Turtle Beach Corporation
Turtle Beach Corp (Form: 10-Q, Received: 08/10/2017 17:12:00)


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark one)
ý QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2017
or

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to  

Commission File Number: 001-35465
TBCORPLOGOA01A02A06.JPG  
TURTLE BEACH CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Nevada
27-2767540
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
 
 
11011 Via Frontera, Suite A/B
San Diego, California
92127
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
 
(914) 345-2255
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

12220 Scripps Summit Drive, Suite 100, San Diego, CA 92131
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   ý Yes  ¨  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  ý  Yes  ¨  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer ¨                             Accelerated filer ¨     
Non-accelerated filer ¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)        Smaller reporting company ý
Emerging growth company ¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to SEction 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  ¨  Yes  ý  No
The number of shares of the registrant's Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share, outstanding on July 31, 2017 was 49,386,006 .

 

INDEX


 
 
Page
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Financial Statements (unaudited)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
 
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
SIGNATURES


1


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements.
Turtle Beach Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(unaudited)

 
June 30,
2017

December 31, 2016
ASSETS
(in thousands, except par value and share amounts)
Current Assets:
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
1,238

 
$
6,183

Accounts receivable, net
9,995

 
54,633

Inventories
20,916

 
21,698

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
4,712

 
4,121

Total Current Assets
36,861

 
86,635

Property and equipment, net
3,348

 
4,311

Intangible assets, net
1,529

 
1,618

Deferred income taxes
586

 
543

Other assets
1,310

 
1,693

Total Assets
$
43,634

 
$
94,800

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)
 
 
 

Current Liabilities:
 
 
 

Revolving credit facilities
$
5,176

 
$
35,905

Term loan
4,626

 
2,647

Accounts payable
12,070

 
11,927

Other current liabilities
10,455

 
16,414

Total Current Liabilities
32,327

 
66,893

Term loan, long-term portion
8,306

 
10,442

Series B redeemable preferred stock
18,181

 
17,480

Subordinated notes - related party
19,289

 
17,881

Other liabilities
2,239

 
2,800

Total Liabilities
80,342

 
115,496

Commitments and Contingencies
 
 
 
Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)
 

 
 

Common stock, $0.001 par value - 100,000,000 shares authorized; 49,386,006 and 49,251,336 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively
49

 
49

Additional paid-in capital
147,432

 
146,615

Accumulated deficit
(183,787
)
 
(166,800
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(402
)
 
(560
)
Total Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)
(36,708
)
 
(20,696
)
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)
$
43,634

 
$
94,800













See accompanying Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

2



Turtle Beach Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended 
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
2017
 
June 30,
2016
 
June 30,
2017

June 30,
2016
 
(in thousands, except per-share data)
Net Revenue
$
19,112

 
$
29,362

 
$
33,464

 
$
53,390

Cost of Revenue
12,811

 
24,249

 
24,947

 
44,915

Gross Profit
6,301

 
5,113

 
8,517

 
8,475

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling and marketing
5,529


7,121


9,978


12,721

Research and development
1,697


2,040


3,087


4,064

General and administrative
4,070


5,287


8,241


10,570

Goodwill and intangible asset impairment


31,152




31,152

Restructuring charges
(30
)
 

 
268

 
225

Total operating expenses
11,266


45,600


21,574


58,732

Operating loss
(4,965
)
 
(40,487
)
 
(13,057
)
 
(50,257
)
Interest expense
1,835

 
1,686

 
3,675


3,465

Other non-operating expense (income), net
(214
)
 
704

 
(265
)

1,069

Loss before income tax expense
(6,586
)
 
(42,877
)
 
(16,467
)
 
(54,791
)
Income tax expense (benefit)
475

 
(304
)
 
520

 
(207
)
Net loss
$
(7,061
)

$
(42,573
)

$
(16,987
)

$
(54,584
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
(0.14
)
 
$
(0.86
)
 
$
(0.34
)
 
$
(1.14
)
Diluted
$
(0.14
)
 
$
(0.86
)
 
$
(0.34
)
 
$
(1.14
)
Weighted average number of shares:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
49,346

 
49,230

 
49,299

 
47,934

Diluted
49,346

 
49,230

 
49,299

 
47,934

 





















See accompanying Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

3



Turtle Beach Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended 
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30, 2017
 
June 30, 2016
 
June 30, 2017
 
June 30, 2016
 
(in thousands)
Net loss
$
(7,061
)
 
$
(42,573
)
 
$
(16,987
)
 
$
(54,584
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss):

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
118

 
(49
)
 
158

 
(70
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)

118

 
(49
)
 
158

 
(70
)
Comprehensive loss
$
(6,943
)
 
$
(42,622
)
 
$
(16,829
)
 
$
(54,654
)









































See accompanying Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

4



Turtle Beach Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(unaudited)

 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30, 2017
 
June 30, 2016
 
(in thousands)
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 

 
 

Net loss
$
(16,987
)
 
$
(54,584
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
2,213

 
2,471

Amortization of intangible assets
170

 
2,695

Amortization of debt financing costs
781

 
632

Stock-based compensation
817

 
2,205

Accrued interest on Series B redeemable preferred stock
702

 
651

Paid in kind interest
1,196

 
1,039

Deferred income taxes
(43
)
 
(510
)
Reversal of sales returns reserve
(2,438
)
 
(5,689
)
Provision for doubtful accounts
3

 
(27
)
Provision for obsolete inventory
1,689

 
1,596

Loss on impairment of assets

 
31,152

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
47,073

 
44,823

Inventories
(907
)
 
(3,348
)
Accounts payable
(601
)
 
1,798

Prepaid expenses and other assets
(505
)
 
(1,183
)
Income taxes payable
329

 
81

Other liabilities
(6,845
)
 
(5,565
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
26,647

 
18,237

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Purchase of property and equipment
(506
)
 
(1,645
)
Net cash used for investing activities
(506
)
 
(1,645
)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Borrowings on revolving credit facilities
51,909

 
82,701

Repayment of revolving credit facilities
(82,638
)
 
(107,962
)
Repayment of capital leases
(4
)
 
(19
)
Repayment of term loan
(427
)
 
(2,407
)
Proceeds from sale of common stock, net of issuance costs

 
5,968

Debt financing costs

 
(761
)
Net cash used for financing activities
(31,160
)
 
(22,480
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
74

 
(64
)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(4,945
)
 
(5,952
)
Cash and cash equivalents - beginning of period
6,183

 
7,114

Cash and cash equivalents - end of period
$
1,238

 
$
1,162

 
 
 
 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
$
918

 
$
992

Cash paid for income taxes
$

 
$









See accompanying Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

5



Turtle Beach Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)
(unaudited)

 
Common Stock
 
Additional Paid-In Capital
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
Total
 
Shares
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
(in thousands)

Balance at December 31, 2016
49,251

$
49

 
$
146,615

 
$
(166,800
)
 
$
(560
)
 
$
(20,696
)
Net loss


 

 
(16,987
)
 

 
(16,987
)
Other comprehensive loss


 

 

 
158

 
158

Stock-based compensation
135


 
817

 

 

 
817

Balance at June 30, 2017
49,386

$
49

 
$
147,432

 
$
(183,787
)
 
$
(402
)
 
$
(36,708
)







































See accompanying Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

6

Turtle Beach Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)


Note 1 . Background and Basis of Presentation
Organization
Turtle Beach Corporation (“Turtle Beach” or the “Company”), headquartered in San Diego, California and incorporated in the state of Nevada in 2010, is a premier audio technology company with expertise and experience in developing, commercializing and marketing innovative products across a range of large addressable markets under the Turtle Beach® and HyperSound® brands. Turtle Beach is a worldwide leading provider of feature-rich headset solutions for use across multiple platforms, including video game and entertainment consoles, handheld consoles, personal computers, tablets and mobile devices. HyperSound technology is an innovative patent-protected sound technology that delivers immersive, directional audio offering unique potential benefits in a variety of commercial settings and consumer devices.
VTB Holdings, Inc. (“VTBH”), the parent holding company of the headset business, was incorporated in the state of Delaware in 2010 with operations principally located in Valhalla, New York. Voyetra Turtle Beach, Inc. (“VTB”) was incorporated in the state of Delaware in 1975.
In October 2012, VTB acquired Lygo International Limited (“Lygo”), a private limited company organized under the laws of England and Wales, which was subsequently renamed Turtle Beach Europe Limited (“TB Europe”).

Basis of Presentation
The accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments (which include normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations, and cash flows for the periods presented. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Certain information and footnote disclosures, normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), have been condensed or omitted pursuant to those rules and regulations. The Company believes that the disclosures made are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for the entire fiscal year.

The December 31, 2016 Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet has been derived from the Company's most recent audited financial statements included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K.

These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the annual financial statements and the notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 8, 2017 (“Annual Report”) that contains information useful to understanding the Company's businesses and financial statement presentations.

Note 2 . Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
The preparation of consolidated annual and quarterly financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of our consolidated financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. The Company can give no assurance that actual results will not differ from those estimates.

There have been no material changes to the critical accounting policies and estimates from the information provided in Note 1 of the notes to our consolidated financial statements in our Annual Report.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09,  Revenue from Contracts with Customers , which requires entities to recognize revenue in a way that depicts the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. The new guidance also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and

7

Turtle Beach Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements - (Continued)
(unaudited)


changes in judgments and assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. On July 9, 2015, the FASB agreed to a one-year deferral of the effective date to annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and interim periods within those annual periods, but will permit public business entities to adopt the standard as of the original effective date (annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016). These updates permit the use of either the retrospective or cumulative effect transition method. We have not determined the transition method, but based on our initial assessment, we do not believe the standard will materially impact our recognition of revenue from our headset business.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02,  Leases , that introduces the recognition of a right-of-use asset, which is an asset that represents the lessee’s right to use, or control the use of, a specified asset for the lease term and, a lease liability, which is a lessee’s obligation to make lease payments arising from a lease, measured on a discounted basis for all leases (with the exception of short-term leases). The guidance will be effective for public companies for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years with early adoption permitted. The Company has not yet selected a transition method or determined the effect on its consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, Compensation—Stock Compensation , which requires excess tax benefits and tax deficiencies, which arise due to differences between the measure of compensation expense and the amount deductible for tax purposes, to be recorded directly through earnings as a component of income tax expense. Previously, these differences were generally recorded in additional paid-in capital and thus had no impact on net income. Additionally, this guidance permits entities to make an accounting policy election for the impact of forfeitures on the recognition of expense for share-based payment awards. Forfeitures can be estimated, as allowed under previous standards, or recognized when they occur. The standard was effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company adopted this standard on January 1, 2017 and the standard did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15,  Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230) , which attempts to reduce the existing diversity in practice with respect to reporting the following eight specific cash flow issues: debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs; settlement of zero-coupon debt instruments or other debt instruments with coupon interest rates that are insignificant in relation to the effective interest rate of the borrowing; contingent consideration payments made after a business combination; proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims; proceeds from the settlement of corporate-owned life insurance policies (including bank-owned life insurance policies); distributions received from equity method investees; beneficial interests in securitization transactions; and separately identifiable cash flows and application of the predominance principle. This guidance will be effective for the Company on January 1, 2018. The Company does not believe the guidance will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09,  Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting to provide clarity and reduce diversity in practice and cost and complexity when applying the guidance to a change to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award. The amendments state that an entity will not have to account for the effects of a modification if: (i) the fair value of the modified award is the same immediately before and after the modification; (ii) the vesting conditions of the modified award are the same immediately before and after the modification; and (iii) the classification of the modified award as either an equity instrument or liability instrument is the same immediately before and after the modification. The amendments in this update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in any interim period. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a material impact upon our financial condition or results of operations.


