EBITDA of any Person or line of business sold or otherwise disposed of by the Borrower or any Subsidiary during such period shall be excluded for such period (assuming the consummation of such sale or other disposition and the repayment of any Debt in connection therewith occurred as of the first day of such period).
 
EEA Financial Institution: (a) any credit institution or investment firm established in an EEA Member Country that is subject to the supervision of an EEA Resolution Authority; (b) any entity established in an EEA Member Country that is a parent of an institution described in clause (a) above; or (c) any financial institution established in an EEA Member Country that is a subsidiary of an institution described in the foregoing clauses and is subject to consolidated supervision with its parent.
 
EEA Member Country: any of the member states of the European Union, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway.
 
EEA Resolution Authority: any public administrative authority or any Person entrusted with public administrative authority of an EEA Member Country (including any delegee) having responsibility for the resolution of any EEA Financial Institution.
 
Eligible Account: an Account owing to a Borrower that arises in the Ordinary Course of Business from the sale of goods, is payable in Dollars (or payable in Dollars, Euros or Sterling, if owing to a UK Borrower) and is deemed by Agent, in its Permitted Discretion, to be an Eligible Account.  Without limiting the foregoing, no Account shall be an Eligible Account if
 
(a) (a) it is unpaid for more than 60 days after the original due date, or more than 120 days after the original invoice date;
 
(b) (b) 50% or more of the Accounts owing by the Account Debtor are not Eligible Accounts under the foregoing clause;
 
(c) (c) when aggregated with other Accounts owing by the Account Debtor, it exceeds 15% of the aggregate Eligible Accounts (or (x) with respect to such Accounts owed to a US Borrower, 55% with respect to Accounts owed by Gamestop and 40% with respect to Accounts owed by Target, Best Buy, Amazon, Walmart and Solutions 2 Go, Inc. (Canada), and (y) with respect to such Accounts owed to UK Borrower, 40% with respect to Accounts owed by Argos and Amazon, or in any case, such higher percentage as Agent may establish for such or any other Account Debtor from time to time);
 
(d) (d) it does not conform with a covenant or representation herein;
 
(e) (e) it is owing by a creditor or supplier, or is otherwise subject to a potential offset, counterclaim, dispute, deduction, discount, recoupment, reserve, defense, chargeback, credit or allowance (but ineligibility shall be limited to the amount thereof);
 
(f) (f) an Insolvency Proceeding has been commenced by or against the Account Debtor; or the Account Debtor has failed, has suspended or ceased doing business, is liquidating, dissolving or winding up its affairs, is not Solvent, or is the target of any Sanction or on an specially designated nationals list maintained by OFAC; or the Borrower is not able to bring suit or enforce remedies against the Account Debtor through judicial process;
 
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(g) (g) (i) with respect to a US Borrower, the Account Debtor is organized or has its principal offices or assets outside the United States or Canada, unless the Account Debtor is supported by a letter of credit (delivered to and directly drawable by Agent) or credit insurance satisfactory in all respects to Agent, and (ii) with respect to UK Borrower, the Account Debtor is organized or has its principal offices or assets outside of England and Wales other than a UK Eligible Foreign Account;
 
(h) (h) it is owing by a Governmental Authority, unless the Account Debtor is the United States or any department, agency or instrumentality thereof and the Account has been assigned to Agent in compliance with the federal Assignment of Claims Act;
 
(i)  (i) it is not subject to a duly perfected Lien (in the case of Eligible UK Accounts, expressed as a fixed charge) in favor of Agent or is subject to any other Lien;
 
(j)   (j) the goods giving rise to it have not been delivered to the Account Debtor, the services giving rise to it have not been accepted by the Account Debtor, or it otherwise does not represent a final sale;
 
(k) (k) it is evidenced by Chattel Paper or an Instrument of any kind, or has been reduced to judgment;
 
(l)     (l) its payment has been extended or the Account Debtor has made a partial payment;
 
(m)             (m) it arises from a sale to an Affiliate, from a sale on a cash-on-delivery, bill-and-hold, sale or return, sale on approval, consignment, or other repurchase or return basis, or from a sale for personal, family or household purposes;
 
(n) (n) it represents a progress billing or retainage, or relates to services for which a performance, surety or completion bond or similar assurance has been issued; or
 
(o) (o) it includes a billing for interest, fees or late charges, but ineligibility shall be limited to the extent thereof.
 
In calculating delinquent portions of Accounts under clauses (a) and (b), credit balances more than 90 days old will be excluded.
 
Eligible Assignee: (a) a Lender, Affiliate of a Lender or Approved Fund; (b) an assignee approved by US Borrower Agent (which approval shall not be unreasonably withheld or delayed, and shall be deemed given if no objection is made within five Business Days after notice of the proposed assignment) and Agent; (c) if such person is to hold any UK Revolver Commitments, such person is at all times, other than during any Event of Default, a Qualifying Lender; or (d) during an Event of Default, any Person acceptable to Agent in its discretion.
 
Eligible Inventory: Inventory owned by a US Borrower or UK Borrower, as applicable, that Agent, in its Permitted Discretion, deems to be Eligible Inventory.  Without limiting the foregoing, no Inventory shall be Eligible Inventory unless it
 
(a) (a) is finished goods or raw materials, and not work-in-process, packaging or shipping materials, labels, samples, display items, bags, replacement parts or manufacturing supplies;
 
(b) (b) is not held on consignment, nor subject to retention of title or similar arrangements nor subject to any deposit or down payment;
 
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(c) (c) is in new and saleable condition and is not damaged, defective, shopworn or otherwise unfit for sale;
 
(d) (d) is not slow-moving, perishable, obsolete or unmerchantable, and does not constitute returned or repossessed goods;
 
(e) (e) meets all standards imposed by any Governmental Authority, has not been acquired from a Person that is the target of any Sanction or on any specially designated nationals list maintained by OFAC, and does not constitute hazardous materials under any Environmental Law;
 
(f) (f) conforms with the covenants and representations herein;
 
(g) (g) is subject to Agent’s duly perfected Lien, and no other Lien (other than Permitted Liens);
 
(h) (h) is within the continental United States, Canada or any jurisdiction listed on Schedule 1.1C, is not in transit except for Eligible US In-Transit Inventory and Eligible UK In-Transit Inventory, and is not consigned to any Person;
 
(i) (i) is not subject to any warehouse receipt or negotiable Document;
 
(j) (j) is not subject to any License or other arrangement that restricts such Borrower’s or Agent’s right to dispose of such Inventory, unless Agent has received an appropriate Lien Waiver or has otherwise waived such requirement (the parties acknowledge that such requirement has been waived with respect to Licenses set forth on Schedule 9.1.11 as of the Closing Date);
 
(k) (k) is not located on leased premises or in the possession of a warehouseman, processor, repairman, mechanic, shipper, freight forwarder or other Person, unless the lessor or such Person has delivered a Lien Waiver or an appropriate Rent and Charges Reserve has been established; and
 
(l) (l) is reflected in the details of a current perpetual inventory report.
 
Eligible UK Accounts: Eligible Accounts owing to UK Borrower.
 
Eligible UK In-Transit Inventory:  Inventory owned by a UK Borrower that would be Eligible Inventory if it were not subject to a Document and in transit from, with respect to a UK Revolver Loan, a foreign location to a location of the applicable UK Borrower within the United Kingdom that Agent, in its Permitted Discretion, deems to be Eligible UK In-Transit Inventory.  Without limiting the foregoing, no Inventory shall be Eligible UK In-Transit Inventory unless it (a) is subject to a negotiable Document showing Agent (or, with the consent of Agent, the UK Borrower) as consignee, which Document is in the possession of Agent or such other Person as Agent shall approve; (b) is fully insured in a manner satisfactory to Agent; (c) is not sold by a vendor that has a right to reclaim, divert shipment of, repossess, stop delivery, claim any reservation of title or otherwise assert Lien rights against the Inventory, or with respect to whom UK Borrower is in default of any obligations; (d) is subject to purchase orders and other sale documentation satisfactory to Agent, and title has passed to UK Borrower; (e) is shipped by a common carrier that is not affiliated with the vendor and is not subject to Sanctions or any specially designated nationals list maintained by OFAC; and (f) is being handled by a customs broker, freight-forwarder or other handler that has delivered a Lien Waiver.
 
Eligible UK Inventory: Eligible Inventory of UK Borrower.
 
Eligible US Accounts: Eligible Accounts owing to a US Borrower.
 
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Eligible US In-Transit Inventory:  Inventory owned by a US Borrower that would be Eligible Inventory if it were not subject to a Document and in transit from with respect to a US Revolver Loan, a foreign location to a location of the applicable US Borrower within the United States that Agent, in its Permitted Discretion, deems to be Eligible US In-Transit Inventory.  Without limiting the foregoing, no Inventory shall be Eligible US In-Transit Inventory unless it (a) is subject to a negotiable Document showing Agent (or, with the consent of Agent, the applicable Borrower) as consignee, which Document is in the possession of Agent or such other Person as Agent shall approve; (b) is fully insured in a manner satisfactory to Agent; (c) is not sold by a vendor that has a right to reclaim, divert shipment of, repossess, stop delivery, claim any reservation of title or otherwise assert Lien rights against the Inventory, or with respect to whom any Borrower is in default of any obligations; (d) is subject to purchase orders and other sale documentation satisfactory to Agent, and title has passed to the Borrower; (e) is shipped by a common carrier that is not affiliated with the vendor and is not subject to Sanctions or any specially designated nationals list maintained by OFAC; and (f) is being handled by a customs broker, freight-forwarder or other handler that has delivered a Lien Waiver.
 
Eligible US Inventory: Eligible Inventory of a US Borrower.
 
Enforcement Action: any action to enforce any Obligations (other than Secured Bank Product Obligations) or Loan Documents or to exercise any rights or remedies relating to any Collateral, whether by judicial action, self-help, notification of Account Debtors, setoff or recoupment, credit bid, deed in lieu of foreclosure, action in an Insolvency Proceeding or otherwise.
 
Environmental Laws: Applicable Laws (including programs, permits and guidance promulgated by regulators) relating to public health (other than occupational safety and health regulated by OSHA or similar foreign Governmental Authority) or the protection or pollution of the environment, including CERCLA, RCRA , CWA and other similar Applicable Laws of any foreign jurisdiction.
 
Environmental Notice: a notice (whether written or oral) from any Governmental Authority or other Person of any possible noncompliance with, investigation of a possible violation of, litigation relating to, or potential fine or liability under any Environmental Law, or with respect to any Environmental Release, environmental pollution or hazardous materials, including any complaint, summons, citation, order, claim, demand or request for correction, remediation or otherwise.
 
Environmental Release: a release as defined in CERCLA or under any other Environmental Law.
 
Equity Interest: the interest of any (a) shareholder in a corporation; (b) partner in a partnership (whether general, limited, limited liability or joint venture); (c) member in a limited liability company; or (d) other Person having any other form of equity security or ownership interest, and, in each case, all of the warrants, options or other rights for the purchase or acquisition of any of the foregoing.
 
ERISA: the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974.
 
ERISA Affiliate: any trade or business (whether or not incorporated) under common control with an Obligor within the meaning of Section 414(b) or (c) of the Code (and Sections 414(m) and (o) of the Code for purposes of provisions relating to Section 412 of the Code).
 
ERISA Event: (a) a Reportable Event with respect to a Pension Plan; (b) withdrawal of an Obligor or ERISA Affiliate from a Pension Plan subject to Section 4063 of ERISA during a plan year in which it was a substantial employer (as defined in Section 4001(a)(2) of ERISA) or a cessation of operations that is treated as such a withdrawal under Section 4062(e) of ERISA; (c) complete or partial withdrawal of an Obligor or ERISA Affiliate from a Multiemployer Plan or notification that a Multiemployer Plan is in reorganization; (d) filing of a notice of intent to terminate, treatment of a Pension Plan or Multiemployer
 
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Plan amendment as a termination under Section 4041 or 4041A of ERISA, or institution of proceedings by the PBGC to terminate a Pension Plan; (e) determination that a Pension Plan or Multiemployer Plan (as applicable) is considered an at-risk plan or a plan in critical or endangered status under the Code or ERISA; (f) an event or condition that constitutes grounds under Section 4042 of ERISA for termination of, or appointment of a trustee to administer, any Pension Plan; or (g) imposition of any liability on an Obligor or ERISA Affiliate under Title IV of ERISA, other than for PBGC premiums due but not delinquent under Section 4007 of ERISA; or (h) failure by an Obligor or ERISA Affiliate to meet all applicable requirements under the Pension Funding Rules in respect of a Pension Plan, whether or not waived, or to make a required contribution to a Multiemployer Plan.
 
Euro or “: the lawful currency of the Participating Member States.
 
Event of Default: as defined in Section 12.
 
Exchange Rate: on any date, (i) with respect to Sterling in relation to Dollars, the spot rate as quoted by Bank of America (acting through its London branch) at its noon spot rate (in the Applicable Time Zone) at which Dollars are offered on such date for Sterling, (ii) with respect to Dollars in relation to Sterling, the spot rate as quoted by Bank of America (acting through its London branch) at its noon spot rate (in the Applicable Time Zone) at which Sterling are offered on such date for such Dollars, (iii) with respect to Euro in relation to Dollars, the spot rate as quoted by Bank of America (acting through its London branch) at its noon spot rate (in the Applicable Time Zone) at which Dollars are offered on such date for Euro, and (iv) with respect to Dollars in relation to Euro, the spot rate as quoted by Bank of America (acting through its London branch) at its noon spot rate (in the Applicable Time Zone) at which Euro are offered on such date for such Dollars.
 
Excluded Assets: (a) any lease, license, contract, property right or agreement to which any Obligor is a party or any of its right or interests thereunder if and only for so long as the grant of a security interest or Lien under this Agreement (i) is prohibited by Applicable Law or would constitute or result in the abandonment, invalidation or unenforceability of any right, title or interest of such Obligor therein pursuant to Applicable Law, (ii) would require the consent of third parties and such consent shall have not been obtained, or (iii) would constitute or result in a breach, termination or default under any such lease, license, contract, property right or agreement (in each case other than to the extent that any such consent requirement or other term thereof would be rendered ineffective pursuant to Sections 9-406, 9-407, 9-408 or 9-409 of the UCC of any relevant jurisdiction or any other Applicable Law or principles of equity); provided that such lease, license, contract, property right or agreement will be an Excluded Asset only to the extent and for so long as the consequences specified above will result and will cease to be an Excluded Asset and will become Collateral, immediately and automatically, at such time as such consequences will no longer result; (b) deposit accounts used solely to fund payroll, payroll Taxes and similar employment Taxes or employee benefits in the Ordinary Course of Business; (c) any motor vehicles covered by a certificate of title, together with any motor vehicle trailers, regardless of whether such trailers may be covered by a certificate of title, and all spare parts and accessories for such vehicles and trailers; and (d) all Excluded Equity Interests.
 
Excluded Equity Interests:  solely in the case of any pledge of Equity Interests of any Foreign Subsidiary of a US Borrower or a US Guarantor to secure any US Obligations, any Equity Interests that are Voting Equity Interests of such Foreign Subsidiary of a US Borrower or a US Guarantor in excess of 65% of the outstanding Voting Equity Interests of such class.
 
Excluded Swap Obligation: with respect to an Obligor, each Swap Obligation as to which, and only to the extent that, such Obligor’s guaranty of or grant of a Lien as security for such Swap Obligation is or becomes illegal under the Commodity Exchange Act because the Obligor does not constitute an “eligible contract participant” as defined in the act (determined after giving effect to any keepwell, support or other agreement for the benefit of such Obligor and all guarantees of Swap Obligations by other Obligors) when
 
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such guaranty or grant of Lien becomes effective with respect to the Swap Obligation.  If a Hedging Agreement governs more than one Swap Obligation, only the Swap Obligation(s) or portions thereof described in the foregoing sentence shall be Excluded Swap Obligation(s) for the applicable Obligor.
 
Excluded Taxes: any of the following Taxes imposed on or with respect to a Recipient or required to be withheld or deducted from a payment to a Recipient; (a) Taxes imposed on or measured by net income (however denominated) or that are franchise Taxes or branch profits Taxes, in each case, (i) as a result of such Recipient being organized under the laws of, or having its principal office (or, in the case of any Lender, its applicable Lending Office) located in, the jurisdiction imposing such Tax (or any political subdivision thereof), or (ii) that are Other Connection Taxes; (b) in the case of a Lender, US federal withholding Taxes imposed on amounts payable to or for the account of such Lender with respect to an applicable interest in a Revolver Loan or Revolver Commitment pursuant to a law in effect on the date on which (i) such Lender becomes a party hereto or, in the case of a Participant, acquires such interest in the Loan or Commitment (other than pursuant to an assignment request by US Borrower Agent under Section 14.4) or (ii) such Lender changes its Lending Office, except in each case to the extent that, pursuant to Section 5.9, amounts with respect to such Taxes were payable to its assignor immediately prior to such assignment or to the Lender immediately prior to its change in Lending Office; (c) Taxes attributable to such Recipient’s failure to comply with Section 5.10; and (d) any withholding Taxes imposed under FATCA. In no event shall “Excluded Taxes” include any withholding Tax imposed on amounts paid by or on behalf of a foreign Obligor to a Recipient that has complied with Section 5.10.2.
 
Existing ABL Revolver Loan Agreement: as defined in the recitals to this Agreement.
 
Extraordinary Expenses: all costs, expenses or advances that Agent may incur during a Default or Event of Default, or during the pendency of an Insolvency Proceeding of an Obligor, including those relating to (a) any audit, inspection, repossession, storage, repair, appraisal, insurance, manufacture, preparation or advertising for sale, sale, collection, or other preservation of or realization upon any Collateral; (b) any action, arbitration or other proceeding (whether instituted by or against Agent, any Lender, any Obligor, any representative of creditors of an Obligor or any other Person) in any way relating to any Collateral (including the validity, perfection, priority or avoidability of Agent’s Liens with respect to any Collateral), Loan Documents, Letters of Credit or Obligations, including any lender liability or other Claims; (c) the exercise of any rights or remedies of Agent in, or the monitoring of, any Insolvency Proceeding; (d) settlement or satisfaction of taxes, charges or Liens with respect to any Collateral; (e) any Enforcement Action; and (f) negotiation and documentation of any modification, waiver, workout, restructuring or forbearance with respect to any Loan Documents or Obligations.  Such costs, expenses and advances include transfer fees, Other Taxes, storage fees, insurance costs, permit fees, utility reservation and standby fees, legal fees, appraisal fees, brokers’ and auctioneers’ fees and commissions, accountants’ fees, environmental study fees, wages and salaries paid to employees of any Obligor or independent contractors in liquidating any Collateral, and travel expenses.
 
FATCA: Sections 1471 through 1474 of the Code, as of the date of this Agreement (or any amended or successor version that is substantively comparable and not materially more onerous to comply with), any current or future regulations or official interpretations thereof, and any agreements entered into pursuant to Section 1471(b)(1) of the Code and any fiscal or regulatory legislation, rules or practices adopted pursuant to any intergovernmental agreement, treaty or convention among Governmental Authorities and implementing such Sections of the Code.
 
Federal Funds Rate: (a) the weighted average per annum interest rate on overnight federal funds transactions with members of the Federal Reserve System on the applicable day (or the preceding Business Day, if the applicable day is not a Business Day), as published by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York on the next Business Day; or (b) if the rate is not so published, the average rate per annum (rounded up to
 
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the nearest 1/8 of 1%) charged to Bank of America on the applicable day on such transactions, as determined by Agent; provided, that in no event shall the Federal Funds Rate be less than zero.
 
Fee Letter: (i) the Restatement Fee Letter, and (ii) the fee letter agreement by and between Borrowers and Agent, dated as of the First Amendment Effectiveness Date (the “First Amendment Fee Letter”), in each case, as the same may be amended, restated, amended and restated, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.
 
Financial Covenant Trigger Period:  the period (a) commencing on the day that an Event of Default occurs, or the Availability is less than the greater of (x) 15% of the Borrowing Base (disregarding any decreased Revolver Commitment amount during the Seasonal Period) and (y) $10,000,000, for a period of five (5) consecutive days; and (b) continuing until, during each of the preceding 30 consecutive days, no Event of Default has existed, the Availability has been equal to or greater than the greater of (x) 15% of the Borrowing Base (disregarding any decreased Revolver Commitment amount during the Seasonal Period) and (y) $10,000,000.
 
Financial Support Direction: a financial support direction issued by the Pensions Regulator under Section 43 of the Pensions Act 2004 (UK).
 
First Amendment Effectiveness Date: December [__],17, 2018.
 
First Restatement Effective Date: March 5, 2018.
 
Fiscal Quarter: each period of three months, commencing on the first day of a Fiscal Year.
 
Fiscal Year: the fiscal year of Borrowers and Subsidiaries for accounting and tax purposes, ending on December 31 of each year.
 
Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio: the ratio, determined on a consolidated basis for Parent and Subsidiaries for any period of measurement, of (a) EBITDA minus Capital Expenditures (except those financed with Borrowed Money other than Revolver Loans) and cash taxes paid for such period, to (b) Fixed Charges for such period.
 
Fixed Charges: for any period of measurement, the sum of cash interest expense (net of interest income received in cash) for such period, regularly scheduled payments of principal on Debt for Borrowed Money actually made or required to be made in cash, Distributions actually made in cash; provided that Fixed Charges shall exclude (iii) principal payments on the Term Loan Debt made with respect to the full repayment thereof on the First Amendment Effectiveness Date, (ii) principal payments on the TBC Notes made in August 2018, October 2018 and with respect to the full repayment thereof on the First Amendment Effectiveness Date and (iii) the Permitted Earnout Payments.
 
Floating Rate Loan: a US Base Rate Loan or a UK Base Rate Loan, as the context requires.
 
Flood Laws: the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968, Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 and related laws.
 
FLSA: the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.
 
Foreign Lender: any Lender that is not a US Person.
 
Foreign Plan: any employee benefit plan or arrangement (a) maintained or contributed to by any Obligor or Subsidiary that is not subject to the laws of the United States; or (b) mandated by a government other than the United States, in either case, for employees of any Obligor or Subsidiary.
 
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Foreign Subsidiary: a Subsidiary that is a “controlled foreign corporation” under Section 957 of the Code, or a Subsidiary in a case in which substantially all of such entity’s assets are comprised of one or more “controlled foreign corporations” under Section 957 of the Code.
 
Fronting Exposure: a Defaulting Lender’s interest in LC Obligations, Swingline Loans and Protective Advances, except to the extent Cash Collateralized by the Defaulting Lender or allocated to other Lenders hereunder.
 
Full Payment: with respect to any Obligations, (a) the full and cash payment thereof, including any interest, fees and other charges accruing during an Insolvency Proceeding (whether or not allowed in the proceeding); and (b) if such Obligations are LC Obligations or inchoate or contingent in nature, Cash Collateralization thereof (or delivery of a standby letter of credit acceptable to Agent in its discretion, in the amount of required Cash Collateral).  No Revolver Loans shall be deemed to have been paid in full unless all Revolver Commitments related to such Revolver Loans are terminated.
 
GAAP: generally accepted accounting principles in effect in the United States from time to time.
 
Governmental Approvals: all authorizations, consents, approvals, licenses and exemptions of, registrations and filings with, and required reports to, all Governmental Authorities.
 
Governmental Authority: any federal, provincial, state, local, municipal, foreign or other governmental department agency, authority, body, commission, board, bureau, court, tribunal, instrumentality, political subdivision, central bank, or other entity or officer exercising executive, legislative, judicial, taxing, regulatory or administrative powers or functions for any governmental, judicial, investigative, regulatory or self-regulatory authority, or a province or territory thereof or a foreign entity or government (including the Financial Conduct Authority, the Prudential Regulation Authority and any supra-national bodies such as the European Union or European Central Bank).
 
Growth Multiple: shall mean, at any time, (a) if EBITDA for the most recently ended twelve-month period for which financial statements have been delivered is equal to or less than $16,213,000, one; and (b) if EBITDA for the most recently ended twelve-month period for which financial statements have been delivered is greater than $16,213,000, an amount equal to (i) EBITDA of the Companies for the most recently ended twelve-month period for which financial statements have been delivered divided by (ii) $16,213,000.
 
Guaranteed Obligations: US Guaranteed Obligations or UK Guaranteed Obligations, as the case may be.
 
Guarantors: as defined in the preamble to this Agreement and each other Person that guarantees payment or performance of Obligations.
 
Guaranty: each guaranty or guarantee agreement executed by a Guarantor in favor of Agent, including the guaranty provided pursuant to Section 11.
 
Headset Division:  the business division of Parent which engages in the international distribution of retail multi-platform advanced gaming headsets.
 
Hedging Agreement: a “swap agreement” as defined in Bankruptcy Code Section 101(53B)(A).
 
Hypersound Division: the business division of Parent which engages in business relating to Parent’s ultrasonic sound delivery technology.
 
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IFRS: International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board.
 
Indemnified Taxes: (a) Taxes, other than Excluded Taxes, imposed on or with respect to any payment made by or on account of any obligation of the Borrower under any Loan Document; and (b) to the extent not otherwise described in clause (a), Other Taxes.
 
Indemnitees: Agent Indemnitees, Lender Indemnitees, Issuing Bank Indemnitees and Bank of America Indemnitees.
 
Insolvency Proceeding: any case or proceeding commenced by or against a Person under any state, federal or foreign law for, or any agreement of such Person to, (a) the entry of an order for relief under the Bankruptcy Code, or any other insolvency, debtor relief or debt adjustment law; (b) the appointment of a receiver, trustee, liquidator, administrator, conservator or other custodian for such Person or any part of its Property; or (c) an assignment or trust mortgage for the benefit of creditors.
 
Intellectual Property: all intellectual Property of a Person, including inventions, designs, patents, copyrights, trademarks, service marks, trade names, trade secrets, confidential or proprietary information, customer lists, know-how, software and databases; all embodiments or fixations thereof and all related documentation, applications, registrations and franchises; all licenses or other rights to use any of the foregoing; and all books and records relating to the foregoing.
 
Intellectual Property Claim: any claim or assertion (whether in writing, by suit or otherwise) that a Borrower’s or Subsidiary’s ownership, use, marketing, sale or distribution of any Inventory, Equipment, Intellectual Property or other Property violates another Person’s Intellectual Property.
 
Intellectual Property Licenses: with respect to any Person (for the purpose of this definition, the “Specified Party”), (A) any licenses or other similar rights provided to the Specified Party in or with respect to Intellectual Property owned or controlled by any other Person (other than license agreements for commercially available off-the-shelf software that is generally available to the public which have been licensed to such Person) and (B) any licenses or other similar rights provided to any other Person in or with respect to Intellectual Property owned or controlled by the Specified Party (other than non-exclusive licenses granted to customers in the Ordinary Course of Business in connection with products or services  provided by such Person).
 
Interest Period: as defined in Section 3.1.4.
 
Interest Period Loan:  a US LIBOR Loan or a UK LIBOR Loan, as the context requires.
 
Inventory: as defined in the UCC, including all goods intended for sale, lease, display or demonstration; all work in process; and all raw materials, and other materials and supplies of any kind that are or could be used in connection with the manufacture, printing, packing, shipping, advertising, sale, lease or furnishing of such goods, or otherwise used or consumed in a Borrower’s business (but excluding Equipment).
 
Investment: an Acquisition, an acquisition of record or beneficial ownership of any Equity Interests of a Person, or an advance or capital contribution to or other investment in a Person.
 
IP Security Agreement: a trademark security agreement, a patent security agreement, copyright security agreement, charge over intellectual property, or equivalent agreement in the applicable jurisdiction, by and among one or more Obligors and Agent, with such amendments or modifications as may be reasonably approved by Agent.
 
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IRS: the United States Internal Revenue Service.
 
Issuing Bank: Bank of America (including any Lending Office of Bank of America), or any replacement issuer appointed pursuant to Section 2.3.4 (or Bank of America acting through its London branch with respect to Letters of Credit requested by UK Borrower).
 
Issuing Bank Indemnitees: Issuing Bank and its officers, directors, employees, Affiliates, branches, agents and attorneys.
 
Judgment Currency: as defined in Section 1.5.2.
 
LC Application: an application by a Borrower to Issuing Bank for issuance of a Letter of Credit, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Issuing Bank and Agent.
 
LC Conditions: upon giving effect to issuance of a Letter of Credit, (a) the conditions in Section 6.1 and 6.2 are satisfied; (b)(i) total LC Obligations do not exceed the Letter of Credit Subline, (ii) no Overadvance exists, (iii) no US Overadvance exists if the Requesting Borrower is a US Borrower, (iv) no UK Overadvance exists if the Requesting Borrower is UK Borrower, (v) if Requesting Borrower is a US Borrower and no US Revolver Loans are outstanding, the US LC Obligations do not exceed the US Borrowing Base, (vi) if Requesting Borrower is UK Borrower and no UK Revolver Loans are outstanding, the UK LC Obligations do not exceed the UK Borrowing Base; (c) the Letter of Credit and payments thereunder are denominated in Dollars or other currency satisfactory to Issuing Bank; and (d) the purpose and form of the Letter of Credit are satisfactory to Issuing Bank in its discretion.
 
LC Documents: all documents, instruments and agreements (including LC Requests and LC Applications) delivered by the applicable Borrower or any other Person to Issuing Bank or Agent in connection with any Letter of Credit.
 
LC Obligations: the US LC Obligations or the UK LC Obligations, as the context requires.
 
LC Request: a request for issuance of a Letter of Credit, to be provided by the applicable Borrower to Issuing Bank, in form satisfactory to Issuing Bank.
 
LC Reserve:  the aggregate of all LC Obligations of the applicable Borrower, other than those that have been Cash Collateralized by the applicable Borrower.
 
Lender Indemnitees: Each Lender and its officers, directors, employees, Affiliates, branches, agents and attorneys.
 
Lenders: lenders party this Agreement (including US Lenders, UK Lenders, Agent in its capacity as provider of Swingline Loans) and any Person who hereafter becomes a “Lender” pursuant to an Assignment, including any Lending Office of the foregoing.
 
Lending Office: the office (including any domestic or foreign Affiliate or branch) designated as such by Agent, a Lender or Issuing Bank by notice to US Borrower Agent and, if applicable, Agent.
 
Letter of Credit: any standby or documentary letter of credit, foreign guaranty, documentary bankers acceptance, indemnity, reimbursement agreement or similar instrument issued by Issuing Bank for the account or benefit of a Borrower or Affiliate of such Borrower.
 
Letter of Credit Subline: $5,000,000.
 
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LIBOR: the per annum rate of interest (rounded up to the nearest 1/8th of 1%) determined by Agent at or about 11:00 a.m. (London time) two (2) Business Days prior to an Interest Period, and set on the same day for Sterling denominated Interest Periods in EMEA, for a term equivalent to such Interest Period, equal to the London Interbank Offered Rate, or comparable or successor rate approved by Agent, as published on the applicable Reuters screen page (or other commercially available source designated by Agent); provided that any comparable or successor rate shall be applied by Agent, if administratively feasible, in a manner consistent with market practice; provided, further, that in no event shall LIBOR be less than zero.
 
LIBOR Screen Rate: LIBOR quote on the applicable screen page the Agent designates to determine LIBOR (or such other commercially available source providing such quotations as may be designated by the Agent from time to time).
 
LIBOR Successor Rate: as defined in Section 3.1.5(b).
 
LIBOR Successor Rate Conforming Changes: with respect to any proposed LIBOR Successor Rate, any conforming changes to the definition of Base Rate, Interest Period, timing and frequency of determining rates and making payments of interest and other administrative matters as may be appropriate, in the discretion of the Agent, to reflect the adoption of such LIBOR Successor Rate and to permit the administration thereof by the Agent in a manner substantially consistent with market practice (or, if the Agent determines that adoption of any portion of such market practice is not administratively feasible or that no market practice for the administration of such LIBOR Successor Rate exists, in such other manner of administration as the Agent determines in consultation with the Borrower Agent).
 
LIBOR Scheduled Unavailability Date: as defined in Section 3.1.5(b)(ii).
 
License: any license or agreement under which an Obligor is authorized to use Intellectual Property in connection with any manufacture, marketing, distribution or disposition of Collateral, any use of Property or any other conduct of its business.
 
Licensor: any Person from whom an Obligor obtains the right to use any Intellectual Property.
 
Lien: any Person’s interest in Property securing an obligation owed to, or a claim by, such Person, whether such interest is based on common law, statute or contract, including liens, security interests, mortgages, charges, assignments, pledges, hypothecations, statutory trusts, deemed trusts, reservations, exceptions, encroachments, easements, servitudes, rights-of-way, covenants, conditions, restrictions, leases, and other title exceptions and encumbrances affecting Property.
 
Lien Waiver: an agreement, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Agent, by which (a) for any material Collateral located on leased premises, the lessor waives or subordinates any Lien it may have on the Collateral, and agrees to permit Agent to enter upon the premises and remove the Collateral or to use the premises to store or dispose of the Collateral; (b) for any Collateral held by a warehouseman, processor, shipper, customs broker or freight forwarder, such Person waives or subordinates any Lien it may have on the Collateral, agrees to hold any Documents in its possession relating to the Collateral as agent for Agent, and agrees to deliver the Collateral to Agent upon request; (c) for any Collateral held by a repairman, mechanic or bailee, such Person acknowledges Agent’s Lien, waives or subordinates any Lien it may have on the Collateral, and agrees to deliver the Collateral to Agent upon request; and (d) for any Collateral subject to a Licensor’s Intellectual Property rights, the Licensor grants to Agent the right, vis-à-vis such Licensor, to enforce Agent’s Liens with respect to the Collateral, including the right to dispose of it with the benefit of the Intellectual Property, whether or not a default exists under any applicable License.
 
Loan Documents: this Agreement, Other Agreements and Security Documents.
 
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Loan Year: each 12 month period commencing on the Original Closing Date or an each anniversary thereof.
 
Local GAAP: with respect to any Foreign Subsidiary, generally accepted accounting principles in effect in the jurisdiction of organization of such Foreign Subsidiary as in effect from time to time and/or, at the option of such Foreign Subsidiary, IFRS.
 
Mandatory Cost: any amount incurred periodically by a Lender constituting fees, costs or charges imposed by any Governmental Authority on lenders generally in the jurisdiction where such Lender is domiciled, is subject to regulation or has its office through which it performs its obligations hereunder.
 
Margin Stock: as defined in Regulation U of the Board of Governors.
 
Material Adverse Effect: the effect of any event or circumstance that, taken alone or in conjunction with other events or circumstances, (a) has or could be reasonably expected to have a material adverse effect on the business, operations, Properties or financial condition of the Obligors, taken as a whole, on the value of any material Collateral, on the enforceability of any Loan Document, or on the validity or priority of Agent’s Liens on any Collateral; (b) materially impairs the ability of the Obligors, taken as a whole, to perform their obligations under the Loan Documents, including repayment of any Obligations; or (c) otherwise materially and adversely impairs the ability of Agent or any Lender to enforce or collect any Obligations or to realize upon any Collateral.
 