Note 3 . Fair Value Measurement
The Company follows a three-level fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value. This hierarchy requires entities to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The three levels of inputs used to measure fair value are as follows:

Level 1 — Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2 — Observable inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.

8

Turtle Beach Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)

Level 3 — Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities. This includes certain pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies and similar techniques that use significant unobservable inputs.
Financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and debt instruments. As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 , there were no outstanding financial assets and liabilities recorded at fair value on a recurring basis and the Company had not elected the fair value option for any financial assets and liabilities for which such an election would have been permitted.

The following is a summary of the carrying amounts and estimated fair values of our financial instruments at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 :
 
June 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
Reported
 
Fair Value
 
Reported
 
Fair Value
 
 (in thousands)
Financial Assets and Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
1,238

 
$
1,238

 
$
6,183

 
$
6,183

Credit Facility
5,176

 
5,176

 
35,905

 
35,905

Term Loans
13,940

 
13,613

 
14,367

 
14,281

Subordinated Debt
20,600

 
20,272

 
19,403

 
18,569


Cash equivalents are stated at amortized cost, which approximates fair value as of the consolidated balance sheet dates, due to the short period of time to maturity; and accounts receivable and accounts payable are stated at their carrying value, which approximates fair value due to the short time to the expected receipt or payment. The carrying value of the Credit Facility and Term Loan Due 2018 equals fair value as the stated interest rate approximates market rates currently available to the Company, which are considered Level 2 inputs. The fair values of our Term Loan Due 2019 and Subordinated Debt are based upon an estimated market value calculation that factors principal, time to maturity, interest rate and current cost of debt, which is considered a Level 3 input.

Note 4 . Allowance for Sales Returns
The following table provides the changes in our sales return reserve, which is classified as a reduction of accounts receivable:

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
 (in thousands)
Balance, beginning of period
$
3,033

 
$
3,527

 
$
4,591

 
$
6,268

Reserve accrual
951

 
2,401

 
2,082

 
4,534

Recoveries and deductions, net
(1,831
)
 
(5,349
)
 
(4,520
)
 
(10,223
)
Balance, end of period

$
2,153

 
$
579

 
$
2,153

 
$
579


9

Turtle Beach Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements - (Continued)
(unaudited)


Note 5 . Composition of Certain Financial Statement Items
Inventories
Inventories consist of the following:
 
June 30, 2017

December 31, 2016
 
 (in thousands)
Raw materials
$
1,732

 
$
1,680

Finished goods
19,184

 
20,018

Total inventories
$
20,916

 
$
21,698

Property and Equipment, net
Property and equipment, net, consists of the following:
 
June 30, 2017

December 31, 2016
 
 (in thousands)
Machinery and equipment
$
1,332

 
$
1,321

Software and software development
383

 
383

Furniture and fixtures
296

 
288

Tooling
1,964

 
1,581

Leasehold improvements
1,248

 
1,247

Demonstration units and convention booths
9,019

 
8,172

Total property and equipment, gross
14,242

 
12,992

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization
(10,894
)
 
(8,681
)
Total property and equipment, net
$
3,348

 
$
4,311

Other Current Liabilities
Other current liabilities consist of the following:
 
June 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
 (in thousands)
Accrued vendor expenses
$
3,331

 
$
4,735

Accrued royalty
1,537

 
3,370

Accrued employee expenses
1,526

 
2,791

Accrued expenses
4,061

 
5,518

Total other current liabilities
$
10,455

 
$
16,414


Note 6 . Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
At acquisition, the Company estimates and records the fair value of purchased intangible assets. The fair values of these intangible assets are estimated based on our assessment. Goodwill is the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of identifiable net assets acquired in business combinations. Goodwill and certain other intangible assets having indefinite lives are not amortized to earnings, but instead are subject to periodic testing for impairment. Intangible assets determined to have definite lives are amortized over their remaining useful lives. 

We assess the impairment of long-lived assets, intangibles assets and goodwill whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that full recoverability of net asset balances through future cash flows is in question. Goodwill and indefinite-lived

10

Turtle Beach Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)

intangible assets are assessed at least annually, but also whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying values may not be recoverable. Factors that could trigger an impairment review include: (a) significant underperformance relative to historical or projected future operating results; (b) significant changes in the manner of use of the acquired assets or the strategy for our overall business; (c) significant negative industry or economic trends; (d) significant decline in our stock price for a sustained period; and (e) a decline in our market capitalization below net book value.

Acquired Intangible Assets
Acquired identifiable intangible assets, and related accumulated amortization, as of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 consist of:
 
June 30, 2017
 
Gross Carrying Value
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Asset Impairment
 
Net Book Value
 
 (in thousands)
Customer relationships
$
5,796

 
$
3,955

 
$

 
$
1,841

Foreign Currency
(1,066
)
 
(754
)
 

 
(312
)
Total Intangible Assets
$
4,730

 
$
3,201

 
$

 
$
1,529

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2016
 
Gross Carrying Value
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Asset Impairment
 
Net Book Value
 
 (in thousands)
Customer relationships
$
5,796

 
$
3,737

 
$

 
$
2,059

Non-compete agreements
177

 
177

 

 

In-process Research and Development
27,100

 
4,074

 
23,026

 

Developed technology
8,880

 
802

 
8,078

 

Trade names
170

 
92

 
78

 

Patent and trademarks
967

 
65

 
902

 

Foreign Currency
(1,294
)
 
(853
)
 

 
(441
)
Total Intangible Assets
$
41,796

 
$
8,094

 
$
32,084

 
$
1,618

In October 2012, VTB acquired Lygo, subsequently renamed TB Europe Ltd. The acquired intangible asset related to customer relationships is being amortized over an estimated useful life of thirteen years with the amortization being included within sales and marketing expense.

In January 2014, the merger between VTBH and Turtle Beach (f/k/a Parametric Sound Corporation) was completed. The acquired intangible assets relating to developed technology, customer relationships and trade name were subject to amortization over their respective useful lives. In September 2016, we recorded an impairment charge related to the total remaining acquired intangible assets value.

Amortization expense related to definite lived intangible assets of  $0.1 million and $0.2 million  was recognized for the  three and six months ended June 30, 2017 , respectively, and $1.5 million and $2.7 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 , respectively.


11

Turtle Beach Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)

As of June 30, 2017 , estimated annual amortization expense related to definite lived intangible assets in future periods is as follows:
 
 (in thousands)
2017
$
218

2018
366

2019
307

2020
258

2021
217

Thereafter
475

Total
$
1,841

Note 7 . Credit Facilities and Long-Term Debt
 
June 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
 (in thousands)
Revolving credit facility, maturing March 2019
$
5,176

 
$
35,905

 
 
 
 
Term Loan Due 2018
3,205

 
3,632

Term Loan Due 2019
10,735

 
10,735

Less unamortized deferred financing fees
1,008

 
1,278

Total Term Loans
12,932

 
13,089

 
 
 
 
Subordinated notes - related party
20,600

 
19,403

Less unamortized debt discount
1,311

 
1,522

Total Subordinated notes
19,289

 
17,881

Total outstanding debt
37,397

 
66,875

Less: current portion of revolving line of credit
(5,176
)
 
(35,905
)
Less: current portion of term loans
(4,626
)
 
(2,647
)
Total noncurrent portion of long-term debt
$
27,595

 
$
28,323

Total interest expense, inclusive of amortization of deferred financing costs, on long-term debt obligations was $1.3 million and $2.7 million , respectively, for the  three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and, $1.2 million and $2.6 million , respectively, for the  three and six months ended June 30, 2016 . This includes related party interest of $0.6 million and $1.2 million for the  three and six months ended June 30, 2017 , respectively, and $0.5 million and $1.0 million for the  three and six months ended June 30, 2016 , respectively, in connection with the subordinated notes.
Amortization of deferred financing costs was $0.4 million and $0.8 million or the  three and six months ended June 30, 2017 , respectively, $0.3 million and $0.6 million for the  three and six months ended June 30, 2016 , respectively.
Revolving Credit Facility
On March 31, 2014, Turtle Beach and certain of its subsidiaries entered into a new asset-based revolving credit agreement (“Credit Facility”) with Bank of America, N.A. (“Bank of America”) , as Agent, Sole Lead Arranger and Sole Bookrunner, which replaced the then existing loan and security agreement. The Credit Facility, which expires on  March 31, 2019 , provides for a line of credit of up to $60 million inclusive of a sub-facility limit of $10 million for TB Europe, a wholly owned subsidiary of Turtle Beach. The Credit Facility may be used for working capital, the issuance of bank guarantees, letters of credit and other corporate purposes.
The maximum credit availability for loans and letters of credit under the Credit Facility is governed by a borrowing base determined by the application of specified percentages to certain eligible assets, primarily eligible trade accounts receivable and inventories, and is subject to discretionary reserves and revaluation adjustments.

12

Turtle Beach Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)


Amounts outstanding under the Credit Facility bear interest at a rate equal to either a rate published by Bank of America or the LIBOR rate, plus in each case, an applicable margin, which is between 1.00% to 1.50% for U.S. base rate loans and between  2.00% to 2.50% for U.S. LIBOR loans and U.K. loans. As of June 30, 2017 , interest rates for outstanding borrowings were 6.23% for base rate loans and 3.21% for LIBOR rate loans. In addition, Turtle Beach is required to pay a commitment fee on the unused revolving loan commitment at a rate ranging from  0.25%  to 0.50% , and letter of credit fees and agent fees.