Material Contract: any written agreement or arrangement to which any Obligor or its respective Subsidiaries is party (other than the Loan Documents) (a) that is deemed to be a material contract under any securities law applicable to such Person, including the Securities Act of 1933; or (b) for which breach, termination, nonperformance or failure to renew could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
 
Material Real Estate: means any Real Estate located in the United States and owned in fee by any US Obligor with a fair market value of $1,000,000 or more, as reasonably determined by US Borrower Agent in good faith.
 
Moody’s: Moody’s Investors Service, Inc., and its successors.
 
Mortgage: a mortgage, deed of trust, deed of hypothec, or deed to secure debt in which an Obligor grants a Lien on its Material Real Estate to Agent, for the benefit of Secured Parties, as security for the Obligations.
 
Multiemployer Plan: any employee benefit plan of the type described in Section 4001(a)(3) of ERISA, to which an Obligor or ERISA Affiliate makes or is obligated to make contributions, or during the preceding five plan years, has made or been obligated to make contributions or to which any Obligor or any ERISA Affiliate has any liability (contingent or otherwise) .
 
Net Proceeds: with respect to an Asset Disposition or any proceeds of insurance of any Collateral or any awards arising from condemnation of any Collateral, proceeds (including, when received, any deferred or escrowed payments) received by any Obligor or its respective Subsidiaries in cash from such disposition, net of (a) reasonable and customary costs and expenses actually incurred in connection therewith, including legal fees and sales commissions; (b) amounts applied to repayment of Debt secured by a Permitted Lien senior to Agent’s Liens on Collateral sold; (c) transfer or similar taxes; and (d) reserves for indemnities, until such reserves are no longer needed.
 
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NOLV Percentage: the net orderly liquidation value of Inventory, expressed as a percentage, expected to be realized at an orderly, negotiated sale held within a reasonable period of time, net of all liquidation expenses, as determined from the most recent appraisal of the applicable Borrower’s Inventory performed by an appraiser and on terms satisfactory to Agent.
 
Notice of Borrowing: request by US Borrower Agent for a Borrowing of Revolver Loans, in form reasonably satisfactory to Agent.
 
Notice of Conversion/Continuation: a request by US Borrower Agent for conversion or continuation of a Loan as a US LIBOR Loan, or a UK LIBOR Loan as applicable, in form reasonably satisfactory to Agent.
 
Obligations: all (a) principal of and premium, if any, on the Revolver Loans, (b) LC Obligations and other obligations of Obligors with respect to Letters of Credit, (c) interest, expenses, fees, indemnification obligations, Extraordinary Expenses and other amounts payable by Obligors under Loan Documents, (d) Secured Bank Product Obligations, and (e) other Debts, obligations and liabilities of any kind owing by Obligors pursuant to the Loan Documents, in each case whether now existing or hereafter arising, whether evidenced by a note or other writing, whether allowed in any Insolvency Proceeding, whether arising from an extension of credit, issuance of a letter of credit, acceptance, loan, guaranty, indemnification or otherwise, and whether direct or indirect, absolute or contingent, due or to become due, primary or secondary, or joint or several; provided, that Obligations of an Obligor shall not include its Excluded Swap Obligations.
 
Obligor: each Borrower, Guarantor or other Person that is liable for payment of any Obligations or that has granted a Lien on its assets in favor of Agent to secure any Obligations.
 
OFAC: Office of Foreign Assets Control of the US Treasury Department.
 
Omnibus Reaffirmation Agreement:  that certain Omnibus Reaffirmation Agreement executed by each Obligor in favor of Agent and Secured Parties dated as of the RestatementSecond Amendment Effective Date.
 
Ordinary Course of Business: the ordinary course of business of any Borrower or Subsidiary, undertaken in good faith and consistent with Applicable Law and past practices.
 
Original ABL Revolver Loan Agreement: as defined in the recitals to this Agreement.
 
Organic Documents: with respect to any Person, its charter, certificate or articles of incorporation, memorandum and articles of association, constitutional documents, certificate of change of name (if any), bylaws, articles of organization, limited liability agreement, operating agreement, members agreement, shareholders agreement, partnership agreement, certificate of partnership, certificate of formation, memorandum of association, voting trust agreement, or similar agreement or instrument governing the formation or operation of such Person.
 
Original Closing Date:  March 31, 2014.
 
OSHA: the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970.
 
Other Agreement: each LC Document, Fee Letter, the Restatement Fee Letter, the Omnibus Reaffirmation Agreement, Lien Waiver, Related Real Estate Documents, Borrowing Base Report, Subordination Agreements, Compliance Certificate, Borrower Materials, intercreditor agreements, or other note, document, instrument or agreement (other than this Agreement or a Security Document) now or
 
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hereafter delivered by an Obligor or other Person to Agent or a Lender in connection with any transactions relating hereto.
 
Other Connection Taxes: with respect to any Recipient, Taxes imposed as a result of a present or former connection between such Recipient and the jurisdiction imposing such Tax (other than connections arising from such Recipient having executed, delivered, become a party to, performed its obligations under, received payments under, received or perfected a Lien under, engaged in any other transaction pursuant to or enforced any Loan Document, or sold or assigned an interest in, any Revolver Loan or Loan Document).
 
Other Taxes: all present or future stamp, court, documentary, intangible, recording, filing or similar Taxes that arise from any payment made under, from the execution, delivery, performance, enforcement or registration of, from the receipt or perfection of a Lien under, or otherwise with respect to, any Loan Document, except any such Taxes that are Other Connection Taxes imposed with respect to an assignment (other than an assignment made pursuant to Section 14.4(c)).
 
Overadvance: a US Overadvance or a UK Overadvance, as the context requires.
 
Parent: as defined in the preamble to this Agreement.
 
Participant: as defined in Section 14.2.1.
 
Participating Member State: any member state of the European Union that has the Euro as its lawful currency in accordance with legislation of the European Union relating to Economic and Monetary Union.
 
Patriot Act: the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001, Pub. L. No. 107-56, 115 Stat. 272 (2001).
 
Payment Item: each check, draft or other item of payment payable to any Obligor, including those constituting proceeds of any Collateral.
 
PBGC: the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation.
 
Pension Funding Rules: Code and ERISA rules regarding minimum required contributions (including installment payments) to Pension Plans set forth in, for plan years ending prior to the Pension Protection Act of 2006 effective date, Section 412 of the Code and Section 302 of ERISA, both as in effect prior to such act, and thereafter, Sections 412, 430, 431, 432 and 436 of the Code and Sections 302, 303, 304 and 305 of ERISA.
 
Pension Plan: any employee pension benefit plan (as defined in Section 3(2) of ERISA), other than a Multiemployer Plan, but for purposes of clarity, including any multiple employer plan, that is subject to Title IV of ERISA and is sponsored or maintained by any Obligor or ERISA Affiliate or to which the Obligor or ERISA Affiliate contributes or has an obligation to contribute, or has made contributions at any time during the immediately preceding five plan years or to which any Obligor or ERISA Affiliate has any liability (contingent or otherwise).
 
Pensions Regulator: the body corporate called the Pensions Regulator established under Part I of the Pensions Act 2004 (UK).
 
Permitted Acquisition: any Acquisition as long as (a) no Default or Event of Default exists or is caused thereby; (b) the Acquisition is consensual; (c) the assets, business or Person being acquired is useful or engaged in the business of Borrowers and Subsidiaries, is located or organized within the United States, and had positive EBITDA for the 12 month period most recently ended; (d) no Debt or Liens are assumed or incurred, except as permitted by SectionsSection 10.2.1(i) and 10.2.2(j); (e) the total consideration
 
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(including deferred payment obligations and Debt of the types generally included in the calculation of the leverage ratio assumed or incurred) is less than $30,000,000 and, when aggregated with the total consideration for all other Acquisitions made during the preceding 12 months, is less than $50,000,000; (f) upon giving effect thereto, Availability is at least 15% of the Revolver Commitments (disregarding any decreased commitment amount during the Seasonal Period) for the 30 days preceding and as of the Acquisition; (g) the Agent shall have received satisfactory evidence that the Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio, determined on a pro forma basis after giving effect to the Acquisition (as if such Acquisition were consummated on the first day of the period of measurement), is not less than 1.25:1.00, measured on a trailing 12-month basis; (h) the Agent shall have received satisfactory evidence that the Borrowers are in compliance with clause (g) above and the financial covenant set forth in Section 10.3.2 on a pro forma basis after giving effect to the Acquisition (as if such Acquisition were consummated on the first day of the period of measurement) as determined for last day of month most recently ended prior to such Acquisition (for the trailing twelve month period then-ended), all based on calculations and assumptions acceptable to the Agent in its Permitted Discretion, (i) no more than two (2) Permitted Acquisitions are made in any 12 month period and (j) Borrowers deliver to Agent, at least 3 Business Days prior to the Acquisition (or such shorter period as approved by Agent), copies of all material agreements relating thereto and a certificate, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Agent, stating that the Acquisition is a “Permitted Acquisition” and demonstrating compliance with the foregoing requirements.
 
Permitted Asset Disposition: as long as no Default or Event of Default exists and all Net Proceeds are remitted to the Dominion Account, an Asset Disposition that is (a) a sale of Inventory, cash or Cash Equivalents in the Ordinary Course of Business; (b) a disposition of Equipment that, in the aggregate during any 12 month period, has a fair market or book value (whichever is more) of $2,000,000 or less; (c) a disposition of property that is obsolete, unmerchantable or otherwise unsalable or other property not necessary for operations in the Ordinary Course of Business; (d) termination of a lease of real or personal Property that is not necessary for the Ordinary Course of Business, could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect and does not result from an Obligor’s default; or (e) dispositions resulting from any casualty or other insured damage to, or any taking under any power of eminent domain or by condemnation or similar proceeding of, any Property of any Obligor or any Subsidiary; (f) any transactions permitted by Sections 10.2.2, 10.2.4, 10.2.5, 10.2.7 or 10.2.9; (g) [reserved]; (h) approved in writing by Agent and Required Lenders, provided that no Obligor shall dispose of any property charged by way of fixed charge pursuant to a UK Security Agreement without the express written consent of the Agent; (i) a non-exclusive licensing agreement for Intellectual Property, leases, or subleases, in each case in the Ordinary Course of Business; (j) any assignment or transfer of an Account to a provider of credit insurance to the extent such provider has advanced insurance proceeds to the applicable Obligor with respect to such Account being transferred; or (k) any other Asset Disposition, so long as the applicable Obligor receives fair market value in consideration in cash for such sale and the aggregate consideration payable in connection with all such dispositions does not exceed $2,000,000 in any calendar year; or (l) (i) Dispositions of assets acquired pursuant to a Permitted Acquisition or an Investment permitted under Section 7.02, which assets are not used or useful to the core or principal business of the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries and (ii) Dispositions of assets that are necessary or advisable, in the good faith judgment of the Borrower, in order to obtain the approval of any Governmental Authority to consummate or avoid the prohibition or other restrictions on the consummation of any Permitted Acquisition or any permitted Investment, in each case consisting of assets with an aggregate fair market value not to exceed $2,000,000 in any such transaction or series of related transactions.
 
Permitted Contingent Obligations: Contingent Obligations (a) arising from endorsements of Payment Items for collection or deposit in the Ordinary Course of Business; (b) arising from Hedging Agreements permitted hereunder; (c) existing on the RestatementSecond Amendment Effective Date, and any extension or renewal thereof that does not increase the amount of such Contingent Obligation when extended or renewed; (d) incurred in the Ordinary Course of Business with respect to surety, appeal or
 
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performance bonds, or other similar obligations; (e) arising from customary indemnification obligations in favor of purchasers in connection with dispositions of Equipment permitted hereunder; (f) arising under the Loan Documents; or (g) in an aggregate amount of $5,000,000 or less at any time.
 
Permitted Earnout Payment: (a) the payment to Carmine J. Bonanno and Frederick J. Romano on July 31, 2014 in the aggregate amount of $3,125,000 to be paid in accordance with the terms of that certain Stock Purchase Agreement dated as of September 28, 2010, by and among SG VTB Merger Sub, Inc. SG VTB Holdings, LLC, Voyetra and the stockholders party thereto. and (b) the payments to be made in accordance with Section 1.7 of the Roccat Acquisition Agreement (as set forth on the Second Amendment Effective Date) in an aggregate amount not to exceed €3,000,000.
 
Permitted Discretion: a determination made in the exercise, in good faith, of reasonable business judgment (from the perspective of a secured, asset-based lender).
 
Permitted Lien: as defined in Section 10.2.2.
 
Permitted Purchase Money Debt: Purchase Money Debt of any Obligor or its respective Subsidiaries that is unsecured or secured only by a Purchase Money Lien and Debt under Capital Leases of any Obligor, as long as the aggregate amount does not exceed $5,000,000 at any time.
 
Person: any individual, corporation, limited liability company, unlimited liability company, partnership, joint venture, association, trust, unincorporated organization, Governmental Authority or other entity.
 
Plan: an employee benefit plan (as defined in Section 3(3) of ERISA) maintained for employees of an Obligor or ERISA Affiliate, or to which an Obligor or ERISA Affiliate is required to contribute on behalf of its employees.
 
Platform: as defined in Section 15.3.3.
 
Prime Rate: the rate of interest announced by Bank of America from time to time as its prime rate.  Such rate is set by Bank of America on the basis of various factors, including its costs and desired return, general economic conditions and other factors, and is used as a reference point for pricing some loans, which may be priced at, above or below such rate.  Any change in such rate publicly announced by Bank of America shall take effect at the opening of business on the day specified in the announcement.
 
Pro Rata: with respect to:
 
(a)         (a) any US Lender and its share of any US Revolver Commitments or US Obligations, or its voting or other rights with respect to, or any other matters relating to, the US Obligations, (i) prior to the Revolver Commitment Termination Date, a percentage (carried out to the ninth decimal place) determined by dividing the amount of such US Lender’s US Revolver Commitment by the aggregate amount of all US Revolver Commitments (the “US Applicable Percentage”), and (ii) upon and after the Revolver Commitment Termination Date, the US Applicable Percentage of such US Lender under this clause most recently in effect, giving effect to any subsequent assignment;
 
(b)         (b) any UK Lender and its share of any UK Revolver Commitments or UK Obligations, or its voting or other rights with respect to or matters relating to the UK Obligations, (i) prior to the Revolver Commitment Termination Date, a percentage (carried out to the ninth decimal place) determined by dividing the amount of such UK Lender’s UK Revolver Commitment by the aggregate amount of all UK Revolver Commitments (the “UK Applicable Percentage”), and (ii) upon and after the
 
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Revolver Commitment Termination Date, the UK Applicable Percentage of such UK Lender under this clause most recently in effect, giving effect to any subsequent assignment; and
 
(c)         (c) any Lender and its share of all Revolver Commitments or Obligations, or its voting or other rights with respect to or matters relating to the Revolving Facility as a whole, including indemnity obligations and reimbursement obligations owing to Agent, (i) prior to the Revolver Commitment Termination Date, a percentage (carried out to the ninth decimal place) determined by dividing the sum of such Lender’s US Revolver Commitment and the Dollar Equivalent of the amount of such Lenders’ UK Revolver Commitment by the aggregate amount of the Dollar Equivalent of all Revolver Commitments (the “Applicable Percentage”); and (ii) upon and after the Revolver Commitment Termination Date, the Applicable Percentage of such Lender under this clause most recently in effect, giving effect to any subsequent assignment.
 
Properly Contested: with respect to any obligation of an Obligor, (a) the obligation is subject to a bona fide dispute regarding amount or the Obligor’s liability to pay; (b) the obligation is being properly contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings promptly instituted and diligently pursued; (c) appropriate reserves have been established in accordance with GAAP (or, as the context may require, IFRSLocal GAAP as it relates to UK Obligorsany non-US Obligor, any branch thereof or any Foreign Subsidiary which is not an Obligor); (d) non-payment could not have a Material Adverse Effect, nor result in forfeiture or sale of any material assets of the Obligor; (e) no Lien (other than a Permitted Lien) is imposed on assets of the Obligor, unless bonded and stayed to the satisfaction of Agent; and (f) if the obligation results from entry of a judgment or other order, such judgment or order is stayed pending appeal or other judicial review.
 
Property: any interest in any kind of property or asset, whether real, personal or mixed, or tangible or intangible.
 
Protective Advances: US Protective Advances or UK Protective Advances, as the context requires.
 
Purchase Money Debt: (a) Debt (other than the Obligations) for payment of any of the purchase price of fixed assets; (b) Debt (other than the Obligations) incurred within ten (10) days before or after acquisition of any fixed assets, for the purpose of financing any of the purchase price thereof; and (c) any renewals, extensions or refinancings (but not increases) thereof.
 
Purchase Money Lien: a Lien that secures Purchase Money Debt, encumbering only the fixed assets acquired with such Debt and constituting a Capital Lease or a purchase money security interest under the UCC or other Applicable Law.
 
Qualified ECP: an Obligor with total assets exceeding $10,000,000, or that constitutes an “eligible contract participant” under the Commodity Exchange Act and can cause another Person to qualify as an “eligible contract participant” under Section 1a(18)(A)(v)(II) of such act.
 
Qualifying Lender:
 
(a)         (a)a Lender (other than a Lender within clause (b) below) which is beneficially entitled to interest payable to that Lender in respect of an advance and is:
 
(i)           (i)a Lender:
 
(A)            (A)that is a bank (as defined for the purpose of section 879 of the ITA) making an advance; or
 
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(B)            (B)in respect of an advance by a person that was a bank (as defined for the purpose of section 879 of the ITA) at the time that such advance was made,
 
and, in each case, which is within the charge to United Kingdom corporation tax with respect to any payments of interest made in respect of that advance; or
 
(ii)          (ii)a Lender which is:
 
(A)            (A)a company resident in the United Kingdom for United Kingdom tax purposes;
 
(B)            (B)a partnership, each member of which is:
 
(C)            (C)a company so resident in the United Kingdom; or
 
(D)           (D)a company not so resident in the United Kingdom which carries on a trade in the United Kingdom through a permanent establishment and which brings into account in computing its chargeable profits (within the meaning of section 19 of the CTA) the whole of any share of interest payable in respect of that advance that falls to it by reason of Part 17 of the CTA; or
 
(E)           (E)a company not so resident in the United Kingdom which carries on a trade in the United Kingdom through a permanent establishment and which brings into account interest payable in respect of that advance in computing the chargeable profits (within the meaning of section 19 of the CTA) of that company; or
 
(iii)         (F)a Treaty Lender; or
 
(b)          (b)a building society (as defined for the purposes of section 880 of the ITA) making an advance.
 
RCRA: the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (42 U.S.C. §§ 6991-6991i).
 
Real Estate: all right, title and interest (whether as owner, lessor or lessee) in any real Property or any buildings, structures, parking areas or other improvements thereon.
 
Recipient: Agent, Issuing Bank, any Lender or any other recipient of a payment to be made by an Obligor under a Loan Document or on account of an Obligation.
 
Refinancing Conditions: the following conditions for Refinancing Debt:  (a) it is in an aggregate principal amount that does not exceed the principal amount of the Debt being extended, renewed or refinanced (other than by the amount of premiums paid thereon, any paid-in-kind or other capitalized interest and the fees and expenses incurred in connection therewith and by the amount of unfunded commitments with respect thereto); (b) it has a final maturity no sooner than, a weighted average life no less than the Debt being extended, renewed or refinanced; (c)  it is on terms not materially less favorable to Borrowers (taken as a whole) than those applicable to the Debt being extended, renewed or refinanced (including any terms relating to collateral (if any) and subordination (if any)) and the interest rates with respect thereto are on market terms; (d) [Reserved]; (e) no additional Person is obligated on such Debt and (f) upon giving effect to it, no Event of Default.
 
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Refinancing Debt: Borrowed Money that is the result of an extension, renewal or refinancing of Debt permitted under Section 10.2.1(b), (c), (d), (p) or (q).
 
Reimbursement Date: as defined in Section 2.3.2.
 
Related Real Estate Documents: with respect to any Real Estate subject to a Mortgage, the following, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Agent in its Permitted Discretion and received by Agent for review:  (a) at least 45 days prior to the effective date of the Mortgage (or such later date agreed by the Agent) all information requested by Agent or any Lender for due diligence pursuant to Flood Laws; and (b) on or prior to the effective date of the Mortgage, (i) a mortgagee title policy (or binder therefor) covering Agent’s interest under the Mortgage, by an insurer reasonably acceptable to Agent, which must be fully paid on such effective date; (ii) such assignments of leases, estoppel letters, attornment agreements, consents, waivers and releases as Agent may reasonably require with respect to other Persons having an interest in the Real Estate; (iii) a current, as-built survey of the Real Estate, containing a metes-and-bounds property description and certified by a licensed surveyor reasonably acceptable to Agent; (iv) a life-of-loan flood hazard determination and, if any Real Estate is located in a special flood hazard zone, flood insurance documentation and coverage as required by Flood Laws or otherwise reasonably satisfactory to each Lender; (v) a current appraisal of the Real Estate, prepared by an appraiser acceptable to Agent, and in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Required Lenders; (vi) an environmental assessment, prepared by environmental engineers acceptable to Agent, an environmental indemnity agreement if appropriate, and such other reports, certificates, studies or data as Agent may reasonably require, all in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Required Lenders; and (vii) such other documents, instruments or agreements as Agent may reasonably require with respect to the Real Estate and Mortgage.
 
Rent and Charges Reserve: the aggregate of (a) all past due rent and other amounts owing by an Obligor to any landlord, warehouseman, processor, repairman, mechanic, shipper, freight forwarder, broker or other Person who possesses any Collateral or could assert a Lien on any Collateral; and (b) a reserve at least equal to three months’ rent and other charges that could be payable to any such Person, unless it has executed a Lien Waiver.
 
Report: as defined in Section 13.2.3.
 
Reporting Trigger Date: (i) The third Business Day of each week, if Availability is in an amount less than the greater of (a) twelve and one-half percent (12.5%) of the aggregate Borrowing Base (disregarding any decreased commitment amount during the Seasonal Period) and (b) $10,000,000, for a period of five (5) consecutive days (commencing on the third Business Day of the week following such five (5) consecutive day period and ending on the first day after Availability is in an amount equal to or greater than the greater of (a) twelve and one-half percent (12.5%) of the aggregate Borrowing Base (disregarding any decreased commitment amount during the Seasonal Period) and (b) $10,000,000, for a period of thirty (30) consecutive days) and (ii) otherwise, the 15th day of each month (or if such day is not a Business Day, then the first Business Day thereafter).
 
Reportable Event: any event set forth in Section 4043(c) of ERISA.
 
Requesting Borrower:  with respect to any Letter of Credit, shall mean the Borrower requesting such Letter of Credit to be issued for the benefit of itself or any of its Subsidiaries.
 
Required Lenders: one or more unaffiliated Secured Parties holding more than 50% of (a) the aggregate outstanding Revolver Commitments; or (b) after termination of the Revolver Commitments, the aggregate outstanding Revolver Loans and LC Obligations or, upon Full Payment of all Revolver Loans and LC Obligations, the aggregate remaining Obligations; provided, that Revolver Commitments, Revolver
 
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Loans and other Obligations held by a Defaulting Lender and its Affiliates shall be disregarded in making such calculation, but any related Fronting Exposure shall be deemed held as a Revolver Loan or LC Obligation by the Lender that funded the applicable Revolver Loan or issued the applicable Letter of Credit.
 
Restatement Effective Date: as defined in Section 6.1.
 
Restatement Fee Letter: the fee letter agreement by and among Borrowers and Agent, dated as of the First Restatement Effective Date, as such letter agreement may be amended, restated, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.
 
Restricted Investment: any Investment by a Borrower or Subsidiary, other than (a) Investments in Subsidiaries to the extent existing on the RestatementSecond Amendment Effective Date; (b) Cash Equivalents that are subject to Agent’s Lien and control, pursuant to documentation in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Agent; (c) loans and advances permitted under Section 10.2.7; (d) Permitted Acquisitions, including, for the avoidance of doubt, Investments in Obligors (or newly-formed Subsidiaries that substantially simultaneously with such Permitted Acquisition become Obligors) to the extent such Investment is used to fund the purchase price of any such Permitted Acquisition; (e) Investments consisting of extensions of credit in the nature of accounts receivable or notes receivable arising from the grant of trade credit in the Ordinary Course of Business and payable or dischargeable in accordance with customary trade terms, and Investments received in satisfaction or partial satisfaction thereof from financially troubled Account Debtors and other credits to suppliers in the Ordinary Course of Business; provided, however, that such trade terms may include such concessionary trade terms as Parent or any such Subsidiary deems reasonable under the circumstances; (f) without duplication of the repurchase, redemption or other acquisition or retirement of Equity Interests of Parent permitted under Section 10.2.4(d), so long as no Event of Default exists immediately before and after giving effect thereto and the Agent shall have received satisfactory evidence that the Borrowers are in compliance with each of the financial covenants set forth in Section 10.3 on a pro forma basis after giving effect to the such Investment (as if such Investment were consummated on the first day of the period of measurement) as determined for last day of month most recently ended prior to such Investment (for the trailing twelve month period then-ended), all based on calculations and assumptions acceptable to the Agent, the repurchase, redemption or other acquisition or retirement of any Equity Interests of Parent held by any current or former officer, director or employee of Parent or any of its Subsidiaries pursuant to any equity subscription agreement, stock option agreement, shareholders’ agreement or similar agreement in an aggregate amount not to exceed $5,000,000 (or such greater amount as reasonably approved by Agent in writing) in any calendar year or $10,000,000 (or such greater amount as reasonably approved by Agent in writing) in the aggregate; (g) Investments consisting of any deferred portion of the sales price received in connection with any Permitted Disposition; (h) without duplication, Investments to the extent permitted as Debt or Contingent Obligations hereunder; (i) the endorsement of negotiable instruments held for collection in the ordinary course of business; (j) Investments by UK Borrower in any other Obligor or by US Borrower in any other Obligor which is not a Foreign Subsidiary; (k) any other Investment (other than the type set forth above) to the extent that payment for such investment is made with the proceeds of any equity investments in Parent by Persons who are not Obligors, the cash proceeds of which are (i) contributed directly or indirectly to any Obligor or any of its Subsidiaries and (ii) used substantially contemporaneously by such Obligor or its Subsidiaries to make such Investment; (l) obligations incurred pursuant to Hedging Agreements incurred pursuant to Section 10.2.1; and (m) other Investments (other than the type set forth in clauses (a) through (l) above) in any Fiscal Year not to exceed $2,000,000 times the Growth Multiple; and (n) Investments by UK Borrower in TB Germany (i) in an amount equal to $4,000,000 for the purpose of paying consideration in connection with the Roccat Transaction and (ii) in an aggregate amount not to exceed $4,000,000 in any Fiscal Year. For purposes of this definition, (i) the outstanding amount of any investment shall be deemed to be the initial cost of such Investment when made, purchased or acquired (without any adjustments for subsequent increases or decreases in value), but giving effect to any repayments, interest, returns, profits, dividends, distributions, proceeds, fees, income and other amounts
 
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received or realized by the Obligors in respect of such Investment and determined without regard to any write-downs or write-offs of any investments, loans or advances in connection therewith and (ii) in the event that any Investment meets the criteria of more than one of the categories described in clauses (a) through (mn), the Obligors shall be permitted to make any such Investment in any manner that complies with this definition and may rely upon more than one of the categories described above.
 
Restrictive Agreement: an agreement (other than a Loan Document) that conditions or restricts the right of any Borrower, Subsidiary or other Obligor to incur or repay Borrowed Money, to grant Liens on any assets, to declare or make Distributions, to modify, extend or renew any agreement evidencing Borrowed Money, or to repay any intercompany Debt.
 
Revolver Commitment: the US Revolver Commitment or the UK Revolver Commitment, as the context requires.
 
Revolver Commitments: the aggregate amount of the Revolver Commitment of all Lenders.
 
Revolver Commitment Termination Date: the earliest to occur of (a) the Revolver Termination Date; (b) the date on which the US Borrower Agent terminates the US Revolver Commitments pursuant to Section 2.1.7; or (c) the date on which the Revolver Commitments are terminated pursuant to Section 12.2.
 
Revolver Loan: a US Revolver Loan or a UK Revolver Loan, as the context requires.
 
Revolver Termination Date: the earliest of (a) March 5, 2024, and (b) the date that is 91 days prior to the maturity date of the TBC Notes or any other Subordinated Indebtedness.
 
Revolver Usage: the sum of the US Revolver Usage and the UK Revolver Usage.
 
Roccat Acquisition Agreement: that certain Asset Purchase Agreement, dated as of March 11, 2019, by and among Roccat GmbH, Roccat Studios Taipei Co., Ltd., Roccat Asia Pacific Co., Ltd., Roccat Inc., Jollenbeck GmbH, First Wise Media GmbH, TBC Holding and the other Persons party thereto.
 
Roccat Transaction: the transactions contemplated by the Roccat Acquisition Agreement.
 
S&P: Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC, a subsidiary of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., or any successor thereto.
 
Sanction: any sanction administered or enforced by the U.S. government (including OFAC), United Nations Security Council, European Union, U.K. government or other relevant sanctions authority.
 
Seasonal Period:  the period commencing on (and including) March 1 of each calendar year and ending on (and including) July 31 of such calendar year.
 
Second Amendment Effective Date: May 31, 2019.
 
Secured Bank Product Obligations: Debt, obligations and other liabilities with respect to Bank Products owing by a Borrower or any Subsidiary of a Borrower to a Secured Bank Product Provider; provided, that Secured Bank Product Obligations of an Obligor shall not include its Excluded Swap Obligations.
 
Secured Bank Product Provider: (a) Bank of America or any of its branches or Affiliates; and (b) any other Lender or Affiliate of a Lender that is providing a Bank Product, provided such provider delivers written notice to Agent, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Agent, within 10 days following
 
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the later of the Closing Date or creation of the Bank Product, (i) describing the Bank Product and setting forth the maximum amount to be secured by the Collateral and the methodology to be used in calculating such amount, and (ii) agreeing to be bound by Section 13.13.
 
Secured Parties: US Secured Parties or UK Secured Parties, as the context requires.
 
Security Documents: the Guaranties, Mortgages, UK Security Agreements, Dutch Security Agreements, Deposit Account Control Agreements, IP Security Agreements and all other documents, instruments and agreements now or hereafter securing (or given with the intent to secure) any Obligations.
 
Senior Officer: the chairman of the board, president, chief executive officer or chief financial officer of a Borrower or, if the context requires, an Obligor.
 
Settlement Report: a report summarizing Revolver Loans and participations in LC Obligations outstanding as of a given settlement date, allocated to Lenders on a Pro Rata basis in accordance with their Revolver Commitments.
 
Solvent: as to any Person, such Person (a) owns Property whose fair salable value is greater than the amount required to pay all of its debts (including contingent, subordinated, unmatured and unliquidated liabilities); (b) owns Property whose present fair salable value (as defined below) is greater than the probable total liabilities (including contingent, subordinated, unmatured and unliquidated liabilities) of such Person as they become absolute and matured; (c) is able to pay all of its debts as they mature; (d) has capital that is not unreasonably small for its business and is sufficient to carry on its business and transactions and all business and transactions in which it is about to engage; (e) is not “insolvent” within the meaning of Section 101(32) of the Bankruptcy Code, or, with respect to UK Borrower or any other Obligor organized under the laws of England and Wales, it is not or is not deemed, for the purpose of and under the Insolvency Act 1986, to be unable to pay its debts as they fall due; and (f) has not incurred (by way of assumption or otherwise) any obligations or liabilities (contingent or otherwise) under any Loan Documents, or made any conveyance in connection therewith, with actual intent to hinder, delay or defraud either present or future creditors of such Person or any of its Affiliates.  “Fair salable value” means the amount that could be obtained for assets within a reasonable time, either through collection or through sale under ordinary selling conditions by a capable and diligent seller to an interested buyer who is willing (but under no compulsion) to purchase.
 
Specified Closing Date Holders: the holders of Equity Interests of Parent set forth on Schedule 1.1S and the heirs or such holders or any trusts or other estate planning vehicles of such holders, or any trust, the beneficiary of which, any charitable trust, the grantor of which, or any corporation, limited liability company, partnership or other entity, the stockholders, members, general or limited partners or owners of which include only such holder and any of the foregoing individuals or entities.
 
Specified Obligor: an Obligor that is not then an “eligible contract participant” under the Commodity Exchange Act (determined prior to giving effect to Section 5.11).
 
Sponsor:  Stripes Group, LLC and any person controlled by, in control of or under common control with Stripes Group, LLC and which is organized primarily for the purpose of making debt and equity contribution.
 
Spot Rate: the exchange rate, as determined by Agent, that is applicable to conversion of one currency into another currency, which is (a) the exchange rate reported by Bloomberg (or other commercially available source designated by Agent) as of the end of the preceding business day in the financial market for the first currency; or (b) if such report is unavailable for any reason, the spot rate for
 
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the purchase of the first currency with the second currency as in effect during the preceding business day in Agent’s principal foreign exchange trading office for the first currency.
 
Stated Amount: the outstanding amount of a Letter of Credit, including any automatic increase or tolerance (whether or not then in effect) provided by the terms of the Letter of Credit or related LC Documents.
 
Sterling or £:  the lawful currency of the UK.
 
Subordinated Debt:  (i) Debt incurred by any Obligor or any of its respective Subsidiaries that is expressly subordinate and junior in right of payment to Full Payment of all Obligations pursuant to a Subordination Agreement and is also on terms (including maturity, interest, fees, repayment, covenants and subordination) reasonably satisfactory to Agent, and (ii) debt incurred pursuant to the TBC Notes subject to the terms of a Subordination Agreement.
 
Subordination Agreement:  a subordination agreement or subordination provisions, in each case, executed by the holders of any Subordinated Debt in favor of the Agent and the Secured Parties, which agreement is or which provisions are in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Agent.
 
Subsidiary: any entity at least 50% of whose Voting Equity Interests is owned by a Borrower or combination of Borrowers (including indirect ownership through other entities in which a Borrower directly or indirectly owns 50% of such Voting Equity Interests).
 
Swap Obligations: with respect to an Obligor, its obligations under a Hedging Agreement that constitutes a “swap” within the meaning of Section 1a(47) of the Commodity Exchange Act.
 
Synthetic Lease Obligation:  the monetary obligation of a Person under (a) a so-called synthetic, off-balance sheet or tax retention lease, or (b) an agreement for the use or possession of property creating obligations that do not appear on the balance sheet of such Person but which, upon the insolvency or bankruptcy of such Person, would be characterized as the indebtedness of such Person (without regard to accounting treatment).
 
Swingline Loan: a US Swingline Loan or a UK Swingline Loan, as the context requires.
 