If certain availability thresholds are not met, meaning that the Company does not have receivables and inventory which are eligible to borrow on under the Credit Facility in excess of amounts borrowed, the Credit Facility requi res the Company and its restricted subsidiaries to maintain a fixed charge coverage ratio. The fixed charge ratio is defined as the ratio, determined on a consolidated basis for the most recent four fiscal quarters, of (a) EBITDA minus capital expenditures, excluding those financed through other instruments, and cash taxes paid, and (b) Fixed Charges defined as the sum of cash interest expense plus scheduled principal payments. The current fixed charge coverage ratio of at least 1.15 to 1.00 on the last day of each month while a Covenant Trigger Period (as defined in the Credit Facility) is in effect will become effective again after the Company has complied with such ratio for six consecutive months.
The Credit Facility also contains affirmative and negative covenants that, subject to certain exceptions, limit our ability to take certain actions, including our ability to incur debt, pay dividends and repurchase stock, make certain investments and other payments, enter into certain mergers and consolidations, engage in sale leaseback transactions and transactions with affiliates and encumber and dispose of assets. Obligations under the Credit Facility are secured by a security interest and lien upon substantially all of the Company's assets.
On October 31, 2016, in connection with the HyperSound business restructuring, the Company amended certain provisions to provide, among other things, that (i) the existing loan availability blocks be permanently reduced during certain specified periods, (ii) replaced certain financial covenants determined on a segment-by-segment basis by amended EBITDA levels for the Headset business beginning with the month ended October 31, 2016, (iii) the Company maintain revised cash flow levels, in the aggregate and with respect to its HyperSound segment, during each rolling four week period beginning with the period ended October 31, 2016 through December 31, 2018 and September 30, 2017, respectively, and (iv) in the event the Company’s availability is less than certain specified amounts, obtain additional funding from the issuance of a subordinated promissory note provided by SG VTB (the “Promissory Note”).
As of June 30, 2017 , the Company was in compliance with all financial covenants, as amended, and excess borrowing availability was approximately $3.9 million , net of the outstanding Term Loan Due 2018 (as defined below) that is considered to be an additional outstanding amount under the Credit Facility.
Term Loans
Term Loan Due 2018

On December 29, 2014, the Company amended the Credit Facility with Bank of America to enter in to an additional loan (the “Term Loan Due 2018”) for the repayment of $7.7 million of then existing subordinated debt and accrued interest. The Term Loan Due 2018 resulted in modified financial covenants while it is outstanding, will bear interest at a rate of LIBOR for the applicable interest period plus 5% and will be repaid in equal monthly installments beginning on April 1, 2015 and ending on October 1, 2018, reflecting a six month waiver. Amounts so repaid are recognized by lowering the balance of the term loan tranche and increasing the lower interest rate base revolver amount, with no net impact on borrowing availability.

Term Loan Due 2019

On July 22, 2015, the Company and its subsidiaries, entered into a term loan, guaranty and security agreement (the “Term Loan Due 2019”) with Crystal Financial LLC, as agent, sole lead arranger and sole bookrunner, Crystal Financial SPV LLC and the other persons party thereto (“Crystal”), which provides for an aggregate term loan commitment of $15 million that bears interest at a rate per annum equal to the 90-day LIBOR rate plus 10.25% . Under the terms of the Term Loan Due 2019, the Company is required to make payments of interest in arrears on the first day of each month beginning August 1, 2015 and will repay the principal in monthly payments beginning January 1, 2016, inclusive of a nine month waiver, with a final payment on June 28, 2019 , the maturity date.


13

Turtle Beach Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)

The Term Loan Due 2019 is secured by a security interest in substantially all of the Company and each of its subsidiaries' working capital assets and is subject to the first-priority lien of Bank of America, as agent, under the Credit Facility, other than with respect to equipment, fixtures, real property interests, intellectual property, intercompany property, intercompany indebtedness, equity interest in their subsidiaries, and certain other assets specified in an inter-creditor agreement between Bank of America and Crystal.

The Company and its subsidiaries are required to comply with various customary covenants including, (i) maintaining minimum EBITDA (as defined in the Term Loan Due 2019) in each trailing twelve month period beginning August 31, 2015, (ii) maintaining a Consolidated Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Term Loan Due 2019) to be measured on the last day of each month while the term loans are outstanding of no more than 5.75 :1 beginning December 31, 2015 with periodic step-downs to 3.00 :1 on January 31, 2018, (iii) not making capital expenditures in excess of $5 million in each of the years ending December 31, 2016, 2018 and 2019 and in excess of $5.5 million in the year ending December 31, 2017, (iv) restrictions on the Company’s and its subsidiaries ability to prepay its subordinated notes, pay dividends, incur debt, create or suffer liens and engage in certain fundamental transactions and (v) an obligation to provide certain financial and other information. The agreement permits certain equity holders of the Company to contribute funds to the Company to cure certain financial covenant defaults.

The Term Loan Due 2019 contains customary representations, mandatory prepayment events and events of default, including defaults triggered by the failure to make payments when due, breaches of covenants and representations, material impairment in the perfection of Crystal’s security interest in the collateral and events related to bankruptcy and insolvency of the Company and its subsidiaries. Upon an event of default, Crystal may declare all outstanding obligations immediately due and payable (along with a prepayment fee), a default rate of an additional 2.0% may be applied to amounts outstanding and may take other actions including collecting or taking such other action with respect to the collateral pledged in connection with the term loan.

On October 31, 2016, in connection with the recently announced HyperSound business restructuring, the Company amended certain provisions to provide, among other things, that (i) the existing loan availability blocks be permanently reduced during certain specified periods, (ii) replaced certain financial covenants determined on a segment-by-segment basis by amended EBITDA levels for the Headset business beginning with the month ended October 31, 2016, (iii) the Company maintain revised cash flow levels, in the aggregate and with respect to its HyperSound segment, during each rolling four week period beginning with the period ended October 31, 2016 through December 31, 2018 and September 30, 2017, respectively, and (iv) in the event the Company’s availability is less than certain specified amounts, obtain additional funding from the issuance of a subordinated promissory note provided by SG VTB (the “Promissory Note”).
As of June 30, 2017 , the Company was in compliance with all the amended financial covenants.

Subordination Agreement
On November 16, 2015, as a condition precedent to the Company's lenders permitting the Company to enter into certain subordinated notes, the Company entered into a subordination agreement with and between Bank of America and Crystal, pursuant to which the parties agreed that the Company's obligations under any such notes would be subordinate in right of payment to the payment in full of all the Company’s obligations under the Credit Facility and Term Loan Due 2019.
Subordinated Notes - Related Party
O n April 23, 2015, the Company issued a $5.0 million subordinated note (the “April Note”) to SG VTB Holdings, LLC, the Company’s largest stockholder (“SG VTB”). The April Note was issued with an interest rate of (i) 10% per annum for the first year and (ii) 20% per annum for all periods thereafter, with interest accruing and being added to the principal amount of the note quarterly.
On May 13, 2015, the Company issued subordinated notes (the “May Notes”) with an aggregate principal amount of $3.8 million to SG VTB, and a trust affiliated with Ronald Doornink, the Chairman of the Company's board of directors (the “Board”). The May Notes were issued with an interest rate of 10%  per annum until the maturity date of the May Notes (which was August 13, 2015 but could be extended up to two additional 90 day periods upon the written agreement of the Company and the noteholder), with interest accruing and being added to the principal amount of the May Notes quarterly. Following the maturity date, the interest rate would have increased to 20%  per annum.


14

Turtle Beach Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)

On June 17, 2015, the Company issued a subordinated note (the “June Note”) with an aggregate principal amount of $3.0 million to SG VTB. The June Note was issued at an interest rate of 10%  per annum until the maturity date of the June Note (which was September 17, 2015 but could be extended up to two additional 90 day periods upon the written agreement of the Company and the noteholder), with interest accruing and being added to the principal amount of the June Note quarterly. Following the maturity date, the interest rate would have increased to 20%  per annum. In addition, the Company had the option to request that SG VTB make, in SG VTB’s sole discretion, additional advances from time to time up to an aggregate principal amount of $15.0 million . Prior to the amendment (see below), following an additional advance of $6.0 million on July 8, 2015, $9.0 million was outstanding under the June Note.

Concurrently with the completion of the Term Loan Due 2019, the Company amended and restated each of its outstanding subordinated notes (the “Amended Notes”). The obligations of the Company under the Amended Notes are subordinate and junior to the prior payment of amounts due under the Credit Facility and Term Loan Due 2019. In addition, the stated maturity date of the Amended Notes was extended to September 29, 2019 , subject to acceleration in certain circumstances, such as a change of control in the Company. The Amended Notes bear interest at a rate per annum equal to LIBOR plus 10.5% and shall be paid-in-kind by adding the amount to the principal amount due. Further, as consideration for the concessions in the Amended Notes, the Company issued warrants to purchase 1.7 million of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $2.54 per share.

On November 16, 2015, the Company issued a $2.5 million subordinated note (the “November Note”) to SG VTB, the proceeds of which, as set forth in the amendment to the Term Loan Due 2019, were applied against the outstanding balance of the Term Loan Due 2019. The November Note will bear interest at a rate of 15%  per annum until its maturity date, which is September 29, 2019 , and is subordinated to all senior debt of the Company.

In consideration of the credit extended under the November Note, VTB and VTBH entered into a Third Lien Continuing Guaranty, (as amended, the “Third Lien Guaranty”), under which they guarantee and promise to pay to Stripes, any and all obligations of the Company under the November Note. To secure our obligations under the November Note and the Third Lien Guaranty, the Company entered into a Third Lien Security Agreement, dated as of November 16, 2015, pursuant to which Stripes was granted a security interest upon all property of the VTB and VTBH until the payment in full of the Subordinated Note or the release of the guarantee or collateral, as applicable. Concurrent with entering into the November Note and Third Lien Guaranty, the Company also issued to SG VTB a warrant to purchase 1.4 million shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $2.00 per share.

On October 31, 2016, in connection with certain amendments to the Credit Facility and Term Loan Due 2019, the Company and SG VTB entered into the Promissory Note, which states that in the event the Company’s availability under the Credit Facility is less than certain specified amounts, the Company may, upon request, at any time until September 29, 2019 require that SG VTB provide a $2 million subordinated loan. Upon issuance, the loan would bear interest at a rate of either (i) LIBOR plus 10.5%  per annum or (ii) 12.0% , dependent upon the Company’s compliance with certain financial covenants and would be subordinated to all senior debt of the Company.