TARGET Day: any day on which the Trans-European Automated Real-time Gross Settlement Express Transfer (TARGET) payment system (or, if such payment system ceases to be operative, such other payment system (if any) determined by the Agent to be a suitable replacement) is open for the settlement of payments in Euro.
 
Taxes: all present or future taxes, levies, imposts, duties, deductions, withholdings (including backup withholding), assessments, fees or other charges imposed by any Governmental Authority, including any interest, additions to tax or penalties applicable thereto.
 
Tax Confirmation: a confirmation by a UK Lender that the person beneficially entitled to interest payable to that UK Lender in respect of an advance is either:
 
(a)         (a)a company resident in the United Kingdom for United Kingdom tax purposes; or
 
(b)         (b)a partnership each member of which is:
 
(i)           (i)a company so resident in the United Kingdom; or
 
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(ii)          (ii)a company not so resident in the United Kingdom which carries on a trade in the United Kingdom through a permanent establishment and which brings into account in computing its chargeable profits (within the meaning of section 19 of the CTA) the whole of any share of interest payable in respect of that advance that falls to it by reason of Part 17 of the CTA; or
 
(c)         (c)a company not so resident in the United Kingdom which carries on a trade in the United Kingdom through a permanent establishment and which brings into account interest payable in respect of that advance in computing the chargeable profits (within the meaning of section 19 of the CTA) of that company.
 
Tax Credit: a credit against, relief or remission for, or repayment of, any Taxes.
 
Tax Deduction: a deduction or withholding from a payment under any Loan Document for and on account of any taxes, levies, imposts, duties, fees, assessments or other charges of whatever nature now or hereafter imposed by any jurisdiction or by any political subdivision or taxing authority thereof or therein with respect to such payments and all interest, penalties or similar liabilities with respect thereto.
 
Tax Payment: in relation to any UK Borrower, either the increase in a payment made by that UK Borrower to a UK Lender under Section 5.12(b) or a payment under Section 5.12(c).
 
TBC Notes: collectively, the (a) Second Amended and Restated Subordinated Promissory Note, dated as of the First Restatement Effective Date, issued by Parent in favor of SG VTB Holdings, LLC, in the original principal amount of $1,324,430.08, (b) Second Amended and Restated  Subordinated Promissory Note, dated as of the First Restatement Effective Date, issued by Parent in favor of Doornink Revocable Living Trust, in the original principal amount of $3,435,326.20, (c) Second Amended and Restated Subordinated Promissory Note, dated as of the First Restatement Effective Date, issued by Parent in favor of SG VTB Holdings, LLC, in the original principal amount of $5,121,504.31, and (d) Second Amended and Restated Subordinated Promissory Note, dated as of the First Restatement Effective Date, issued by Parent in favor of SG VTB Holdings, LLC, in the original principal amount of $9,011,257.73.
 
TB Germany: TB Germany GmbH, a Germany limited liability company.
 
Term Agent: Crystal Financial LLC, in its capacity as agent under the Term Loan Documents.
 
Term Loan Agreement: that certain Amended and Restated Term Loan, Guaranty and Security Agreement by and among the Obligors, the Term Loan Lenders and the Term Agent dated as of the First Restatement Effective Date, as in effect on the date hereof.
 
Term Loan Debt:  Debt owed by the Obligors to the Term Loan Lenders and Term Agent pursuant to the Term Loan Documents.
 
Term Loan Documents: the Term Loan Agreement and each of the other loan documents entered into in connection therewith, in each case, as in effect on the date hereof.
 
Term Loan Lenders: means “Lenders” as defined in the preamble to the Term Loan Agreement.
 
Total Commitment: means the sum of the amounts of the UK Lenders’ UK Revolver Commitments and US Lenders’ US Revolver Commitments.
 
Transferee: any actual or potential Eligible Assignee, Participant or other Person acquiring an interest in any Obligations.
 
Treaty Lender:  a Lender which:
 
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(a)         (a)is treated as a resident of a Treaty State for the purposes of the relevant Treaty;
 
(b)         (b)does not carry on a business in the United Kingdom through a permanent establishment with which that Lender’s participation in any advance is effectively connected; and
 
(c)         (c)fulfils any other conditions which must be fulfilled under the relevant Treaty by residents of that Treaty State (subject to completion of any necessary procedural or filing requirements) for such residents to obtain full exemption from United Kingdom taxation on interest payable to that Lender in respect of an advance under a Loan Document.
 
Treaty State: a jurisdiction having a double taxation agreement (a “Treaty”) with the United Kingdom which makes provision for full exemption from tax imposed by the United Kingdom on interest.
 
Turtle Beach: as defined in the preamble to this Agreement.
 
UCC: the Uniform Commercial Code as in effect in the State of California or, when the laws of any other jurisdiction govern the perfection or enforcement of any Lien, the Uniform Commercial Code (or similar or equivalent legislation) of such jurisdiction.
 
UK: the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
 
UK Accounts Formula Amount: 85% of the Value of Eligible UK Accounts.
 
UK Availability: The Dollar Equivalent of the UK Borrowing Base minus UK Revolver Usage.
 
UK Availability Reserve: the sum (without duplication) of (a) the Inventory Reserve with respect to the Inventory of UK Borrower; (b) the Rent and Charges Reserve with respect to UK Borrower; (c) the LC Reserve applicable to UK Borrower; (d) the UK Bank Product Reserve; (e) all accrued Royalties payable by UK Borrower, whether or not then due and payable by UK Borrower; (f) the aggregate amount of liabilities secured by Liens upon UK Collateral that are or may be senior to Agent’s Liens (but imposition of any such reserve shall not waive an Event of Default arising therefrom); (g) the UK Dilution Reserve; (h) a reserve for the prescribed part of floating charge realisations which may be set aside for unsecured creditors which at the date of this Agreement is a maximum of 600,000 Sterling for UK Borrower, (i) [Reserved], and (j) such additional reserves, in such amounts and with respect to such matters, as Agent in its Permitted Discretion may elect to impose from time to time; provided, that the reserves included in the UK Availability Reserve shall not be duplicative of the eligibility criteria for Eligible UK Accounts or Eligible UK Inventory.
 
UK Bank Product: any of the following products or services extended to a UK Borrower, any Subsidiary of UK Borrower, or any Affiliate of UK Borrower by Bank of America (acting through its London branch) or any of its Affiliates or branches: (a) Cash Management Services; (b) products under Hedging Agreements; (c) commercial credit card and merchant card services; and (d) leases and other banking products or services, other than Letters of Credit.
 
UK Bank Product Reserve: the aggregate amount of reserves established by Agent from time to time in its Permitted Discretion with respect to Secured Bank Product Obligations of UK Borrower.
 
UK Base Rate: (i) with respect to Revolver Loans denominated in Sterling, the rate equal to the highest of (A) the interest per annum as set and published by the Bank of England known as the BOE Official Bank Rate (or any successor rate), and (B) the 3 month LIBOR, (ii) with respect to Revolver Loans
 
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denominated in Euros, the rate equal to the highest of (A) the rate as set and published by the European Central Bank known as the ECB Main Refinancing Rate (or any successor rate), and (B) the 3 month LIBOR, (iii) with respect to Revolver Loans denominated in Dollars, a fluctuating rate per annum equal to the highest of (A) the Federal Funds Effective Rate plus 1/2 of 1%, (B) the rate of interest in effect for such day as publicly announced from time to time by Bank of America as its “prime rate,” and (C) the Adjusted LIBOR on such day (or if such day is not a Business Day, the immediately preceding Business Day) for a deposit in Dollars, with a maturity of one month plus 1.00%; provided, that in no event shall the UK Base Rate be less than zero. The “prime rate” is a rate set by Bank of America based upon various factors including Bank of America’s costs and desired return, general economic conditions and other factors, and is used as a reference point for pricing some loans, which may be priced at, above, or below such announced rate. Any change in such prime rate announced by Bank of America shall take effect at the opening of business on the day specified in the public announcement of such change.
 
UK Base Rate Loan: a UK Revolver Loan that bears interest based on the UK Base Rate.
 
UK Borrower:  as defined in the preamble to this Agreement.
 
UK Borrowing Base: on any date of determination, a Dollar Equivalent amount equal to the lesser of (a) the aggregate UK Revolver Commitments or (b) the UK Accounts Formula Amount, plus the UK Inventory Formula Amount, minus the UK Availability Reserve.
 
UK Borrowing Base Report: a report of the UK Borrowing Base, in form and substance satisfactory to Agent.
 
UK Collateral: all Property of each UK Obligor described in any Security Document that secures the UK Obligations or UK Guaranteed Obligations and all other Property of each UK Obligor that now or hereafter secures (or is intended to secure) any UK Obligations or any UK Guaranteed Obligations.
 
UK Commitment Percentage: as to any UK Lender at any time, the ratio, expressed as a percentage, which such UK Lender’s UK Revolver Commitment bears to the aggregate UK Revolver Commitments at such time.
 
UK Dilution Reserve: a reserve established by Agent in its Permitted Discretion if the Dilution Percent of UK Borrower for any period exceeds such Dilution Percent in existence on the First Restatement Effective Date, which reserve shall be in an amount equal to 1.0% of Eligible UK Accounts for each whole percentage point (or fraction thereof) that Dilution Percent of UK Borrower exceeds such percentage.
 
UK Eligible Foreign Account: an Account of UK Borrower that is owed by an Account Debtor that is organized or has its principal offices or assets in a jurisdiction that has been a Participating Member State since before April 30, 2004 or otherwise approved by Agent.
 
UK Guaranteed Obligations: as defined in Section 11.2.
 
UK Guarantors: as defined in the preamble to this Agreement.
 
UK Inventory Formula Amount: the sum of (a) the lesser of (i) 65% of the Value of Eligible UK Inventory; and (ii) 85% of the NOLV Percentage of the Value of Eligible UK Inventory, plus (b) the lesser of (i) 65% of the Value of Eligible UK In-Transit Inventory; and (ii) 85% of the NOLV Percentage of the Value of Eligible UK In-Transit Inventory.
 
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UK Inventory Reserve: reserves established by Agent to reflect factors that may negatively impact the Value of UK Borrower’s Inventory, including change in salability, obsolescence, seasonality, theft, shrinkage, imbalance, change in composition or mix, markdowns and vendor chargebacks.
 
UK LC Obligations: the sum (without duplication) of (a) all amounts owing by UK Borrower for any drawings under Letters of Credit issued for the benefit of UK Borrower or any Subsidiary of a UK Borrower that is not otherwise a US Borrower; and (b) the stated amount of all outstanding Letters of Credit issued for the benefit of UK Borrower or any such Subsidiary of UK Borrower; provided that, any amounts owing under any Letter of Credit issued for the benefit of such Subsidiary of a UK Borrower shall be the Obligation of UK Borrower.
 
UK Lenders:  Bank of America (acting through its London branch or such other branch or branches as it may designate from time to time) and each other Lender that has issued a UK Revolver Commitment.
 
UK LIBOR Loan: each set of UK Revolver Loans, or portion thereof, funded in Sterling or Euro, and bearing interest calculated by reference to the LIBOR having a common length and commencement of Interest Period.
 
UK Non-Bank Lender: a Qualifying Lender not falling within clause (a)(i) of that definition.
 
UK Obligations:  on any date, the portion of the Obligations outstanding that are owing by any UK Obligor.
 
UK Obligors: UK Borrower, each UK Guarantor and each other Person that is liable for payment of any UK Obligations or that has granted a Lien in favor of Agent on its assets to secure any UK Obligations.
 
UK Overadvance: as defined in Section 2.1.6(b).
 
UK Overadvance Loan: a UK Base Rate Loan made when a UK Overadvance exists or is caused by the funding thereof.
 
UK Protective Advances: as defined in Section 2.1.7(b).
 
UK Required Lenders: one or more UK Secured Parties holding more than 50% of (a) the aggregate outstanding UK Revolver Commitments; or (b) following termination of the UK Revolver Commitments, the aggregate outstanding UK Revolver Loans and LC Obligations of UK Borrowers or, if all Revolver Loans and LC Obligations have been paid in full, the aggregate remaining Obligations; provided, however, that Revolver Commitments, Revolver Loans and other Obligations held by a Defaulting Lender and its Affiliates shall be disregarded in making such calculation, but any related Fronting Exposure shall be deemed held as a Revolver Loan or LC Obligation by the Secured Party that funded the applicable Revolver Loan or issued the applicable Letter of Credit.
 
UK Revolver Commitment: for any UK Lender, its obligation to make UK Revolver Loans and to participate in UK LC Obligations up to the maximum principal Dollar Equivalent amount in the applicable Available Currencies equal to its UK Commitment Percentage of the aggregate amount of all UK Revolver Commitments, which are shown on Schedule 1.1 as of the RestatementSecond Amendment Effective Date, or as hereafter determined pursuant to each Assignment and Acceptance to which it is a party.
 
UK Revolver Commitments: the aggregate amount of the UK Revolver Commitment of all UK Lenders.
 
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UK Revolver Loan:  a loan made pursuant to Section 2.1.2, any UK Swingline Loan, any UK Overadvance Loan or UK Protective Advance.
 
UK Revolver Usage: on any date, the Dollar Equivalent of the sum of (a) the aggregate amount of outstanding UK Revolver Loans, plus (b) the UK LC Obligations, except to the extent Cash Collateralized by UK Borrower on any date.
 
UK Secured Parties: Agent, UK Lenders, Issuing Bank and Secured Bank Product Providers of UK Bank Products.
 
UK Security Agreement:  each debenture, deed of charge or other similar agreement, instrument or document governed by the laws of England and Wales now or hereafter securing (or given with the intent to secure) any Obligations.
 
UK Swingline Loan: any Borrowing of UK Base Rate Loans funded with Agent’s funds, until such Borrowing is settled among UK Lenders or repaid by UK Borrower.
 
Unfunded Pension Liability: the excess of a Pension Plan’s benefit liabilities under Section 4001(a)(16) of ERISA, over the current value of that Pension Plan’s assets, determined in accordance with the assumptions used for funding the Pension Plan pursuant to the Code, ERISA or the Pension Protection Act of 2006 for the applicable plan year.
 
Unused Line Fee Rate: a per annum rate equal to (a) 0.25%, if average monthly applicable Revolver Usage equals or exceeds 50% of the applicable Revolver Commitments during the preceding calendar month, and (b) 0.375%, if applicable average monthly Revolver Usage is less than 50% of the applicable Revolver Commitments during such month.
 
Upstream Payment: a Distribution by a Subsidiary of a Borrower to such Borrower.
 
US: the United States of America.
 
US Accounts Formula Amount: 85% of the Value of Eligible US Accounts.
 
US Availability: the US Borrowing Base minus US Revolver Usage.
 
US Availability Reserve: the sum (without duplication) of (a) the Inventory Reserve with respect to the Inventory of any US Borrower; (b) the Rent and Charges Reserve with respect to any US Borrower; (c) the LC Reserve applicable to US Borrowers; (d) the US Bank Product Reserve; (e) all accrued Royalties payable by US Borrower, whether or not then due and payable by US Borrower; (f) the aggregate amount of liabilities secured by Liens upon US Collateral that are or may be senior to Agent’s Liens (but imposition of any such reserve shall not waive an Event of Default arising therefrom); (g) the US Dilution Reserve; (h) [Reserved]; and (i) such additional reserves, in such amounts and with respect to such matters, as Agent in its Permitted Discretion may elect to impose from time to time; provided, that the reserves included in the US Availability Reserve shall not be duplicative of the eligibility criteria for Eligible US Accounts or Eligible US Inventory.
 
US Bank Product: any of the following products or services extended to a US Borrower, Subsidiary of US Borrower (other than UK Borrower), or any Affiliate of US Borrower by Bank of America or any of its Affiliates or branches: (a) Cash Management Services; (b) products under Hedging Agreements; (c) commercial credit card and merchant card services; and (d) leases and other banking products or services, other than Letters of Credit.
 
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US Bank Product Reserve: the aggregate amount of reserves established by Agent from time to time in its Permitted Discretion with respect to Secured Bank Product Obligations of US Obligors.
 
US Base Rate: for any day, a per annum rate equal to the greater of (a) the Prime Rate for such day; (b) the Federal Funds Rate for such day, plus 0.50%; or (c) LIBOR for a 30 day interest period as of such day, plus 1.0%; provided, that in no event shall the US Base Rate be less than zero.
 
US Base Rate Loan: a US Revolver Loan that bears interest based on the US Base Rate.
 
US Borrower or US Borrowers: as defined in the preamble to this Agreement.
 
US Borrower Agent: as defined in Section 4.4.
 
US Borrowing Base: on any date of determination, an amount equal to the lesser of (a) the aggregate US Revolver Commitments, or (b) the sum of the US Accounts Formula Amount, plus the US Inventory Formula Amount, plus the US FILO Amount, minus the US Availability Reserve; provided that the Accounts and Inventory of Parent shall not be included in the US Borrowing Base until Agent has completed its business due diligence with respect to such assets and the results of such due diligence are satisfactory to Agent in its Permitted Discretion.
 
US Borrowing Base Report: a report of the US Borrowing Base, in form and substance satisfactory to Agent.
 
US Collateral: all Property described in Section 7.1 that secures the US Obligations or US Guarantor’s Guarantor Obligations, all Property described in any Security Documents as security for any US Obligations or US Guarantor’s Guarantor Obligations, and all other Property that now or hereafter secures (or is intended to secure) any US Obligations or US Guarantor’s Guarantor Obligations.
 
US Commitment Percentage: as to any US Lender at any time, the ratio, expressed as a percentage, which such US Lender’s US Revolver Commitment bears to the aggregate US Revolver Commitments at such time.
 
US Dilution Reserve: a reserve established by Agent in its Permitted Discretion if the Dilution Percent of US Borrowers for any period exceeds such Dilution Percent for US Borrowers in existence on the First Restatement Effective Date, which reserve shall be in an amount equal to 1.0% of Eligible US Accounts for each whole percentage point (or fraction thereof) that Dilution Percent of US Borrowers exceeds such percentage.
 
US Dominion Trigger Period:  the period (a) commencing on the day that an Event of Default occurs, or the Availability is less than the greater of (x) 15% of the Borrowing Base (disregarding any decreased Revolver Commitment amount during the Seasonal Period) and (y) $10,000,000; and (b) continuing until, during each of the preceding 30 consecutive days, no Event of Default has existed, Availability has been equal to or greater than 15% of the Borrowing Base (disregarding any decreased Revolver Commitment amount during the Seasonal Period) and $10,000,000.
 
US FILO Amount:  the lesser of (i) $6,800,000 and (ii) the sum of (a) 5% of the Value of Eligible US Accounts; provided, that commencing on January 1, 2020 and continuing on the first day of each quarter thereafter, such percentage shall be  reduced by 0.42% per quarter until reduced to 0%, plus (b) the lesser of (x) 10% of the Value of Eligible US Inventory and (y) 10% of the NOLV Percentage of the Value of Eligible US Inventory; provided, commencing on January 1, 2020 and continuing on the first day of each quarter thereafter, such percentage shall be  reduced by 0.83% per quarter until reduced to 0%; provided
 
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further, that notwithstanding anything else contained herein, Borrower Agent may by written notice to Agent permanently reduce the FILO Amount to $0 without premium or penalty.
 
US FILO Loan: a US LIBOR Loan (having a 3 month Interest Period) up to the US FILO Amount that is borrowed and deemed outstanding pursuant to Section 2.1.
 
US Guaranteed Obligations: as defined in Section 11.1.
 
US Guarantors: as defined in the preamble to this Agreement and any other Guarantor that is organized under the laws of the United States and which is not a Foreign Subsidiary.
 
US Guarantor Payment: as set forth in Section 5.11.3(b).
 
US Inventory Reserve: reserves established by Agent to reflect factors that may negatively impact the Value of US Borrower’s Inventory, including change in salability, obsolescence, seasonality, theft, shrinkage, imbalance, change in composition or mix, markdowns and vendor chargebacks.
 
US Inventory Formula Amount: the sum of (a) the lesser of (i) 65% of the Value of Eligible US Inventory; and (ii) 85% of the NOLV Percentage of the Value of Eligible US Inventory, plus (b) the lesser of (i) 65% of the Value of Eligible US In-Transit Inventory; and (ii) 85% of the NOLV Percentage of the Value of Eligible US In-Transit Inventory.
 
US LC Obligations: the sum (without duplication) of (a) all amounts owing by US Borrowers for any drawings under Letters of Credit issued for the benefit of US Borrowers or any Subsidiary of US Borrower (other than UK Borrower); and (b) the stated amount of all outstanding Letters of Credit issued for the benefit of US Borrowers or such Subsidiary of US Borrower; provided that, any amounts owing under any Letter of Credit issued for the benefit of such Subsidiary of a US Borrower shall be the Obligation of such US Borrower.
 
US LIBOR Loan: each set of US Revolver Loans bearing interest calculated by reference to the LIBOR having a common length and commencement of Interest Period.
 
US Lenders: Bank of America and each other Lender (other than UK Lenders) permitted hereunder that has issued a US Revolver Commitment.
 
US LC Request: an LC Request made by a US Borrower.
 
US Obligations:  on any date, the portion of the Obligations outstanding that are owing by any US Obligor.
 
US Obligors: each US Borrower, each US Guarantor and each other Person that is liable for payment of any US Obligations or that has granted a Lien in favor of Agent on its assets to secure any US Obligations.
 
US Overadvance: as defined in Section 2.1.6(a).
 
US Overadvance Loan: a US Base Rate Loan made when a US Overadvance exists or is caused by the funding thereof.
 
US Person: “United States Person” as defined in Section 7701(a)(30) of the Code.
 
US Protective Advances: as defined in Section 2.1.7(a).
 
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US Required Lenders: one or more US Secured Parties holding more than 50% of (a) the aggregate outstanding US Revolver Commitments; or (b) following termination of the US Revolver Commitments, the aggregate outstanding US Revolver Loans and LC Obligations of US Borrowers or, if all Revolver Loans and LC Obligations have been paid in full, the aggregate remaining Obligations; provided, however, that Revolver Commitments, Revolver Loans and other Obligations held by a Defaulting Lender and its Affiliates shall be disregarded in making such calculation, but any related Fronting Exposure shall be deemed held as a Revolver Loan or LC Obligation by the Secured Party that funded the applicable Revolver Loan or issued the applicable Letter of Credit.
 
US Revolver Commitment:  for any US Lender, its obligation to make US Revolver Loans and to participate in US LC Obligations up to the maximum principal amount in US Dollars equal to its US Commitment Percentage of the aggregate amount of all US Revolver Commitments, which are shown on Schedule 1.1 as of the RestatementSecond Amendment Effective Date, or as hereafter modified pursuant to Section 2.1.8 or an Assignment and Acceptance to which it is a party.
 
US Revolver Commitments: the aggregate amount of the US Revolver Commitment of all US Lenders.
 
US Revolver Usage: on any date, the sum of (a) the aggregate amount of outstanding US Revolver Loans, plus (b) the US LC Obligations, except to the extent Cash Collateralized by US Borrowers.
 
US Revolver Loan: a loan made pursuant to Section 2.1.1, and any US Overadvance Loan or US Protective Advance.
 
US Secured Parties: Agent, US Lenders, Issuing Bank and Secured Bank Product Providers of US Bank Products.
 
US Swingline Loan: any Borrowing of US Base Rate Loans funded with Agent’s funds, until such Borrowing is settled among US Lenders or repaid by US Borrowers.
 
US Tax Compliance Certificate: as defined in Section 5.10.2(b)(iii).
 
Value: (a) for Inventory, its value determined on the basis of the lower of cost or market, calculated on a first-in, first-out basis, and excluding any portion of cost attributable to intercompany profit among Borrowers and their Affiliates; and (b) for an Account, its face amount, net of any returns, rebates, discounts (calculated on the shortest terms), credits, allowances or Taxes (including sales, excise or other taxes) that have been or could be claimed by the Account Debtor or any other Person.
 
VAT: (a) any tax imposed in compliance with the Council Directive of 28 November 2006 on the common system of value added tax (EC Directive 2006/112); and (b) any other tax of a similar nature, whether imposed in a member state of the European Union in substitution for, or levied in addition to, such tax referred to in paragraph (a) above, or imposed elsewhere.
 
Voting Equity Interests:  the Equity Interests of any Person which entitle the holders thereof to vote for the election of the board of directors of such Person.
 
Voyetra: as defined in the preamble to this Agreement.
 
VTB: as defined in the preamble to this Agreement.
 
Write-Down and Conversion Powers: the write-down and conversion powers of the applicable EEA Resolution Authority from time to time under the Bail-In Legislation for the applicable EEA Member Country, which powers are described in the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule.
 
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1.2        Accounting Terms.  Under the Loan Documents (except as otherwise specified therein), all accounting terms shall be interpreted, all accounting determinations shall be made, and all financial statements shall be prepared, in accordance with GAAP (or IFRS, as the context may require, Local GAAP as it relates to UK Obligors any non-US Obligor, any branch thereof or any Foreign Subsidiary which is not an Obligor,  individually (and not on a consolidated basis)) applied on a basis consistent with the most recent audited financial statements of Borrowers delivered to Agent before the First Restatement Effective Date and using the same inventory valuation method as used in such financial statements, except for any change required or permitted by GAAP (or, as the context may require, IFRSLocal GAAP as it relates to any non-US Obligor, any branch thereof or any Foreign Subsidiary which is not an Obligor) if Borrowers’ certified public accountants concur in such change, the change is disclosed to Agent, and all relevant provisions of the Loan Documents are amended in a manner satisfactory to Required Lenders to take into account the effects of the change.  Unless otherwise specified, all accounting terms used in each Loan Document with respect to the Obligors on a consolidated basis shall be interpreted, and all accounting determinations and computations thereunder (including under Consolidated EBITDA, Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio and the component definitions used in such calculations) shall be made, in accordance with GAAP, applied in a consistent manner except as otherwise specifically prescribed herein.  Any change in GAAP (or, as the context may require, IFRS as it relates to UK Obligors)  occurring after the date hereof that would requireLocal GAAP as it relates to any non-US Obligor, any branch thereof or any Foreign Subsidiary which is not an Obligor) resulting from the implementation of Financial Accounting Standards Board ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) that requires operating leases to be treated as capital leases shall be disregarded for the purposes of determining Debt and any financial ratio or compliance requirement contained in any Loan Document.

1.3         Uniform Commercial Code.  As used herein, the following terms are defined in accordance with the UCC in effect in the State of California from time to time:  “Certificated Securities,” “Account,” “Account Debtor,” “Chattel Paper,” “Commercial Tort Claim,” “Deposit Account,” “Document,” “Document of Title,” “Equipment,” “General Intangibles,” “Goods,” “Instrument,” “Intangible,” “Investment Property,” “Letter-of-Credit Right,” “Proceeds,” “Security,” and “Supporting Obligation.”

1.4         Certain Matters of Construction.  The terms “herein,” “hereof,” “hereunder” and other words of similar import refer to this Agreement as a whole and not to any particular section, paragraph or subdivision.  Any pronoun used shall be deemed to cover all genders.  In the computation of periods of time from a specified date to a later specified date, “from” means “from and including,” and “to” and “until” each mean “to but excluding.”  The terms “including” and “include” shall mean “including, without limitation” and, for purposes of each Loan Document, the parties agree that the rule of ejusdem generis shall not be applicable to limit any provision.  Section titles appear as a matter of convenience only and shall not affect the interpretation of any Loan Document.  All references to (a) laws include all related regulations, interpretations, supplements, amendments and successor provisions; (b) any document, instrument or agreement includes any amendments, waivers and other modifications, extensions or renewals (to the extent permitted by the Loan Documents); (c) any section means, unless the context otherwise requires, a section of this Agreement; (d) any exhibits or schedules means, unless the context otherwise requires, exhibits and schedules attached hereto, which are hereby incorporated by reference; (e) any Person include successors and assigns; (f) time of day means time of day in the Applicable Time; or (g) discretion of Agent, Issuing Bank or any Lender mean the sole and absolute discretion of such Person (acting reasonably).  All determinations (including calculations of Borrowing Base and financial covenants) made from time to time under the Loan Documents shall be made in light of the circumstances existing at such time.  Borrowing Base calculations shall be consistent with historical methods of valuation and calculation, and otherwise satisfactory to Agent in its Permitted Discretion (and not necessarily calculated in accordance with GAAP (or, as the context may require, IFRSLocal GAAP as it relates to any non-US Obligor, any branch thereof or any Foreign Subsidiary which is not an Obligor)).  Borrowers shall have the burden of establishing any alleged negligence, misconduct or lack of good faith by Agent, Issuing Bank or any Lender under any Loan Documents.  No provision of any Loan Documents shall be construed

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against any party by reason of such party having, or being deemed to have, drafted the provision.  Reference to a Borrower’s “knowledge” or similar concept means actual knowledge of a Senior Officer, or knowledge that a Senior Officer would have obtained if he or she had engaged in good faith and diligent performance of his or her duties, including reasonably specific inquiries of employees or agents and a good faith attempt to ascertain the matter.
 
1.5         Currency Equivalents.
 
1.5.1        Calculations. All references in the Loan Documents to Revolver Loans, Letters of Credit, Obligations, Borrowing Base components and other amounts shall be denominated in Dollars, unless expressly provided otherwise.  The Dollar equivalent of any amounts denominated or reported under a Loan Document in a currency other than Dollars shall be determined by Agent on a daily basis, based on the current Spot Rate.  Borrowers shall report Value and other Borrowing Base components to Agent in the currency invoiced by Borrowers (for Accounts) or shown in Borrowers’ financial records (for all other assets), and unless expressly provided otherwise, shall deliver financial statements and calculate financial covenants in Dollars. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, if an Obligation is funded or expressly denominated in a currency other than Dollars, Borrowers shall repay such Obligation in such other currency.
 
1.5.2        Judgments.  If, in connection with obtaining judgment in any court, it is necessary to convert a sum from the currency provided under a Loan Document (“Agreement Currency”) into another currency, the Spot Rate shall be used as the rate of exchange.  Notwithstanding any judgment in a currency (“Judgment Currency”) other than the Agreement Currency, a Borrower shall discharge its obligation in respect of any sum due under a Loan Document only if, on the Business Day following receipt by Agent of payment in the Judgment Currency, Agent can use the amount paid to purchase the sum originally due in the Agreement Currency.  If the purchased amount is less than the sum originally due, such Borrower agrees, as a separate obligation and notwithstanding any such judgment, to indemnify Agent and Lenders against such loss.  If the purchased amount is greater than the sum originally due, Agent shall return the excess amount to such Borrower (or to the Person legally entitled thereto).
 
ARTICLE 2        CREDIT FACILITIES
 
2.1        Revolver Commitment.
 
2.1.1        US Revolver Loans.  Each US Lender agrees, severally (and not jointly) on a Pro Rata basis up to its US Revolver Commitment, on the terms set forth herein, to make US Revolver Loans to Borrowers from time to time through the Revolver Commitment Termination Date.  The US Revolver Loans may be repaid and reborrowed as provided herein.  In no event shall US Lenders have any obligation to honor a request for a US Revolver Loan if US Revolver Usage at such time plus the requested US Revolver Loan would exceed the US Borrowing Base.  Each US Revolver Loan shall be funded and repaid in Dollars. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement, all US Revolver Loans outstanding from time to time up to the US FILO Amount (until the US FILO Amount is $0) shall be deemed to be US FILO Loans.
 
2.1.2        UK Revolver Loans.  Each UK Lender agrees, severally (and not jointly) on a Pro Rata basis up to its UK Revolver Commitment, on the terms set forth herein, to make UK Revolver Loans to UK Borrower from time to time through the Revolver Commitment Termination Date.  The UK Revolver Loans may be repaid and reborrowed as provided herein.  In no event shall UK Lenders have any obligation to honor a request for a UK Revolver Loan if (a) UK Revolver Usage at such time plus the requested UK Revolver Loan would exceed the UK Borrowing Base or (b) the sum of the UK Revolver Usage at such time plus the requested UK Revolver Loan plus the US Revolver Usage at such time would exceed the aggregate Revolver Commitments.  Each UK Revolver Loan shall be funded and repaid in an Available Currency for the UK Borrower.
 
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2.1.3        Notes.  Revolver Loans and interest accruing thereon shall be evidenced by the records of Agent and the applicable Lender.  At the request of a Lender, Borrowers shall deliver promissory note(s) to such Lender, evidencing its Revolver Loans.
 
2.1.4        Use of Proceeds.  The proceeds of Revolver Loans shall be used by Borrowers solely (a) to pay fees and transaction expenses associated with the closing of this credit facility; (b) to pay Obligations in accordance with this Agreement (including but not limited to the restrictions set forth in Section 10.3.2 of this Agreement); (c) for lawful corporate purposes of Borrowers, including working capital and (d) in accordance with the restrictions.  Borrowers shall not, directly or indirectly, use any Letter of Credit or Loan proceeds, nor use, lend, contribute or otherwise make available any Letter of Credit or Loan proceeds to any Subsidiary, joint venture partner or other Person, (i) to fund any activities of or business with any Person, or in any Designated Jurisdiction, that, at the time of issuance of the Letter of Credit or funding of the Revolver Loan, is the target of any Sanction; or (ii) in any manner that would result in a violation of a Sanction by any Person (including any Secured Party or other individual or entity participating in any transaction.
 
2.1.5        Voluntary Reduction or Termination of Revolver Commitments.
 
(a)        Termination of Revolver Commitments.
 
(i)        The Revolver Commitments shall terminate on the Revolver Termination Date, unless sooner terminated in accordance with this Agreement.  At any time upon at least 90 days prior written notice to Agent (or such shorter period as agreed to by Agent), Borrowers may, at their option, terminate the Revolver Commitments and this credit facility; provided that if Borrowers terminate the Revolver Commitments in whole during the first Loan Year, Borrowers shall pay to the Agent for the account of the Lenders an amount equal to 1.00% multiplied by the principal amount of the Revolving Commitments terminated.  Any notice of termination given by Borrowers shall be irrevocable.  On the termination date, Borrowers shall make Full Payment of all Obligations.  For the avoidance of doubt, any reduction of the FILO amount shall be without premium or penalty.
 
(ii)        The UK Revolver Commitments shall terminate on the Revolver Termination Date, unless sooner terminated in accordance with this Agreement.  Upon at least 90 days prior written notice to Agent (or such shorter period as agreed to by Agent), UK Borrower may, at its option, terminate the UK Revolver Commitments and this credit facility; provided that if Borrowers terminate the UK Revolver Commitments in whole during the first Loan Year, Borrowers shall pay to the Agent for the account of the Lenders an amount equal to 1.00% multiplied by the principal amount of the UK Revolving Commitments terminated.  Any notice of termination given by UK Borrower shall be irrevocable.  On the termination date, UK Borrower shall make Full Payment of all UK Obligations.
 
(b)        Reduction of Revolver Commitments.  Borrowers may permanently reduce the Revolver Commitments, on a ratable basis for all Lenders, upon at least 30 days prior written notice to Agent (or such shorter period as agreed to by Agent), which notice shall specify the amount of the reduction and shall be irrevocable once given.  Each reduction shall be in a minimum amount of $5,000,000, or an increment of $1,000,000 in excess thereof. No reduction in the Revolver Commitments shall result in the Revolver Commitments being reduced to an amount less than $25,000,000.
 
2.1.6        Overadvances.
 
(a)        US Overadvances. If US Revolver Usage exceeds the US Borrowing Base (“US Overadvance”) at any time, the excess shall be payable by US Borrowers immediately following demand by Agent and shall constitute a US Obligation secured by the US Collateral, entitled to all benefits of the Loan Documents.  Agent may require US Lenders to fund US Base Rate Loans that cause or constitute
 

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a US Overadvance and to forbear from requiring US Borrowers to cure a US Overadvance, as long as the total US Overadvance does not exceed 10% of the US Borrowing Base and does not constitute for more than 30 consecutive days without the consent of Required Lenders. In no event shall US Revolver Loans be required that would cause US Revolver Usage to exceed the aggregate US Revolver Commitments.  No funding or sufferance of a US Overadvance shall constitute a waiver by Agent or US Lenders of the Event of Default caused thereby.  No Obligor shall be a beneficiary of this Section nor authorized to enforce any of its terms.
 
(b)        UK Overadvances. If UK Revolver Usage exceeds the UK Borrowing Base (“UK Overadvance”) at any time, the amount shall be payable by UK Borrowers immediately following demand by Agent and shall constitute a UK Obligation secured by the UK Collateral, entitled to all benefits of the Loan Documents.  Agent may require UK Lenders to fund UK Base Rate Loans that cause or constitute a UK Overadvance as long as the total UK Overadvance does not exceed 10% of the UK Borrowing Base and does not constitute for more than 30 consecutive days without the consent of the Required Lenders.  In no event shall UK Revolver Loans be required that would cause UK Revolver Usage to exceed the aggregate UK Revolver Commitments.  No funding or sufferance of a UK Overadvance shall constitute a waiver by Agent or UK Lenders of the Event of Default caused thereby.  No Obligor shall be a beneficiary of this Section nor authorized to enforce any of its terms.
 
2.1.7        Protective Advances.
 
(a)        US Protective Advances. Agent shall be authorized, in its discretion, at any time that any conditions in Section 6 are not satisfied, to make US Base Rate Loans (“US Protective Advances”) (a) up to an aggregate amount of 10% of the US Revolver Commitments  outstanding at any time (disregarding any decreased Revolver Commitment amount during the Seasonal Period), if Agent deems such US Revolver Loans are necessary or desirable to preserve or protect US Collateral, or to enhance the collectability or repayment of US Obligations, as long as such Revolver Loans do not cause US Revolver Usage to exceed the aggregate US Revolver Commitments; or (b) to pay any other amounts chargeable to US Obligors under any Loan Documents, including interest, costs, fees and expenses.  Lenders shall participate on a Pro Rata basis in US Protective Advances outstanding from time to time.  US Required Lenders may at any time revoke Agent’s authority to make further US Protective Advances under clause (a) by written notice to Agent.  Absent such revocation, Agent’s determination that funding of a US Protective Advance is appropriate shall be conclusive.
 
(b)        UK Protective Advances. Agent shall be authorized, in its discretion, at any time that any conditions in Section 6 are not satisfied, to make UK Base Rate Loans (“UK Protective Advances”) (a) up to an aggregate amount of 10% of the UK Revolver Commitments outstanding at any time (disregarding any decreased Revolver Commitment amount during the Seasonal Period), if Agent deems such UK Revolver Loans are necessary or desirable to preserve or protect UK Collateral, or to enhance the collectability or repayment of UK Obligations, as long as such Revolver Loans do not cause UK Revolver Usage to exceed the aggregate UK Revolver Commitments; or (b) to pay any other amounts chargeable to UK Borrower under any Loan Documents, including interest, costs, fees and expenses.  Lenders shall participate on a Pro Rata basis in UK Protective Advances outstanding from time to time.  US Required Lenders may at any time revoke Agent’s authority to make further UK Protective Advances under clause (a) by written notice to Agent.  Absent such revocation, Agent’s determination that funding of a UK Protective Advance is appropriate shall be conclusive.
 
2.1.8        Increase in US Revolver Commitments2.1.9        .  US Borrowers may request an increase in US Revolver Commitments from time to time upon notice to Agent, as long as (a) the requested increase is in a minimum amount of $5,000,000 and is offered on the same terms as existing US Revolver Commitments, except for a closing fee specified by Borrowers, (b) total increases under this Section do not exceed $40,000,000 in the aggregate and no more than 3 increases are made, and (c) no reduction in
 
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Revolver Commitments pursuant to Section 2.1.5 has occurred prior to the requested increase.  Agent shall promptly notify US Lenders of the requested increase and, within 10 Business Days thereafter, each US Lender shall notify Agent if and to what extent such US Lender commits to increase its US Revolver Commitment.  Any US Lender not responding within such period shall be deemed to have declined an increase.  If US Lenders fail to commit to the full requested increase, Eligible Assignees may issue additional US Revolver Commitments and become US Lenders hereunder.  Agent may allocate, in its discretion, the increased US Revolver Commitments among committing US Lenders and, if necessary, Eligible Assignees.  Total US Revolver Commitments shall be increased by the requested amount (or such lesser amount committed by US Lenders and Eligible Assignees) on a date agreed upon by Agent and US Borrower Agent. Agent, US Borrowers, and the new and existing US Lenders shall execute and deliver such documents and agreements as Agent deems appropriate to evidence the increase in and allocations of US Revolver Commitments.  On the effective date of an increase, the US Revolver Usage and other exposures under the US Revolver Commitments shall be reallocated among US Lenders, and settled by Agent as necessary, in accordance with US Lenders’ adjusted shares of such commitments.
 
2.2        [Reserved].
 
2.3        Letter of Credit Facility.
 
2.3.1        Issuance of Letters of Credit.  Issuing Bank shall issue Letters of Credit from time to time until the Revolver Commitment Termination Date, on the terms set forth herein, including the following:
 
(a)        Each Borrower acknowledges that Issuing Bank’s issuance of any Letter of Credit is conditioned upon Issuing Bank’s receipt of a LC Application with respect to the requested Letter of Credit, as well as such other instruments and agreements as Issuing Bank may customarily require for issuance of a letter of credit of similar type and amount.  Issuing Bank shall have no obligation to issue any Letter of Credit unless (i) Issuing Bank receives a LC Request and LC Application at least three Business Days prior to the requested date of issuance; (ii) each LC Condition is satisfied; and (iii) if a Defaulting Lender exists, such Lender or Borrowers have entered into arrangements satisfactory to Agent and Issuing Bank to eliminate any Fronting Exposure associated with such Lender.  If, in sufficient time to act, Issuing Bank receives written notice from Agent or the applicable Required Lenders that a LC Condition has not been satisfied, Issuing Bank shall not issue the requested Letter of Credit.  Prior to receipt of any such notice, Issuing Bank shall not be deemed to have knowledge of any failure of LC Conditions.
 
(b)        Letters of Credit may be requested by any Borrower to support obligations of such Borrower or on behalf of any Subsidiary of such Borrower (other than a Subsidiary that is otherwise a US Borrower or UK Borrower and can incur LC Obligations on its own behalf) incurred in the Ordinary Course of Business, or as otherwise approved by Agent.  The renewal or extension of any Letter of Credit shall be treated as the issuance of a new Letter of Credit, except that delivery of a new LC Application shall be required at the discretion of Issuing Bank.
 
(c)        Each Borrower assumes all risks of the acts, omissions or misuses of any Letter of Credit by the beneficiary with respect to the Letters of Credit issued for the benefit of such Borrower or Subsidiary of such Borrower (other than a Subsidiary that is otherwise a US Borrower or UK Borrower and can incur LC Obligations on its own behalf).  In connection with any Letter of Credit, none of Agent, Issuing Bank or any Lender shall be responsible for the existence, character, quality, quantity, condition, packing, value or delivery of any goods purported to be represented by any LC Documents; any differences or variation in the character, quality, quantity, condition, packing, value or delivery of any goods from that expressed in any LC Documents; the form, validity, sufficiency, accuracy, genuineness or legal effect of any LC Documents or of any endorsements thereon; the time, place, manner or order in which shipment of goods is made; partial or incomplete shipment of, or failure to ship, any goods referred to in a
 
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Letter of Credit or LC Documents; any deviation from instructions, delay, default or fraud by any shipper or other Person in connection with any goods, shipment or delivery; any breach of contract between a shipper or vendor and any Obligor; errors, omissions, interruptions or delays in transmission or delivery of any messages, by mail, cable, telegraph, telex, telecopy, e-mail, telephone or otherwise; errors in interpretation of technical terms; the misapplication by a beneficiary of any Letter of Credit or the proceeds thereof; or any consequences arising from causes beyond the control of Issuing Bank, Agent or any Lender, including any act or omission of a Governmental Authority.  Borrowers shall take all action to avoid and mitigate any damages relating to any Letter of Credit or claimed against Issuing Bank, Agent or any Lender, including through enforcement of any available rights against a beneficiary.  Issuing Bank shall be fully subrogated to the rights and remedies of any beneficiary whose claims against any Borrower are discharged with proceeds of a Letter of Credit.  The rights and remedies of Issuing Bank under the Loan Documents shall be cumulative.
 
(d)        In connection with its administration of and enforcement of rights or remedies under any Letters of Credit or LC Documents, Issuing Bank shall be entitled to act, and shall be fully protected in acting, upon any certification, documentation or communication in whatever form believed by Issuing Bank, in good faith, to be genuine and correct and to have been signed, sent or made by a proper Person.  Issuing Bank may use legal counsel, accountants and other experts to advise it concerning its obligations, rights and remedies, and shall be entitled to act upon, and shall be fully protected in any action taken in good faith reliance upon, any advice given by such experts.  Issuing Bank may employ agents and attorneys-in-fact in connection with any matter relating to Letters of Credit or LC Documents, and shall not be liable for the negligence or misconduct of agents and attorneys-in-fact selected with reasonable care.
 
2.3.2        Reimbursement; Participations.
 
(a)        If Issuing Bank honors any request for payment under a Letter of Credit, Requesting Borrower shall pay to Issuing Bank, on the same day (“Reimbursement Date”), the amount paid by Issuing Bank under such Letter of Credit, together with interest at the interest rate for Floating Rate Loans from the Reimbursement Date until payment by such Requesting Borrower.  The obligation of Borrowers to reimburse Issuing Bank for any payment made under a Letter of Credit shall be absolute, unconditional, irrevocable, and joint and several, and shall be paid without regard to any lack of validity or enforceability of any Letter of Credit or the existence of any claim, setoff, defense or other right that Requesting Borrower may have at any time against the beneficiary.  Whether or not a Notice of Borrowing has been submitted on behalf of a Requesting Borrower, such Requesting Borrower shall be deemed to have requested a Borrowing of Floating Rate Loans in an amount necessary to pay all amounts due Issuing Bank on any Reimbursement Date and each Lender shall fund its Pro Rata share of such Borrowing whether or not any Revolver Commitments have terminated, an Overadvance exists or is created thereby, or the conditions in Section 6 are satisfied.
 
(b)        Upon issuance of a Letter of Credit, each Lender providing a Revolver Commitment to the Requesting Borrower shall be deemed to have irrevocably and unconditionally purchased from Issuing Bank, without recourse or warranty, an undivided Pro Rata interest and participation in all LC Obligations of the Requesting Borrower relating to such Letter of Credit.  If Issuing Bank makes any payment under a Letter of Credit and the Requesting Borrower does not reimburse such payment on the Reimbursement Date, Agent shall promptly notify the Lenders providing a Revolver Commitment to the Requesting Borrower and each such Lender shall promptly (within one Business Day) and unconditionally pay to Agent, for the benefit of Issuing Bank, such Lender’s Pro Rata share of such payment.  Upon request by a Lender, Issuing Bank shall furnish copies of any Letters of Credit and LC Documents in its possession at such time.
 
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(c)        The obligation of each Lender to make payments to Agent for the account of Issuing Bank in connection with Issuing Bank’s payment under a Letter of Credit shall be absolute, unconditional and irrevocable, not subject to any counterclaim, setoff, qualification or exception whatsoever, and shall be made in accordance with this Agreement under all circumstances, irrespective of any lack of validity or unenforceability of any Loan Documents; any draft, certificate or other document presented under a Letter of Credit having been determined to be forged, fraudulent, noncompliant, invalid or insufficient in any respect or any statement therein being untrue or inaccurate in any respect; any waiver by Issuing Bank of a requirement that exists for its protection (and not a Requesting Borrower’s protection) or that does not materially prejudice a Requesting Borrower; any honor of an electronic demand for payment even if a draft is required; any payment of an item presented after a Letter of Credit’s expiration date if authorized by the UCC or applicable customs or practices; or any setoff or defense that an Obligor may have with respect to any Obligations.  Issuing Bank does not assume any responsibility for any failure or delay in performance or any breach by any Borrower or other Person of any obligations under any LC Documents.  Issuing Bank does not make to Lenders any express or implied warranty, representation or guaranty with respect to any Letter of Credit, Collateral, LC Document or Obligor.  Issuing Bank shall not be responsible to any Lender for any recitals, statements, information, representations or warranties contained in, or for the execution, validity, genuineness, effectiveness or enforceability of any LC Documents; the validity, genuineness, enforceability, collectability, value or sufficiency of any Collateral or the perfection of any Lien therein; or the assets, liabilities, financial condition, results of operations, business, creditworthiness or legal status of any Obligor.
 
(d)        No Issuing Bank Indemnitee shall be liable to any Lender or other Person for any action taken or omitted to be taken in connection with any Letter of Credit or LC Document except as a result of its gross negligence or willful misconduct.  Issuing Bank may refrain from taking any action with respect to a Letter of Credit until it receives written instructions (and in its discretion, appropriate assurances) from the Lenders.
 
2.3.3      Cash Collateral.  At Agent’s or Issuing Bank’s request, Borrowers shall Cash Collateralize (a) the Fronting Exposure of any Defaulting Lender, and (b) all outstanding Letters of Credit an Event of Default exists, the Revolver Commitment Termination Date occurs, or the Revolver Termination Date is scheduled to occur within 5 Business Days.  If Requesting Borrower fails to provide any Cash Collateral as required hereunder, Lenders providing a Revolver Commitment to such Requesting Borrower may (and shall upon direction of Agent) advance, as Floating Rate Loans, the amount of Cash Collateral required (whether or not the Revolver Commitments have terminated, an Overadvance exists or the conditions in Section 6 are satisfied).
 
2.3.4       Resignation of Issuing Bank.  Issuing Bank may resign at any time upon notice to Agent and Borrowers, and any resignation of Agent hereunder shall automatically constitute its concurrent resignation as Issuing Bank.  From the effective date of its resignation, Issuing Bank shall have no obligation to issue, amend, renew, extend or otherwise modify any Letter of Credit, but shall otherwise  to have all rights and obligations of an Issuing Bank hereunder relating to any Letter of Credit issued by it prior to such date.  A replacement Issuing Bank may be appointed by written agreement among Agent, Borrower Agent and the new Issuing Bank.
 
ARTICLE 3        INTEREST, FEES AND CHARGES
 
3.1        Interest.
 
3.1.1      Rates and Payment of Interest.
 
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(a)        The Obligations shall bear interest as set forth below, which interest shall accrue from the date the Revolver Loan is advanced or the Obligation is incurred or payable, until paid by the applicable Borrower. If a Revolver Loan is repaid on the same day made, one day’s interest shall accrue.
 
OBLIGATION
APPLICABLE INTEREST
US Base Rate Loan
US Base Rate in effect from time to time, plus the Applicable Margin for US Base Rate Loans
US LIBOR Loan (other than US FILO Loans)
LIBOR for the applicable Interest Period, plus the Applicable Margin for US LIBOR Loans
UK Base Rate Loan
UK Base Rate in effect from time to time, plus the Applicable Margin for UK Base Rate Loans
UK LIBOR Loan
UK LIBOR for the applicable Interest Period, plus the Applicable Margin for UK LIBOR Loans, plus any Mandatory Costs
US FILO Loan
LIBOR for the applicable Interest Period, plus the Applicable Margin for US FILO Loans
any other US Obligation (including,  to  the  extent  permitted  by law, interest not paid when due)
 
US Base Rate in effect from time to time, plus the Applicable Margin for US Base Rate Loans
any other UK Obligation (including  to  the  extent  permitted  by law, interest not paid when due)
UK Base Rate in effect from time to time, plus the Applicable Margin for UK Base Rate Loans

(b)        During an Insolvency Proceeding with respect to any Borrower, or during any other Event of Default if Agent or Required Lenders in their discretion so elect, Obligations shall bear interest at the Default Rate (whether before or after any judgment), payable immediately following demand.
 
(c)        Interest shall accrue from the date a Revolver Loan is advanced or Obligation is incurred or payable, until paid in full by US Borrowers or UK Borrower, as applicable, and shall in no event be less than zero at any time.  Interest accrued on the Revolver Loans shall be due and payable in arrears, (i) on the first day of each month; (ii) on any date of prepayment, with respect to the principal amount being prepaid; and (iii) on the Revolver Commitment Termination Date.  Interest accrued on any other Obligations shall be due and payable as provided in the applicable agreements or, if no payment date is specified, immediately following demand.
 
(d)        Notwithstanding the above, on the First Amendment Effectiveness Date, the interest applicable to US FILO Loans shall be based on LIBOR for an Interest Period of 3 months as determined on December 1, 2018 and commencing on January 1, 2019 shall be rest based on LIBOR for an Interest Period of 3 months as in effect on that day and thereafter pursuant to Section 3.1.2(b).
 
3.1.2        Application of LIBOR to Outstanding US Revolver Loans.
 
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(a)        US Borrowers may on any Business Day elect to convert any portion of the US Revolver Loans which are US Base Rate Loans to, or to continue any US Revolver Loan which is a US LIBOR Loan at the end of its Interest Period as, a US LIBOR Loan; provided that US FILO Loans shall convert into and continue as US FILO Loans with an Interest Period of 3 months on the first day of each month.  During any Default or Event of Default, Agent may (and shall at the direction of US Required Lenders) declare that no US Revolver Loan may be made, converted or continued as a US LIBOR Loan.
 
(b)        To convert or continue US Revolver Loans as US LIBOR Loans (other than US FILO Loans which shall continue with an Interest Period of 3 months set on the first day of each month), US Borrower Agent shall give Agent a Notice of Conversion/Continuation, no later than 11:00 a.m. (Applicable Time Zone) at least two Business Days before the requested conversion or continuation date.  Promptly after receiving any such notice, Agent shall provide notify thereof to US Lenders.  Each Notice of Conversion/Continuation shall be irrevocable, and shall specify the amount of US Revolver Loans to be converted or continued, the conversion or continuation date (which shall be a Business Day), and the duration of the Interest Period (which shall be deemed to be 3 months with respect to US FILO Loans and otherwise 30 days if not specified with respect to all other US LIBOR Loans).  If, upon the expiration of any Interest Period for any Interest Period Loans, US Borrowers shall have failed to deliver a Notice of Conversion/Continuation, they shall be deemed to have elected to convert such US Revolver Loans into US Base Rate Loans.
 
3.1.3      Application of UK LIBOR to Outstanding UK Revolver Loans.
 
(a)        UK Borrowers may on any Business Day elect to convert any portion of the UK Revolver Loans which are UK Base Rate Loans to, or to continue any UK Revolver Loan which is a UK LIBOR Loan at the end of its Interest Period as, a UK LIBOR Loan.  During any Default or Event of Default, Agent may (and shall at the direction of UK Required Lenders) declare that no UK Revolver Loan may be made, converted or continued as a UK LIBOR Loan.
 
(b)        To convert or continue UK Revolver Loans as UK LIBOR Loans, UK Borrower shall give Agent a Notice of Conversion/Continuation, no later than 11:00 a.m. (Applicable Time Zone) at least two Business Days before the requested conversion or continuation date.  Promptly after receiving any such notice, Agent shall provide notify thereof to UK Lenders.  Each Notice of Conversion/Continuation shall be irrevocable, and shall specify the amount of UK Revolver Loans to be converted or continued, the conversion or continuation date (which shall be a Business Day), and the duration of the Interest Period (which shall be deemed to be 30 days if not specified).  If, upon the expiration of any Interest Period for any Interest Period Loans, UK Borrower shall have failed to deliver a Notice of Conversion/Continuation, they shall be deemed to have elected to convert such UK Revolver Loans into UK Base Rate Loans.  Agent does not warrant or accept responsibility for, nor shall it have any liability with respect to, administration, submission or any other matter related to any rate described in the definition of LIBOR.  Agent does not warrant or accept responsibility for, nor shall it have any liability with respect to, administration, submission or any other matter related to any rate described in the definition of LIBOR.
 
3.1.4      Interest Periods.  US Borrowers or UK Borrower, as applicable, shall select an interest period (“Interest Period”) of one (1), two (2), or three (3) months to apply to the US LIBOR Loan or UK LIBOR Loan, as applicable (if available from all US Lenders or US Lenders, as applicable); provided:
 
(a)        the Interest Period shall begin on the date the US Revolver Loan or UK Revolver Loan, as applicable, is made or continued as, or converted into, a US LIBOR Loan or UK LIBOR Loan, as applicable, and shall expire on the numerically corresponding day in the calendar month at its end;
 
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(b)        if any Interest Period begins on a day for which there is no corresponding day in the calendar month at its end or if such corresponding day falls after the last Business Day of such month, then the Interest Period shall expire on the last Business Day of such month; and if any Interest Period would otherwise expire on a day that is not a Business Day, the period shall expire on the next Business Day; and
 
(c)        no Interest Period shall extend beyond the Revolver Termination Date.
 
3.1.5      Interest Rate Not Ascertainable.
 
(a)        If, due to any circumstance affecting the London interbank market, (A) Agent reasonably determines that adequate and fair means do not exist for ascertaining LIBOR on any applicable date or that any requested Interest Period is not available on the basis provided herein, or (B) the LIBOR Scheduled Unavailability Date has occurred, then Agent shall immediately notify US Borrowers or UK Borrower, as applicable, of such determination.  Until Agent notifies US Borrowers or UK Borrower, as applicable, that such circumstance no longer exists, the obligation of US Lenders or UK Lenders, as applicable to make affected US LIBOR Loans or UK LIBOR Loans or the applicable requested Interest Period, as applicable, shall be suspended and no further US Revolver Loans or UK Revolver Loans, as applicable, may be converted into or continued as such US Revolver Loans or UK Revolver Loans and such affected Interest Period shall not be available.
 
(b)        Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement or any other Loan Documents, if the Agent determines (which determination shall be conclusive absent manifest error), or the Borrower Agent or Required Lenders notify the Agent (with, in the case of the Required Lenders, a copy to Borrower Agent) that the Borrower Agent or Required Lenders (as applicable) have determined, that:
 
(i)          adequate and reasonable means do not exist for ascertaining LIBOR for any requested Interest Period, because the LIBOR Screen Rate is not available or published on a current basis and such circumstances are unlikely to be temporary; or
 
(ii)        the administrator of the LIBOR Screen Rate or a Governmental Authority having jurisdiction over the Agent has made a public statement identifying a specific date after which LIBOR or the LIBOR Screen Rate shall no longer be made available, or used for determining the interest rate of loans (such specific date, the “LIBOR Scheduled Unavailability Date”), or
 
(iii)        syndicated loans currently being executed, or that include language similar to that contained in this Section, are being executed or amended (as applicable) to incorporate or adopt a new benchmark interest rate to replace LIBOR,
 
then, reasonably promptly after such determination by Agent or receipt by Agent of such notice, as applicable, the Agent and the Borrowers may amend this Agreement to replace LIBOR with an alternate benchmark rate (including any mathematical or other adjustments to the benchmark (if any) incorporated therein), giving due consideration to any evolving or then existing convention for similar U.S. dollar denominated syndicated credit facilities for such alternative benchmarks (any such proposed rate, a “LIBOR Successor Rate”), together with any proposed LIBOR Successor Rate Conforming Changes (as defined below) and any such amendment shall become effective at 5:00 p.m. on the fifth Business Day after the Agent shall have posted such proposed amendment to all Lenders and the Borrowers unless, prior to such time, Lenders comprising the Required Lenders have delivered to Agent written notice that such Required Lenders do not accept such amendment.
 
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(c)        If no LIBOR Successor Rate has been determined and the circumstances under clause (b)(i) above exist or the LIBOR Scheduled Unavailability Date has occurred (as applicable), the Agent will promptly so notify the Borrower Agent and each Lender. Thereafter, (x) the obligation of the Lenders to make or maintain Interest Period Loans shall be suspended, (to the extent of the affected Interest Period Loans or Interest Periods), and (y) the LIBOR component shall no longer be utilized in determining the Base Rate. Upon receipt of such notice, the Borrower Agent may revoke any pending request for a Borrowing of conversion to or continuation of Interest Period Loans (to the extent of the affected Interest Period Loans or Interest Periods) or, failing that, will be deemed to have converted such request into a request for Floating Rate Loans (subject to the foregoing clause (y)) in the amount specified therein.
 
3.2        Fees.
 
3.2.1      Unused Line Fee.
 
(a)        US Borrowers shall pay to Agent, for the Pro Rata benefit of US Lenders, a fee equal to the Unused Line Fee Rate times the amount by which the US Revolver Commitments exceed the average daily US Revolver Usage during any month.  Such fee shall be payable in arrears, on the first day of each month and on the Revolver Commitment Termination Date.
 
(b)        UK Borrower shall pay to Agent, for the Pro Rata benefit of UK Lenders, a fee equal to the Unused Line Fee Rate times the amount by which the UK Revolver Commitments exceed the average daily UK Revolver Usage during any month.  Such fee shall be payable in arrears, on the first day of each month and on the Revolver Commitment Termination Date.
 
3.2.2      LC Facility Fees.  Requesting Borrowers shall pay (a) to Agent, for the Pro Rata benefit of Lenders, a fee equal to the Applicable Margin in effect for US LIBOR Loans times the average daily Stated Amount of Letters of Credit, which fee shall be payable monthly in arrears, on the first day of each month; (b) to Agent, for its own account, a fronting fee equal to 0.125% per annum on the Stated Amount of each Letter of Credit, which fee shall be payable monthly in arrears, on the first day of each month; and (c) to Issuing Bank, for its own account, all customary charges associated with the issuance, amending, negotiating, payment, processing, transfer and administration of Letters of Credit, which charges shall be paid as and when incurred.  During an Event of Default, if the Agent or the Required Lenders so decide, the fee payable under clause (a) shall be increased by 2% per annum.
 
3.2.3      Agent’s Fee.  Borrowers shall pay all fees set forth in the Fee Letter and the Restated Fee Letter executed in connection with this Agreement.
 
3.3        Computation of Interest, Fees, Yield Protection.  All interest, as well as fees and other charges calculated on a per annum basis, shall be computed for the actual days elapsed, based on a year of 360 days; provided that, in the case of a UK Revolver Loan made in Sterling, such calculation shall be made on the basis of a 365 day year (or a 366 day year, in the case of a leap year).  Each determination by Agent of any interest, fees or interest rate hereunder shall be final, conclusive and binding for all purposes, absent manifest error.  All fees shall be fully earned when due and shall not be subject to rebate, refund or proration.  All fees payable under Section 3.2 are compensation for services and are not, and shall not be deemed to be, interest or any other charge for the use, forbearance or detention of money.  A certificate as to amounts payable by Borrowers under Section 3.4, 3.6, 3.7, 3.9 or 5.9, submitted to US Borrower Agent by Agent or the affected Lender, as applicable, shall be final, conclusive and binding for all purposes, absent manifest error, and Borrowers shall pay such amounts to the appropriate party within 10 days following receipt of the certificate.

3.4        Reimbursement Obligations.  Obligors shall pay all Extraordinary Expenses promptly upon request.  Obligors shall also reimburse Agent for all reasonable and documented legal, accounting,
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appraisal, consulting, and other reasonable and documented fees and expenses incurred by it in connection with (a) negotiation and preparation of any Loan Documents, including any modification thereof; (b) administration of and actions relating to any Collateral, Loan Documents and transactions contemplated thereby, including any actions taken to perfect or maintain priority of Agent’s Liens on any Collateral, to maintain any insurance required hereunder or to verify Collateral; and (c) subject to the limits of Section 10.1.1(b), any examination or appraisal with respect to any Obligor or Collateral, by Agent’s personnel or a third party.  All reasonable and documented legal, accounting and consulting fees shall be charged to Obligors by Agent’s professionals at their full hourly rates, regardless of any alternative fee arrangements that Agent, any Lender or any of their Affiliates may have with such professionals that otherwise might apply to this or any other transactions.  Obligors acknowledge that counsel may provide Agent with a benefit (such as a discount, credit or accommodation for other matters) based on counsel’s overall relationship with Agent, including fees paid hereunder.  If, for any reason (including inaccurate reporting in any Obligors Materials), it is determined that a higher Applicable Margin should have applied to a period than was actually applied, then the proper margin shall be applied retroactively and Obligors shall immediately pay to Agent, for the ratable benefit of Lenders, an amount equal to the difference between the amount of interest and fees that would have accrued using the proper margin and the amount actually paid.  All amounts payable by Obligors under this Section shall be due immediately following demand.

3.5        Illegality.  If any Lender determines that any Applicable Law has made it unlawful, or that any Governmental Authority has asserted that it is unlawful, for any Lender to perform any of its obligations hereunder, to make, maintain, fund, participate in, or charge applicable interest or fees with respect to, any Revolver Loan or Letter of Credit, or to determine or charge interest based on LIBOR or any Governmental Authority has imposed material restrictions on the authority of such Lender to purchase or sell, or to take deposits of, the applicable Available Currency in the London interbank market, then, on notice thereof by such Lender to Agent, any obligation of such Lender to perform such obligations, to make, maintain, fund or participate in the Revolver Loan or Letter of Credit (or to charge interest or fees otherwise applicable thereto), or to continue or covert Floating Rate Loans to Interest Period Loans, shall be suspended until such Lender notifies Agent that the circumstances giving rise to such determination no longer exist.  Upon delivery of such notice, US Borrowers or UK Borrowers, as applicable, shall prepay the applicable Revolver Loan, Cash Collateralize the applicable LC Obligations or, if applicable, convert Interest Period Loan(s) of such Lender to Floating Rate Loan(s), either on the last day of the Interest Period therefor, if such Lender may lawfully continue to maintain such Interest Period Loans to such day, or immediately, if such Lender may not lawfully continue to maintain the Interest Period Loan.  Upon any such prepayment or conversion, US Borrowers or UK Borrowers, as applicable, shall also pay accrued interest on the amount so prepaid or converted.

3.6        Inability to Determine Rates.  Agent will promptly notify US Borrowers or UK Borrower, as applicable, and US Lenders or UK Lenders, as applicable, and if, in connection with any Revolver Loan or request for a Revolver Loan, (a) Agent determines in its Permitted Discretion that (i) deposits in the applicable currency or bankers’ acceptances are not being offered to banks in the London interbank Eurodollar market, for the applicable Revolver Loan amount or Interest Period, or (ii) adequate and reasonable means do not exist for determining LIBOR for the Interest Period; or (b) Agent or Required Lenders, as applicable, determine for any reason that LIBOR, as applicable, for the Interest Period does not adequately and fairly reflect the cost to such Lenders of funding the Revolver Loan.  Thereafter, such US Lenders’ or UK Lenders’, as applicable, obligations to make or maintain affected Interest Period Loans and utilization of the LIBOR component (if affected) in determining Floating Rate shall be suspended until Agent (upon instruction by the Required Lenders) withdraws the notice.  Upon receipt of such notice, US Borrowers or UK Borrowers, as applicable, may revoke any pending request for an Interest Period Loan or, failing that, will be deemed to have requested a Floating Rate Loan, as applicable to such Borrower.

3.7        Increased Costs; Capital Adequacy.
 
3.7.1        Increased Costs Generally.  If any Change in Law shall:
 
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(a)        impose, modify or deem applicable any reserve, liquidity, special deposit, compulsory loan, insurance charge or similar requirement against assets of, deposits with or for the account of, or credit extended or participated in by, any Lender (except any reserve requirement reflected in calculating LIBOR or Mandatory Costs) or Issuing Bank;
 
(b)        subject any Recipient to Taxes (other than (i) Indemnified Taxes, (ii) Taxes described in clauses (b) through (d) of the definition of Excluded Taxes, and (iii) Connection Income Taxes) on any Revolver Loan, Letter of Credit, Revolver Commitment or other obligations, or its deposits, reserves, other liabilities or capital attributable thereto; or
 
(c)        impose on any Lender, Issuing Bank or interbank market any other condition, cost or expense (other than Taxes) affecting any Revolver Loan, Letter of Credit, participation in LC Obligations, Revolver Commitment or Loan Document;
 
and the result thereof shall be to increase the cost to a Lender of making or maintaining any Revolver Loan or Revolver Commitment, or converting to or continuing any interest option for a Revolver Loan, or to increase the cost to a Lender or Issuing Bank of participating in, issuing or maintaining any Letter of Credit (or of maintaining its obligation to participate in or to issue any Letter of Credit), or to reduce the amount of any sum received or receivable by a Lender or Issuing Bank hereunder (whether of principal, interest or any other amount) then, upon request of such Lender or Issuing Bank setting forth in reasonable detail the costs incurred or reduction suffered, Borrowers will pay to it such additional amount(s) as will compensate it for the additional costs incurred or reduction suffered.
 
3.7.2      Capital Requirements.  If a Lender or Issuing Bank determines that a Change in Law affecting such Lender or Issuing Bank or its holding company, if any, regarding capital or liquidity requirements has or would have the effect of reducing the rate of return on such Lender’s, Issuing Bank’s or holding company’s capital as a consequence of this Agreement, or such Lender’s or Issuing Bank’s Revolver Commitments, Revolver Loans, Letters of Credit or participations in LC Obligations or Revolver Loans, to a level below that which such Lender, Issuing Bank or holding company could have achieved but for such Change in Law (taking into consideration its policies with respect to capital adequacy), then from time to time Borrowers will pay to such Lender or Issuing Bank, as the case may be, such additional amounts as will compensate it or its holding company for the reduction suffered.
 
3.7.3      Interest Period Loan Reserves.  If any US Lender or UK Lender, as applicable, is required to maintain reserves with respect to liabilities or assets consisting of or including Euros or deposits, US Borrowers or UK Borrowers, as applicable, shall pay additional interest to such US Lender or UK Lender, as applicable, on each Interest Period Loan equal to the costs of such reserves allocated to the Revolver Loan by such US Lender or UK Lender, as applicable (as determined by it in good faith, which determination shall be conclusive).  The additional interest shall be due and payable on each interest payment date for the Revolver Loan; provided, that if such US Lender or UK Lender notifies US Borrowers or UK Borrowers, as applicable (with a copy to Agent), of the additional interest less than 10 days prior to the interest payment date, then such interest shall be payable 10 days after such Borrowers’ receipt of the notice.
 