In addition, under the terms of the Promissory Note, if and when the funding occurs, as additional consideration the Company would issue to SG VTB a warrant, exercisable for a period of ten years beginning on the date of issuance, to purchase an amount of shares of the Company’s common stock equal to 2.4% of the Company’s then fully diluted shares outstanding at an exercise price equal to the closing price on that date. The warrant would not entitle the holder to any voting rights or other rights as a stockholder of the Company prior to exercise.

SG VTB is an affiliate of Stripes Group LLC (“Stripes”), a private equity firm focused on internet, software, healthcare IT and branded consumer products businesses. Kenneth A. Fox, one of our directors, is the managing general partner of Stripes and the sole manager of SG VTB and Ronald Doornink, our Chairman of the Board, is an operating partner of Stripes.


15

Turtle Beach Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)

Note 8 . Income Taxes

In order to determine the quarterly provision for income taxes, we use an estimated annual effective tax rate (“ETR”), which is based on expected annual income and statutory tax rates in the various jurisdictions. However, to the extent that application of the estimated annual effective tax rate is not representative of the quarterly portion of actual tax expense expected to be recorded for the year, we determine the quarterly provision for income taxes based on actual year-to-date income (loss). Certain significant or unusual items are separately recognized as discrete items in the quarter during which they occur and can be a source of variability in the effective tax rates from quarter to quarter.

The following table presents our income tax expense (benefit) and effective income tax rate:

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
 (in thousands)
Income tax expense (benefit)
$
475

 
$
(304
)
 
$
520

 
$
(207
)
Effective income tax rate
(7.2
)%
 
0.7
%
 
(3.2
)%
 
0.4
%

Income tax expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 was $0.5 million at an effective tax rate of (7.2)% and $0.5 million at an effective tax rate of (3.2)% , respectively. Income tax benefit for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 was $(0.3) million at an effective tax rate of 0.7% and $(0.2) million at an effective tax rate of 0.4% , respectively.

The effective tax rate was primarily impacted by the full valuation allowance on domestic earnings, foreign entity tax benefits and certain state tax expense.

At  December 31, 2016 , the Company had  $49.0 million  of net operating loss carryforwards and $21.0 million  of state net operating loss carryforwards, which will begin to expire in 2029. An ownership change occurred on January 15, 2014 as a result of the Merger, and $12.7 million of federal net operating losses included in the above are pre-change losses subject to Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. The Company believes, based on the estimated Section 382 limitation and the net operating loss carryforward period, that the pre ownership change net operating losses can be fully utilized in future years if there is sufficient taxable income in such carryforward period.

The Company is subject to income taxes domestically and in various foreign jurisdictions. Significant judgment is required in evaluating uncertain tax positions and determining its provision for income taxes.

The Company recognizes only those tax positions that meet the more-likely-than-not recognition threshold, and establishes tax reserves for uncertain tax positions that do not meet this threshold. Interest and penalties associated with income tax matters are included in the provision for income taxes in the condensed consolidated statement of operations. As of June 30, 2017 , the Company had uncertain tax positions of $2.2 million , inclusive of $0.7 million of interest and penalties.

The Company files U.S., state and foreign income tax returns in jurisdictions with various statutes of limitations. The federal tax years open under the statute of limitations are 2013 through 2015, and the state tax years open under the statute of limitations are 2012 through 2015.


16

Turtle Beach Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)

Note 9 . Stock-Based Compensation
Total estimated stock-based compensation expense for employees and non-employees, related to all of the Company's stock-based awards, was comprised as follows:


Three Months Ended

Six Months Ended

June 30,

June 30,

2017

2016

2017

2016

 (in thousands)
Cost of revenue
$
(1
)
 
$
125

 
$
(86
)
 
$
246

Selling and marketing
20

 
(11
)
 
56

 
10

Research and development
63

 
142

 
120

 
286

General and administrative
349

 
822

 
727

 
1,663

Total stock-based compensation
$
431

 
$
1,078

 
$
817

 
$
2,205


The following table presents the stock activity and the total number of shares available for grant as of June 30, 2017 :
 
(in thousands)
Balance at December 31, 2016
2,261

Options granted
(694
)
Restricted Stock granted
(167
)
Forfeited/Expired shares added back
861

Balance at June 30, 2017
2,261

Stock Option Activity
 
Options Outstanding
 
Number of Shares Underlying Outstanding Options
 
Weighted-Average Exercise Price
 
Weighted-Average Remaining Contractual Term
 
Aggregate Intrinsic Value
 
 
 
 
 
 (In years)
 
 
Outstanding at December 31, 2016
6,381,447

 
1.90
 
7.37
 
20,033

Granted
693,865

 
0.93
 
 
 
 
Exercised

 
 
 
 
 
Forfeited
(817,195
)
 
2.11
 
 
 
 
Outstanding at June 30, 2017
6,258,117

 
1.77
 
6.78
 

Vested and expected to vest at June 30, 2017
6,248,116

 
1.78
 
6.78
 

Exercisable at June 30, 2017
3,757,536

 
1.80
 
6.70
 

Stock options are time-based and the majority are exercisable within 10 years of the date of grant, but only to the extent they have vested. The options generally vest as specified in the option agreements subject to acceleration in certain circumstances. In the event participants in the 2013 Plan cease to be employed or engaged by the Company, then all of the options would be forfeited if they are not exercised within 90 days. Forfeitures on option grants are estimated at 10% for non-executives and 0% for executives based on evaluation of historical and expected future turnover. Stock-based compensation expense was recorded net of estimated forfeitures, such that expense was recorded only for those stock-based awards expected to vest. The Company reviews this assumption periodically and will adjust it if it is not representative of future forfeiture data and trends within employee types (executive vs. non-executive).

17

Turtle Beach Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)

Aggregate intrinsic value represents the difference between the estimated fair value of the underlying common stock and the exercise price of outstanding, in-the-money options. There were no option exercises during the six months ended June 30, 2017 .
The Company uses the Black-Scholes option-pricing model to estimate the fair value of options granted as of the grant date. The following are assumptions for the six months ended June 30, 2017 .
Expected term (in years)
6.1
Risk-free interest rate
1.9% - 2.1%
Expected volatility
40.7% - 41.1%
Dividend rate
0%
Each of these inputs is subjective and generally requires significant judgment to determine.
The weighted average grant date fair value of options granted during the six months ended June 30, 2017 was $0.40 . The total estimated fair value of employee options vested during the six months ended June 30, 2017 was $0.9 million . As of June 30, 2017 , total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested stock options granted to employees was $2.3 million , which is expected to be recognized over a remaining weighted average vesting period of 2.8 years .
Restricted Stock Activity
 
Shares
 
Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value Per Share
Nonvested restricted stock at December 31, 2016
135,705

 
1.84

Granted
166,665

 
0.90

Vested
(91,002
)
 
2.06

Forfeited
(43,903
)
 
1.16

Nonvested restricted stock at June 30, 2017
167,465

 
0.96

As of June 30, 2017 , total unrecognized compensation cost related to the nonvested restricted stock awards granted to be recognized over a remaining weighted average vesting period of 0.8 years was minimal.

Stock Warrants
In connection with and as consideration for the concessions in the Amended Notes, the Company issued to SG VTB and a trust affiliated with Ronald Doornink warrants to purchase 1.7 million shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $2.54 per share. The warrants are exercisable for a period of five years beginning on the date of issuance, July 22, 2015. The exercise price and the number of shares of Common Stock purchasable are subject to adjustment and do not carry any voting rights or other rights as a stockholder of the Company prior to exercise. The shares issuable upon exercise are also subject to the “demand” and “piggyback” registration rights set forth in the in the Company’s Stockholder Agreement, dated August 5, 2013, as amended July 10, 2014.

In connection with the November Note, the Company issued a warrant to purchase 1.4 million shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $2.00 per share to SG VTB. The exercise price and the number of shares are subject to standard anti-dilution adjustments and do not carry any voting rights as a stockholder of the Company prior to exercise. The warrant is exercisable for a period of ten years beginning on the date of issuance and does not entitle the holder to any voting rights or other rights as a stockholder of the Company prior to exercise.

The warrants entitle the holder to purchase a stated amount of shares of common stock at a fixed exercise price that are not puttable (either the warrant or the shares) to the Company or redeemable for cash, and as such are classified within equity.


18

Turtle Beach Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)

Series B Redeemable Preferred Stock
In September 2010, VTBH issued 1,000,000 shares of its Series B Redeemable Preferred Stock with a fair value of $12.4 million . The Series B Redeemable Preferred Stock is required to be redeemed on the earlier of September 28, 2030, or the occurrence of a liquidation event at its original issue price of $12.425371 per share plus any accrued but unpaid dividends. The redemption value was $18.2 million and $17.5 million as of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2014, respectively.
On February 18, 2015, the holder of the Series B Redeemable Preferred Stock, filed a complaint in Delaware Chancery Court alleging breach of contract against VTBH. According to the complaint, the Merger purportedly triggered a contractual obligation for VTBH to redeem the stock. Refer to Note 12 , “Commitments and Contingencies” for further information.
Phantom Equity Activity

In November 2011, VTBH adopted a 2011 Phantom Equity Appreciation Plan (the “Appreciation Plan”) that covers certain employees, consultants, and directors of VTBH (“Participants”) who are entitled to phantom units, as applicable, pursuant to the provisions of their respective award agreements. The Appreciation Plan is shareholder-approved, which permits the granting of phantom units to VTBH’s Participants of up to 1,500,000 units. These units are not exercisable or convertible into shares of common stock but give the holder a right to receive a cash bonus equal to the appreciation in value between the exercise price and value of common stock at the time of a change in control event as defined in the plan.

As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 , 714,347 phantom units at a weighted-average exercise price of $0.93 had been granted and were outstanding. Because these phantom units are not exercisable or convertible into common shares, said amounts and exercise prices were not subject to the exchange ratio provided by the Merger agreement. As of June 30, 2017 , compensation expense related to the Appreciation Plan units remained unrecognized because as of those dates a change in control, as defined in the plan, had not occurred and is not probable to occur. In July 2015, the Appreciation Plan was terminated as to new grants, but vested and unvested phantom units will continue.

Note 10 . Net Loss Per Share

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net loss per share of common stock attributable to common stockholders:
 
Three Months Ended

Six Months Ended
 
June 30,

June 30,
 
2017

2016

2017

2016
 
 (in thousands, except per-share data)
Net Loss
$
(7,061
)
 
$
(42,573
)
 
$
(16,987
)
 
$
(54,584
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding — Basic
49,346

 
49,230

 
49,299

 
47,934

Plus incremental shares from assumed conversions:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dilutive effect of stock options

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding — Diluted
49,346

 
49,230

 
49,299

 
47,934

Net loss per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
(0.14
)
 
$
(0.86
)
 
$
(0.34
)
 
$
(1.14
)
Diluted
$
(0.14
)
 
$
(0.86
)
 
$
(0.34
)
 
$
(1.14
)

Incremental shares from stock options and restricted stock awards are computed by the treasury stock method. The weighted average shares listed below were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because to do so would have been anti-dilutive for the periods presented or were otherwise excluded under the treasury stock method. The treasury stock method calculates dilution assuming the exercise of all in-the-money options and vesting of restricted stock, reduced by the repurchase of shares with the proceeds from the assumed exercises, unrecognized compensation expense for outstanding awards and the estimated tax benefit of the assumed exercises.

19

Turtle Beach Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
(in thousands)
Stock options
6,409

 
6,638

 
6,365

 
6,101

Warrants
3,059

 
3,068

 
3,063

 
3,074

Unvested restricted stock awards
137

 
137

 
121

 
105

Total
9,605

 
9,843

 
9,549

 
9,280


Note 11 . Segment and Geographic Information

The following tables show our net revenues, operating income and total assets by our reporting segments:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017

2016
Net Revenues
 (in thousands)
Headset
$
19,084

 
$
29,142

 
$
33,344

 
$
52,889

HyperSound
28

 
220

 
120

 
501

Total
$
19,112

 
$
29,362

 
$
33,464

 
$
53,390

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating Loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Headset
$
(4,542
)
 
$
(4,401
)
 
$
(11,598
)
 
$
(9,681
)
HyperSound
(423
)
 
(36,086
)
 
(1,459
)
 
(40,576
)
Total
$
(4,965
)
 
$
(40,487
)
 
$
(13,057
)
 
$
(50,257
)
Interest Expense
$
1,835

 
$
1,686

 
$
3,675

 
$
3,465

Other non-operating expense (income), net
$
(214
)
 
$
704

 
(265
)
 
1,069

Loss before income tax expense
$
(6,586
)
 
$
(42,877
)
 
$
(16,467
)
 
$
(54,791
)

 
June 30,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Total Assets
 (in thousands)
Headset
$
43,596

 
$
94,081

HyperSound  (1)
29,106

 
31,233

Eliminations
(29,068
)
 
(30,514
)
Total
$
43,634

 
$
94,800


(1) At June 30, 2017, HyperSound assets excluding eliminations, totaled less than $0.1 million.


20

Turtle Beach Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)

The following table represents total net revenues based on where customers are physically located:
 
Three Months Ended

Six Months Ended
 
June 30,

June 30,
 
2017

2016

2017

2016
 
 (in thousands)
North America
$
12,996

 
$
22,853

 
$
24,051

 
$
41,616

United Kingdom
2,124

 
3,129

 
3,978

 
5,931

Europe
2,769

 
2,376

 
3,937

 
3,849

International
1,223

 
1,004

 
1,498

 
1,994

Total net revenues
$
19,112

 
$
29,362

 
$
33,464

 
$
53,390


Note 12 . Commitments and Contingencies
Litigation
The Company is subject to various legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of its business. Although the amount of any liability that could arise with respect to these actions cannot be determined with certainty, in the Company’s opinion, any such liability will not have a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial position, consolidated results of operations or liquidity.

Shareholders Class Action: On August 5, 2013, VTBH and the Company (f/k/a Parametric) announced that they had entered into the Merger Agreement pursuant to which VTBH would acquire an approximately 80% ownership interest and existing shareholders would maintain an approximately 20% ownership interest in the combined company. Following the announcement, several shareholders filed class action lawsuits in California and Nevada seeking to enjoin the Merger. The plaintiffs in each case alleged that members of the Company’s Board of Directors breached their fiduciary duties to the shareholders by agreeing to a Merger that allegedly undervalued the Company. VTBH and the Company were named as defendants in these lawsuits under the theory that they had aided and abetted the Company's Board of Directors in allegedly violating their fiduciary duties. The plaintiffs in both cases sought a preliminary injunction seeking to enjoin closing of the Merger, which, by agreement, was heard by the Nevada court with the California plaintiffs invited to participate. On December 26, 2013, the court in the Nevada cases denied the plaintiffs’ motion for a preliminary injunction. Following the closing of the Merger, the Nevada plaintiffs filed a second amended complaint, which made essentially the same allegations and sought monetary damages as well as an order rescinding the Merger. The California plaintiffs dismissed their action without prejudice, and sought to intervene in the Nevada action, which was granted. Subsequent to the intervention, the plaintiffs filed a third amended complaint, which made essentially the same allegations as prior complaints and sought monetary damages. On June 20, 2014, VTBH and the Company moved to dismiss the action, but that motion was denied on August 28, 2014. That denial is currently under review by the Nevada Supreme Court, which held a hearing on the Company's petition for review on September 1, 2015. After the hearing, the Nevada Supreme Court requested supplemental briefing, which the parties completed on October 13, 2015. The Nevada Supreme Court also invited the Business Law Section of the Nevada State Bar to submit an amicus brief by December 3, 2015 and briefing was completed on that date. The Company believes that the plaintiffs’ claims against it are without merit.

Dr. John Bonanno Complaint: On February 18, 2015, Dr. John Bonanno, a minority shareholder of VTBH, filed a complaint in Delaware Chancery Court alleging breach of contract against VTBH. According to the complaint, the Merger purportedly triggered a contractual obligation for VTBH to redeem Dr. Bonanno's stock. Dr. Bonanno requests a declaratory judgment stating that he is entitled to damages including a redemption of his stock for the redemption value of $15.1 million (equal to the original issue price of his stock plus accrued dividends) as well as other costs and expenses. On February 8, 2016, the Delaware Chancery Court granted VTBH's motion to dismiss for improper venue, and Dr. Bonnano's complaint was dismissed without prejudice. In January of 2017, Dr. Bonanno filed a complaint in New York state court alleging breach of contract against VTBH and seeking a declaratory judgment that he is entitled to damages and specific performance, including redemption of his stock. The Company answered the complaint on March 7, 2017.  At the order of the Court, the parties filed cross-motions for summary judgment on March 31, 2017, on the sole question of whether the Merger was a defined event in the purported contract entitling Dr. Bonnano to redemption of his shares. Those motions have been filed and briefing has been

21

Turtle Beach Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)

concluded and the matter submitted.  A decision from the court is pending. VTBH maintains that the Merger did not trigger any obligation to redeem Mr. Bonanno's preferred stock.

Commercial Dispute : On June 20, 2016, Bigben Interactive S..A. (“BigBen”) filed a statement of claim before the Regional Court of Berlin, Germany against VTB, which statement of claim was formally serviced upon VTB on June 28, 2017.  The statement of claim alleges that VTB’s termination of a distribution agreement by and between BigBen and VTB breached the terms thereof and was invalid, and that BigBen is entitled to damages amounting to damages amounting to €5.0 million plus accrued interests thereon plus certain additional damages as a result of such invalid termination.  VTB’s statement of defense is due on September 22, 2017.  VTB maintains that its termination of the agreement was valid and that BigBen’s claims against it are without merit.

The Company will continue to vigorously defend itself in the foregoing matters. However, litigation and investigations are inherently uncertain. Accordingly, the Company cannot predict the outcome of these matters. The Company has not recorded any accrual at  June 30, 2017  for contingent losses associated with these matters based on its belief that losses, while possible, are not probable. Further, any possible range of loss cannot be reasonably estimated at this time. The unfavorable resolution of these matters could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, results of operations, financial condition or cash flows. The Company is engaged in other legal actions not described above arising in the ordinary course of its business and, while there can be no assurance, believes that the ultimate outcome of these other legal actions will not have a material adverse effect on its business, results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.

Warranties

We warrant our products against certain manufacturing and other defects. These product warranties are provided for specific periods of time depending on the nature of the product. Warranties are generally fulfilled by replacing defective products with new products. The following table provides the changes in our product warranties, which are included in accrued liabilities:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
 (in thousands)
Warranty, beginning of period
$
589

 
$
687

 
$
639

 
$
580

Warranty costs accrued
54

 
207

 
114

 
477

Settlements of warranty claims
(114
)
 
(177
)
 
(224
)
 
(340
)
Warranty, end of period

$
529

 
$
717

 
$
529

 
$
717

XO FOUR Stealth Product Recall: I n August 2015, the Company received a limited number of reports from consumers and retailers that certain EAR FORCE ® XO FOUR Stealth headsets appeared to have a white substance or spots on the ear pads. Upon receiving the reports, the Company promptly stopped shipping any units of the XO FOUR Stealth headsets and notified our retail customers to stop sales pending the results of the Company’s investigation. An outside laboratory engaged by the Company identified the substance as mold. In cooperation with the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (“CPSC”), the Company is voluntarily recalling certain units of the headsets. As of June 30, 2017 and the date of this report, the Company has not received notice of any law suits against the Company in connection with the recall and is working with the contract manufacturer to collect reimbursement for certain related costs.
On February 3, 2016, the Company notified CPSC promptly upon discovery that a vendor had mistakenly shipped certain recalled headsets to fill online orders. The Company has attempted to notify directly each of the affected purchasers to instruct them to participate in the recall. The Company will be subject to additional fees and costs related to the recall; additionally, the CPSC has the authority to seek penalties in connection with this matter. The possible range of loss cannot be reasonably estimated at this time.


22



Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion and analysis of our operations should be read together with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes included in Part I of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and with our audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities Exchange Commission on March 8, 2017 (the "Annual Report.")
This Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements in this Report are indicated by words such as “anticipates,” “expects,” “believes,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates,” “projects,” “strategies” and similar expressions. Caution should be taken not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements because they involve risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in, or reasonably inferred from, such statements. Forward-looking statements are based on the beliefs, as well as assumptions made by, and information currently available to, the Company's management and are made only as of the date hereof. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise the forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. In addition, forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties, including those described elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, that could cause actual results to differ materially from the Company's historical experience and its present expectations or projections.