3.7.4      Compensation.  Failure or delay on the part of any Lender or Issuing Bank to demand compensation pursuant to this Section shall not constitute a waiver of its right to demand such compensation, but Borrowers shall not be required to compensate a Lender or Issuing Bank for any increased costs or reductions suffered more than nine months (plus any period of retroactivity of the Change in Law giving rise to the demand) prior to the date that the Lender or Issuing Bank notifies US Borrower Agent of the applicable Change in Law and of such Lender’s or Issuing Bank’s intention to claim compensation therefor.
 
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3.8        Mitigation.  If any Lender gives a notice under Section 3.5 or requests compensation under Section 3.7, or if Borrowers are required to pay any Indemnified Taxes or additional amounts with respect to a Lender under Section 5.9, then at the request of US Borrower Agent, such Lender shall use reasonable efforts to designate a different Lending Office or to assign its rights and obligations hereunder to another of its offices, branches or Affiliates, if, in the judgment of such Lender, such designation or assignment (a) would eliminate the need for such notice or reduce amounts payable or to be withheld in the future, as applicable; and (b) would not subject the Lender to any unreimbursed cost or expense and would not otherwise be disadvantageous to it or unlawful.  Borrowers shall pay all reasonable costs and expenses incurred by any Lender in connection with any such designation or assignment.

3.9        Funding Losses.  If for any reason (a) any Borrowing, conversion or continuation of an Interest Period Loan does not occur on the date specified therefor in a Notice of Borrowing or Notice of Conversion/Continuation (whether or not withdrawn), (b) any repayment or conversion of an Interest Period Loan occurs on a day other than the end of its Interest Period, (c) Borrowers fail to repay an Interest Period Loan when required hereunder, or (d) a Lender (other than a Defaulting Lender) is required to assign an Interest Period Loan prior to the end of its Interest Period pursuant to Section 13.4, then Borrowers shall pay to Agent its customary administrative charge and to each Lender all losses,  expenses and fees arising from redeployment of funds or termination of match funding.  For purposes of calculating amounts payable under this Section, a Lender shall be deemed to have funded an Interest Period Loan by a matching deposit or other borrowing in the London interbank market for a comparable amount and period, whether or not the Revolver Loan was in fact so funded.

3.10      Maximum Interest.  Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any Loan Document, the interest paid or agreed to be paid under the Loan Documents shall not exceed the maximum rate of non-usurious interest permitted by Applicable Law (“maximum rate”).  If Agent or any Lender shall receive interest in an amount that exceeds the maximum rate, the excess interest shall be applied to the principal of the Obligations or, if it exceeds such unpaid principal, refunded to Borrowers.  In determining whether the interest contracted for, charged or received by Agent or a Lender exceeds the maximum rate, such Person may, to the extent permitted by Applicable Law, (a) characterize any payment that is not principal as an expense, fee or premium rather than interest; (b) exclude voluntary prepayments and the effects thereof; and (c) amortize, prorate, allocate and spread in equal or unequal parts the total amount of interest throughout the contemplated term of the Obligations hereunder.

ARTICLE 4        REVOLVER LOAN ADMINISTRATION
 
4.1         Manner of Borrowing and Funding Revolver Loans.
 
4.1.1        Notice of Borrowing.
 
(a)        To request Revolver Loans, US Borrowers or UK Borrower, as applicable, shall give Agent a Notice of Borrowing by 11:00 a.m. (Applicable Time Zone) (i) on the requested funding date, in the case of Floating Rate Loans, and (ii) at least three Business Days prior to the requested funding date, in the case of Interest Period Loans.  Notices received by Agent after such time shall be deemed received on the next Business Day.  Each Notice of Borrowing shall be irrevocable and shall specify (A) the Borrowing amount, (B) the requested funding date (which must be a Business Day), (C) whether the Borrowing is to be made as a Floating Rate Loan or an Interest Period Loan, and (D) in the case of an Interest Period Loan, the applicable Interest Period (which shall be deemed to be 30 days if not specified).
 
(b)        Unless payment is otherwise made by the US Borrowers or UK Borrower, as applicable, the becoming due of any US Obligation or UK Obligation, as applicable (whether principal, interest, fees or other charges, including Extraordinary Expenses, LC Obligations, Cash Collateral and Secured Bank Product Obligations) shall be deemed to be a request for a Floating Rate Loan on the due date in the amount due and the Revolver Loan proceeds shall be disbursed as direct payment of such
 
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Obligation.  In addition, Agent may, at its option, charge such amount against any operating, investment or other account of the applicable Borrower maintained with Agent or any of its Affiliates.
 
(c)        If any Borrower maintains a disbursement account with Agent as the case may be, or any of their respective Affiliates, then presentation for payment in the account of a Payment Item when there are insufficient funds to cover it shall be deemed to be a request for a Floating Rate Loan on the presentation date, in the amount of the Payment Item.  Proceeds of the Revolver Loan may be disbursed directly to the account.
 
4.1.2        Fundings by Lenders.  Except for Swingline Loans, Agent shall endeavor to notify US Lenders or UK Lenders, as applicable, of each applicable Notice of Borrowing (or deemed request for a Borrowing) by 1:00 p.m. (Applicable Time Zone) on the proposed funding date for a Floating Rate Loan or by 3:00 p.m. (Applicable Time Zone) two Business Days before a proposed funding of an Interest Period Loan.  Each US Lender or UK Lender, as applicable, shall fund its Pro Rata share of a Borrowing in immediately available funds not later than 3:00 p.m. (Applicable Time Zone) on the requested funding date, unless Agent’s notice is received after the times provided above, in which case the applicable Lender shall fund by 11:00 a.m. (Applicable Time Zone) on the next Business Day.  Subject to its receipt of such amounts from the applicable Lenders, Agent shall disburse the Borrowing proceeds in a manner directed by the US Borrowers or UK Borrower, as applicable, and acceptable to Agent.  Unless Agent receives (in sufficient time to act) written notice from a Lender that it will not fund its share of a Borrowing, Agent may assume that such Lender has deposited or promptly will deposit its share with Agent, and Agent may disburse a corresponding amount to the applicable Borrowers.  If a Lender’s share of a Borrowing or of a settlement under Section 4.1.3(b) is not received by Agent, then US Borrowers or UK Borrower, as applicable, agree to repay to Agent immediately following demand the amount of such share, together with interest thereon from the date disbursed until repaid, at the rate applicable to the Borrowing. Agent, a Lender or Issuing Bank may fulfill its obligations under Loan Documents through one or more Lending Offices, and this shall not affect any obligation of Obligors under the Loan Documents or with respect to any Obligations.
 
4.1.3        Swingline Loans; Settlement.
 
(a)        To fulfill any request for a Revolver Loan hereunder, Agent may in its discretion advance US Swingline Loans or UK Swingline Loans, as applicable, to US Borrowers or UK Borrowers, as applicable, up to an aggregate outstanding amount of 10% of the US Revolver Commitments (in the case of US Swingline Loans) and 10% of the UK Revolver Commitments (in the case of UK Swingline Loans), each disregarding the decreased Revolver Commitment amount during the Seasonal Period.  Swingline Loans shall constitute Revolver Loans for all purposes, except that payments thereon shall be made to Agent for its own account until settled with or funded by Lenders hereunder.
 
(b)        Settlement of Revolver Loans, including Swingline Loans, among the applicable Lenders and Agent shall take place on a date determined from time to time by Agent (but at least weekly, unless the settlement amount is de minimis), on a Pro Rata basis in accordance with the Settlement Report delivered by Agent to the applicable Lenders.  Between settlement dates, Agent may in its discretion apply payments on Revolver Loans to Swingline Loans, regardless of any designation by the applicable Borrowers or anything herein to the contrary.  Each US Lender hereby purchases, without recourse or warranty, an undivided Pro Rata participation in all US Swingline Loans outstanding from time to time until settled. Each UK Lender hereby purchases, without recourse or warranty, an undivided Pro Rata participation in all UK Swingline Loans outstanding from time to time until settled.  If a Swingline Loan cannot be settled among the applicable Lenders, whether due to an Obligor’s Insolvency Proceeding or for any other reason, each US Lender or UK Lender, as applicable, shall pay the amount of its participation in the US Revolver Loan or UK Revolver Loan, as applicable, to Agent, in immediately available funds, within one Business Day after Agent’s request therefor.  Lenders’ obligations to make settlements and to fund participations are absolute, irrevocable and unconditional, without offset, counterclaim or other
 
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defense, and whether or not the Revolver Commitments have terminated, an Overadvance exists or the conditions in Section 6 are satisfied.
 
4.1.4        Notices.  If Borrowers request, convert or continue Revolver Loans, select interest rates or transfer funds based on telephonic or electronic instructions to Agent.  Borrowers shall confirm the request by prompt delivery to Agent of a Notice of Borrowing or Notice of Conversion/Continuation, as applicable.  Agent and Lenders are not liable for any loss suffered by any Obligor as a result of Agent on its understanding of telephonic or electronic instructions from a person believed in good faith to be authorized to give instructions on a Borrower’s behalf.
 
4.2         Defaulting Lender.  Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary:

4.2.1        Reallocation of Pro Rata Share; Amendments.  For purposes of determining Lenders’ obligations or rights to fund, participate in or receive collections with respect to Revolver Loans and Letters of Credit (including existing Swingline Loans, Protective Advances and LC Obligations), Agent may in its discretion reallocate Pro Rata shares by excluding a Defaulting Lender’s Revolver Commitments and Revolver Loans of a Defaulting Lender from the calculation of shares.  A Defaulting Lender shall have no right to vote on any amendment, waiver or other modification of a Loan Document, except as provided in Section 15.1.1(c).
 
4.2.2        Payments; Fees.   Agent may, in its discretion, receive and retain any amounts payable to a Defaulting Lender under the Loan Documents, and a Defaulting Lender shall be deemed to have assigned to Agent such amounts until all Obligations owing to Agent, non-Defaulting Lenders and other Secured Parties have been paid in full.  Agent may use such amounts to cover the Defaulting Lender’s defaulted obligations, to Cash Collateralize such Lender’s Fronting Exposure, to readvance the amounts to Borrowers or to repay Obligations.  A Lender shall not be entitled to receive any fees accruing hereunder while it is a Defaulting Lender and its unfunded Revolver Commitment shall be disregarded for purposes of calculating the unused line fee under Section 3.2.1.  If any LC Obligations owing to a Defaulting Lender are reallocated to other Lenders, fees attributable to such LC Obligations under Section 3.2.2 shall be paid to such Lenders.  Agent shall be paid all fees attributable to LC Obligations that are not reallocated.
 
4.2.3        Status; Cure.   Agent may determine in its Permitted Discretion that a Lender constitutes a Defaulting Lender and the effective date of such status shall be conclusive and binding on all parties, absent manifest error.  US Borrowers or UK Borrowers (as applicable), Agent and Issuing Bank may agree in writing that a US Lender or UK Lender (as applicable) has ceased to be a Defaulting Lender, whereupon Pro Rata shares shall be reallocated without exclusion of the reinstated Lender’s Revolver Commitments and Revolver Loans, and the Revolver Usage and other exposures under the Revolver Commitments shall be reallocated among the US Lenders or UK Lenders, as applicable, and settled by Agent (with appropriate payments by the reinstated Lender, including its payment of breakage costs for reallocated Interest Period Loans) in accordance with the readjusted Pro Rata shares.  Unless expressly agreed by US Borrowers or UK Borrowers (as applicable), Agent and Issuing Bank, or as expressly provided herein with respect to Bail-In Actions and related matters, no reallocation of Revolver Commitments and Revolver Loans to non-Defaulting Lenders or reinstatement of a Defaulting Lender shall constitute a waiver or release of claims against such Lender.  The failure of any Lender to fund a Revolver Loan, to make a payment in respect of LC Obligations or otherwise to perform obligations hereunder shall not relieve any other Lender of its obligations under any Loan Document.  No Lender shall be responsible for default by another Lender.
 
4.3         Number and Amount of Interest Period Loans; Determination of Rate.
 
4.3.1        Other than FILO Loans, each Borrowing of US LIBOR Loans when made shall be in a minimum amount of $1,000,000, plus an increment of $100,000 in excess thereof.   No more than 5 Borrowings of US LIBOR Loans may be outstanding at any time, and all US LIBOR Loans having the
 
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same length and beginning date of their Interest Periods shall be aggregated together and considered one Borrowing for this purpose.
 
4.3.2        Each Borrowing of UK LIBOR Loans when made shall be in a minimum amount of $1,000,000 (or its equivalent in another Available Currency), plus an increment of $1,000,000 (or its equivalent in another Available Currency) in excess thereof.   No more than 5 Borrowings of UK LIBOR Loans may be outstanding at any time, and all UK LIBOR Loans having the same length and beginning date of their Interest Periods shall be aggregated together and considered one Borrowing for this purpose.
 
4.3.3        Upon determining LIBOR, as applicable, for any Interest Period requested by Borrowers, Agent shall promptly notify such Borrowers thereof by telephone or electronically and, if requested by such Borrowers, shall confirm any telephonic notice in writing.
 
4.4        Borrower Agent.  Each Borrower hereby designates Voyetra (“US Borrower Agent”) as its representative and agent for all purposes under the Loan Documents, including requests for and receipt of Revolver Loans and Letters of Credit, designation of interest rates, delivery or receipt of communications, delivery of Borrower Materials, payment of Obligations, requests for waivers, amendments or other accommodations, actions under the Loan Documents (including in respect of compliance with covenants), and all other dealings with Agent, Issuing Bank or any Lender.  US Borrower Agent hereby accepts such appointment.  Agent and Lenders shall be entitled to rely upon, and shall be fully protected in relying upon, any notice or communication (including any notice of borrowing) delivered by US Borrower Agent on behalf of any US Borrower.  Agent and Lenders may give any notice or communication with a US Borrower hereunder to US Borrower Agent on behalf of such US Borrower.  Each of Agent, Issuing Bank and US Lenders shall have the right, in its discretion, to deal exclusively with US Borrower Agent for all purposes under the Loan Documents.  Each US Borrower agrees that any notice, election, communication, delivery, representation, agreement, action, omission or undertaking by US Borrower Agent shall be binding upon and enforceable against such Borrower.

4.5        One Obligation.
 
4.5.1        US Obligation. The US Revolver Loans, US LC Obligations and other US Obligations constitute one general obligation of US Borrowers and are secured by Agent’s Lien on all US Collateral; provided, that Agent and each US Lender shall be deemed to be a creditor of, and the holder of a separate claim against, each Borrower to the extent of any Obligations jointly or severally owed by such Borrower.
 
4.5.2        UK Obligation. The UK Revolver Loans, UK LC Obligations and other UK Obligations constitute one general obligation of UK Borrower and are secured by Agent’s Lien on all UK Collateral; provided, however, that Agent and each UK Lender shall be deemed to be a creditor of, and the holder of a separate claim against, UK Borrower to the extent of any UK Obligations jointly or severally owed by such Borrower.
 
4.6        Effect of Termination.  On the effective date of the termination of all Revolver Commitments, the Obligations shall be immediately due and payable, and each Secured Bank Product Provider may terminate its Bank Products.  Until Full Payment of the Obligations, all undertakings of Obligors contained in the Loan Documents shall continue, and Agent shall retain its Liens in the Collateral and all of its rights and remedies under the Loan Documents.  Agent shall not be required to terminate its Liens unless it receives Cash Collateral or a written agreement, in each case satisfactory to it, protecting Agent and Lenders from dishonor or return of any Payment Item previously applied to the Obligations.  Sections 2.3, 3.4, 3.7, 3.9, 5.5, 5.9, 5.10, 13, 15.2, this Section, and each indemnity or waiver given by an Obligor or Lender in any Loan Document, shall survive Full Payment of the Obligations.

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ARTICLE 5        PAYMENTS
 
5.1        General Payment Provisions.  All payments of US Obligations shall be made in Dollars and payments of UK Obligations shall be made in Sterling, Euros or Dollars, in each case, without offset, counterclaim or defense of any kind, free and clear of (and without deduction for) any Taxes, and in immediately available funds, not later than 12:00 noon (Applicable Time Zone) on the due date.  Any payment after such time shall be deemed made on the next Business Day.  Any payment of an Interest Period Loan prior to the end of its Interest Period shall be accompanied by all amounts due under Section 3.9.  US Borrowers and UK Borrowers, as applicable agree that Agent shall have the continuing, exclusive right to apply and reapply payments and proceeds of US Collateral or UK Collateral, as applicable, against the US Obligations or UK Obligations, as applicable, in such manner as Agent deems advisable, but whenever possible, any prepayment of Revolver Loans shall be applied first to Floating Rate Loans and then to Interest Period Loans.

5.2        Repayment of Revolver Loans.  Revolver Loans shall be due and payable in full on the Revolver Termination Date, unless payment is sooner required hereunder. Revolver Loans may be prepaid from time to time, without penalty or premium.  Subject to Section 2.1.6, if an Overadvance exists at any time, US Borrowers or UK Borrowers, as applicable shall, on the sooner of Agent’s demand or the first Business Day after any applicable Borrower has knowledge thereof, repay Revolver Loans in an amount sufficient to reduce US Revolver Usage to the US Borrowing Base or UK Revolver Usage to the UK Borrowing Base, as applicable. If any Asset Disposition includes the disposition of Accounts or Inventory, Borrowers shall apply Net Proceeds to repay Revolver Loans equal to the greater of (a) the net book value of such Accounts and Inventory, or (b) the reduction in Borrowing Base resulting from the disposition.  Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement, any payment in respect of US Revolver Loans shall be applied first to the US Revolver Loans that are not US FILO Loans until repaid in full, and then applied to US FILO Loans.

5.3        Mandatory Prepayments5.3.15.3.1
 
5.3.1      UK Obligors.  If any Asset Disposition  is consummated by any UK Obligor, such UK Obligor shall deliver the Net Proceeds of such Asset Disposition to Agent for application to the UK Obligations or Cash Collateralization of the UK Obligations, as determined by Agent.
 
5.3.2      US Obligors.  If any Asset Disposition is consummated by any US Obligor, such US Obligor shall deliver the Net Proceeds of such Asset Disposition to Agent for application to the Obligations or Cash Collateralization of the Obligations, as determined by Agent.
 
5.4        Payment of Other Obligations.  Obligations other than Revolver Loans, including LC Obligations and Extraordinary Expenses, shall be paid by the applicable Obligor as provided in the Loan Documents or, if no payment date is specified, on demand.

5.5        Marshaling; Payments Set Aside.  None of Agent or Lenders shall be under any obligation to marshal any assets in favor of any Obligor or against any Obligations.  If any payment by or on behalf of an Obligor is made to Agent, Issuing Bank or any Lender, or if Agent, Issuing Bank or any Lender exercises a right of setoff, and any of such payment or setoff is subsequently invalidated, declared to be fraudulent or preferential, set aside or required (including pursuant to any settlement entered into by Agent, Issuing Bank or a Lender in its discretion) to be repaid to a trustee, receiver or any other Person, then the Obligation originally intended to be satisfied, and all Liens, rights and remedies relating thereto, shall be revived and continued in full force and effect as if such payment or setoff had not occurred.

5.6        Application and Allocation of Payments.
 
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5.6.1        Application.  Payments made by Borrowers hereunder shall be applied (a) first, as specifically required hereby; (b) second, to Obligations then due and owing; (c) third, to other Obligations specified by Borrowers; and (d) fourth, as determined by Agent in its discretion.
 
5.6.2        Post-Default Allocation for US Obligations.  Notwithstanding anything in any Loan Document to the contrary, during an Event of Default under Section 12.1(j), or during any other Event of Default at the discretion of Agent or Required Lenders, monies to be applied to the US Obligations, whether arising from payments by US Obligors, realization on US Collateral, setoff or otherwise, shall be allocated as follows:
 
(a)        FIRST, to all fees, indemnification, costs and expenses, including Extraordinary Expenses, owing to Agent;
 
(b)        SECOND, to all other amounts owing to Agent, US Swingline Loans, US Protective Advances, and US Revolver Loans and participations in the foregoing that a Defaulting Lender has failed to settle or fund;
 
(c)        THIRD, to all amounts owing to Issuing Bank in respect of US LC Obligations;
 
(d)        FOURTH, to all US Obligations (other than Secured Bank Product Obligations) constituting fees, indemnification, costs or expenses owing to US Lenders;
 
(e)        FIFTH, to all US Obligations (other than Secured Bank Product Obligations) constituting interest;
 
(f)        SIXTH, to Cash Collateralize all US LC Obligations;
 
(g)        SEVENTH, to all US Revolver Loans, and to US Obligations consisting of Secured Bank Product Obligations arising under Hedging Agreements (including Cash Collateralization thereof) up to the amount of Reserves existing therefor;
 
(h)        EIGHTH, to all US Obligations consisting of Secured Bank Product Obligations; and
 
(i)         LAST, to all remaining US Obligations including Obligations of US Guarantors.
 
Amounts shall be applied to payment of each category of US Obligations only after Full Payment of amounts payable from time to time under all preceding categories.  If amounts are insufficient to satisfy a category, they shall be paid ratably among outstanding US Obligations in the category.  Monies and proceeds obtained from a US Obligor shall not be applied to its Excluded Swap Obligations, but appropriate adjustments shall be made with respect to amounts obtained from other US Obligors to preserve the allocations in each category.  Agent shall have no obligation to calculate the amount of any Secured Bank Product Obligation and may request a reasonably detailed calculation thereof from a Secured Bank Product Provider.  If the provider fails to deliver the calculation within five days following request, Agent may assume the amount is zero.  The allocations in this Section are solely to determine the priorities among US Secured Parties and may be changed by agreement of affected US Secured Parties, without the consent of any US Obligor.  This Section is not for the benefit of or enforceable by any US Obligor, and no Obligor has any right to direct the application of any payments or US Collateral proceeds subject to this Section.
 
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5.6.3       Post-Default Allocation for UK Obligations5.6.4        .  Notwithstanding anything in any Loan Document to the contrary, during an Event of Default, monies to be applied to the UK Obligations, whether arising from payments by UK Obligors, realization on UK Collateral, setoff or otherwise, shall be allocated as follows:
 
(a)        FIRST, to all fees, indemnification, costs and expenses, including Extraordinary Expenses, owing to Agent;
 
(b)        SECOND, to all amounts owing to Agent on UK Swingline Loans, UK Protective Advances, and UK Revolver Loans and participations in the foregoing that a Defaulting Lender has failed to settle or fund;
 
(c)        THIRD, to all amounts owing to Issuing Bank in respect of UK LC Obligations;
 
(d)        FOURTH, to all UK Obligations (other than Secured Bank Product Obligations) constituting fees, indemnification, costs or expenses owing to UK Lenders;
 
(e)        FIFTH, to all UK Obligations (other than Secured Bank Product Obligations) constituting interest;
 
(f)        SIXTH, to Cash Collateralize all UK LC Obligations;
 
(g)        SEVENTH, to all UK Revolver Loans, and to UK Obligations consisting of Secured Bank Product Obligations arising under Hedging Agreements (including Cash Collateralization thereof) up to the amount of Reserves existing therefor;
 
(h)        EIGHTH, to all other UK Obligations consisting of Secured Bank Product Obligations; and
 
(i)        LAST, to all remaining UK Obligations.
 
Amounts shall be applied to payment of each category of UK Obligations only after Full Payment of amounts payable from time to time under all preceding categories.  If amounts are insufficient to satisfy a category, they shall be paid ratably among outstanding UK Obligations in the category.  Monies and proceeds obtained from a UK Obligor shall not be applied to its Excluded Swap Obligations, but appropriate adjustments shall be made with respect to amounts obtained from other UK Obligors to preserve the allocations in any applicable category.  Agent shall have no obligation to calculate the amount of any Secured Bank Product Obligation and may request a reasonably detailed calculation thereof from a Secured Bank Product Provider.  If the provider fails to deliver the calculation within five days following request, Agent may assume the amount is zero.  The allocations set forth in this Section are solely to determine the rights and priorities among UK Secured Parties, and may be changed by agreement of the affected UK Secured Parties, without the consent of any UK Obligor.  This Section is not for the benefit of or enforceable by any UK Obligor, and UK Borrower irrevocably waives the right to direct the application of any payments or UK Collateral proceeds subject to this Section.
 
5.6.4       Erroneous Application5.6.5        .  Agent shall not be liable for any application of amounts made by it in good faith and, if any such application is subsequently determined to have been made in error, the sole recourse of any Lender or other Person to which such amount should have been paid shall be to recover the amount from the Person that actually received it (and, if such amount was received by a Secured Party, the Secured Party agrees to return it).
 
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5.7        Dominion Account.  The ledger balance in the main Dominion Account as of the end of a Business Day shall be applied to the applicable Obligations at the beginning of the next Business Day (with respect to the Obligations of US Borrowers, during any US Dominion Trigger Period and at such other times designated by Borrower Agent).  Any resulting credit balance shall not accrue interest in favor of Borrowers and shall be made available to Borrowers as long as no Default or Event of Default exists.

5.8        Account Stated.  Agent shall maintain, in accordance with its customary practices, loan account(s) evidencing the Debt of Borrowers hereunder.  Any failure of Agent to record anything in a loan account, or any error in doing so, shall not limit or otherwise affect the obligation of Borrowers to pay any amount owing hereunder.  Entries made in a loan account shall constitute presumptive evidence of the information contained therein.  If any information contained in a loan account is provided to or inspected by any Person, the information shall be conclusive and binding on such Person for all purposes absent manifest error, except to the extent such Person notifies Agent in writing within 30 days after receipt or inspection that specific information is subject to dispute.

5.9        Taxes.  For purposes of this Section 5.9, the term “Lender” includes any Issuing Bank and the term “Applicable Law” includes FATCA.

5.9.1        Payments Free of Taxes; Obligation to Withhold; Tax Payment.
 
(a)        Any and all payments by any Obligor or on account of any Obligation under any Loan Document shall be made without deduction or withholding for any Taxes, except as required by Applicable Law.  If Applicable Law (as determined by Agent in its good faith discretion) requires the deduction or withholding of any Tax from any such payment by Agent or an Obligor, then Agent or such Obligor shall be entitled to make such deduction or withholding based on information and documentation provided pursuant to Section 5.10.
 
(b)        If Agent or any Obligor is required by the Code to withhold or deduct Taxes, including backup withholding and withholding taxes, from any payment, then (i) Agent shall pay the full amount that it determines is to be withheld or deducted to the relevant Governmental Authority pursuant to the Code, and (ii) to the extent the withholding or deduction is made on account of Indemnified Taxes, the sum payable by the applicable Obligor shall be increased as necessary so that the Recipient receives an amount equal to the sum it would have received had no such withholding or deduction been made.
 
(c)        If Agent or any Obligor is required by any Applicable Law other than the Code to withhold or deduct Taxes from any payment, then (i) Agent or such Obligor, to the extent required by Applicable Law, shall timely pay the full amount to be withheld or deducted to the relevant Governmental Authority, and (ii) to the extent the withholding or deduction is made on account of Indemnified Taxes, the sum payable by the applicable Obligor shall be increased as necessary so that the Recipient receives an amount equal to the sum it would have received had no such withholding or deduction been made.
 
5.9.2        Payment of Other Taxes.  Each Obligor shall timely pay to the relevant Governmental Authority in accordance with Applicable Law, or at Agent’s option, timely reimburse Agent for payment of, any Other Taxes.
 
5.9.3        Tax Indemnification.
 
(a)        Each Obligor shall indemnify and hold harmless, on a joint and several basis, each Recipient against any Indemnified Taxes (including Indemnified Taxes imposed or asserted on or attributable to amounts payable under this Section) payable or paid by such Recipient or required to be withheld or deducted from a payment to such Recipient, and any penalties, interest and reasonable expenses arising therefrom or with respect thereto, whether or not such Indemnified Taxes were correctly or legally imposed or asserted by the relevant Governmental Authority.  Each Obligor shall indemnify and hold
 
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harmless Agent against any amount that a Lender or Issuing Bank fails for any reason to pay indefeasibly to Agent as required pursuant to this Section.  Each Obligor shall make payment within 10 days after demand for any amount or liability payable under this Section.  A certificate as to the amount of such payment or liability delivered to Obligors by a Lender or Issuing Bank (with a copy to Agent), or by Agent on its own behalf or on behalf of any Recipient, shall be conclusive absent manifest error.
 
(b)        Each Lender and Issuing Bank shall indemnify and hold harmless, on a several basis, (i) Agent against any Indemnified Taxes attributable to such Lender or Issuing Bank (but only to the extent Obligors have not already paid or reimbursed Agent therefor and without limiting Obligors’ obligation to do so), (ii) Agent and Obligors, as applicable, against any Taxes attributable to such Lender’s failure to maintain a Participant register as required hereunder, and (iii) Agent and Obligors, as applicable, against any Excluded Taxes attributable to such Lender or Issuing Bank, in each case, that are payable or paid by Agent or an Obligor in connection with any Obligations, and any reasonable expenses arising therefrom or with respect thereto, whether or not such Indemnified Taxes were correctly or legally imposed or asserted by the relevant Governmental Authority.  Each Lender and Issuing Bank shall make payment within 10 days after demand for any amount or liability payable under this Section.  A certificate as to the amount of such payment or liability delivered to any Lender or Issuing Bank by Agent shall be conclusive absent manifest error.
 
5.9.4        Evidence of Payments.   As soon as practicable after payment by an Obligor of any Taxes pursuant to this Section, US Borrower Agent shall deliver to Agent the original or a certified copy of a receipt issued by the appropriate Governmental Authority evidencing the payment, a copy of any return required by Applicable Law to report the payment or other evidence of payment reasonably satisfactory to Agent.
 
5.9.5        Treatment of Certain Refunds.  Unless required by Applicable Law, at no time shall Agent have any obligation to file for or otherwise pursue on behalf of a Lender or Issuing Bank, nor have any obligation to pay to any Lender or Issuing Bank, any refund of Taxes withheld or deducted from funds paid for the account of a Lender or Issuing Bank.  If a Recipient determines in its discretion that it has received a refund of Taxes that were indemnified by Borrowers or with respect to which a Borrower paid additional amounts pursuant to this Section, it shall pay the amount of such refund to Borrowers (but only to the extent of indemnity payments or additional amounts actually paid by Borrowers with respect to the Taxes giving rise to such refund), net of all out-of-pocket expenses (including Taxes) incurred by such Recipient, and without interest (other than interest paid by the relevant Governmental Authority with respect to the refund).  Borrowers shall, upon request by the Recipient, repay to the Recipient such amount paid over to Borrowers (plus any penalties, interest or other charges imposed by the relevant Governmental Authority) if the Recipient is required to repay such refund to the Governmental Authority, but only to the extent that such amount would constitute an Indemnified Tax payable to such Recipient pursuant to Section 5.9.3.  Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, no Recipient shall be required to pay any amount to Borrowers if such payment would place it in a less favorable net after-Tax position than it would have been in if the Tax subject to indemnification and giving rise to such refund had not been deducted, withheld or otherwise imposed and the indemnification payments or additional amounts with respect to such Tax had never been paid.  In no event shall Agent or any Recipient be required to make its tax returns (or any other information relating to its taxes that it deems confidential) available to any Obligor or other Person.
 
5.9.6        Survival.  Each party’s obligations under Sections 5.9 and 5.10 shall survive the resignation or replacement of Agent or any assignment of rights by or replacement of a Lender or Issuing Bank, the termination of the Revolver Commitments, and the repayment, satisfaction, discharge or Full Payment of any Obligations.
 
5.10        Lender Tax Information.
 
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5.10.1        Status of Lenders.  Any Lender that is entitled to an exemption from or reduction of withholding Tax with respect to payments made under any Loan Document shall deliver to Borrowers and Agent, at the time or times reasonably requested by the Borrowers or Agent, such properly completed and executed documentation reasonably requested by Borrowers or Agent as will permit such payments to be made without withholding or at a reduced rate of withholding.  In addition, any Lender, if reasonably requested by Borrowers or Agent, shall deliver such other documentation prescribed by Applicable Law or reasonably requested by Borrowers or Agent to enable them to determine whether such Lender is subject to backup withholding or information reporting requirements.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, such documentation (other than documentation described in Sections 5.10.2(a), (b) and (d)) shall not be required if a Lender reasonably believes delivery of the documentation would subject it to any material unreimbursed cost or expense or would materially prejudice its legal or commercial position.
 
5.10.2        Documentation.  Without limiting the foregoing, if any Borrower is a US Person,
 
(a)        Any Lender that is a US Person shall deliver to Borrowers and Agent on or prior to the date on which such Lender becomes a Lender hereunder (and from time to time thereafter upon reasonable request of Borrowers or Agent), executed copies of IRS Form W-9, certifying that such Lender is exempt from US federal backup withholding Tax;
 
(b)        Any Foreign Lender shall, to the extent it is legally entitled to do so, deliver to Borrowers and Agent (in such number of copies as shall be requested by the recipient) on or prior to the date on which such Foreign Lender becomes a Lender hereunder (and from time to time thereafter upon reasonable request of Borrowers or Agent), whichever of the following is applicable:
 
(i)         in the case of a Foreign Lender claiming the benefits of an income tax treaty to which the United States is a party, (x) with respect to payments of interest under any Loan Document, executed copies of IRS Form W-8BEN or W-8BEN-E establishing an exemption from or reduction of US federal withholding Tax pursuant to the “interest” article of such tax treaty, and (y) with respect to other payments under the Loan Documents, IRS Form W-8BEN or W-8BEN-E establishing an exemption from or reduction of US federal withholding Tax pursuant to the “business profits” or “other income” article of such tax treaty;
 
(ii)         executed copies of IRS Form W-8ECI;
 
(iii)        in the case of a Foreign Lender claiming the benefits of the exemption for portfolio interest under Section 881(c) of the Code, (x) a certificate in form satisfactory to Agent to the effect that such Foreign Lender is not a “bank” within the meaning of Section 881(c)(3)(A) of the Code, a “10 percent shareholder” of a Borrower within the meaning of Section 881(c)(3)(B) of the Code, or a “controlled foreign corporation” described in Section 881(c)(3)(C) of the Code (“US Tax Compliance Certificate”), and (y) executed copies of IRS Form W-8BEN or W-8BEN-E; or
 
(iv)        to the extent a Foreign Lender is not the beneficial owner, executed copies of IRS Form W-8IMY, accompanied by IRS Form W-8ECI, IRS Form W-8BENE, IRS Form W-8BEN-E, a US Tax Compliance Certificate in form satisfactory to Agent, IRS Form W-9, and/or other certification documents from each beneficial owner, as applicable; provided that if the Foreign Lender is a partnership and one or more of its direct or indirect partners is claiming the portfolio interest exemption, such Foreign Lender may provide a US Tax Compliance Certificate on behalf of each such partner;
 
(c)        any Foreign Lender shall, to the extent it is legally entitled to do so, deliver to Borrowers and Agent (in such number of copies as shall be requested by the recipient) on or prior to the date on which such Foreign Lender becomes a Lender hereunder (and from time to time thereafter upon reasonable request), executed copies of any other form prescribed by Applicable Law as a basis for claiming
 
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exemption from or a reduction in US federal withholding Tax, duly completed, together with such supplementary documentation as may be prescribed by Applicable Law to permit Borrowers or Agent to determine the withholding or deduction required to be made; and
 
(d)        if payment made to a Lender under any Loan Document would be subject to US federal withholding Tax imposed by FATCA if such Lender were to fail to comply with the applicable reporting requirements of FATCA (including those contained in Section 1471(b) or 1472(b) of the Code), such Lender shall deliver to Borrowers and Agent at the time(s) prescribed by law and otherwise upon reasonable request, such documentation prescribed by Applicable Law (including Section 1471(b)(3)(C)(i) of the Code) and such additional documentation as may be appropriate for Borrowers or Agent as may be necessary for them to comply with their obligations under FATCA and to determine that such Lender has complied with its obligations under FATCA or to determine the amount to deduct and withhold from such payment.  Solely for purposes of this clause (d), “FATCA” shall include any amendments made to FATCA after the date hereof.
 