Business Overview
Turtle Beach Corporation (herein referred to as the “Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our”), headquartered in San Diego, California and incorporated in the state of Nevada in 2010, is a premier audio technology company with expertise and experience in developing, commercializing and marketing innovative products across a range of large addressable markets operating under two reportable segments, Turtle Beach® (“Headset“) and HyperSound®.
Turtle Beach is a worldwide leading provider of feature-rich headset solutions for use across multiple platforms, including video game and entertainment consoles, handheld consoles, personal computers, tablets and mobile devices.
HyperSound technology is an innovative patent-protected sound technology that delivers immersive, directional audio with applications in digital signage and kiosks, consumer electronics and hearing healthcare.
The Company's stock is traded on NASDAQ Global Market under the symbol HEAR.
Business Trends
Gaming Headset Market
Sales in the gaming accessories market, which includes headsets and other peripherals such as gamepads, specialty controllers, adapters, batteries, memory and interactive gaming toys are heavily dependent on the global video game industry. In 2013, the gaming industry experienced a cyclical event as Microsoft and Sony each announced new consoles for the first time in eight years, and the consumer response to the Xbox One and PlayStation®4 (the “new generation” or “new-gen” consoles) has been overwhelmingly positive, creating a new installed base of gamers and a market for new-gen headsets.
When new console platforms are introduced into the market, changes to their platforms impact how headset connect with or work with the new consoles and, such as with the most recent consoles, required a transition of console gaming headsets and consumers reduced their purchases of game console peripherals and accessories, including headsets, for old generation console platforms in anticipation of the new platforms becoming available.
In September 2016, Sony discontinued the original PlayStation®4 console and released a new, slimmer, and lower-priced PlayStation®4 Slim, which no longer includes an optical audio connector. Despite dropping the optical connector, we were largely able to accommodate this audio connectivity change via software updates to a small selection of our products affected by Sony's hardware change.
We believe this is a good indication that any potential future console changes are not expected to be nearly as disruptive as this past change as the new generation of platform uses fairly standard audio connectivity, which we believe is unlikely to change and many headsets now have the capability to be updated via software upgrades. Over the long term, we expect to benefit from the extension of the new-gen cycle, driven by the introductions of Xbox One S, PlayStation®VR, PlayStation®4

23



Pro, and Microsoft's upcoming Xbox One X, expected to be available in holiday of this year, which should result in stronger gaming engagement for the next several years.
The February 2017 Intelligence: Worldwide Console Forecast report by DFC Intelligence Forecasts (“DFC”) estimates that cumulative new generation consoles are expected to exceed $65 billion by 2020. While sales of the new-gen consoles have outperformed previous platforms, the overall console gaming market uncharacteristically slowed in the 2016 holiday season as consumer deferred purchases ahead of mid-cycle console refreshes and a limited line up of multi-player games. Despite this, sales tracking data from The NPD Group, Inc. indicated that console gaming headset sales in the U.S. were nearly $400 million, up slightly from the prior year, due to significant growth in the 2016 pre-holiday season.

Cumulative New Generation Console Sales (in millions) CONSOLESALESA08.JPG

Source: DFC Intelligence Forecasts: Worldwide Console Forecast, February 2017.

Seasonality

Our gaming headset business is seasonal with a significant portion of sales and profits typically occurring around the holiday period. Historically, more than 50% of headset business revenues are generated during the period from September through December as new headsets are introduced and consumers engage in holiday shopping.
HyperSound
HyperSound technology is a pioneering audio solution that provides an effective means of projecting sound in a highly directional manner, without use of large speaker arrays, to a specific location creating a precise audio zone. HyperSound directs a beam of audio to targeted listeners in a specific spot, delivering an immersive, 3D-like audio experience. Further, in June 2016, we unveiled HyperSound Glass, transparent directional speakers, and have started exploration of potential commercial licensing opportunities.
In the first half of 2017, we substantially completed the process of restructuring the HyperSound business in an effort to reduce costs and align spending with revenues, while continuing to pursue certain licensing opportunities for this technology.

Key Performance Indicators and Non-GAAP Measures

Management routinely reviews key performance indicators including revenue, operating income and margins, earnings per share, among others. In addition, we believe certain other measures provide useful information to management and investors about us and our financial condition and results of operations for the following reasons: (i) it is one of the measures used by our board of directors and management team to evaluate our operating performance; (ii) it is one of the measures used by our management team to make day-to-day operating decisions; (iii) the adjustments made are often viewed as either non-recurring or not reflective of ongoing financial performance or have no cash impact on operations; and (iv) it is used by securities analysts, investors and other interested parties as a common operating performance measure to compare results across companies in our industry by backing out potential differences caused by variations in capital structures (affecting relative interest expense), and the age and book value of facilities and equipment (affecting relative depreciation and amortization

24



expense). These metrics, however, are not measures of financial performance under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and, given the limitations of these metrics as analytical tools, should not be considered a substitute for gross profit, gross margins, net income (loss) or other consolidated income statement data as determined in accordance with GAAP. We consider the following non-GAAP measure, which may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies, to be key performance indicators:

Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net income (loss) before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, stock-based compensation (non-cash) and, certain special items that we believe are not representative of core operations.
Cash Margins is defined as gross margin excluding depreciation and amortization, and stock-based compensation.
Adjusted EBITDA (and a reconciliation to Net loss , the nearest GAAP financial measure) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,

June 30,
 
2017

2016

2017

2016
 
(in thousands)
Net loss
$
(7,061
)
 
$
(42,573
)
 
$
(16,987
)
 
$
(54,584
)
Interest expense
1,835

 
1,686

 
3,675

 
3,465

Depreciation and amortization
1,530

 
2,677

 
2,383

 
5,166

Stock-based compensation
431

 
1,078

 
817

 
2,205

Income tax expense (benefit)
475

 
(304
)
 
520

 
(207
)
Restructuring charges
(30
)
 

 
268

 
225

Business model transition charge

 

 
353

 

Impairment charges

 
31,152

 

 
31,152

Adjusted EBITDA
$
(2,820
)
 
$
(6,284
)
 
$
(8,971
)
 
$
(12,578
)
Comparison of the Three Months Ended June 30, 2017 to the Three Months Ended June 30, 2016

Net loss for the three months ended June 30, 2017 was $7.1 million compared to a net loss of $42.6 million in the prior year period, including $6.6 million and $6.5 million of net loss attributable to the Headset segment, respectively.

For the three months ended June 30, 2017 , Adjusted EBITDA on a consolidated basis was $(2.8) million , including investments of $0.2 million in the HyperSound business compared to $(6.3) million , including investments of $3.3 million in the HyperSound business during the three months ended June 30, 2016 .

Adjusted EBITDA improved for the three months ended June 30, 2017 as compared to the prior year period primarily due to lower HyperSound business investment. Headset adjusted EBITDA totaled approximately $(2.6) million in the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to $(3.0) million in the prior year period which excluded $1.0 million of allocated costs. The increase was primarily due to improved margins on lower returns activity, royalty payments, logistics expense and obsolescence costs as we reserved much of the remaining old-gen inventory in the prior year.
Comparison of the Six Months Ended June 30, 2017 to the Six Months Ended June 30, 2016

Net loss for the six months ended June 30, 2017 was $17.0 million compared to a net loss of $54.6 million in the prior year period, including $15.5 million and $14.0 million of net loss attributable to the Headset segment, respectively.

For the six months ended June 30, 2017 , Adjusted EBITDA on a consolidated basis was $(9.0) million , including investments of $0.8 million in the HyperSound business compared to $(12.6) million , including investments of $6.4 million in the HyperSound business during the six months ended June 30, 2016 . Headset adjusted EBITDA totaled approximately $(8.2) million in the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to $(6.2) million in the prior year period that excluded $2.0 million of allocated costs.

25




Adjusted EBITDA improved for the six months ended June 30, 2017 as compared to the prior year period, despite a challenging gaming consumer market, primarily due to lower HyperSound business investment requirements as a result of the transition to a license model and the success of certain cost management initiatives.
Results of Operations
The following table sets forth the Company’s statement of operations for the periods presented:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
(in thousands)
Net Revenue
$
19,112

 
$
29,362

 
$
33,464

 
$
53,390

Cost of Revenue
12,811

 
24,249

 
24,947

 
44,915

Gross Profit
6,301

 
5,113

 
8,517

 
8,475

Operating expenses
11,266

 
45,600

 
21,574

 
58,732

Operating loss
(4,965
)
 
(40,487
)
 
(13,057
)
 
(50,257
)
Interest expense
1,835

 
1,686

 
3,675

 
3,465

Other non-operating expense (income), net
(214
)
 
704

 
(265
)
 
1,069

Loss before income tax expense
(6,586
)
 
(42,877
)
 
(16,467
)
 
(54,791
)
Income tax expense (benefit)
475

 
(304
)
 
520

 
(207
)
Net loss
$
(7,061
)
 
$
(42,573
)
 
$
(16,987
)
 
$
(54,584
)

Net Revenue and Gross Profit
Headset Segment

The following table summarizes net revenue and gross profit for the periods presented:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017

2016
 
 (in thousands)
Net Revenue
$
19,084

 
$
29,142

 
$
33,344

 
$
52,889

Gross Profit
6,359

 
7,143

 
9,137

 
11,877

Gross Margin
33.3
%
 
24.5
%
 
27.4
%
 
22.5
%
Cash Margin  (1)
34.3
%
 
25.5
%
 
28.1
%
 
23.6
%
(1) Excludes non-cash charges of $0.2 million and $0.3 million , respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 , and $0.2 million and $0.6 million , respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 .

Comparison of the Three Months Ended June 30, 2017 to the Three Months Ended June 30, 2016

Net revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2017 , which decreased $10.1 million , or 34.5% , as compared to three months ended June 30, 2016 , were negatively impacted by the continued effect of higher inventory levels at retail following the slow 2016 holiday selling season and North American retailer business model initiatives to reduce on-hand inventory levels which we believe delayed certain first half sales to the second half of the year.

For the three months ended June 30, 2017 , gross profit as a percentage of net revenue increased to 33.3% from 24.5% in the prior year. Headset margins were positively impacted by lower logistics expense and obsolescence costs as we reserved much

26



of the remaining old-gen inventory in the prior year as well as certain credits due to lower than anticipated return activity and a non-recurring royalty adjustment ($0.5 million).

Comparison of the Six Months Ended June 30, 2017 to the Six Months Ended June 30, 2016

Net revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2017 decreased $19.5 million or 37.0% , as compared to six months ended June 30, 2016 , due to lower industry-wide demand that as limited sales of marquee games disrupted holiday purchasing behavior and retailer business model initiatives to reduce on-hand inventory levels. Further, the market was negatively impacted by mid-cycle console releases and uncertainty surrounding the timing of upcoming new technology leading to higher promotional activity in response.

For the six months ended June 30, 2017 , gross profit as a percentage of net revenue increased to 27.4% from 22.5% in the prior year. Headset margins were positively impacted by product mix to our higher margin Universal and PlayStation®4 compatible headsets and lower obsolescence reserves as we reserved much of the remaining old-gen inventory, partially offset by negative fixed costs leveraging on lower sales volumes.
 
Operating Expenses
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
(in thousands)
Selling and marketing
$
5,529

 
$
7,121

 
$
9,978

 
$
12,721

Research and development
1,697

 
2,040

 
3,087

 
4,064

General and administrative
4,070

 
5,287

 
8,241

 
10,570

Asset impairment

 
31,152

 

 
31,152

Restructuring charges
(30
)
 

 
268

 
225

Total operating expenses
$
11,266

 
$
45,600

 
$
21,574

 
$
58,732

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
By Segment:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Headset
$
10,901

 
$
11,543

 
$
20,735

 
$
21,557

HyperSound
$
365

 
$
34,057

 
$
839

 
$
37,175

Selling and Marketing
Selling and marketing expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2017 totaled $5.5 million , or 28.9% as a percentage of net
revenues, compared to $7.1 million , or 24.3% as a percentage of net revenues, for the three months ended June 30, 2016 . This decrease was attributable to sales force and marketing spend reductions related to the HyperSound business transition and higher media spend in the prior year period related to certain product launch campaigns.

Selling and marketing expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2017 totaled $10.0 million , or 29.8% as a percentage of net revenues, compared to $12.7 million , or 23.8% as a percentage of net revenues, for the six months ended June 30, 2016 . This decrease was attributable to sales force and marketing spend reductions related to the HyperSound business transition and higher media spend in the prior year period related to certain product launch campaigns. Further, depreciation expense has decreased year-over-year as certain of our major retail customers have shifted away from independent in-store displays.
Research and Development
As a result of our product development realignment in connection with the HyperSound business transition, research and development expenses decreased for the three and six months ended   June 30, 2017  versus the comparable prior year period.


27



General and Administrative
General and administrative expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2017 totaled $4.1 million , or 21.3% as a percentage of net revenues, compared to $5.3 million , or 18.0% as a percentage of net revenues, for the three months ended June 30, 2016 . The decrease was primarily due to lower non-cash charges, legal and professional service fees and headcount reductions.
General and administrative expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2017 totaled $8.2 million , or 24.6% as a percentage of net revenues, compared to $10.6 million , or 19.8% as a percentage of net revenues, for the six months ended June 30, 2016 . The decrease was primarily due to lower non-cash charges and employee expenses.
Restructuring Charges
Restructuring charges for the three and six months ended   June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016 related to our continued efforts to improve our operating efficiency in our Headset business, such as closing excess facilities and reducing redundancies, and reducing HyperSound business operating expenses.

Interest Expense
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 , interest expense increased as compared to June 30, 2016 due to additional expense related to the Term Loan Due 2019 and the Subordinated Notes.
Income Taxes
Income tax expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 was $0.5 million at an effective tax rate of (7.2)% and $0.5 million at an effective tax rate of (3.2)% , respectively. Income tax benefit for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 was $(0.3) million at an effective tax rate of 0.7% and $(0.2) million at an effective tax rate of 0.4% , respectively. The effective tax rate was primarily impacted by the full valuation allowance on domestic earnings, foreign entity tax benefits and certain state tax expense.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our primary sources of working capital are cash flow from operations and availability of capital under our revolving credit facility. We have funded operations and acquisitions in recent periods with operating cash flows, and proceeds from debt and equity financings.

The following table summarizes our sources and uses of cash:

 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
(in thousands)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
$
6,183

 
$
7,114

Net cash provided by operating activities
26,647

 
18,237

Net cash used for investing activities
(506
)
 
(1,645
)
Net cash used for financing activities
(31,160
)
 
(22,480
)
Effect of foreign exchange on cash
74

 
(64
)
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
1,238

 
$
1,162

Operating activities
Cash provided by operating activities for the six months ended   June 30, 2017 was $26.6 million , an increase of $8.4 million as compared to cash used for operating activities of $18.2 million for the  six months ended June 30, 2016 . The increase is primarily the result of gross receipts, lower HyperSound business net cash burn and certain initiatives to better align cash expenditures with the seasonality of the gaming market.


28



Investing activities
Cash used for investing activities was $0.5 million during the  six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to $1.6 million in the prior period on lower capital expenditures as domestic retailer customers continue to transition their advertising display models.
Financing activities
Net cash used for financing activities was $31.2 million during the  six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to $22.5 million during the  six months ended June 30, 2016 . Financing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2017 included net payments on our revolving credit facility of $30.7 million . Financing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2016 included net payments on our revolving credit facility of $25.3 million and term loan repayments of $2.4 million with cash from operations and the issuance of common stock.
Management assessment of liquidity
Management believes that our current cash and cash equivalents, the amounts available under our revolving credit facility, the impact of the proceeds from our recent financings and cash flows derived from operations will be sufficient to meet anticipated cash needs for working capital and capital expenditures for at least the next 12 months. Significant assumptions underlie this belief, including, among other things, that there will be no material adverse developments in our business, liquidity or capital requirements.
We believe the combination of our revolving credit facility, long-term debt and cash flow generated by our gaming headset business and reduced costs related to the HyperSound business will provide the necessary liquidity to fund our annual working capital needs.

Foreign cash balances at  June 30, 2017  and December 31, 2016 were  $0.2 million and $0.2 million , respectively.

Revolving Credit Facility
On March 31, 2014, Turtle Beach and certain of its subsidiaries entered into a new asset-based revolving credit agreement (“Credit Facility”) with Bank of America, N.A. (“ Bank of America ”) , as Agent, Sole Lead Arranger and Sole Bookrunner, which replaced the then existing loan and security agreement. The Credit Facility, which expires on  March 31, 2019 , provides for a line of credit of up to $60 million inclusive of a sub-facility limit of $10 million for TB Europe, a wholly owned subsidiary of Turtle Beach. The Credit Facility may be used for working capital, the issuance of bank guarantees, letters of credit and other corporate purposes.
The maximum credit availability for loans and letters of credit under the Credit Facility is governed by a borrowing base determined by the application of specified percentages to certain eligible assets, primarily eligible trade accounts receivable and inventories, and is subject to discretionary reserves and revaluation adjustments.

Amounts outstanding under the Credit Facility bear interest at a rate equal to either a rate published by Bank of America or the LIBOR rate, plus in each case, an applicable margin, which is between 1.00% to 1.50% for U.S. base rate loans and between  2.00% to 2.50% for U.S. LIBOR loans and U.K. loans. As of June 30, 2017 , interest rates for outstanding borrowings were 6.23% for base rate loans and approximately 3.21% for LIBOR rate loans. In addition, Turtle Beach is required to pay a commitment fee on the unused revolving loan commitment at a rate ranging from  0.25%  to 0.50% , and letter of credit fees and agent fees.

If certain availability thresholds are not met, meaning that the Company does not have receivables and inventory which are eligible to borrow on under the Credit Facility in excess of amounts borrowed, the Credit Facility requi res the Company and its restricted subsidiaries to maintain a fixed charge coverage ratio. The fixed charge ratio is defined as the ratio, determined on a consolidated basis for the most recent four fiscal quarters, of (a) EBITDA minus capital expenditures, excluding those financed through other instruments, and cash taxes paid, and (b) Fixed Charges defined as the sum of cash interest expense plus scheduled principal payments. The current fixed charge coverage ratio of at least 1.15 to 1.00 on the last day of each month while a Covenant Trigger Period (as defined in the Credit Facility) is in effect will become effective again after the Company has complied with such ratio for six consecutive months.

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The Credit Facility also contains affirmative and negative covenants that, subject to certain exceptions, limit our ability to take certain actions, including our ability to incur debt, pay dividends and repurchase stock, make certain investments and other payments, enter into certain mergers and consolidations, engage in sale leaseback transactions and transactions with affiliates and encumber and dispose of assets. Obligations under the Credit Facility are secured by a security interest and lien upon substantially all of the Company's assets.
On October 31, 2016, the Company amended certain provisions to provide, among other things, that (i) the existing loan availability blocks be temporarily reduced during certain specified periods, (ii) replaced certain financial covenants determined on a segment-by-segment basis by amended EBITDA levels for the Headset business beginning with the month ended October 31, 2016, (iii) the Company maintain revised cash flow levels, in the aggregate and with respect to its HyperSound division, during each rolling four week period beginning with the period ended October 31, 2016 through December 31, 2018 and September 30, 2017, respectively, and (iv) in the event the Company’s availability is less than certain specified amounts, obtain additional funding from the issuance of a subordinated promissory note provided by SG VTB (the “Promissory Note”).
As of June 30, 2017 , the Company was in compliance with all financial covenants, as amended, and excess borrowing availability was approximately $3.9 million , net of the outstanding Term Loan Due 2018 (as defined below) that is considered to be an additional outstanding amount under the Credit Facility.
Term Loan Due 2018

On December 29, 2014, the Company amended the Credit Facility (the “December Amendment”) to permit the repayment of $7.7 million of then existing subordinated debt and accrued interest with the proceeds of an additional loan (the “Term Loan Due 2018”). The Term Loan Due 2018 resulted in modified financial covenants while it is outstanding, will bear interest at a rate of LIBOR for the applicable interest period plus 5% will be repaid in equal monthly installments beginning on April 1, 2015 and ending on October 1, 2018, reflecting a six month waiver. Amounts so repaid are recognized by lowering the balance of the term loan tranche and increasing the lower interest rate base revolver amount, with no net impact on borrowing availability.

Term Loan Due 2019

On July 22, 2015, the Company and its subsidiaries, entered into a term loan, guaranty and security agreement (the “Term Loan Due 2019”) with Crystal Financial LLC, as agent, sole lead arranger and sole bookrunner, Crystal Financial SPV LLC and the other persons party thereto (“Crystal”), which provides for an aggregate term loan commitment of $15 million that bears interest at a rate per annum equal to the 90-day LIBOR rate plus 10.25% . Under the terms of the Term Loan Due 2019, the Company is required to make payments of interest in arrears on the first day of each month beginning August 1, 2015 and will repay the principal in monthly payments beginning January 1, 2016, inclusive of a nine month waiver, with a final payment on June 28, 2019 , the maturity date.

The Term Loan Due 2019 is secured by a security interest in substantially all of the Company and each of its subsidiaries' working capital assets and is subject to the first-priority lien of Bank of America, as agent, under the Credit Facility, other than with respect to equipment, fixtures, real property interests, intellectual property, intercompany property, intercompany indebtedness, equity interest in their subsidiaries, and certain other assets specified in an inter-creditor agreement between Bank of America and Crystal.