5.10.3        Redelivery of Documentation.  If any form or certification previously delivered by a Lender pursuant to this Section expires or becomes obsolete or inaccurate in any respect, such Lender shall promptly update the form or certification or notify Borrowers and Agent in writing of its inability to do so.
 
5.11        Nature and Extent of Each US Borrower’s Liability.
 
5.11.1        Joint and Several Liability.  Each US Borrower agrees that it is jointly and severally liable for, and absolutely and unconditionally guarantees to Agent and US Lenders the prompt payment and performance of, all US Obligations, except its Excluded Swap Obligations.  Each US Borrower agrees that its guaranty obligations hereunder constitute a continuing guaranty of payment and not of collection, that such obligations shall not be discharged until Full Payment of the US Obligations, and that such obligations are absolute and unconditional, irrespective of (a) the genuineness, validity, regularity, enforceability, subordination or any future modification of, or change in, any US Obligations or Loan Document, or any other document, instrument or agreement to which any US Obligor is or may become a party or be bound; (b) the absence of any action to enforce this Agreement (including this Section) or any other Loan Document, or any waiver, consent or indulgence of any kind by Agent or any Lender with respect thereto; (c) the existence, value or condition of, or failure to perfect a Lien or to preserve rights against, any security or guaranty for any US Obligations or any action, or the absence of any action, by Agent or any Lender in respect thereof (including the release of any security or guaranty); (d) the insolvency of any US Obligor; (e) any election by Agent or any Lender in an Insolvency Proceeding for the application of Section 1111(b)(2) of the Bankruptcy Code; (f) any borrowing or grant of a Lien by any other Borrower, as debtor-in-possession under Section 364 of the Bankruptcy Code or otherwise; (g) the disallowance of any claims of Agent or any Lender against any US Obligor for the repayment of any Obligations under Section 502 of the Bankruptcy Code or otherwise; or (h) any other action or circumstances that might otherwise constitute a legal or equitable discharge or defense of a surety or guarantor, except Full Payment of the US Obligations.
 
5.11.2        Waivers.
 
(a)        Each US Borrower expressly waives all rights that it may have now or in the future under any statute, at common law, in equity or otherwise, to compel Agent or US Lenders to marshal assets or to proceed against any US Obligor, other Person or security for the payment or performance of any US Obligations before, or as a condition to, proceeding against such US Borrower.  Each US Borrower waives all defenses available to a surety, guarantor or accommodation co-obligor other than Full Payment of US Obligations and waives, to the maximum extent permitted by law, any right to revoke any guaranty of US Obligations as long as it is a US Borrower.  It is agreed among each US
 
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Borrower, Agent and US Lenders that the provisions of this Section 5.11 are of the essence of the transaction contemplated by the Loan Documents and that, but for such provisions, Agent and US Lenders would decline to make US Revolver Loans and issue US Letters of Credit.  Each US Borrower acknowledges that its guaranty pursuant to this Section is necessary to the conduct and promotion of its business, and can be expected to benefit such business.
 
(b)        Agent and US Lenders may, in their discretion, pursue such rights and remedies as they deem appropriate, including realization upon US Collateral or any Real Estate by judicial foreclosure or nonjudicial sale or enforcement, to the extent permitted under Applicable Law, without affecting any rights and remedies under this Section 5.11.  If, in taking any action in connection with the exercise of any rights or remedies, Agent or any US Lender shall forfeit any other rights or remedies, including the right to enter a deficiency judgment against any US Borrower or other Person, whether because of any Applicable Laws pertaining to “election of remedies” or otherwise, each US Borrower consents to such action and, to the extent permitted under Applicable Law, waives any claim based upon it, even if the action may result in loss of any rights of subrogation that any US Borrower might otherwise have had.  To the extent permitted under Applicable Law, any election of remedies that results in denial or impairment of the right of Agent or any US Lender to seek a deficiency judgment against any US Borrower shall not impair any other US Borrower’s obligation to pay the full amount of the US Obligations.  To the extent permitted under Applicable Law, each US Borrower waives all rights and defenses arising out of an election of remedies, such as nonjudicial foreclosure with respect to any security for US Obligations, even though that election of remedies destroys such US Borrower’s rights of subrogation against any other Person.  To the extent permitted under Applicable Law, Agent may bid US Obligations, in whole or part, at any foreclosure, trustee or other sale, including any private sale, and the amount of such bid need not be paid by Agent but shall be credited against the US Obligations.  To the extent permitted under Applicable Law, the amount of the successful bid at any such sale, whether Agent or any other Person is the successful bidder, shall be conclusively deemed to be the fair market value of the US Collateral, and the difference between such bid amount and the remaining balance of the US Obligations shall be conclusively deemed to be the amount of the US Obligations guaranteed under this Section 5.11, notwithstanding that any present or future law or court decision may have the effect of reducing the amount of any deficiency claim to which Agent or any US Lender might otherwise be entitled but for such bidding at any such sale.
 
5.11.3        Extent of Liability; Contribution.
 
(a)        Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, each US Borrower’s liability under this Section 5.11 shall not exceed the greater of (i) all amounts for which such US Borrower is primarily liable, as described in clause (e) below, and (ii) such US Borrower’s Allocable Amount.
 
(b)        If any US Borrower makes a payment under this Section 5.11 of any US Obligations (other than amounts for which such US Borrower is primarily liable) (a “US Guarantor Payment”) that, taking into account all other US Guarantor Payments previously or concurrently made by any other US Borrower, exceeds the amount that such US Borrower would otherwise have paid if each US Borrower had paid the aggregate US Obligations satisfied by such US Guarantor Payments in the same proportion that such US Borrower’s Allocable Amount bore to the total Allocable Amounts of all US Borrowers, then such US Borrower shall be entitled to receive contribution and indemnification payments from, and to be reimbursed by, each other US Borrower for the amount of such excess, ratably based on their respective Allocable Amounts in effect immediately prior to such US Guarantor Payment.  The “Allocable Amount” for any US Borrower shall be the maximum amount that could then be recovered from such US Borrower under this Section 5.11 without rendering such payment voidable under Section 548 of the Bankruptcy Code or under any applicable state fraudulent transfer or conveyance act, or similar statute or common law.
 
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(c)        Sections 5.11.3(a) and 5.11.3(b) shall not limit the liability of any Borrower to pay or guarantee Revolver Loans made directly or indirectly to it (including Revolver Loans advanced hereunder to any other Person and then re-loaned or otherwise transferred to, or for the benefit of, such Borrower), LC Obligations relating to Letters of Credit issued to support its business, Secured Bank Product Obligations incurred to support its business, and all accrued interest, fees, expenses and other related Obligations with respect thereto, for which such Borrower shall be primarily liable for all purposes hereunder.  Agent and Revolver Lenders shall have the right, at any time in their discretion, to condition Revolver Loans and Letters of Credit upon a separate calculation of borrowing availability for each Borrower and to restrict the disbursement and use of Loans and Letters of Credit to a Borrower based on that calculation.
 
(d)        Each Obligor that is a Qualified ECP when its guaranty of or grant of Lien as security for a Swap Obligation becomes effective hereby jointly and severally, absolutely, unconditionally and irrevocably undertakes to provide funds or other support to each Specified Obligor with respect to such Swap Obligation as may be needed by such Specified Obligor from time to time to honor all of its obligations under the Loan Documents in respect of such Swap Obligation (but, in each case, only up to the maximum amount of such liability that can be hereby incurred without rendering such Qualified ECP’s obligations and undertakings under this Section 5.11 voidable under any applicable fraudulent transfer or conveyance act).  The obligations and undertakings of each Qualified ECP under this Section shall remain in full force and effect until Full Payment of all Obligations.  Each Obligor intends this Section to constitute, and this Section shall be deemed to constitute, a guarantee of the obligations of, and a “keepwell, support or other agreement” for the benefit of, each Obligor for all purposes of the Commodity Exchange Act.
 
5.11.4        Joint Enterprise.  Each US Borrower has requested that Agent and US Lenders make this credit facility available to US Borrowers on a combined basis, in order to finance US Borrowers’ business most efficiently and economically.  US Borrowers’ business is a mutual and collective enterprise, and the successful operation of each US Borrower is dependent upon the successful performance of the integrated group.  US Borrowers believe that consolidation of their credit facility will enhance the borrowing power of each US Borrower and ease administration of the facility, all to their mutual advantage.  US Borrowers acknowledge that Agent’s and Lenders’ willingness to extend credit and to administer the Collateral on a combined basis hereunder is done solely as an accommodation to US Borrowers and at US Borrowers’ request.
 
5.11.5        Subordination.  Each Borrower hereby subordinates any claims, including any rights at law or in equity to payment, subrogation, reimbursement, exoneration, contribution, indemnification or set off, that it may have at any time against any other Obligor, howsoever arising, to the Full Payment of its Obligations.
 
5.12        United Kingdom Tax Matters.
 
(a)        The provisions of this Section 5.12 shall only apply in respect of any UK Borrower (a “Relevant Borrower”), and in respect of any such UKRelevant Borrower the provisions of Sections 5.9, 5.10 and 5.11 shall not apply.
 
(b)        Tax gross-up.
 
(i)        Each Relevant Borrower shall make all payments to be made by it under any Loan Document without any Tax Deduction unless a Tax Deduction is required by law.
 
(ii)        A Relevant Borrower shall, promptly upon becoming aware that it must make a Tax Deduction (or that there is any change in the rate or the basis of a Tax Deduction) notify
 
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Agent accordingly.  Similarly, a Lender shall promptly notify Agent on becoming so aware in respect of a payment payable to that Lender.  If Agent receives such notification from a Lender it shall notify the Relevant Borrower.
 
(iii)         If a Tax Deduction is required by law to be made by a Relevant Borrower, the amount of the payment due from that Relevant Borrower shall be increased to an amount which (after making any Tax Deduction) leaves an amount equal to the payment which would have been due if no Tax Deduction had been required.
 
(iv)        A payment shall not be increased under clause (iii) above by reason of a Tax Deduction on account of Taxes imposed by the United Kingdom if, on the date on which the payment falls due:
 
(1) (1) the payment could have been made to the relevant Lender without a Tax Deduction if the Lender had been a Qualifying Lender, but on that date that Lender is not or has ceased to be a Qualifying Lender other than as a result of any change after the date it became a Lender under this Agreement in (or in the interpretation, administration, or application of) any law or Treaty or any published practice or published concession of any relevant taxing authority; or
 
(2) (2) the relevant Lender is a Qualifying Lender solely by virtue of clause (a)(ii) of the definition of Qualifying Lender, and:
 
a.        an officer of H.M. Revenue & Customs has given (and not revoked) a direction (a “Direction”) under section 931 of the ITA which relates to the payment and that Lender has received from the Relevant Borrower making the payment a certified copy of that Direction; and
 
b.        the payment could have been made to the Lender without any Tax Deduction if that Direction had not been made; or
 
(3) (3) the relevant Lender is a Qualifying Lender solely by virtue of clause (a)(ii) of the definition of Qualifying Lender and:
 
c.         the relevant Lender has not given a Tax Confirmation to the Relevant Borrower; and
 
d.        the payment could have been made to the Lender without any Tax Deduction if the Lender had given a Tax Confirmation to the Relevant Borrower, on the basis that the Tax Confirmation would have enabled the Relevant Borrower to have formed a reasonable belief that the payment was an “excepted payment” for the purpose of section 930 of the ITA; or
 
(4) (4) the relevant Lender is a Treaty Lender and the Relevant Borrower making the payment is able to demonstrate that the payment could have been made to the Lender without the Tax Deduction had that Lender complied with its obligations under clause (vii) below.
 
(v)        If a Relevant Borrower is required to make a Tax Deduction, that Relevant Borrower shall make that Tax Deduction and any payment required in connection with that Tax Deduction within the time allowed and in the minimum amount required by law.
 
(vi)        Within thirty days of making either a Tax Deduction or any payment required in connection with that Tax Deduction, the Relevant Borrower making that Tax Deduction shall deliver to Agent for the benefit of the Lender entitled to the payment a statement under
 
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section 975 of the ITA or other evidence reasonably satisfactory to that Lender that the Tax Deduction has been made or (as applicable) any appropriate payment paid to the relevant taxing authority.
 
(vii)        A Treaty Lender and each Relevant Borrower which makes a payment to which that Treaty Lender is entitled shall co-operate in completing any procedural formalities necessary for that Relevant Borrower to obtain authorization to make that payment without a Tax Deduction.
 
(viii)        Nothing in clause (b)(vii) above shall require a Treaty Lender to:
 
(1)        register under the HMRC DT Treaty Passport scheme;
 
(2)        apply the HMRC DT Treaty Passport scheme to any advance if it has so registered; or
 
(3)        file Treaty forms if it has included an indication to the effect that it wishes the HMRC DT Treaty Passport Scheme to apply to this Agreement in accordance with clause (b)(xi) or clause (f)(i) and the Relevant Borrower making that payment has not complied with its obligations under clause (b)(xii) or clause (f)(ii).
 
(ix)        A UK Non-Bank Lender which becomes a party on the day on which this Agreement is entered into gives a Tax Confirmation to the UK Borrower by entering into this Agreement.
 
(x)        A UK Non-Bank Lender shall promptly notify the Relevant Borrower and Agent if there is any change in the position from that set out in the Tax Confirmation.
 
(xi)        A Treaty Lender which becomes a party on the day on which this Agreement is entered into that holds a passport under the HMRC DT Treaty Passport scheme, and which wishes that scheme to apply to this Agreement, shall include an indication to that effect (for the benefit of the Agent and without liability to any Relevant Borrower) by notifying the UK Borrower of its scheme reference number and its jurisdiction of tax residence.
 
(xii)        Where a Lender notifies the UK Borrower as described in clause (b)(xi) above each Relevant Borrower shall file a duly completed form DTTP2 in respect of such Lender with HM Revenue & Customs within 30 days of the date of this Agreement and shall promptly provide the Lender with a copy of that filing.
 
(xiii)        If clause (b)(xii) above applies but:
 
(1)        that UK Borrower’s form DTTP2 has been rejected by HM Revenue & Customs; or
 
(2)        HM Revenue & Customs has not given the UK Borrower authority to make payments to that Lender without a Tax Deduction within 60 days of the date of the UK Borrower’s filing, and in each case, the UK Borrower has notified that Lender in writing, that Lender and the UK Borrower shall co-operate in completing any additional procedural formalities necessary for that UK Borrower to obtain authorisation to make that payment without a Tax Deduction.
 
(xiv)        If a Lender has not included an indication to the effect that it wishes the HMRC DT Treaty Passport scheme to apply to this Agreement in accordance with clause (b)(xi) or clause (f)(i) (HMRC DT Treaty Passport scheme confirmation), no Relevant Borrower shall file any
 
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form relating to the HMRC DT Treaty Passport scheme in respect of that Lender’s advance or its participation in any advance.
 
(c)        Tax indemnity.
 
(i)        The UK Borrower shall (within three Business Days of demand by the Agent) pay to a Lender an amount equal to the loss, liability or cost which that Lender determines will be or has been (directly or indirectly) suffered for or on account of Taxes by that Lender in respect of a Loan Document.
 
(ii)        Clause (c)(i) above shall not apply:
 
(1)         with respect to any Taxes assessed on a Lender
 
a.        under the law of the jurisdiction in which such Lender is incorporated or, if different, the jurisdiction (or jurisdictions) in which such Lender is treated as resident for tax purposes; or
 
b.        under the law of the jurisdiction in which such Lender’s Facility Office is located in respect of amounts received or receivable in such jurisdiction, if such Taxes are imposed on or calculated by reference to the net income received or receivable (but not any sum deemed to be received or receivable) by such Lender; or
 
(2)         to the extent a loss, liability or cost:
 
a.        is compensated for by an increased payment under Section 5.12(b)(iii); or
 
b.        would have been compensated for by an increased payment under Section 5.12 (b)(iii) but was not so compensated solely because one of the exclusions in Section 5.12 (b)(iv) applied;
 
c.        c.        relates to US federal withholding Taxes imposed under FATCA; or
 
d.        d.        is suffered or incurred in respect of the bank levy imposed by the United Kingdom government as enacted by section 73 of, and schedule 19 to, the Finance Act 2011; or any other levy or Tax of a similar nature which is imposed by reference to the assets and/or liabilities of any financial institution or other entity carrying out financial transactions in any jurisdiction and which has been publicly announced or and is in force at the date of this agreement,
 
(iii)        A Lender making, or intending to make a claim under Section 5.12 (c)(i) shall promptly notify Agent of the event which will give, or has given, rise to the claim, following which Agent shall notify the UK Borrower.
 
(iv)        A Lender shall, on receiving a payment from the UK Borrower under this clause (c), notify Agent.
 
(d)        Tax Credit.  If a Relevant Borrower makes a Tax Payment and the relevant Lender determines that:
 
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(i)           a Tax Credit is attributable either to an increased payment of which that Tax Payment forms part, or to that Tax Payment or to a Tax Deduction in consequence of which that Tax Payment was required; and
 
(ii)         such Lender has obtained, utilized and retained that Tax Credit, such Lender shall pay an amount to the Relevant Borrower which such Lender determines will leave it (after that payment) in the same after-Tax position as it would have been in had the Tax Payment not been required to be made by the Relevant Borrower.
 
(e)        Lender Status Confirmation. Each Lender which becomes a party to this Agreement after the date of this Agreement (“New Lender”) shall indicate, in the Assignment and Acceptance Agreement which it executes on becoming a party, and for the benefit of Agent and without liability to any Relevant Borrower, which of the following categories it falls within:
 
(i)           not a Qualifying Lender;
 
(ii)          a Qualifying Lender (other than a Treaty Lender); or
 
(iii)        a Treaty Lender.
 
(f)        If a New Lender fails to indicate its status in accordance with this Section 5.12(ef), then such New Lender or Lenders (as appropriate) shall be treated for the purposes of this Agreement (including by each Relevant Borrower) as if it is not a Qualifying Lender until such time as it notifies Agent which category of Qualifying Lender applies (and Agent, upon receipt of such notification, shall inform the Relevant Borrower).  For the avoidance of doubt, an Assignment and Acceptance shall not be invalidated by any failure of a New Lender to comply with this Section 5.12.
 
(g)        HMRC DT Treaty Passport Scheme Confirmation.
 
(i)        A New Lender that is a Treaty Lender that holds a passport under the HMRC DT Treaty Passport scheme, and which wishes that scheme to apply to this Agreement, shall include an indication to that effect (for the benefit of the Agent and without liability to any Relevant Borrower) in the Assignment and Acceptance which it executes by including its scheme reference number and its jurisdiction of tax residence in that Assignment and Acceptance.
 
(ii)        Where an Assignment and Acceptance includes the indication described in clause (fg)(i) above in the relevant Assignment and Acceptance each Relevant Borrower which is a Party as a Borrower as at the date that the relevant Assignment and Acceptance Agreement is executed (the “Transfer Date”) shall file a duly completed form DTTP2 in respect of such Lender with HM Revenue & Customs within 30 days of that Transfer Date and shall promptly provide the Lender with a copy of that filing.
 
(iii)        If clause (fg)(ii) above applies but:
 
(1)        that UK Borrower’s form DTTP2 has been rejected by HM Revenue & Customs; or
 
(2)        HM Revenue & Customs has not given the UK Borrower authority to make payments to that Lender without a Tax Deduction within 60 days of the date of the UK Borrower’s filing,
 
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and in each case, the UK Borrower has notified that Lender in writing, that Lender and the UK Borrower shall co-operate in completing any additional procedural formalities necessary for that UK Borrower to obtain authorisation to make that payment without a Tax Deduction.
 
(h)        Stamp Taxes. The Relevant Borrower shall pay and, within three Business Days of demand, indemnify each Lender against any cost, loss or liability that Lender incurs in relation to all stamp duty, registration and other similar Taxes payable in respect of any Loan Document.
 
(i)        Value Added Tax.
 
(i)        All amounts set out or expressed in a Loan Document to be payable by any party to any Lender which (in whole or in part) constitute the consideration for a supply or supplies for VAT purposes shall be deemed to be exclusive of any VAT which is chargeable on such supply or supplies, and accordingly, subject to clause (ii) below, if VAT is or becomes chargeable on any supply made by any Lender to any party under a Loan Document, that party shall pay to the Lender (in addition to and at the same time as paying any other consideration for such supply) an amount equal to the amount of such VAT (and such Lender shall promptly provide an appropriate VAT invoice to such party).
 
(ii)        If VAT is or becomes chargeable on any supply made by any Lender (the “Supplier”) to any other Lender (the “Recipient”) under a Loan Document, and any party other than the Recipient (the “Subject Party”) is required by the terms of any Loan Document to pay an amount equal to the consideration for such supply to the Supplier (rather than being required to reimburse the Recipient in respect of that consideration), such Party shall also pay to the Supplier (in addition to and at the same time as paying such amount) an amount equal to the amount of such VAT.  The Recipient will promptly pay to the Subject Party an amount equal to any credit or repayment obtained by the Recipient from the relevant tax authority which the Recipient reasonably determines is in respect of such VAT.
 
(iii)        Where a Loan Document requires any party to reimburse or indemnify a Lender for any cost or expense, that party shall reimburse or indemnify (as the case may be) such Lender for the full amount of such cost or expense, including such part thereof as represents VAT, save to the extent that such Lender reasonably determines that it is entitled to credit or repayment in respect of such VAT from the relevant tax authority.
 
(iv)        Any reference in this Section 5.12(hi) to any party shall, at any time when such party is treated as a member of a group for VAT purposes, include (where appropriate and unless the context otherwise requires) a reference to the representative member of such group at such time (the term “representative member” to have the same meaning as in the United Kingdom Value Added Tax Act 1994).
 
(v)        Except as otherwise expressly provided in Section 5.12(hi), a reference to “determines” or “determined” in connection with tax provisions contained in Section 5.12(hi) means a determination made in the absolute discretion of the person making the determination.
 
ARTICLE 6        CONDITIONS PRECEDENT
 
6.1        Conditions Precedent to Initial Revolver Loans.  In addition to the conditions set forth in Section 6.2, each Lender shall not be required to fund any requested Revolver Loan, issue any Letters of Credit, or otherwise extend credit to any Borrower hereunder, until the date (“Restatement Effective Date”) that each of the following conditions has been satisfied:

(a)        Each Loan Document required to be executed on the First Restatement Effective Date to which any Obligor is a party shall have been duly executed and delivered to Agent by each of the signatories thereto, and each Obligor shall be in compliance with all terms thereof.
 
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(b)        Agent shall have received acknowledgments of all filings or recordations necessary to perfect its Liens in the Collateral, as well as UCC and Lien searches and other evidence satisfactory to Agent that such Liens are the only Liens upon the Collateral, except Permitted Liens.
 
(c)        Agent shall have received certificates, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to it, from a knowledgeable Senior Officer of Parent certifying that, after giving effect to the First Restatement Effective Date, (i) the Obligors and their Subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, are Solvent; (ii) no Default or Event of Default exists; (iii) the representations and warranties set forth in Section 9 are true and correct in all material respects on and as of such date, except to the extent that such representations and warranties expressly relate to an earlier date, in which case such representations shall have been true and correct in all material respects as of such earlier date; (iv) each Borrower has complied with all agreements and conditions to be satisfied by it on the First Restatement Effective date under the Loan Documents to which such Borrower is a party; (v) certifying that, either (x) the execution, delivery and performance by each Obligor and/or the validity against each Obligor of the Loan Documents to which it is a party, and such consents, licenses and approvals shall be in full force and effect or (y) stating that no such consent, licenses or approvals are so required; and (vi) certifying that the conditions set forth in this Section 6.1 are satisfied.
 
(d)        Agent shall have received a certificate of a duly authorized officer of each Obligor (or a director in the case of a UK Borrower), certifying (i) that attached copies of such Obligor’s Organic Documents are true and complete, and in full force and effect, without amendment except as shown; (ii) that an attached copy of resolutions (ofor, in the case of a UK Borrower, its board of directors and all the holders of its Equity Interests) authorizing execution and delivery of the Loan Documents to which it is a party is true and complete, and that such resolutions are in full force and effect, were duly adopted, have not been amended, modified or revoked, and constitute all resolutions adopted with respect to this credit facility; and (iii) to the title, name and signature of each Person authorized to sign the applicable Loan Documents.  Agent may conclusively rely on this certificate until it is otherwise notified by the applicable Obligor in writing.
 
(e)        Agent shall have received a written opinion in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Agent from (i) Dechert LLP, principal legal counsel to the Obligors, (ii) Snell & Wilmer, Nevada counsel to the Obligors, and (iii) Norton Rose Fulbright LLP, legal counsel to the Agent and Lenders as to English law.
 
(f)         Agent shall have received copies of the charter documents of each Obligor, certified by the Secretary of State or other appropriate official of such Obligor’s jurisdiction of organization (where applicable).  Agent shall have received good standing certificates (to the extent such concept exists and is applicable under the requirements of Applicable Law of the relevant jurisdiction) for each Obligor other than UK Borrower, issued by the Secretary of State or other appropriate official of such Obligor’s jurisdiction of organization and each jurisdiction where such Obligor’s conduct of business or ownership of Property necessitates qualification.
 
(g)         [Reserved].]
 
(h)         [Reserved.]
 
(i)          If necessary, Agent shall have received a power of attorney authorizing attorneys to execute any Loan Documents on behalf of UK Borrower.
 
(j)         (i) US Borrowers shall have paid all fees and expenses to be paid to Agent and US Lenders on the First Restatement Effective Date; and (ii) UK Borrower shall have paid all fees and expenses to be paid to Agent and UK Lenders on the First Restatement Effective Date.
 
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(k)         [Reserved.]
 
(l)          [Reserved.]
 
(m)        [Reserved.]
 
(n)        Agent shall have received Borrowing Base Reports, each prepared as of February 23, 2018.  Upon giving effect to the initial funding of Revolver Loans and issuance of Letters of Credit, and the payment by Borrowers of all fees and expenses incurred in connection herewith as well as any payables stretched beyond their customary payment practices, Availability shall be at least $10,000,000.
 
6.2        Conditions Precedent to All Credit Extensions.  Agent, Issuing Bank and Lenders shall in no event be required to make any credit extension hereunder (including funding any Revolver Loan, arranging any Letter of Credit, or granting any other accommodation to or for the benefit of any Borrower), if the following conditions are not satisfied on such date and upon giving effect thereto:

(a)        No Default or Event of Default exists;
 
(b)        The representations and warranties of each Obligor in the Loan Documents are true and correct in all material respects (except for representations and warranties that expressly relate to an earlier date);
 
(c)        All conditions precedent in any Loan Document are satisfied; and
 
(d)        With respect to a Letter of Credit issuance, all LC Conditions are satisfied.
 
Each request (or deemed request) by a Borrower for any credit extension shall constitute a representation by Borrowers that the foregoing conditions are satisfied on the date of such request and on the date of the credit extension. As an additional condition to a credit extension, Agent may request any other information, certification, document, instrument or agreement as it reasonably deems appropriate in its Permitted Discretion.
 
6.3        Post-RestatementSecond Amendment Effective Date Conditions.  Borrowers shall satisfy each of the conditions set forth in Schedule 6.3 within the applicable time periods.

ARTICLE 7        COLLATERAL
 
7.1        Grant of Security Interest in US Collateral.  To secure the prompt payment and performance of all US Obligations, each US Obligor hereby (I) ratifies, restates and confirms the continuing security interest granted in favor of the Agent, for the benefit of the Secured Parties pursuant to the Existing ABL Revolver Loan Agreement and (II) grants to Agent, for the benefit of the Secured Parties, a continuing security interest in and Lien upon all Property of such US Obligor, including all of the following Property, whether now owned or hereafter acquired, and wherever located:
(a)        all Accounts;
 
(b)        all Chattel Paper, including electronic chattel paper;
 
(c)        all Commercial Tort Claims, including those shown on Schedule 9.1.16;
 
(d)        all Deposit Accounts;
 
(e)        all Documents;
 
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(f)        all General Intangibles, including Intellectual Property (except any “intent to use” trademark or service mark applications for which a statement of use or amendment to allege use has not been filed and accepted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (but only until such statement of use or amendment to allege use is filed and accepted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office));
 
(g)        all Goods, including Inventory, Equipment and fixtures;
 
(h)        all Instruments;
 
(i)        all Investment Property;
 
(j)        all Letter-of-Credit Rights;
 
(k)        all Supporting Obligations;
 
(l)        all monies, whether or not in the possession or under the control of Agent, a Lender, or a bailee or Affiliate of Agent or a US Lender, including any Cash Collateral;
 
(m)        all accessions to, substitutions for, and all replacements, products, and cash and non-cash proceeds of the foregoing, including proceeds of and unearned premiums with respect to insurance policies, and claims against any Person for loss, damage or destruction of any US Collateral; and
 
(n)        all books and records (including customer lists, files, correspondence, tapes, computer programs, print-outs and computer records) pertaining to the foregoing.
 
Notwithstanding the foregoing, no security interest is granted in or Lien granted upon any Excluded Assets.
 
7.2        Lien on Deposit Accounts; Cash Collateral.
 
7.2.1        Deposit Accounts.  To further secure the prompt payment and performance of its applicable Obligations, each US Obligor hereby grants to Agent a continuing security interest in and Lien upon all amounts credited to any Deposit Account of such Obligor, including sums in any blocked, lockbox, sweep or collection account.  Each Obligor hereby authorizes and directs each bank or other depository to deliver to Agent, upon request, all balances in any Deposit Account maintained for such Obligor, without inquiry into the authority or right of Agent to make such request.
 
7.2.2        Cash Collateral.  Cash Collateral may be invested, at Agent’s discretion (with the consent of Obligors, provided no Event of Default exists), but Agent shall have no duty to do so, regardless of any agreement or course of dealing with any Obligor, and shall have no responsibility for any investment or loss.  As security for its Obligations, each US Obligor hereby grants to Agent a security interest in and Lien upon all Cash Collateral delivered hereunder from time to time, whether held in a segregated cash collateral account or otherwise. Agent may apply Cash Collateral to payment of such Obligations as they become due, in such order as Agent may elect.  All Cash Collateral and related deposit accounts shall be under the sole dominion and control of Agent, and no Obligor or other Person shall have any right to any Cash Collateral until Full Payment of the Obligations.
 
7.3        Real Estate Collateral. If any US Obligor acquires any Material Real Estate hereafter, following the request of the Agent, such US Obligor shall, within 90 days (or such later date agreed by the Agent in its sole discretion), execute, deliver and record a Mortgage sufficient to create a first priority Lien (subject to Permitted Liens) in favor of Agent on such Real Estate, and shall deliver all Related Real Estate Documents.  If any UK Obligor acquires any Real Estate owned in fee with a fair market value of $1,000,000 or more, as reasonably determined by Agent in good faith, following the request of the Agent,
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such UK Obligor shall, within 90 days (or such later date agreed by the Agent), execute and deliver the documentation and/or take perfection steps with respect to such Real Property of the type contemplated by Section 8.9 of the Debenture dated 31 March 2014 (as amended, restated supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time) entered into between the UK Borrower and the Agent (or the equivalent to the extent applicable in the applicable jurisdiction). 
 
7.4        Other Collateral.
 
7.4.1        Commercial Tort Claims.  Obligors shall promptly notify Agent in writing if any US Obligor has a Commercial Tort Claim (other than, as long as no Default or Event of Default exists, a Commercial Tort Claim for less than $100,000), shall promptly amend Schedule 9.1.16 to include such claims in excess of $100,000, and upon the request of the Agent, and shall take such commercially reasonable actions as Agent deems necessary in its Permitted Discretion to subject such claim to a duly perfected, first priority Lien (subject to Permitted Liens) in favor of Agent.
 
7.4.2        Certain After-Acquired Collateral.  Obligors shall promptly (a) notify Agent if an Obligor obtains an interest in any Deposit Account, Chattel Paper, Document, Instrument, registered Intellectual Property, Investment Property or Letter-of-Credit Rights, and (b) upon request, take such actions as Agent reasonably deems necessary and appropriate in its Permitted Discretion to effect its perfected, first priority Lien (subject only to Permitted Liens) on such Collateral, including using commercially reasonable efforts to obtain any appropriate possession, control agreement or Lien Waiver.  If Collateral owned by an Obligor is in the possession of a third party, at Agent’s reasonable request, Obligors shall use commercially reasonable efforts to obtain an acknowledgment that such third party holds the Collateral for the benefit of Agent.
 
7.5        Limitations.  The Lien on Collateral granted hereunder is given as security only and shall not subject Agent or any Lender to, or in any way modify, any obligation or liability of Obligors relating to any Collateral.  In no event shall the grant of any Lien under any Loan Document secure an Excluded Swap Obligation of the granting Obligor.

7.6        Further Assurances.  All Liens granted to Agent under the Loan Documents are for the benefit of Secured Parties.  Each Obligor authorizes Agent to file any financing statement that describes the Collateral as “all assets” or “all personal property” of such US Obligor, or words to similar effect, and ratifies any action taken by Agent before the RestatementSecond Amendment Effective Date to effect or perfect its Lien on any Collateral. Promptly following request, Obligors shall deliver such instruments and agreements, and shall take such commercially reasonable further actions, as Agent in its Permitted Discretion reasonably deems necessary and appropriate under Applicable Law to evidence or perfect its Lien on any Collateral, or otherwise to give effect to the intent of this Agreement.  Notwithstanding any of the forgoing, the Loan Documents shall not require the creation or perfection or any pledges of, Liens on or security interests in, or the delivery of particular documents with respect to, particular assets if and for so long as the Agent determines in its Permitted Discretion that the burden or cost of creating or perfecting such pledges, Liens or security interest in such assets shall outweigh the benefit of the security afforded thereby.

7.7        Foreign Subsidiary Stock1.1        .  Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, in no event shall the US Collateral include or the Lien granted under Section 7.1 hereof (a) attach to any of the Excluded Equity Interests, or (b) include any assets of a Foreign Subsidiary.

ARTICLE 8        COLLATERAL ADMINISTRATION
 
8.1        Borrowing Base Reports.
 
8.1.1        US Borrowing Base Report.  By the applicable Reporting Trigger Date, US Borrower shall deliver to Agent (and Agent shall promptly deliver same to US Lenders) a US Borrowing
 

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Base Report prepared as of the close of business of the previous week or month, as applicable, and at such other times as Agent may reasonably request in its Permitted Discretion. All information (including calculation of US Availability) in a US Borrowing Base Report shall be certified by US Obligors. Agent may in its Permitted Discretion adjust such report (a) to reflect Agent’s reasonable estimate of declines in value of any US Collateral, due to collections received in the Dominion Account or otherwise; (b) to adjust advance rates to reflect changes in dilution, quality, mix and other factors affecting US Collateral; and (c) to the extent any information or the calculation is not made in accordance with this Agreement or does not accurately reflect the US Availability Reserve.
 
8.1.2        UK Borrowing Base Report.  By the Reporting Trigger Date, UK Borrower shall deliver to Agent (and Agent shall promptly deliver same to UK Lenders) a UK Borrowing Base Report prepared as of the close of business of the previous week or month, as applicable, and at such other times as Agent may reasonably request in its Permitted Discretion.  All calculations of UK Availability in any UK Borrowing Base Certificate shall originally be made by UK Obligors and certified by a Senior Officer, provided that Agent may in its Permitted Discretion from time to time review and adjust any such calculation (a) to reflect its reasonable estimate of declines in value of any UK Collateral, due to collections received in the Dominion Account or otherwise; (b) to adjust advance rates to reflect changes in dilution, quality, mix and other factors affecting UK Collateral; and (c) to the extent the calculation is not made in accordance with this Agreement or does not accurately reflect the UK Availability Reserve.
 
8.2        Accounts.
 
8.2.1        Records and Schedules of Accounts.  Each Obligor shall keep materially accurate and complete records of its Accounts, including all payments and collections thereon, and shall submit to Agent sales, collection, reconciliation and other reports in form reasonably satisfactory to Agent, on such periodic basis as Agent may request.  Each Obligor shall also provide to Agent, on or before the Reporting Trigger Date, a detailed aged trial balance of all Accounts as of the end of the preceding month, specifying each Account’s Account Debtor name and address, amount, invoice date and due date, showing any discount, allowance, credit, authorized return or dispute, and including such proof of delivery, copies of invoices and invoice registers, copies of related documents, repayment histories, status reports and other information as Agent may reasonably request.  If Accounts in an aggregate face amount of $1,000,000 or more cease to be Eligible Accounts, Obligors shall notify Agent of such occurrence promptly (and in any event within one Business Day) after any responsible officer of an Obligor has knowledge thereof.
 
8.2.2        Taxes.  If an Account of any Obligor includes a charge for any Taxes, Agent is authorized, in its discretion, to pay the amount thereof to the proper taxing authority for the account of such Obligor and to charge Obligors therefor; provided, that neither Agent nor Lenders shall be liable for any Taxes that may be due from Obligors or with respect to any Collateral.
 
8.2.3        Account Verification.  Whether or not a Default or Event of Default exists, Agent shall have the right at any time following notice to the Obligors (which notice shall not be required if a Default or Event of Default exists), in the name of Agent, any designee of Agent or any Obligor, to verify the validity, amount or any other matter relating to any Accounts of Obligors by mail, telephone or otherwise.  Obligors shall cooperate with Agent in an effort to facilitate and promptly conclude any such verification process.  Agent agrees that unless a Default or Event of Default exists, it will only conduct such verifications in connection with an audit or field exam which is being conducted at the same time.
 
8.2.4        Maintenance of Dominion Account.  Obligors shall maintain Dominion Accounts pursuant to lockbox or other arrangements reasonably acceptable to Agent provided that lockboxes shall not be required in the UK or any other jurisdiction where lockboxes are not available.  Obligors shall obtain an agreement (in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Agent) from each lockbox servicer and Dominion Account bank, establishing Agent’s control over and Lien in the lockbox or Dominion Account
 
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(which with respect to the Dominion Account of US Borrowers may be exercised by Agent during any US Dominion Trigger Period and such other times as designated by Borrower Agent), requiring immediate deposit of all remittances received in the lockbox to a Dominion Account, and waiving offset rights of such servicer or bank, except for customary administrative charges.  Dominion Accounts of UK Borrowers shall be under the sole dominion and exclusive control of the Agent. If a Dominion Account is not maintained with Bank of America, Agent may (during any US Dominion Trigger Period and at such other times as designated by Borrower Agent with respect to the Dominion Account of US Borrowers) require immediate transfer of all funds in such account to a Dominion Account maintained with Bank of America.  Agent and Lenders assume no responsibility to Obligors for any lockbox arrangement or Dominion Account, including any claim of accord and satisfaction or release with respect to any Payment Items accepted by any bank.
 
8.2.5        Proceeds of Collateral.  Obligors shall request in writing and otherwise take all commercially reasonable and necessary steps to ensure that all payments on Accounts or otherwise relating to Collateral are made directly to a Dominion Account (or a lockbox relating to a Dominion Account).  If any Obligor or Subsidiary receives cash or Payment Items with respect to any Collateral, it shall hold same in trust for Agent and promptly (not later than the next Business Day) deposit same into a Dominion Account.
 
8.3        Inventory.
 
8.3.1        Records and Reports of Inventory.  Each Obligor shall keep accurate and complete records of its Inventory in all material respects, including costs and daily withdrawals and additions, and shall submit to Agent inventory and reconciliation reports in form reasonably satisfactory to Agent, on a monthly basis by the 15th day of each month.  Each Obligor shall conduct a physical inventory at least once per calendar year (and on a more frequent basis if requested by Agent when an Event of Default exists) and periodic cycle counts consistent with historical practices, and shall provide to Agent a report based on each such inventory and count promptly upon completion thereof, together with such supporting information as Agent may reasonably request.  Agent may participate in and observe each physical count.
 
8.3.2        Returns of Inventory.  No Obligor shall return any Inventory to a supplier, vendor or other Person, whether for cash, credit or otherwise, unless (a) such return is in the Ordinary Course of Business; (b) no Default, Event of Default or Overadvance exists or would result therefrom; (c) Agent is promptly notified if the aggregate amount of all Inventory returned in any month to UK Borrower exceeds 10% of the UK Borrower’s gross revenue (as measured by UK Borrower using the methodology in place on the First Restatement Effective Date) or US Borrower exceeds 10% of the US Borrower’s gross revenue (as measured by US Borrower using the methodology in place on the First Restatement Effective Date); and (d) any payment received by an Obligor for a return is promptly remitted to Agent for application to the Obligations.
 
8.3.3        Acquisition, Sale and Maintenance.  No Obligor shall acquire or accept any Inventory on consignment or approval, and each Obligor shall take all steps to assure that all Inventory is produced in accordance with Applicable Law, including the FLSA (if applicable).  No Obligor shall sell any Inventory on consignment or approval or any other basis under which the customer may return or require an Obligor to repurchase such Inventory.  Obligors shall use, store and maintain all Inventory with reasonable care and caution, in accordance with applicable standards of any insurance and in conformity with all Applicable Law, and shall make current rent payments (within applicable grace periods provided for in leases) at all locations where any Collateral is located.
 
8.4        Equipment.
 
8.4.1        Records and Schedules of Equipment.  Each Obligor shall keep accurate and complete records in all material respects of its Equipment, including kind, quality, quantity, cost,
 
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acquisitions and dispositions thereof, and shall submit to Agent, on such periodic basis as Agent may reasonably request, a current schedule thereof, in form reasonably satisfactory to Agent.  During the existence of an Event of Default, promptly upon request, Obligors shall deliver to Agent evidence of their ownership or interests in any Equipment.
 
8.4.2        Dispositions of Equipment.  No Obligor shall sell, lease or otherwise dispose of any Equipment, without the prior written consent of Agent, other than (a) a Permitted Asset Disposition; and (b) replacement of Equipment that is worn, damaged or obsolete with Equipment used or useful in the business of such Obligor, if the replacement Equipment is acquired substantially contemporaneously with such disposition and is free of Liens other than Permitted Liens.
 
8.4.3        Condition of Equipment.  The Equipment is in good operating condition and repair, and all necessary replacements and repairs have been made so that its value and operating efficiency are preserved at all times, reasonable wear and tear excepted.  Each Obligor shall ensure that the Equipment is mechanically and structurally sound in all material respects, and capable of performing the functions for which it was designed, in accordance with manufacturer specifications.  No Obligor shall permit any Equipment to become affixed to Real Estate unless such Obligor uses its commercially reasonable efforts to have the applicable landlord or mortgagee deliver a Lien Waiver.
 
8.5        Deposit AccountsSchedule 8.5 lists all Deposit Accounts maintained by Obligors on the RestatementSecond Amendment Effective Date, including Dominion Accounts.  To the extent not already established, each Obligor shall take all commercially reasonable actions necessary to establish Agent’s first priority Lien on each Deposit Account (except (i) accounts exclusively used for payroll, payroll taxes or employee benefits or similar fiduciary accounts solely for the benefit of third parties, other disbursement accounts acceptable to Agent, or (ii) an account containing not more than $10,000 at any time (“Excluded Accounts”)).  Obligors shall be the sole account holders of each Deposit Account (other than Excluded Accounts described in clause (i) of that definition) and shall not allow any Person (other than Agent and the depository bank) to have control over their Deposit Accounts or any Property deposited therein.  Obligors shall promptly notify Agent of any opening or closing of a Deposit Account and, with the consent of Agent (which shall not be unreasonably withheld or delayed), will promptly amend or supplement Schedule 8.5 to reflect same.

8.6        Administration of Equity Interests and Instruments.8.6.1
 
8.6.1        Certificated Security.
 
(a)        Schedule 8.6.1 sets forth all Equity Interests owned by each Obligor to the extent included in the Collateral on the RestatementSecond Amendment Effective Date.
 
(b)        With respect to any such Equity Interest (other than Excluded Equity Interests) that constitutes Certificated Securities, each Obligor shall deliver to Agent any and all certificates evidencing such Certificated Securities duly endorsed by an effective endorsement (within the meaning of Section 8-107 of the UCC or other Applicable Law), or accompanied by share transfer powers or other instruments of transfer duly endorsed by such an effective endorsement, in each case, to Agent or in blank.
 
(c)        With respect to any such Equity Interests (other than Excluded Equity Interests) that is uncertificated, each Obligor shall deliver to Agent any and all control agreements and other documents requested by Agent in order to have control over and to perfect Agent’s Lien on such Equity Interest.
 
(d)        Each Obligor shall promptly notify Agent of any change to Schedule 8.6.1 and, with the consent of Agent which shall not be unreasonably withheld, will promptly amend or
 
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supplement Schedule 8.6.1 to reflect same, which consent shall not be required if the Schedule is being amended to reflect the consummation of a Permitted Acquisition.
 
8.6.2        Instruments.
 
(a)        Schedule 8.6.2 sets forth all debt securities issued to each Obligor to the extent included in the Collateral on the RestatementSecond Amendment Effective Date.  With respect to any such debt securities that constitute an Instrument, each Obligor shall deliver to Agent all such Instruments to Agent duly indorsed in blank.
 
(b)        Each Obligor shall promptly notify Agent of any change to Schedule 8.6.2 and, with the consent of Agent which shall not be unreasonably withheld, will promptly amend or supplement Schedule 8.6.2 to reflect same, which such consent shall not be required if the Schedule is being amended to include additional debt securities.
 
8.7        Administration of Investment Property.
 
8.7.1        Registration in Nominee Name; Denominations.  Agent, on behalf of the Secured Parties, shall have the right (in its sole and absolute discretion), after the occurrence and during the continuance of an Event of Default to hold any Equity Interests which are included in the Collateral in its own name as pledgee, the name of its nominee (as pledgee or as sub-agent) or the name of the relevant Obligor, endorsed or assigned in blank or in favor of Agent.  Each Obligor will promptly give to Agent copies of any material notices or other communications received by them with respect to such Collateral registered in the name of the relevant Obligor.  Agent shall have the right after the occurrence and during the continuance of an Event of Default to exchange the certificates registered in its name representing such pledged Equity Interests for certificates of smaller or larger denominations for any purpose consistent with this Agreement.
 
8.7.2        Voting Rights; Dividends and Interest, etc.
 
(a)        Unless and until an Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing:
 
(i)         Each Obligor shall be entitled to exercise any and all voting and/or other consensual rights and powers inuring to an owner of Equity Interests or any part thereof for any purpose consistent with the terms of this Agreement and the other Loan Document;
 
(ii)        Each Obligor shall be entitled to receive and retain any and all cash dividends, interest and principal paid on the Equity Interests included in Collateral.  All noncash dividends, interest and principal, and all dividends, interest and principal paid or payable in cash or otherwise in connection with a partial or total liquidation or dissolution, return of capital, capital surplus or paid-in surplus, and all other distributions (other than distributions referred to in the preceding sentence) made on or in respect of the Equity Interests included in the Collateral, whether paid or payable in cash or otherwise, whether resulting from a subdivision, combination or reclassification of the outstanding capital stock of the issuer of any Equity Interests included in the Collateral or received in exchange for such Collateral or any part thereof, or in redemption thereof, or as a result of any merger, amalgamation, consolidation, acquisition or other exchange of assets to which such issuer may be a party or otherwise, shall be and become part of the Collateral, and, if received by any Obligor, shall not be commingled by such Obligor with any of its other funds or property but shall be held separate and apart therefrom, shall be held in trust for the benefit of Agent and shall be forthwith delivered to Agent in the same form as so received (with any necessary endorsement).
 
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(b)        Upon the occurrence and during the continuance of an Event of Default, and upon prior written notice from Agent to any Obligor, all rights of such Obligor to exercise the voting and consensual rights and powers it is entitled to exercise pursuant to paragraph (a)(i) of this Section shall cease, and all such rights shall thereupon become vested in Agent, which shall have the sole and exclusive right and authority to exercise such voting and consensual rights and powers in a manner not inconsistent with the terms of this Agreement or the other Loan Documents, provided that, unless otherwise directed by the Required Lenders, Agent shall have the right from time to time following and during the continuance of an Event of Default to permit the Obligors to exercise such rights.  After all Events of Default have been cured or waived, such Obligor will have the right to exercise the voting and consensual rights and powers that it would otherwise be entitled to exercise pursuant to the terms of paragraph (a)(i) above.
 
(c)        Upon the occurrence and during the continuance of an Event of Default, and after written notice from Agent to any Obligor, all rights of such Obligor to dividends, interest or principal that such Obligor is authorized to receive pursuant to paragraph (a)(ii) above shall cease, and all such rights shall thereupon become vested in Agent, which shall have the sole and exclusive right and authority to receive and retain such dividends, interest or principal.  All dividends, interest or principal received by an Obligor contrary to the provisions of this Section shall be held in trust for the benefit of Agent, shall be segregated from other property or funds of such Obligor and shall be forthwith delivered to Agent upon demand in the same form as so received (with any necessary endorsement).  Any and all money and other property paid over to or received by Agent pursuant to the provisions of this paragraph (c) shall be retained by Agent in an account to be established by Agent upon receipt of such money or other property and shall be applied to the Obligations as set forth herein.
 
8.8        Administration of Letter of Credit RightsSchedule 8.8 sets forth all letters of credit with a stated amount in excess of $500,000 to which such Obligor has rights as of the RestatementSecond Amendment Effective Date.  If any Obligor is at any time a beneficiary under a letter of credit now or hereafter issued in favor of such Obligor, with a stated amount in excess of $500,000, such Obligor shall promptly notify Agent thereof and, at the reasonable request and option of Agent, such Obligor shall use commercially reasonable efforts, pursuant to an agreement in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Agent to arrange for the issuer and any confirmer of such letter of credit to consent to an assignment to Agent of the Proceeds of any drawing under the letter of credit, agreeing that the proceeds of any drawing under the letter of credit are to be paid to the applicable Obligor unless an Event of Default has occurred or is continuing.  Each Obligor shall promptly notify Agent of any change to Schedule 8.8 and, with the consent of Agent which shall not be unreasonably withheld, will promptly amend or supplement Schedule 8.8 to reflect same, which such consent shall not be required if the Schedule is being amended to include additional letters of credit with a stated amount in excess of $500,000.

8.9        General Provisions.
 
8.9.1        Location of Collateral.  All tangible items of Collateral consisting of Inventory and Equipment, other than Inventory in transit and mobile goods, shall at all times be kept by Obligors at the business locations set forth in Schedule 8.9.1, except that Obligors may (a) make sales or other dispositions of Collateral in accordance with Section 10.2.6; and (b) move Collateral of a US Obligor to another location in the United States, upon 30 Business Days prior written notice to Agent.
 
8.9.2        Insurance of Collateral; Condemnation Proceeds.
 
(a)        Each Obligor shall maintain insurance with respect to the Collateral, covering casualty, hazard, theft, malicious mischief, flood and other risks, in amounts, with endorsements and with insurers (with a Best rating of at least A+, unless otherwise approved by Agent in its discretion) satisfactory to Agent; provided, that if Real Estate secures any Obligations, flood hazard diligence, documentation and insurance for such Real Estate shall comply with all Flood Laws or shall otherwise by
 
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satisfactory to all Lenders.  All proceeds under each policy shall be payable to the Dominion Account, subject to clause (c) below.  From time to time upon request, Obligors shall deliver to Agent the originals or certified copies of its insurance policies and updated flood plain searches.  Unless Agent shall agree otherwise, each policy shall include satisfactory endorsements (i) showing Agent as loss payee; (ii) requiring 10 days prior written notice to Agent in the event of cancellation of the policy for any reason whatsoever; and (iii) specifying that the interest of Agent shall not be impaired or invalidated by any act or neglect of any Obligor or the owner of the Property, nor by the occupation of the premises for purposes more hazardous than are permitted by the policy.  If any Obligor fails to provide and pay for any insurance, Agent may, at its option, but shall not be required to, procure the insurance and charge Obligors therefor.  Each Obligor agrees to deliver to Agent, following the delivery thereof, copies of all material reports made to insurance companies.  While no Event of Default exists, Obligors may settle, adjust or compromise any insurance claim, as long as the proceeds are delivered to Agent.  If an Event of Default exists, only Agent shall be authorized to settle, adjust and compromise such claims.
 
(b)        Subject to clause (c) below, any proceeds of insurance (other than proceeds from workers’ compensation or D&O insurance) and any awards arising from condemnation of any Collateral shall be paid to Agent.  Any such proceeds or awards that relate to Inventory shall be applied first to payment of the applicable Revolver Loans, and then to other applicable Obligations.  Subject to clause (c) below, any proceeds or awards that relate to Equipment or Real Estate shall be applied first to the applicable Revolver Loans and then to other applicable Obligations.
 
(c)        If requested by Obligors in writing within 15 days after Agent’s receipt of any insurance proceeds or condemnation awards relating to any loss or destruction of Equipment or Real Estate, Obligors may use such proceeds or awards to repair or replace such Equipment or Real Estate (and until so used, the proceeds shall be held by Agent as Cash Collateral) as long as (i) no Default or Event of Default exists; (ii) such repair or replacement is promptly undertaken and concluded, in accordance with plans satisfactory to Agent; (iii) replacement buildings are constructed on the sites of the original casualties and are of comparable size, quality and utility to the destroyed buildings; (iv) the repaired or replaced Property is free of Liens, other than Permitted Liens that are not Purchase Money Liens; (v) Obligors comply with disbursement procedures for such repair or replacement as Agent may reasonably require; and (vi) the aggregate amount of such proceeds or awards from any single casualty or condemnation does not exceed $500,000.
 
8.9.3        Protection of Collateral.  All expenses of protecting, storing, warehousing, insuring, handling, maintaining and shipping any Collateral, all Taxes payable with respect to any Collateral (including any sale thereof), and all other payments required to be made by Agent to any Person to realize upon any Collateral, shall be borne and paid by Obligors.  Agent shall not be liable or responsible in any way for the safekeeping of any Collateral, for any loss or damage thereto (except for reasonable care in its custody while Collateral is in Agent’s actual possession), for any diminution in the value thereof, or for any act or default of any warehouseman, carrier, forwarding agency or other Person whatsoever, but the same shall be at Obligors’ sole risk.
 
8.9.4        Defense of Title.  Each Obligor shall use commercially reasonable efforts to defend its title to Collateral and Agent’s Liens therein against all Persons, claims and demands, except Permitted Liens.
 
8.10        Power of Attorney.  Each Obligor hereby irrevocably constitutes and appoints Agent (and all Persons designated by Agent) as such Obligor’s true and lawful attorney (and agent-in-fact) for the purposes provided in this Section.  Agent, or Agent’s designee, may (but shall have no obligation to), without notice and in either its or an Obligor’s name, but at the cost and expense of Obligors:

(a)        Endorse an Obligor’s name on any Payment Item or other proceeds of Collateral (including proceeds of insurance) that come into Agent’s possession or control; and
 
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(b)        During an Event of Default, (i) notify any Account Debtors of the assignment of their Accounts, demand and enforce payment of Accounts by legal proceedings or otherwise, and generally exercise any rights and remedies with respect to Accounts; (ii) settle, adjust, modify, compromise, discharge or release any Accounts or other Collateral, or any legal proceedings brought to collect Accounts or Collateral; (iii) sell or assign any Accounts and other Collateral upon such terms, for such amounts and at such times as Agent deems advisable; (iv) collect, liquidate and receive balances in Deposit Accounts or investment accounts, and take control, in any manner, of proceeds of Collateral; (v) prepare, file and sign an Obligor’s name to a proof of claim or other document in a bankruptcy of an Account Debtor, or to any notice, assignment or satisfaction of Lien or similar document; (vi) receive, open and dispose of mail addressed to an Obligor, and notify postal authorities to deliver any such mail to an address designated by Agent; (vii) endorse any Chattel Paper, Document, Instrument, bill of lading, or other document or agreement relating to any Accounts, Inventory or other Collateral; (viii) use an Obligor’s stationery and sign its name to verifications of Accounts and notices to Account Debtors; (ix) use information contained in any data processing, electronic or information systems relating to Collateral; (x) make and adjust claims under insurance policies; (xi) take any action as may be necessary or appropriate to obtain payment under any letter of credit, banker’s acceptance or other instrument for which an Obligor is a beneficiary; (xii) exercise any voting or other rights under or with respect to any Investment Property; (xiii) exercise any voting or other rights under or with respect to any Investment Property; and (xiv) take all other actions as Agent acting in its Permitted Discretion deems necessary and appropriate to fulfill any Obligor’s obligations under the Loan Documents.
 
8.11        Intellectual Property.
 
8.11.1        Following the request of Agent, in order to facilitate filings with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (together with any successor agency, the “PTO”) and the United States Copyright Office or any similar foreign office or agency, each US Obligor shall execute and deliver to Agent one or more IP Security Agreements or such other documents, agreements or instruments, in each case in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Agent, to establish or further evidence Agent’s Lien on such Obligor’s Intellectual Property, and the General Intangibles of such Obligor relating thereto or represented thereby;
 
8.11.2        Each Obligor shall have the duty, with respect to Intellectual Property that is owned by such Obligor and that is necessary in or material to the conduct of such Obligor’s business, to protect and diligently enforce and defend at such Obligor’s expense such Intellectual Property, including, subject to the Obligor’s exercise, in good faith, of its reasonable business judgment (A) to diligently enforce and defend, including promptly suing for infringement, misappropriation, or dilution and to recover any and all damages for such infringement, misappropriation, or dilution, and filing for opposition, interference, and cancellation against conflicting Intellectual Property rights of any Person, (B) to prosecute diligently any trademark application or service mark application that is part of the trademarks pending as of the date hereof or hereafter until the termination of this Agreement, (C) to prosecute diligently any patent application that is part of the patents pending as of the date hereof or hereafter until the termination of this Agreement, (D) to take all reasonable and necessary action to preserve and maintain all of such Obligor’s trademarks, patents, copyrights, Intellectual Property Licenses, and its rights therein, including paying all maintenance fees and filing of applications for renewal, affidavits of use, and affidavits of noncontestability, and (E) to require all employees, consultants, and contractors of each Obligor who were materially involved in the creation or development of such Intellectual Property to sign agreements containing assignment of Intellectual Property rights and obligations of confidentiality.  Each Obligor further agrees not to abandon any Intellectual Property or Intellectual Property License that is necessary in or material to the conduct of such Obligor’s business.  Each Obligor hereby agrees to take the steps described in this Section 8.11.2 with respect to all new or acquired Intellectual Property to which it or any of its Subsidiaries is now or later becomes entitled that is necessary in or material to the conduct of such Obligor’s business;
 
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8.11.3        Obligors acknowledge and agree that the Secured Parties shall have no duties with respect to any Intellectual Property or Intellectual Property Licenses of any Obligor.  Without limiting the generality of this Section 8.11.3, Obligors acknowledge and agree that no Secured Party shall be under any obligation to take any steps necessary to preserve rights in the Collateral consisting of Intellectual Property or Intellectual Property Licenses against any other Person, but any Secured Party may do so at its option from and after the occurrence and during the continuance of an Event of Default, and all reasonable expenses incurred in connection therewith (including reasonable fees and expenses of attorneys and other professionals) shall constitute Obligations hereunder;
 
8.11.4        [Reserved].
 
8.11.5        On each date on which a Compliance Certificate is to be delivered pursuant to this Agreement (or, if an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, more frequently if requested by Agent) each Obligor shall provide Agent with a written report of all new or acquired: (i) patents, trademarks or copyrights that are registered or the subject of pending applications for registration; (ii) all Intellectual Property Licenses that are material to the conduct of such Obligor’s business; and (iii) all statements of use or amendment to allege use with respect to intent-to-use trademark applications, in the case of (i) and (ii) that were acquired, registered, or for which applications for registration were filed by any Obligor since the date of the last Compliance Certificate, and in the case of (iii) that were filed by any Obligor since the date of the last Compliance Certificate. Each Obligor shall continue to register or not register, as the case may be, its patents, copyrights, trademarks and Intellectual Property Licenses in accordance with its historical practices as they existed as of the Original Closing Date.  In the case of such registrations or applications therefor, that were acquired by any Obligor since the date of the last Compliance Certificate, each such Obligor shall file the necessary documents, if applicable, with the appropriate Governmental Authority identifying the applicable Obligor as the owner (or as a co-owner thereof, if such is the case) of such Intellectual Property.  In each of the foregoing cases, the applicable Obligor shall within fifteen (15) Business Days cause to be prepared, executed, and delivered to Agent supplemental schedules to the applicable Loan Documents to identify such new or acquired patent, trademark and copyright registrations and applications therefor (with the exception of trademark applications filed on an intent-to-use basis for which no statement of use or amendment to allege use has been filed) and Intellectual Property Licenses as being subject to the security interests created thereunder;
 
8.11.6        Upon receipt from the United States Copyright Office of notice of registration of any copyright, each Obligor shall promptly (but in no event later than fifteen (15) Business Days following such receipt) notify (but without duplication of any notice required by Section 8.11.4 or Section 8.11.5) Agent of such registration by delivering, or causing to be delivered, to Agent, documentation sufficient for Agent to perfect Agent’s Liens on such copyright.  If any Obligor acquires from any Person any copyright registered with the United States Copyright Office or an application to register any Copyright with the United States Copyright Office, such Obligor shall promptly (but in no event later than fifteen (15) Business Days following such acquisition) notify Agent of such acquisition and deliver, or cause to be delivered, to Agent, documentation sufficient for Agent to perfect Agent’s Liens on such copyright.  In the case of such copyright registrations or applications therefor which were acquired by any Obligor, each such Obligor shall promptly (but in no event later than fifteen (15) Business Days following such acquisition) file the necessary documents with the appropriate Governmental Authority identifying the applicable Obligor as the owner (or as a co-owner thereof, if such is the case) of such copyrights; and
 
8.11.7        Each Obligor shall take such commercially reasonable steps necessary to maintain the confidentiality of, and otherwise protect and enforce its rights in, the Intellectual Property that is necessary in or material to the conduct of such Obligor’s business, including, as applicable (A) protecting the secrecy and confidentiality of its material confidential information and trade secrets by having and enforcing a policy requiring all current employees, consultants, licensees, vendors and contractors with access to such information to execute appropriate confidentiality agreements; (B) taking actions reasonably
 
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necessary to ensure that no material trade secret falls into the public domain, except where, in the exercise of its reasonable business judgment, an Obligor determines that it is appropriate to allow a trade secret to fall into the public domain; and (C) protecting the secrecy and confidentiality of the source code of all software programs that are material to the conduct of such Obligor’s business of which it is the owner or licensee by having and enforcing a policy requiring any licensees (or sublicensees) of such source code to enter into license agreements with commercially reasonable use and non-disclosure restrictions.
 
8.11.8        At the request of the Agent, the Obligors shall use commercially reasonable efforts to permit the assignment of or grant of a security interest in Intellectual Property Licenses (and all rights of Obligor thereunder) that are material to the conduct of the business to Agent (and any transferees of Agent).
 
ARTICLE 9        REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES
 
9.1        General Representations and Warranties.  To induce Agent and Lenders to enter into this Agreement and to make available the Revolver Commitments, Revolver Loans and Letters of Credit, each Obligor represents and warrants that:

9.1.1        Organization and Qualification.  Each Obligor and Subsidiary is duly organized, validly existing and in good standing (to the extent such concept exists and is applicable under the requirements of Applicable Law of the relevant jurisdiction) under the laws of the jurisdiction of its organization or incorporation.  Each Obligor and Subsidiary is duly qualified, authorized to do business and in good standing (to the extent such concept exists and is applicable under the requirements of Applicable Law of the relevant jurisdiction) as a foreign corporation in each jurisdiction where failure to be so qualified could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.  No Obligor is an EEA Financial Institution.
 
9.1.2        Power and Authority.  Each Obligor is duly authorized to execute, deliver and perform the Loan Documents to which it is a party.  The execution, delivery and performance of the Loan Documents have been duly authorized by all necessary action, and do not (a) require any consent or approval of any holders of Equity Interests of any Obligor, except those already obtained; (b) contravene the Organic Documents of any Obligor; (c) violate or cause a default under any Applicable Law or Material Contract; or (d) result in or require imposition of a Lien (other than Permitted Liens) on any Obligor’s Property.
 
9.1.3        Enforceability.  Each Loan Document is a legal, valid and binding obligation of each Obligor party thereto, enforceable in accordance with its terms, except (i) as enforceability may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency or similar laws affecting the enforcement of creditors’ rights generally and (ii) Section 8.10 may be unenforceable under English law with respect to UK Borrower.
 
9.1.4        Capital Structure.  As of the RestatementSecond Amendment Effective Date, Schedule 9.1.4 shows, for each Obligor and Subsidiary, its name, jurisdiction of organization or incorporation, authorized and issued Equity Interests, holders of its Equity Interests (other than the holders of the Equity Interests of Parent), and agreements binding on such holders with respect to such Equity Interests.  Except as disclosed on Schedule 9.1.4, in the five years preceding the RestatementSecond Amendment Effective Date, no Obligor or Subsidiary has acquired any substantial assets from any other Person nor been the surviving entity in a merger, amalgamation or combination.  Each Obligor has good title to its Equity Interests in its Subsidiaries, subject only to Agent’s Lien, and all such Equity Interests are duly issued, fully paid and non-assessable.  As of the RestatementSecond Amendment Effective Date, there are no outstanding purchase options (excluding such options with respect to the Equity Interests of Parent), warrants, subscription rights, agreements to issue or sell, convertible interests, phantom rights or powers of attorney relating to Equity Interests of any Obligor or Subsidiary, except as disclosed on Schedule 9.1.4.  Borrowers will amend or supplement Schedule 9.1.4 from time to time to reflect changes
 
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thereto as a result of a Permitted Acquisition or other transaction permitted hereunder or otherwise with the consent of Agent, which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld or delayed.
 
9.1.5        Title to Properties; Priority of Liens.  Each Obligor and Subsidiary has good and marketable title to (or valid leasehold interests in) all of its Real Estate, and good title to all of its personal Property, including all Property reflected in any financial statements delivered to Agent or Lenders, in each case free of Liens except Permitted Liens.  As of the RestatementSecond Amendment Effective Date, no Real Estate subject to a Mortgage is located in a special flood hazard zone, except as disclosed on Schedule 9.1.5. Each Obligor and Subsidiary has paid and discharged all lawful claims that, if unpaid, could become a Lien on its Properties, other than Permitted Liens.  All Liens of Agent in the Collateral are duly perfected, first priority Liens, subject only to Permitted Liens.
 
9.1.6        Accounts.  Agent may rely, in determining which Accounts are Eligible Accounts, on all statements and representations made by Obligors with respect thereto.  Obligors warrant, with respect to each Account shown as an Eligible Account in a Borrowing Base Report, that:
 
(a)         it is genuine and in all respects what it purports to be;
 
(b)         it arises out of a completed, bona fide sale and delivery of goods in the Ordinary Course of Business, and substantially in accordance with any purchase order, contract or other document relating thereto;
 
(c)         it is for a sum certain, maturing as stated in the applicable invoice, a copy of which has been furnished or is available to Agent on request;
 
(d)        it is not subject to any offset, Lien (other than Agent’s Lien), deduction, defense, dispute, counterclaim or other adverse condition except as arising in the Ordinary Course of Business and disclosed to Agent; and it is absolutely owing by the Account Debtor, without contingency of any kind;
 
(e)        no purchase order, agreement, document or Applicable Law restricts assignment of the Account to Agent (regardless of whether, under the UCC or other applicable law, the restriction is ineffective), and the applicable Obligor is the sole payee or remittance party shown on the invoice;
 
(f)        no extension, compromise, settlement, modification, credit, deduction or return has been authorized or is in process with respect to the Account, except discounts or allowances granted in the Ordinary Course of Business for prompt payment that are reflected on the face of the invoice related thereto and in the reports submitted to Agent hereunder; and
 
(g)        to the best of Obligors’ knowledge, (i) there are no facts or circumstances that are reasonably likely to impair the enforceability or collectability of such Account; (ii) the Account Debtor had the capacity to contract when the Account arose, continues to meet the applicable Obligor’s customary credit standards, is Solvent (or in the case of a jurisdiction other than the US, the equivalent solvency or insolvency standard), is not contemplating or subject to an Insolvency Proceeding, and has not failed, or suspended or ceased doing business; and (iii) there are no proceedings or actions threatened or pending against any Account Debtor that could reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on the Account Debtor’s financial condition.
 