The Company and its subsidiaries are required to comply with various customary covenants including, (i) maintaining minimum EBITDA (as defined in the Term Loan Due 2019) in each trailing twelve month period beginning August 31, 2015, (ii) maintaining a Consolidated Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Term Loan Due 2019) to be measured on the last day of each month while the term loans are outstanding of no more than 5.75 :1 beginning December 31, 2015 with periodic step-downs to 3.00 :1 on January 31, 2018, (iii) not making capital expenditures in excess of $5 million in each of the years ending December 31, 2016, 2018 and 2019 and in excess of $5.5 million in the year ending December 31, 2017, (iv) restrictions on the Company’s and its subsidiaries ability to prepay its subordinated notes, pay dividends, incur debt, create or suffer liens and engage in certain fundamental transactions and (v) an obligation to provide certain financial and other information. The agreement permits certain equity holders of the Company to contribute funds to the Company to cure certain financial covenant defaults.

The Term Loan Due 2019 contains customary representations, mandatory prepayment events and events of default, including defaults triggered by the failure to make payments when due, breaches of covenants and representations, material impairment in

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the perfection of Crystal’s security interest in the collateral and events related to bankruptcy and insolvency of the Company and its subsidiaries. Upon an event of default, Crystal may declare all outstanding obligations immediately due and payable (along with a prepayment fee), a default rate of an additional 2.0% may be applied to amounts outstanding and may take other actions including collecting or taking such other action with respect to the collateral pledged in connection with the term loan.

On October 31, 2016, in connection with the recently announced HyperSound business restructuring, the Company amended certain provisions to provide, among other things, that (i) the existing loan availability blocks be permanently reduced during certain specified periods, (ii) replaced certain financial covenants determined on a segment-by-segment basis by amended EBITDA levels for the Headset business beginning with the month ended October 31, 2016, (iii) the Company maintain revised cash flow levels, in the aggregate and with respect to its HyperSound segment, during each rolling four week period beginning with the period ended October 31, 2016 through December 31, 2018 and September 30, 2017, respectively, and (iv) in the event the Company’s availability is less than certain specified amounts, obtain additional funding from the issuance of a subordinated promissory note provided by SG VTB (the “Promissory Note”).
As of June 30, 2017 , the Company was in compliance with all the amended financial covenants.

Subordinated Notes - Related Party
O n April 23, 2015, the Company issued a $5.0 million subordinated note (the “April Note”) to SG VTB Holdings, LLC, the Company’s largest stockholder (“SG VTB”). The April Note was issued with an interest rate of (i) 10% per annum for the first year and (ii) 20% per annum for all periods thereafter, with interest accruing and being added to the principal amount of the note quarterly.
On May 13, 2015, the Company issued subordinated notes (the “May Notes”) with an aggregate principal amount of $3.8 million to SG VTB, and a trust affiliated with Ronald Doornink, the Chairman of the Company's board of directors (the “Board”). The May Notes were issued with an interest rate of 10%  per annum until the maturity date of the May Notes (which was August 13, 2015 but could be extended up to two additional 90 day periods upon the written agreement of the Company and the noteholder), with interest accruing and being added to the principal amount of the May Notes quarterly. Following the maturity date, the interest rate would have increased to 20%  per annum.

On June 17, 2015, the Company issued a subordinated note (the “June Note”) with an aggregate principal amount of $3.0 million to SG VTB. The June Note was issued at an interest rate of 10%  per annum until the maturity date of the June Note (which was September 17, 2015 but could be extended up to two additional 90 day periods upon the written agreement of the Company and the noteholder), with interest accruing and being added to the principal amount of the June Note quarterly. Following the maturity date, the interest rate would have increased to 20%  per annum. In addition, the Company had the option to request that SG VTB make, in SG VTB’s sole discretion, additional advances from time to time up to an aggregate principal amount of $15.0 million . Prior to the amendment (see below), following an additional advance of $6.0 million on July 8, 2015, $9.0 million was outstanding under the June Note.

Concurrently with the completion of the Term Loan Due 2019, the Company amended and restated each of its outstanding subordinated notes (the “Amended Notes”). The obligations of the Company under the Amended Notes are subordinate and junior to the prior payment of amounts due under the Credit Facility and Term Loan Due 2019. In addition, the stated maturity date of the Amended Notes was extended to September 29, 2019 , subject to acceleration in certain circumstances, such as a change of control of the Company. The Amended Notes bear interest at a rate per annum equal to LIBOR plus 10.5% and shall be paid-in-kind by adding the amount to the principal amount due.

On November 16, 2015, the Company issued a $2.5 million subordinated note (the “November Note”) to SG VTB, the proceeds of which, as set forth in the amendment to the Term Loan Due 2019, were applied against the outstanding balance of the Term Loan Due 2019. The November Note will bear interest at a rate of 15%  per annum until its maturity date, which is September 29, 2019 , and is subordinated to all senior debt of the Company.

On October 31, 2016, in connection with certain amendments to the Credit Facility and Term Loan Due 2019, the Company and SG VTB entered into the Promissory Note, which states that in the event the Company’s availability under the Credit Facility is less than certain specified amounts, the Company may, upon request, at any time until September 29, 2019 require that SG VTB provide a $2 million subordinated loan. Upon issuance, the loan would bear interest at a rate of either (i) LIBOR plus 10.5% per annum or (ii) 12.0%, dependent upon the Company’s compliance with certain financial covenants and would be subordinated to all senior debt of the Company.

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SG VTB is an affiliate of Stripes Group LLC (“Stripes”), a private equity firm focused on internet, software, healthcare IT and branded consumer products businesses. Kenneth A. Fox, one of our directors, is the managing general partner of Stripes and the sole manager of SG VTB and Ronald Doornink, our Chairman of the Board, is an operating partner of Stripes.

Series B Redeemable Preferred Stock
In September 2010, VTBH issued 1,000,000 shares of its Series B Redeemable Preferred Stock with a fair value of $12.4 million. We are required to redeem the Series B Redeemable Preferred Stock on the earlier to occur of September 28, 2030 or the occurrence of a liquidation event at its original issue price of $12.425371 per share plus any accrued but unpaid dividends. The redemption value was $18.2 million and $17.5 million as of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 , respectively.
Stock Warrants
In connection with and as consideration for the concessions in the Amended Notes, the Company issued to SG VTB and a trust affiliated with Ronald Doornink warrants to purchase 1.7 million shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $2.54 per share. The warrants are exercisable for a period of five years beginning on the date of issuance, July 22, 2015. The exercise price and the number of shares of Common Stock purchasable are subject to adjustment and do not carry any voting rights or other rights as a stockholder of the Company prior to exercise. The shares issuable upon exercise are also subject to the “demand” and “piggyback” registration rights set forth in the in the Company’s Stockholder Agreement, dated August 5, 2013, as amended July 10, 2014.

In connection with the November Note, the Company issued a warrant to purchase 1.4 million shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $2.00 per share to SG VTB. The exercise price and the number of shares are subject to standard anti-dilution adjustments and do not carry any voting rights as a stockholder of the Company prior to exercise. The warrant is exercisable for a period of ten years beginning on the date of issuance and does not entitle the holder to any voting rights or other rights as a stockholder of the Company prior to exercise.

In addition, under the terms of the Promissory Note, if and when the funding occurs, as additional consideration the Company would issue to SG VTB a warrant, exercisable for a period of ten years beginning on the date of issuance, to purchase an amount of shares of the Company’s common stock equal to 2.4% of the Company’s then fully diluted shares outstanding at an exercise price equal to the closing price on that date. The warrant would not entitle the holder to any voting rights or other rights as a stockholder of the Company prior to exercise.

Critical Accounting Estimates
Our discussion and analysis of our results of operations and capital resources are based on our condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in conformity with GAAP. The preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Management bases its estimates, assumptions and judgments on historical experience and on various other factors that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances.
Different assumptions and judgments would change the estimates used in the preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements, which, in turn, could change the results from those reported. Management evaluates its estimates, assumptions and judgments on an ongoing basis.
There have been no material changes to the critical accounting policies and estimates from the information provided in Note 1 of the notes to our consolidated financial statements in our Annual Report.

See Note 2 , “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” in the Notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements for a complete discussion of recent accounting pronouncements. We are currently evaluating the impact of certain recently issued guidance on our financial condition and results of operations in future periods.

Item 3 - Qualitative and Quantitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
Market risk represents the risk of loss that may impact a company's financial position due to adverse changes in financial market prices and rates. The Company's market risk exposure is primarily a result of fluctuations in interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates and inflation.

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To date, the Company has used derivative financial instruments, specifically foreign currency forward and option contracts, to manage exposure to foreign currency risks, by hedging a portion of its forecasted expenses denominated in British Pounds expected to occur within a year. The effect of exchange rate changes on foreign currency forward and option contracts is expected to offset the effect of exchange rate changes on the underlying hedged item. The Company does not use derivative financial instruments for speculative or trading purposes. As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, we did not have any derivative financial instruments.
Interest Rate Risk
The Company's total variable rate debt is comprised of $13.9 million presented as a Term Loan and $17.4 million of Subordinated Notes. A hypothetical 10% increase in borrowing rates at June 30, 2017 would not result in a material increase in interest expense on the existing principal balances.
Foreign Currency Exchange Risk
The Company has exchange rate exposure primarily with respect to the British Pound and Euro. As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, our monetary assets and liabilities which are subject to this exposure are immaterial, therefore the potential immediate loss to us that would result from a hypothetical 10% change in foreign currency exchange rates would not be expected to have a material impact on our earnings or cash flows. This sensitivity analysis assumes an unfavorable 10% fluctuation in the exchange rates affecting the foreign currencies in which monetary assets and liabilities are denominated and does not take into account the offsetting effect of such a change on our foreign currency denominated revenues.

Inflation Risk
The Company is exposed to market risk due to the possibility of inflation, such as increases in the cost of its products. Although the Company does not believe that inflation has had a material impact on its financial position or results of operations to date, a high rate of inflation in the future may have an adverse effect on the Company’s ability to maintain current levels of gross margin and selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of net revenue if the selling prices of products do not increase with these increased costs.
Item  4 - Controls and Procedures
 
Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13(a)-15(e) and 15(d)-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) are designed to ensure that (1) information required to be disclosed in reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms; and (2) that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the principal executive officer and principal financial officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.
 
We assessed the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2017 . In making this assessment, we used the framework and criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013), issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on our assessment using those criteria, we concluded that, as of June 30, 2017 , our internal control over financial reporting was effective.

At the conclusion of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we carried out an evaluation, under the supervision of our Chief Executive Officer (our princi