9.1.7        Financial Statements.  The consolidated and consolidating balance sheets, and related statements of income, cash flow and shareholders’ equity, of Obligors and Subsidiaries that have been and are hereafter delivered to Agent and Lenders, are prepared in accordance with GAAP, and fairly
 
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present in all material respects the financial positions and results of operations of Obligors and Subsidiaries at the dates and for the periods indicated and, for unaudited financial statements, subject to normal year-end adjustments and the absence of footnotes.  All projections delivered from time to time to Agent and Lenders have been prepared in good faith, based on reasonable assumptions in light of the circumstances at such time.  Since JanuaryDecember 31, 2018, there has been no change in the condition, financial or otherwise, of any Obligor or Subsidiary that could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.  No financial statement delivered to Agent or Lenders contains any untrue statement of a material fact, nor fails to disclose any material fact necessary to make such statement when taken as a whole not materially misleading.  It being understood that (A) projections are by their nature subject to significant uncertainties and contingencies, many of which are beyond the Obligors’ control, (B) actual results may differ materially from the projections and such variations may be material and (C) the projections are not a guarantee of performance. The Obligors and their Subsidiaries are Solvent on a consolidated basis.
 
9.1.8        Surety Obligations.  No Obligor or Subsidiary is obligated as surety or indemnitor under any bond or other contract that assures payment or performance of any obligation of any Person, except as permitted hereunder.
 
9.1.9        Taxes.  Each Obligor and Subsidiary has filed all material federal, state and local tax returns and other reports that it is required by law to file, and has paid, or made provision for the payment of, all material Taxes upon it, its income and its Properties that are due and payable, except to the extent being Properly Contested.  The provision for all material Taxes on the books of each Obligor and Subsidiary is adequate for all years not closed by applicable statutes, and for its current Fiscal Year.
 
9.1.10        Brokers.  There are no brokerage commissions, finder’s fees or investment banking fees payable in connection with any transactions contemplated by the Loan Documents.
 
9.1.11        Intellectual Property. Each Obligor and Subsidiary owns or has the lawful right to use all Intellectual Property necessary for the conduct of its business, without conflict with any material Intellectual Property of others.  There is no pending or, to any Obligor’s knowledge, threatened Intellectual Property Claim in an amount exceeding $500,000 in the aggregate, with respect to any Obligor, any Subsidiary or any of their Property (including any Intellectual Property).  No Obligor has received any written notice or other communication of any actual or alleged infringement or misappropriation of any Intellectual Property rights of any Person, except where such infringement is not material.  Except as pursuant to the Intellectual Property Licenses disclosed on Schedule 9.1.11 and other than license agreements for commercially available off-the-shelf software that is generally available to the public, as of the RestatementSecond Amendment Effective Date, no Obligor or Subsidiary pays or owes any Royalty or other compensation to any Person with respect to any Intellectual Property.  All registered Intellectual Property owned or exclusively licensed by, or otherwise subject to any exclusive interests of, any Obligor or Subsidiary as of the RestatementSecond Amendment Effective Date is shown on Schedule 9.1.11.  Borrowers may update Schedule 9.1.11 with the consent of Agent which shall not be unreasonably withheld.
 
9.1.12        Governmental Approvals.  Each Obligor and Subsidiary has, is in compliance with, and, to the extent such concept is applicable in such jurisdiction, is in good standing (to the extent such concept exists and is applicable under the requirements of Applicable Law of the relevant jurisdiction) with respect to, all Governmental Approvals necessary to conduct its business and to own, lease and operate its Properties, except as could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.  All necessary import, export or other licenses, permits or certificates for the import or handling of any goods or other Collateral have been procured and are in effect, and Obligors and Subsidiaries have complied with all foreign and domestic laws with respect to the shipment and importation of any goods or Collateral, except where noncompliance could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
 
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9.1.13        Compliance with Laws.  Each Obligor and Subsidiary has duly complied, and its Properties and business operations are in compliance, in all material respects with all Applicable Law, except where noncompliance could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.  There have been no citations, notices or orders of material noncompliance issued to any Obligor or Subsidiary under any Applicable Law, except where noncompliance could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect. No inventory has been produced in violation of the FLSA. In relation to TB Germany, this Section 9.1.13 and any other representation under this Agreement only applies to the extent that its application would not result in (i) any violation of, conflict with or liability under EU Regulation (EC) 2271/96 or (ii) a violation or conflict with section 7 foreign trade rules (Außenwirtschaftsverordnung) (in connection with section 4 paragraph 1 no. 3 foreign trade law (Außenwirtschaftsgesetz)) or a similar anti-boycott statute.
 
9.1.14        Compliance with Environmental Laws.  Except as disclosed on Schedule 9.1.14, or as could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect, no Obligor’s or Subsidiary’s past or present operations, Real Estate or other Properties are subject to any federal, state or local investigation to determine whether any remedial action is needed to address any environmental pollution, hazardous material or environmental clean-up.  No Obligor or Subsidiary has received any Environmental Notice that could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.  No Obligor or Subsidiary has any contingent liability with respect to any Environmental Release, environmental pollution or hazardous material on any Real Estate now or previously owned, leased or operated by it that could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.
 
9.1.15        Burdensome Contracts.  No Obligor or Subsidiary is a party or subject to any contract, agreement or charter restriction that could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.  No Obligor or Subsidiary is party or subject to any material Restrictive Agreement, except as shown on Schedule 9.1.15.  No such Restrictive Agreement prohibits the execution, delivery or performance of any Loan Document by an Obligor.
 
9.1.16        Litigation.  Except as shown on Schedule 9.1.16, there are no proceedings or investigations pending or, to any Obligor’s knowledge, threatened against any Obligor or Subsidiary, or any of their businesses, operations, Properties or financial condition, that (a) relate to any Loan Documents or transactions contemplated thereby; or (b) could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect to any Obligor or Subsidiary.  Except as shown on such Schedule (as supplemented from time to time to add Commercial Tort Claims), no Obligor has a Commercial Tort Claim (other than, as long as no Default or Event of Default exists, a Commercial Tort Claim for less than $100,000). Except where such default could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect or where such default results in a monetary obligation to an Obligor (not covered by insurance) in excess of $1,000,000, no Obligor or Subsidiary is in default with respect to any order, injunction or judgment of any Governmental Authority.
 
9.1.17        No Defaults.  No event or circumstance has occurred or exists that constitutes a Default or Event of Default.  No Obligor or Subsidiary is in default, and no event or circumstance has occurred or exists that with the passage of time or giving of notice would constitute a default, under any Material Contract or in the payment of any Borrowed Money in excess of $2,000,000.  There is no basis upon which any party (other than an Obligor or Subsidiary) could terminate a Material Contract prior to its scheduled termination date.
 
9.1.18        ERISA.  Except as would not reasonably be expected, whether taken individually or in the aggregate, to have a Material Adverse Effect:
 
(a)        Each Plan is in compliance in all respects with the applicable provisions of ERISA, the Code, and other federal and state laws.  Each Plan that is intended to qualify under Section 401(a) of the Code has received a favorable determination letter from the IRS or an application for such a
 
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letter is currently being processed by the IRS with respect thereto and nothing has occurred which would prevent, or cause the loss of, such qualification. Each Obligor and ERISA Affiliate has met all applicable requirements under the Code, ERISA and the Pension Protection Act of 2006, and no application for a waiver of the minimum funding standards or an extension of any amortization period has been made with respect to any Pension Plan.
 
(b)        There are no pending or, to the knowledge of Obligors, threatened claims, actions or lawsuits, or action by any Governmental Authority, with respect to any Plan, Pension Plan or Multiemployer Plan.  There has been no prohibited transaction or violation of the fiduciary responsibility rules with respect to any Plan.
 
(c)        (i) no ERISA Event has occurred or is reasonably expected to occur; (ii) as of the most recent valuation date for any Pension Plan, the funding target attainment percentage (as defined in Section 430(d)(2) of the Code) is at least 60%; and no Obligor or ERISA Affiliate knows of any reason that such percentage could reasonably be expected to drop below 60%; (iii) no Obligor or ERISA Affiliate has incurred any liability to the PBGC except for the payment of premiums, and no premium payments are due and unpaid; (iv) no Obligor or ERISA Affiliate has engaged in a transaction that could be subject to Section 4069 or 4212(c) of ERISA; and (v) no Pension Plan or Multiemployer Plan has been terminated by its plan administrator or the PBGC, and no fact or circumstance exists that could reasonably be expected to cause the PBGC to institute proceedings to terminate a Pension Plan or Multiemployer Plan.
 
(d)        With respect to any Foreign Plan, (i) all employer and employee contributions required by law or by the terms of the Foreign Plan have been made, or, if applicable, accrued, in accordance with normal accounting practices; (ii) the fair market value of the assets of each funded Foreign Plan, the liability of each insurer for any Foreign Plan funded through insurance, or the book reserve established for any Foreign Plan, together with any accrued contributions, is sufficient to procure or provide for the accrued benefit obligations with respect to all current and former participants in such Foreign Plan according to the actuarial assumptions and valuations most recently used to account for such obligations in accordance with applicable generally accepted accounting principles; and (iii) it has been registered as required and has been maintained in good standing (to the extent such concept exists and is applicable under the requirements of Applicable Law of the relevant jurisdiction) with applicable regulatory authorities.
 
(e)        Except as disclosed on Schedule 9.1.18, UK Borrower is not nor has at any time been (A) an employer (for the purposes of sections 38 to 51 of the Pensions Act 2004 (UK)) of an occupational pension scheme which is not a money purchase scheme (both terms as defined in the Pension Schemes Act (1993)(UK)) or (B) is or has at any time been “connected” with or an “associate” (as those terms are used in sections 38 and 43 of the Pensions Act 2004(UK)) of such an employer.
 
(f)        UK Borrower has not been issued with a Financial Support Direction or Contribution Notice in respect of any pension scheme.
 
9.1.19        Trade Relations.  There exists no actual or threatened termination, limitation or modification of any business relationship between any Obligor or Subsidiary and any material customer or supplier, (or any group of customers or suppliers), that, in each case, individually or in the aggregate are material to the business of such Obligor or Subsidiary taken as a whole.  There exists no condition or circumstance that could reasonably be expected to materially and adversely impair the ability of any Obligor or Subsidiary to conduct its business at any time hereafter in substantially the same manner as conducted on the First Restatement Effective Date.
 
9.1.20        Labor Relations.  Except as described on Schedule 9.1.20 (which may be amended with the consent of Agent which is not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed), no Obligor or Subsidiary is party to or bound by any collective bargaining agreement.  There are no material grievances,
 
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disputes or controversies with any union or other similar organization representing any Obligor’s or Subsidiary’s employees, or, to any Obligor’s knowledge, any asserted or threatened strikes, work stoppages or demands for collective bargaining against any Obligor or Subsidiary.
 
9.1.21        Payable Practices.  No Obligor or Subsidiary has made any material change in its historical accounts payable practices from those in effect on the Original Closing Date.
 
9.1.22        Not a Regulated Entity.  No Obligor is (a) an “investment company” or a “person directly or indirectly controlled by or acting on behalf of an investment company” within the meaning of the Investment Company Act of 1940; or (b) subject to regulation under the Federal Power Act, the Interstate Commerce Act, any public utilities code or any other Applicable Law regarding its authority to incur Debt.
 
9.1.23        Margin Stock.  No Obligor or Subsidiary is engaged, principally or as one of its important activities, in the business of extending credit for the purpose of purchasing or carrying any Margin Stock.  No Revolver Loan proceeds or Letters of Credit will be used by Obligors to purchase or carry, or to reduce or refinance any Debt incurred to purchase or carry, any Margin Stock or for any related purpose governed by Regulations T, U or X of the Board of Governors.
 
9.1.24        OFAC. No Obligor, Subsidiary or, to the knowledge of any Obligor or Subsidiary, any director, officer, employee, agent, affiliate or representative thereof, is or is owned or controlled by any individual or entity that is currently the target of any Sanction or is located, organized or resident in a Designated Jurisdiction.
 
9.1.25        UK Charges. Under the law of each Obligor’s jurisdiction of incorporation it is not necessary that any UK Security Agreement be filed, recorded on enrolled with any court or other authority in that jurisdiction or that any stamp, registration or similar tax be paid on or in relation to any UK Security Agreement or the transactions contemplated by any UK Security Agreement, except (a) registration of particulars of each Security Document executed by UK Borrower at the Companies Registration Office in England andHouse Wales in accordance with Part 25 (Company Charges) of the Companies Act 2006 or any regulations relating to the registration of charges made under, or applying the provisions of, the Companies Act 2006 (b) registration of each Security Document executed by UK Borrower and pertaining to Real Estate at the Land Registry of Land Charges Registry in England and Wales and payment of associated fees (c) filing, registration or recordation on a voluntary basis or as required in order to perfect the security interest created by any UK Security Agreement in any relevant jurisdiction and (d) in each case, payment of associated fees, stamp taxes or mortgage duties.
 
9.1.26        Centre of Main Interests and Establishments.  For the purposes of Regulation (EU) 2015/848 of 20 May 2015 on insolvency proceedings (recast) (the “Regulation”), each of the UK Borrower’s centre of main interest (as that term is used in Article 3(1) of the Regulation) is situated in its jurisdiction of incorporation and none of them have an “establishment” (as that term is used in Article 2(10) of the Regulation) in any other jurisdiction.
 
9.1.27        Pari passu ranking.  UK Borrower’s payment obligations under the Loan Documents rank at least pari passu with the claims of all its other unsecured and unsubordinated creditors, except for obligations mandatorily preferred by law applying to companies generally.
 
9.1.28        Ranking.  Each UK Security Agreement has or will have the ranking in priority which it is expressed to have in the relevant UK Security Agreement and, other than as permitted under or contemplated by the Loan Documents, it is not subject to any prior ranking or pari passu ranking Lien, subject to Permitted Liens.
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9.2        Complete Disclosure.  No Loan Document contains any untrue statement of a material fact, nor fails to disclose any material fact necessary to make the statements contained therein not materially misleading in light of the circumstances under which it was made.  There is no fact or circumstance that any Obligor has failed to disclose to Agent in writing that could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

ARTICLE 10      COVENANTS AND CONTINUING AGREEMENTS
 
10.1        Affirmative Covenants.  As long as any Revolver Commitments or Obligations are outstanding, each Obligor shall, and shall cause each Subsidiary to:

10.1.1     Inspections; Appraisals.
 
(a)        Permit Agent from time to time, subject (unless a Default or Event of Default exists) to reasonable notice and normal business hours, to visit and inspect the Properties of any Obligor or Subsidiary, inspect, audit and make extracts from any Obligor’s or Subsidiary’s books and records, and discuss with its officers, employees, agents, advisors and independent accountants such Obligor’s or Subsidiary’s business, financial condition, assets, prospects and results of operations.  Lenders may participate in any such visit or inspection, at their own expense.  Secured Parties shall have no duty to any Obligor to make any inspection, nor to share any results of any inspection, appraisal or report with any Obligor.  Obligors acknowledge that all inspections, appraisals and reports are prepared by Agent and Lenders for their purposes, and Obligors shall not be entitled to rely upon them.
 
(b)        Reimburse Agent for all its reasonable out-of-pocket charges, costs and expenses in connection with (i) examinations of Obligors’ books and records or any other financial or Collateral matters as it deems appropriate, up to two times per Loan Year; and (ii) appraisals of Inventory up to one time per Loan Year; provided, that if an examination or appraisal is initiated during a Default or Event of Default, all charges, costs and expenses relating thereto shall be reimbursed by Obligors without regard to such limits.  Obligors shall pay Agent’s then standard charges for examination activities, including charges for its internal examination and appraisal groups, as well as the charges of any third party used for such purposes.  No Borrowing Base calculation shall include Collateral acquired in a Permitted Acquisition or otherwise outside the Ordinary Course of Business until completion of applicable field examinations and appraisals (which shall not be included in the limits provided above) satisfactory to Agent.
 
10.1.2     Financial and Other Information.  Keep adequate records and books of account with respect to its business activities, in which proper entries are made in accordance with GAAP (or, as the context may require, IFRSLocal GAAP as it relates to the books and records of the UK Obligorsany non-US Obligor, any branch thereof or any Foreign Subsidiary which is not an Obligor) reflecting all financial transactions; and furnish to Agent and Lenders:
 
(a)        as soon as available, and in any event within 90 days after the close of each Fiscal Year, balance sheets as of the end of such Fiscal Year and the related statements of income, cash flow and shareholders’ equity for such Fiscal Year, on consolidated and consolidating bases and business division basis for Obligors and Subsidiaries, which consolidated statements shall be audited and certified (without qualification) by a firm of independent certified public accountants of recognized standing selected by Obligors and acceptable to Agent, shall be prepared in accordance with GAAP and shall set forth in comparative form corresponding figures for the preceding Fiscal Year and as against the projections delivered to the Agent and other information acceptable to Agent;
 
(b)        as soon as available, and in any event within 30 days after the end of each Fiscal Quarter, unaudited balance sheets as of the end of such Fiscal Quarter and the related statements of income and cash flow for such month and for the portion of the Fiscal Year then elapsed, on consolidated and consolidating bases and business division basis for Obligors and Subsidiaries, setting forth in
 
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comparative form corresponding figures for the preceding Fiscal Year and as against the projections delivered to the Agent and certified by the chief financial officer of Parent as prepared in accordance with GAAP and fairly presenting the financial position and results of operations for such Fiscal Quarter and period, subject to normal yearend adjustments and the absence of footnotes; provided, that at any time during a US Dominion Trigger Period such financial statements shall be delivered monthly within 30 days after the end of each month with respect to such month.
 
(c)        concurrently with delivery of financial statements under clauses (a), (b) and (c) above, or more frequently if requested by Agent while a Default or Event of Default exists, (i) a Compliance Certificate executed by the chief financial officer of Parent, and (ii) the information required to be delivered under Section 8.11.5;
 
(d)        concurrently with delivery of financial statements under clause (a) above, copies of all management letters and other material reports submitted to Obligors by their accountants in connection with such financial statements;
 
(e)        not later than 30 days after the end of each Fiscal Year, projections of Obligors’ consolidated, and business division balance sheets, results of operations, cash flow and Availability for that Fiscal Year, month by month and for the next Fiscal Year, quarter by quarter;
 
(f)        promptly following the Agent’s request, a listing of each Obligor’s trade payables, specifying the trade creditor and balance due, and a detailed trade payable aging, all in form satisfactory to Agent;
 
(g)        promptly after the sending or filing thereof, copies of any proxy statements, financial statements or reports that any Obligor has made generally available to its shareholders; copies of any regular, periodic and special reports or registration statements or prospectuses that any Obligor files with the Securities and Exchange Commission or any other Governmental Authority, or any securities exchange; and copies of any press releases or other statements made available by an Obligor to the public concerning material changes to or developments in the business of such Obligor;
 
(h)        promptly after Agent’s request, copies of any annual report to be filed in connection with each Pension Plan or Foreign Plan;
 
(i)        promptly following receipt, a copy of any material notice from the Pensions Regulator in which it proposes to take action which may result in the issuance of a Contribution Notice or Financial Support Direction in respect of any pension plan;
 
(j)        [Reserved];
 
(k)        promptly following Agent’s request, such other material reports and information (financial or otherwise) as Agent may request from time to time in connection with any Collateral or any Obligor’s, Subsidiary’s or other Obligor’s financial condition or business;
 
10.1.3     Notices.  Notify Agent and Lenders in writing, promptly after a responsible officer of an Obligor’s obtaining knowledge thereof, of any of the following that materially affects an Obligor:  (a) the threat or commencement of any proceeding or investigation, whether or not covered by insurance, if an adverse determination could have a Material Adverse Effect; (b) any material default under or termination of a Material Contract; (c) the existence of any Default or Event of Default; (d) any judgment in an amount exceeding $1,000,000; (e) the assertion of any Intellectual Property Claim that would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect or otherwise could reasonably be expected to result in a liability of the Obligors in excess of $1,000,000; (f) any litigation asserting a violation of any Applicable Law
 
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(including ERISA, OSHA, FLSA, or any Environmental Laws) that could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; (g) any Environmental Release by an Obligor or on any Property owned, leased or occupied by an Obligor; or receipt of any Environmental Notice; (h) the occurrence of any ERISA Event; (i) the discharge of or any withdrawal or resignation by Obligors’ independent accountants; or (j) any opening of a new office or place of business, at least 10 days prior to such opening.
 
10.1.4    Landlord and Storage Agreements.  Promptly following request, provide Agent with copies of all existing agreements, and promptly after execution thereof provide Agent with copies of all future agreements, between an Obligor and any landlord, warehouseman, processor, shipper, bailee or other Person that owns any premises at which any material portion of Collateral consisting of Equipment and Inventory may be kept on an average monthly basis or that otherwise may possess or handle any material portion of Collateral consisting of Equipment and Inventory.
 
10.1.5    Compliance with Laws.  Comply with all Applicable Laws, including ERISA, Environmental Laws, FLSA, OSHA, Anti-Terrorism Laws, and laws regarding collection and payment of Taxes, and maintain all Governmental Approvals necessary to the ownership of its Properties or conduct of its business, unless failure to comply (other than failure to comply with Anti-Terrorism Laws) or maintain could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.  Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, if any Environmental Release occurs at or on any Properties of any Obligor or Subsidiary, it shall act promptly and diligently to investigate and report to Agent and all appropriate Governmental Authorities the extent of, and to make appropriate remedial action to eliminate, such Environmental Release to the extent required by Environmental Laws, whether or not directed to do so by any Governmental Authority. In relation to TB Germany, this Section 10.1.5 and any other covenant under this Agreement only applies to the extent that its application would not result in (i) any violation of, conflict with or liability under EU Regulation (EC) 2271/96 or (ii) a violation or conflict with section 7 foreign trade rules (Außenwirtschaftsverordnung) (in connection with section 4 paragraph 1 no. 3 foreign trade law (Außenwirtschaftsgesetz)) or a similar anti-boycott statute.
 
10.1.6     Taxes.  Pay and discharge all material Taxes prior to the date on which they become delinquent or penalties attach, unless such Taxes are being Properly Contested.
 
10.1.7     Insurance.  In addition to the insurance required hereunder with respect to Collateral, maintain insurance with insurers (with a Best rating of at least A+, unless otherwise approved by Agent in its discretion) satisfactory to Agent, (a) with respect to the Properties and business of Obligors and Subsidiaries of such type (including product liability, workers’ compensation, larceny, embezzlement, or other criminal misappropriation insurance), in such amounts, and with such coverages and deductibles as are customary for companies similarly situated; and (b) business interruption insurance in an amount not less than $5,000,000, with deductibles and subject to an endorsement or assignment reasonably satisfactory to Agent.
 
10.1.8     Licenses and Royalties.
 
(a)        Keep each material License affecting any Collateral (including the manufacture, distribution or disposition of Inventory) or any other material Property of Obligors and Subsidiaries in full force and effect (provided, that any Obligor may allow any License to terminate in accordance with its terms if such Obligor has provided prior written notice to Agent of such termination and after the termination of any “sell-off” period allowed under such terminated License (or if no such period exists, upon the termination of the License), such Obligor owns no more than an aggregate amount of $250,000 of Inventory (determined based on cost) which is impacted by such License); promptly notify Agent of any material proposed material modification to any such License, or entry into any new material License, in each case at least 30 days prior to its effective date; and notify Agent of any material default or material breach asserted by any Person to have occurred under any material License;
 
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(b)        Pay all royalties and other amounts when due under any License (unless contested in good faith with adequate reserves set aside therefor); and
 
(c)        by the 15th day of each month, provide Agent with a report of all accrued royalties, whether or not then due and payable by a Borrower, which report shall detail the Licensor, the amount accrued and the payment status of the applicable royalty.
 
10.1.9     Future Subsidiaries.  Promptly notify Agent upon any Person becoming a Subsidiary and, if such Person is not a Foreign Subsidiary, cause it to guaranty the Obligations in a manner satisfactory to Agent, and to execute and deliver such documents, instruments and agreements and to take such other actions as Agent acting in its Permitted Discretion shall reasonably require to evidence and perfect a Lien in favor of Agent on all assets of such Person (other than Excluded Assets), including delivery of such legal opinions, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Agent, as it shall deem appropriate. Notwithstanding any of the forgoing, the Loan Documents shall not require the creation or perfection or any pledges of, Liens on or security interests in, or the delivery of particular documents with respect to, particular assets if and for so long as the Agent reasonable determines in its Permitted Discretion that the burden or cost of creating or perfecting such pledges, Liens or security interest in such assets shall outweigh the benefit of the security afforded thereby. For the avoidance of the doubt, TB Germany shall not be required to guaranty the Obligations.
 
10.1.10    Accounts.  Borrowers shall maintain Bank of America and its Affiliates (including its London branch) as Borrowers’ principal depository bank, including for the maintenance of operating and deposit accounts, lockbox administration, funds transfer, information reporting services and other treasury management services.
 
10.1.11   UK pension plans.
 
(a)         UK Borrower shall ensure that in respect of all pension schemes to which part 3 of the Pensions Act 2004 (UK) applies operated by or maintained for the benefit of members of the UK Borrower and/or any of its employees are fully funded based on the statutory funding objective under sections 221 and 222 of the Pensions Act 2004 (UK) and that no action or omission is taken by UK Borrower in relation to such a pension scheme which has or is, in either case, reasonably likely to have a Material Adverse Effect (including, without limitation, the termination or commencement of winding-up proceedings of any such pension scheme or any member of the Group ceasing to employ any member of such a pension scheme).
 
(b)        Except as could not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, UK Borrower shall ensure that it is not and has not been at any time an employer (for the purposes of sections 38 to 51 of the Pensions Act 2004 (UK)) of an occupational pension scheme which is not a money purchase scheme (both terms as defined in the Pension Schemes Act 1993 (UK)) or “"connected”" with or an “"associate”" of (as those terms are used in sections 38 or 43 of the Pensions Act 2004 (UK)) such an employer.
 
(c)         UK Borrower shall deliver to the Agent at such times requested by the Agent, actuarial reports in relation to all pension schemes mentioned in paragraph (a) above.
 
(d)        UK Borrower shall promptly notify the Agent of any material change in the rate of contributions to any pension schemes mentioned in (a) above paid or recommended to be paid (whether by the scheme actuary or otherwise) or required (by law or otherwise).
 
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10.1.12    Centre of Main Interests. UK Borrower shall maintain its centre of main interests (as such term is used in Article 3(1) of the Regulation (as defined in Section 9.1.26 above)) in England and Wales for the purposes of the Regulation.
 
10.2        Negative Covenants.  As long as any Revolver Commitments or Obligations are outstanding, each Obligor shall not, and shall cause each Subsidiary not to:

10.2.1     Permitted Debt.  Create, incur, guarantee or suffer to exist any Debt, except:
 
(a)         the Obligations;
 
(b)         Subordinated Debt;
 
(c)         Permitted Purchase Money Debt;
 
(d)         Borrowed Money set forth on Schedule 10.2.1, but only to the extent outstanding on the RestatementSecond Amendment Effective Date
 
(e)         Debt with respect to Bank Products incurred in the Ordinary Course of Business;
 
(f)          Debt in respect of Hedging Agreements entered into in the Ordinary Course of Business and not for speculative purposes;
 
(g)         Permitted Contingent Obligations;
 
(h)         Refinancing Debt as long as each Refinancing Condition is satisfied;
 
(i)          intercompany Debt extended by UK Borrower to any other Obligor or by US Borrower to any other Obligor which is not a Foreign Subsidiary;
 
(j)          Debt incurred in connection with the financing of insurance premiums;
 
(k)        Debt owed to any Person providing workers’ compensation, health, disability or other employee benefits or property, casualty or liability insurance, pursuant to reimbursement or indemnification obligations to such Person, in each case incurred in the Ordinary Course of Business;
 
(l)          Contingent Obligations by any Obligor of Debt of any other Obligor that was permitted to be incurred under another clause of this Section 10.2.1;
 
(m)        Debt arising from agreements providing for indemnification, adjustment of purchase price, earnout or other similar obligations, in each case, incurred or assumed in connection with the acquisition or disposition of any business, assets or a Subsidiary, other than guarantees of Debt incurred by any Person acquiring all or any portion of such business, assets or Subsidiary for the purpose of financing such acquisition; provided that, except for the Permitted Earnout Payment, Debt arising with respect to earnout or other similar obligations permitted pursuant to this clause (m) shall be Subordinated Debt and shall not exceed $3,000,000  at any time outstanding;
 
(n)         Debt in respect of performance bonds, bid bonds, appeal bonds, surety bonds and similar obligations, in each case provided in the Ordinary Course of Business;
 
(o)         [reserved];
 
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(p)         Debt that is not included in any of the preceding clauses of this Section, is not secured by a Lien and in an aggregate outstanding principal amount not to exceed $5,000,000 times the Growth Multiple; and
 
(q)         [Reserved];
 
(r)         Debt arising in connection with any lease arrangements for Real Estate entered into by UK Borrower.
 
10.2.2     Permitted Liens.  Create or suffer to exist any Lien upon any of its Property, except the following (collectively, “Permitted Liens”):
 
(a)        Liens in favor of Agent;
 
(b)        Purchase Money Liens securing Permitted Purchase Money Debt and Refinancing Debt in respect thereof;
 
(c)        Liens for Taxes not yet due or being Properly Contested;
 
(d)        statutory Liens (other than Liens for Taxes or imposed under ERISA, or with respect to any Plan, Pension Plan or Multiemployer Plan, the Code ) arising in the Ordinary Course of Business, but only if (i) payment of the obligations secured thereby is not yet due or is being Properly Contested, and (ii) such Liens do not materially impair the value or use of the Property or materially impair operation of the business of any Obligor or Subsidiary;
 
(e)        Liens incurred or deposits made in the Ordinary Course of Business to secure the performance of government tenders, bids, contracts, statutory obligations and other similar obligations, as long as such Liens are at all times junior to Agent’s Liens and are required or provided by law;
 
(f)        Liens arising in the Ordinary Course of Business that are subject to Lien Waivers;
 
(g)        Liens arising by virtue of a judgment or judicial order against any Obligor or Subsidiary, or any Property of an Obligor or Subsidiary, as long as such Liens are (i) in existence for less than 20 consecutive days or being Properly Contested, and (ii) at all times junior to Agent’s Liens;
 
(h)        easements, rights-of-way, restrictions, covenants or other agreements of record, and other similar charges or encumbrances on Real Estate, that do not secure any monetary obligation (other than any Mortgage) and do not interfere with the Ordinary Course of Business;
 
(i)        normal and customary rights of setoff upon deposits in favor of depository institutions, and Liens of a collecting bank on Payment Items in the course of collection;
 
(j)        [Reserved];
 
(k)        existing Liens shown on Schedule 10.2.2, provided that any such Lien shall only secure the Indebtedness that it secures on the RestatementSecond Amendment Effective Date and any Refinancing Debt in respect thereof;
 
(l)        leases, licenses, subleases or sublicenses granted to others in the Ordinary Course of Business that do not interfere in any material respect with the business of the Parent or the Restricted Subsidiaries;
 
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(m)        Liens arising from UCC financing statements filed regarding (i) operating leases entered into by a Borrower or Subsidiary in the Ordinary Course of Business and (ii) goods consigned or entrusted to or bailed to a Person in connection with the processing, reprocessing, recycling or tolling of such goods;
 
(n)        Liens in favor of customs or revenue authorities to secure payment of customs duties in connection with the importation of goods;
 
(o)        Liens solely on any cash earnest money deposits made by any Borrower or any Subsidiary in connection with any letter of intent or purchase agreement permitted under this Agreement;
 
(p)        any other Liens which do not attach to Accounts or Inventory and do not in the aggregate secure obligations in aggregate principal amount in not to exceed $250,000; and
 
(q)        with respect to TB Germany, (i) any liens and pledges resulting from the application of general business terms and conditions (AGB-Pfandrechte) and (ii) any statutory pledges (gesetzliche Pfandrechte) under German law solely arising as a matter of law and not as a matter of any default.
 
10.2.3     [Reserved].
 
10.2.3     [Reserved].
 
10.2.4   Distributions; Upstream Payments.  Create or suffer to exist any encumbrance or restriction on the ability of a Subsidiary to make any Upstream Payment, except for restrictions under the Loan Documents, under Applicable Law or in effect on the RestatementSecond Amendment Effective Date as shown on Schedule 9.1.15.  Declare or make any Distributions except:
 
(a)        Upstream Payments;
 
(b)        Each Obligor may declare and make Distributions with respect to its Equity Interests payable solely in additional shares of its Equity Interests;
 
(c)        Any Obligor may pay cash dividends to any Obligor that is its direct parent;
 
(d)        Without duplication of any repurchase, redemption or other acquisition or retirement made as an Investment which is permitted under clause (f) of the definition of Restricted Investments, any Obligor (other than Parent) may make distributions to permit Parent to repurchase Equity Interests issued to employees, directors and officers of the Obligors and their Subsidiaries (including repurchases of Equity Interests from severed or terminated employees, directors and officers)of Parent, and Parent may repurchase such Equity Interests, in each case in an aggregate amount not to exceed $5,000,000 in any calendar year and $10,000,000 in the aggregate, so long as no Event of Default exists immediately before and after giving effect thereto and the Agent shall have received satisfactory evidence that the Borrowers are in compliance with each of the financial covenants set forth in Section 10.3 on a pro forma basis after giving effect thereto (as if such actions were consummated on the first day of the period of measurement) as determined for last day of month most recently ended prior thereto (for the trailing twelve month period then-ended), all based on calculations and assumptions acceptable to the Agent, and in such amounts in excess of the foregoing limitations so long as (a) so long as no Event of Default exists immediately before and after giving effect thereto and the Agent shall have received satisfactory evidence that the Borrowers are in compliance with each of the financial covenants set forth in Section 10.3 on a pro
 
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forma basis after giving effect thereto (as if such actions were consummated on the first day of the period of measurement) as determined for last day of month most recently ended prior thereto (for the trailing twelve month period then-ended), all based on calculations and assumptions acceptable to the Agent, (b) for each of the 30 days immediately prior to and immediately after giving effect to such payment, Availability is in an amount greater than 15% of the Revolver Commitments (disregarding any decreased Revolver Commitment amount during the Seasonal Period), and (c) the Agent shall have received satisfactory evidence that the Borrowers are in compliance with each of the financial covenants set forth in Section 10.3 on a pro forma basis after giving effect to the repurchase (as if such repurchase was consummated on the first day of the period of measurement) as determined for last day of month most recently ended prior to such repurchase (for the trailing twelve month period then-ended), all based on calculations and assumptions acceptable to the Agent;
 
(e)        [Reserved];(f)        Payments of, Distributions on or redemptions of the Series B Preferred Stock of VTB, so long as (a) immediately prior to and after giving effect to such payment, no Default or Event of Default has occurred or will occur, (b) for each of the 60 days immediately prior to and immediately after giving effect to such payment, Availability is in an amount greater than 2015% of the Revolver Commitments (disregarding any decreased Revolver Commitment amount during the Seasonal Period),